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say all the psalms without book readily. And the organs were so placed, and then tuned so low, as that those that watched might, if they would, at some times sing and play to them, and yet no disturbance to

any of the family in the house; but this was not usual every night done, only now and then. Now the matter was this they chiefly insisted on in their watch, and was the length of it: that they two that watched should carefully and distinctly say all David's psalms over in those four hours' time, from nine to one o'clock, they having both a glass and the clocks to let them know how the night passed away.

One of the watchers said one verse of the psalm, and the other the other verse interchangeably by way of responsal. They performed it on their knees all the time, except at some spaces of time and intermission which they used, when they in winter went to the fire to warm themselves, when extreme weather was. For in their rooms near them they had fires all night, and were otherwise provided that they took no cold to endanger their health, of which Nicholas Ferrar in all things was most careful. These watchers went not to their naked beds at all, but lay down upon them till six o'clock, and then rose”. This was to inure them,

1 Seems to mean: “This was their occupation during their watch, and what determined the length of it.”

3 “They have promiscuous private prayers all the night long by nightly turns, just like as the English nuns at Saint Omers and other popish places : which private prayers are

upon any occasion that might happen, that they could do well without going into a bed. Their watch ended, they came and knocked at Nicholas Ferrar's door, bidding him good-morrow, leaving him a candle lighted at his door; who soon rose up and then went into his own study. This was that constant hour he always rose up at, to go to prayer and meditation, when it was not his own turn to watch. His nights of watching were twice a week for some years at the beginning, but afterwards he came to watch three times a week duly; and those that chose to watch with him were young Nicholas Ferrar, his dearly beloved nephew', in whom he took great joy, for the blossoms of goodness and ingenuity that he discerned to sprout out daily in him, and another towardly youth, whose name was Ferrar Collett? These two were companions in

(as it seems) taken out of John Cozens his Cozening Devotions (as they are rightly discovered to be by orthodox men) and extracted out of divers popish prayer-books."-Arminian Nunnery, cxxxviii. seq.

i See below.

3 “Ffarrer Collet Huntingtoniensis admissus est ad secundam scholarium mensam sub tutela Dni Crashaw, postea Dñi Beaumont. May 16, 1636." Admission book at Peterhouse. B.A. 1639–40, M. A. 1642. (Book at Peterhouse). "Ejected an. 1646. Nov. 6. Mr. Farrer Collett Hunting. toniensis, of the lady Ramsey's foundation."-Baker's MS. IV. 158. Farrer Collett. Fellowship. He was born in the county of Huntingdon ; was ejected Nov.9, 1646.” Walker's Sufferings &c. (speaking of Peterhouse, 153). He proceeded B. D. in 1672. (Graduati Cant.)

their studies, but of them he would have only one in the week to watch with him. The other nights he watched single alone; so that he watched twice a week, and the other five nights five other companies did take their turns freely. In the summertime he with the boys did commonly watch at church, and then at one o'clock laid themselves down upon a bench to sleep, whilst their uncle was at his prayers and meditations, and came not thence till five in the morning. And thus you have his nights' time, how it was spent, through the week.

50. Nicholas Ferrar and Mr. Herbert holding intercourse of letters, though otherwise very seldom', as I take it, having but once had personal conference each with other, Mr. Herbert (who ever styled him brother Ferrar), understanding that his prebend of Leighton lay within two' miles of Nicholas Ferrar, earnestly entreated him to accept of that prebendship, as most fitted for him, at so near a distance. The one urgeth it with much earnestness, the other as eagerly put all off. At the last he found the way to divert to a much righter end his brother Herbert's good intentions by a proposition he made to him, which was, that, seeing the fair church of Leighton was fallen down a long time and lay in the dust, the vicar and parish fain to use my lord duke's great ball for their prayers and preaching; and though there had been gotten a brief for the repairing of it, the cost estimated to be at the least upon two thousand pounds, and collections yet made the money being not above ..... pounds) could no way help the matter,--N. F. very earnestly hereupon assaults his brother Herbert, to set to the work and to try what he could do amongst his friends towards so good a work, N. F. promising all the assistance he could in that kind; he would undertake his brother John Ferrar should very carefully prosecute the business, if once begun, by three times a week attending the workmen and providing all materials. At last Mr. Herbert set upon it to solicit his friends, and spared not his own purse. So God in the end blessed both their endeavours, that a handsome and uniform and (as the country termed it) a fine neat church was erected, inside and outside finished, not only to the parishioners' own much comfort and joy, but to the admiration of all men, how such a structure should be raised and brought to pass by Mr. Herbert, and performed with..... pounds charge. Only the steeple could not be compassed, which afterwards the most noble, religious, worthy, good duke of Lenox' did perform at his own proper cost and charges, to the memorial of his honour.

1 "They (Herbert and Ferrar] loved each other most entirely, and their very souls cleaved together most intimately, and drove a large stock of Christian intelligence together long before their deaths ; yet saw they not each other in many years, I think, scarce ever, but as members of one university, in their whole lives.”_Barnabas Oley in Herbert's Remains, cviii.

2 “Sir, I pray give my brother Ferrar an account of the decaying condition of my body, and tell him, I beg him to continue his daily prayers for me.”—

-“Sir, I

pray

deliver this little book [The Temple] to my dear brother Ferrar, and tell him he shall find in it a picture of the many spiritual conflicts that have passed betwixt God and my soul.”— Walton's Life of Herbert, lxxvi, lxxvii. See too ibid. lxix, above $ 49, and Herbert's Letter before Valdesso,

1 About six.

2 See Oley, cvi, Walton, xxxi seq., Ferrar's preface to Herbert's Temple.

3 James 4th duke of Lenox (see Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, by Wood, ii. 102, Granger's Biogr. Hist. 1769, i. 2. 353). He was a zealous royalist, and with a few others attended the king's body to the grave. “He was very well skilled in all the points of the religion of the Church of England.”—Lloyd's Memoirs (1668), 334 (margin). “Doing as much good in encouraging the orthodox by his presence, as in relieving them by his bounty: allowing £500 a year for that purpose, besides that he invited Mr. Thruscrosse, &c. to accept of an honourable salary, to take the freedom of his house, and the advantage of his protection.”-ibid. 335. “Sir Jervaise Clifton was created by James I. baron of Leighton ; and began to build a beautiful house here, but lived not to finish it. His only daughter and heir married Esme Stewart, duke of Lenox, to whom she bore James duke of Richmond." -Lysons's Magna Britannia (1720), i. 1056. He was for some time a student at Cambridge (Wood's Douglas).

1 Lodowick duke of Richmond and James marquis of Hamilton, “two of his [Herbert's] most obliging and powerful friends," died within a short interval (Walton, xxx), but the duke's loss was the less felt from his nephew's munificence (ib. xxxiii).

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