6. Answer the same questions in relation to her chattels personal and choses in action respectively.

7. What is the difference between an adjournment, a prorogation, and a dissolution of Parliament? Is the expression, an adjournment of Parliament,” strictly correct?

8. In what ways may a dissolution of Parliament be effected?

9. Who are the proper visitors of ecclesiastical corporations, of civil lay corporations, and of eleemosynary lay corporations, respectively?

10. When the Crown is visitor of a lay corporation, how is the jurisdiction exercised?

11. What two statutes, equivalent to a second Magna Charta, were passed in the reign of Charles II. ? Explain their effects.

12. What are the chief distinctions between a Court of Record, and a Court not of Record ?

13. What was the original proper jurisdiction of the Court of Exchequer; and how did it acquire by usurpation the character of an ordinary court of justice between subject and subject?

14. How did the Court of Queen's Bench acquire the same jurisdiction ? 15. What is the proper definition of Felony ? 16. What is an accessary before and after the fact respectively?

17. What crimes admit of the distinction between principal and accessary, and why is it not admitted in other offences :

18. The unwritten or common law of England is divided by Blackstone into three kinds. What are they?

19. What is the definition of civil or municipal law?

20. How does the unwritten common law come within the above definition



1. Draw up a scheme of that system of taxation which, taking into account the particular circumstances of the country, is, in your judgment, on the whole, the least objectionable mode of raising the revenues of Great Britain.

2. Are there are any cases in which a tax on rent might have the effect of raising the price of agricultural produce ?

3. What would be the effects on rent, and the price of agricultural produce, of the imposition of the following taxes ?

a. A fixed proportion of the produce.
B. A fixed sum per bushel.

A sum proportional to the rent.

8. A fixed sum for each cultivated acre. 4. What is the immediate, and what the ultimate effect of a general and equal tax on profits ?

5. A, B, and C are three different countries of equal extent, and in all respects similar, except that in A there is no corn law, while in B there is one of long standing, and in C one has been recently imposed. What differences will exist in these three countries with respect to prices, aggregate rental, aggregate capital, and population ?

6. Show that it is not impossible that, by taxing our exports, we might not only gain nothing from the foreigner, but might even compel our own people to pay a second tax to the foreigner. Show, also, that a tax on imports may sometimes fall in part upon foreigners.

7. Mill asserts that “a country which prohibits some foreign commodities does, cæteri paribus, obtain those which it does not prohibit, at a less price than it would otherwise have to pay."

Is this proposition true? If so, in what sense, and how may it be proved? If not true, how may it be disproved ? 8. a. What are the different employments of capital, according to Adam Smith ?

B. What does he consider to be the relative effectiveness of these different employments, in putting in motion productive labour?

What reasons does he assign for these opinions ?

State your own opinion as to their soundness. 9. State, as fully as you can, the advantages and disadvantages of the following species of currency:

a. Gold and silver.
B. Convertible paper.
y Inconvertible

paper. Illustrate your answers from history.

10. a. What are the peculiarities of the Scotch banking system, and in what did they originate, according to Smith ? B. What is, in his opinion, the principal advantage of this system ?

This advantage has been denied by Ricardo and M'Culloch: 8. Explain the process of " drawing and redrawing."

N. B.— The Candidates were also examined viva voce in the subjects of the preceding papers.



Write out, as fully as you can, and, as nearly as possible, in the manner of the originals, the substance of the following passages in the works of English prose writers :I.-1. Bacon's Essay “Of Studies."

2. The Essay “Of Travel.”

3. The Essay “Of Marriage and Single Life.” II.-1. The Spectator's description of himself.

2. The Spectator's visit to Coverley Hall.
3. The Vision of Mirza.

III.-1. The description of the Struldbrugs, in “Gulliver's Travels.”

2. The origin of the war between Lilliput and Blefuscu, in the


3. The account of the sect and system of the Tailor-Worshippers

in the “Tale of a Tub." IV.-1. Johnson's Letter to Lord Chesterfield on the completion of the

English Dictionary. 2. The comparison of Dryden and Pope, in the “Lives of the

Poets." 3. The chapter in “Rasselas,” entitled, “The Prince finds a wise

and happy man.” (Candidates will select one passage from each of the foregoing groups.)

Write a short Essay on any of the three following subjects, giving attention no less to style than to matter :

1. The use of the English Poets, as illustrative of English History.

2. The English Prose Writers of the seventeenth, as compared with those of the eighteenth, century.

3. The mutual relation and respective aptitudes of the two principal elements of the English language.



Mention in what author, and in which of his works, each of the following passages occurs. Where the passage is dramatic, say by whom it is spoken and to whom addressed, and at what stage of the action it is introduced.

Explain any allusions to persons or events which occur in these quotations, and write notes on any phrases whose meaning is not obvious.

“ Look where he comes ! Not poppy, nor mandragora,

Nor all the drowsy syrups of the world,
Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep
Which thou ow'dst yesterday.”

“ Close pent-up guilts,
Rive your concealing continents, and cry

These dreadful summoners grace." 3. "'Tis as easy as lying : govern these ventages with your fingers and thumb, give it breath with your mouth, and it will discourse most excellent music.”

“We few, we happy few, we band of brothers ;

For he to-day that sheds his blood with me
Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile,

This day shall gentle his condition.” 5. “O monstrous! but one halfpenny worth of bread to this intolerable deal of sack !"

6. “Be brave then : for your captain is brave, and vows reformation. There shall be, in England, seven halfpenny loaves sold for a penny; the three-hooped pot shall have ten hoops ; and I will make it felony to drink small beer."





7. “Let me sit heavy on thy soul to-morrow!

Think how thou stabb’dst me in my prime of youth

At Tewkesbury : Despair therefore, and die !" 8. “Nothing of him that doth fade,

But doth suffer a sea-change

Into something rich and strange.”
“Ay, but to die, and go we know not where,

To lie in cold obstruction, and to rot;
This sensible warm motion to become
A kneaded clod, and the delighted spirit
To bathe in fiery floods, or to reside
In thrilling regions of thick-ribbed ice.”

“ I do believe,
Induc'd by potent circumstances, that
You are mine enemy; and make my challenge
You shall not be my judge ; for it is you
Have blown this coal betwixt my lord and me,

Which God's dew quench !"
“ But I might see young Cupid's fiery shaft

Quench'd in the chaste beams of the watery moon :
And the imperial votaress passed on,

In maiden meditation, fancy-free." 12. “I am exceeding ill: hey ho! M. For a hawk, a horse, or a husband. B. For the letter that begins them all, H.” 13.

“ Bleed, bleed! poor country! Great tyranny, lay thou thy basis sure, For goodness dares not check thee! wear thou thy wrongs,

The title is affeer'd.” 14.

“A plague o' both your houses, They have made worms' meat of me:

I have it, and soundly too :-your houses." 15.

“ Grief fills the room up of my absent child,

Lies in his bed, walks up and down with me,
Puts on his pretty looks, repeats his words,
Remembers me of all his gracious parts,
Stuffs out his vacant garments with his form:

Then have I reason to be fond of grief.”
16. “ Your bait of falsehood takes this carp of truth :

And thus do we of wisdom and of reach,
With windlaces and with assays of bias,

By indirections find directions out."
17. “ To-day, my lord of Amiens and myself

Did steal behind him, as he lay along
Under an oak, whose antique root peeps out

Upon the brook that brawls along this wood." 18.

“Some jay of Italy
Whose mother was her painting, hath betray'd him."







“My salad days,
When I was green in judgment:-Cold in blood,

To say as I said then !”
“ By heaven, I had rather coin my heart,

And drop my blood for drachmas, than to wring
From the hard hands of peasants their vile trash

By any indirection !"
“ All th' unaccomplish'd works of Nature's hand,

Abortive, monstrous, or unkindly mix'd,
Dissolv'd on earth, fleet hither, and in vain,
Till final dissolution, wander here,

Not in the neighbouring moon, as some have dream'd." “Spot more delicious than those gardens feign'd

Or of reviv'd Adonis, or renown'd
Alcinous, host of old Laertes' son,
Or that, not mystic, where the sapient king

Held dalliance with his fair Egyptian spouse."
“ Virgin daughter of Locrine,

Sprung of old Anchises' line,
May thy brimmed waves for this
Their full tribute never miss

From a thousand petty rills.”
“ Besides what the grim wolf with privy paw

Daily devours apace, and nothing said ;
But that two-handed engine at the door
Stands ready to smite once, and smite no more.

“What supports me, dost thou ask?
The conscience, friend, to have lost them overplied
In liberty's defence, my noble task,

Of which all Europe rings from side to side."
“ They who, when Saul was dead, without a blow,

Made foolish Ish boshеth the crown forego."
“A daring pilot in extremity,

Pleas’d with the danger when the waves ran high,
He sought the storms, but, for a calm unfit,

Would steer too nigh the sands, to boast his wit.”
“Sunk were his eyes, his voice was harsh and loud,

Sure signs he neither choleric was, nor proud :
His long chin proved his wit: his saint-like grace

A church vermilion and a Moses' face."
“ The fool of Nature stood with stupid eyes,

And gaping mouth that testified surprise,
Fixed on her face, nor could remove his sight,
New as he was to love, and novice to delight."

“Farewell, thou young,
But ah! too short, Marcellus of our tongue.”







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