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full demonstration thereof to his dearest and nearest friends at Little Gidding, where in his last and best times he was a burning and a shining light. And therefore I advise the writer of his life to repair to such of his friends as are there yet living, who are able to furnish him with such store of choice materials and so exactly squared unto his hands, as they will both head and bed (as our country masons used to speak) in the goodly structure which he is now erecting for the preservation of his precious memory here on earth, who now shines more gloriously inter stellas primæ magnitudinis among the ever-blessed saints in the highest heavens. Tuus ex animo,

ROBERTUS Byng'.
ASHLINGTON com. Wilts,
• Idibus Septembris 1654.
To his much respected friend Mr. Oley, at

Mr. Garthwaites, stationer, at the
north door of St. Paul's. These present.

6. During his (N. F.) being at Clare Hall he had an only sister then living married to one Mr. John Collett, who lived at Bourne, some five’ miles off Cambridge. This sister he loved entirely, she being a lover of learning,—often resorted to her house, and his tutor and fellows; had divers young nieces, bred up with their mother, trained up in daily reading chapters in the Bible and

1 B.A. 1596–7. M.A. 1600. D.D. 1630.

2 All the distances in this life are under the truth. Bourne (near Caxton) is about ten miles from Cambridge.

David's psalms, whom he instructed in all good things, with exhortations in writing and letters.

7. Being at Cambridge, that air was not very proper to his tender constitution, which was delicate. He was much subject to agues and aguish distempers. Dr. Butler' was his physician, who was a Clare Hall man, and one that loved his tutor Linsell very well; and Mr. Lake, Mr. Ruggle",

i See Cooper's Annals of Cambridge, iii. 119 seq., the Cambridge Portfolio, ii. 489 seq., Fuller, Hist. Cambr. sect. viï. 4, and Worthies in Suffolk, Clarke's Martyrologie (ed. 1651), 476, 482. His epitaph is in Le Neve's Monumenta Anglic. i. 64.

3 William Lake, who acted Trico, when Ignoramus was represented before James I, March 8, 1614-5. Nichols's Progresses, ii. 53. He was M. A. and fellow of Clare in 1619 (Baker's MS. X. 156).

3 Author of Ignoramus, who appointed his “dear and loving friends, Mr. Doctor Winston, and Mr. Nicholas Ferrar, to be supervisors and overseers of this my last will and testament, desiring them to be an aid and ease to Sir Edmond Varney in what they may; and I give and bequeath unto either of them five pounds a-piece, over and above the former legacies which by this my will I have bequeathed unto them.” He had before bequeathed to them and to his “worthy friends of Clare Hall,” Augustine Linsell, doctor of divinity, Mr. William Lake &c. “a ring of gold, of the value of forty shillings a-piece." Will in Hawkins's ed. of Ignoramus, cii, xcvi, xcvii. dated Sept. 6, 1621, and proved Nov. 3, 1622. Another item in the will was no doubt due to the influence of Nicholas Ferrar. “I give and bequeath one hundred pounds towards the bringing up of the infidels' children in Virginia in Christian religion, which my will is and other of the fellows,—they carried him to Dr. Butler,—he gave him physic. His aguish disposition grew yearly more and more upon him. Physic not prevailing, the doctor advised a spare good diet and great temperance, and so to starve his distemper. Which not being so to be overcome, the doctor advised travel.

8. At this time he was by standing to be made master of arts at midsummer, when he performed all private and public acts, with approbation of the college and university, and to his own high commendation.

He went with the lady Elizabeth to conduct her to the Palatinate, with her husband the Palgrave. It was propounded that he might have the

shall be disposed of by the Virginia company accordingly, principally for the increasing of the kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.” Ibid. xciv, xcv. Collections for the purpose were recommended in a letter of James I. (An. derson's Colonial Church, i. 314 seq., Stith's Virginia, 162). Nicholas Ferrar the father bequeathed £300 (“Master Nicolas Ferrar deceased hath by his will giuen three hun. dred pounds to the Colledge in Virginia, to bee paid when there shall be ten of the Infidels children placed in it. And in the meane time foure and twentie pounds by yeere, to bee distributed vnto three discreet and godly men in the Colony, which shall honestly bring vp three of the Infidels children in Christian Religion, and some good course to liue by.”Purchas, iv. 1777); and his two sons gave land and books for this holy work (Stith, 171, 172, bp. Turner's Life, Jebb, $ 21, Peckard, 108). Nicholas Ferrar the son at one time purposed to undertake the mission himself (Peckard, 107).

complete though before rsity to receive +

favour from the university to receive the full ceremonies, though before the usual time, and so to be complete master of arts before his departure, which they readily and willingly condescended to; and so his graces were given him in an extraordinary manner, and soon after he departed the university'.

9. With his parents' and college leave he goes abroad, well grounded in the verity of the protestant religion and faith of the Church of England; and as Dr. Butler said the sea would purge that humour and they should soon hear he was freed from that infirmity, he (N. F.) found his words true and grew daily better and better.

10. Now before this was Dr. Scott, the king's sub-almoner, made master of Clare Hall, in Dr. Smith's place, who was removed to be provost of King's College ; who took him (N. F.) to court along with him, to kiss her (lady Eliz.) hand, not now in the garb of a scholar, but as one of the gentlemen* that belonged to her, his parents having

1 “Then follows a copy of a very pious and instructive paper, that he left before his going abroad, dated roth of April, 1613.” Baker; who omitted the paper, which is given in Jebb, $7.

2 Robert Scott, D.D., master of Clare from 1612 to Dec. 1620, vicechancellor 1619, “ admitted dean of Rochester 12th July 1615, died 23rd Dec. 1620. His will, dated 22nd July 1620, was proved 9th Jan. 1620-1." Hardy's Le Neve, ii. 577. See Appendix.

3 i. e. Dr. Scott.

4 “In the garb and notion of a gentleman, with his scarlet cloak and gold hat-band.”—Clarke's Martyrologie, 493.

thought fit so to apparel him, and that he might, according to the guise of the time, thereby amongst courtiers and strangers have the more respect and admittance into all places and company. Also Dr. Scott procured the knowledge and acquaintance of all the whole attendance that then went with the lady. Landed at Flushing: the sea-passage did clear him of the dregs of his aguish distemper.

11. The princess royal steering towards the Palatinate, which way he intended not to go, but resolved to pass through Westphalia, and so to Bremen, Stade, Hamburg, Luneburg, Lubeck, Leipzig, and so to the upper parts of Germany, he made his determination known to the lady Elizabeth's chief attendance, who would have persuaded hirn to go to her highness's court at Heidelberg, and gave him expectations of being her secretary”. He humbly thanked them, went with them and kissed her royal hand, whom she bid farewell, and wished him much happiness in his travels.

12. He came to Leipzig,—where he made some stay for the sake of the university,—from thence to Prague, Augsburg, Strasburg, Nuremberg, Ulm, Spires to the emperor's court, and made his observations in all places.

Four gentlemen were to attend the princess, at a salary of £20 per ann. (Mrs. Green's Lives of the Princesses, v. 218).

1 "A retinue or train of servants."-Phillips, World of Words.

* At a salary of £50 (Mrs. Green, u. s.).

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