He rejoined, that they had found divers perplexities, distractions, and almost utter ruin, in their callings. But (if others knew what comfort and content God ministered to them since their sequestration, and with what incredible improvement of their livelihood) it might encourage others to the like course.

I said that such an imitation might be of dangerous consequence. And that if any, in good case before, should fall into poverty, few afterwards would follow the example.

For their night-watchings, and their rising at four of the clock in the morning (which I thought was much for one of fourscore years, and for children). To the one he said, it was not much ; since they always went to bed at seven of the clock in the evening. For the other, he confessed, there were every night two (alternatim) continued all night in their devotions, who went not to bed until the rest arose.

For the crosses he made the usual answer, that they were not ashamed of that badge of Christian profession which the first propugners of the faith bare in their banners, and which we, in our church discipline, retain to this day.

For their chapel; that it was now near chapel time (for eleven is the hour in the forenoon), and that I might, if I pleased, accompany them thither, and so satisfy myself best of what I had heard concerning that. Which afterwards I willingly entertained.

In the mean time I told them, I perceived all was not true which I had heard of the place. For I could see no such inscription on the frontispiece of the house, containing a kind of invitation of such as were willing to learn of them, or would teach them better. Which was some encouragement for me to come (as one desirous to learn, not teach) and might be some excuse of my audacity, if they would be pleased so to accept it. But he, barring me from farther compliments, said, the ground of that report hung over my head.

We sitting by the chimney, in the chimney piece was a manuscript tableture ; which, after I had read, I craved leave to beg a copy of (so they would not take me for too bold a beggar). He forthwith took it down, and commanded it to be presently transcribed and given to me. I offered the writer money for his deserved pains: which was refused. And the master [N. F.] conjured me not to offer it a second time. And thereupon made it his suit not to offer any thing to any in that house, at my parting, or otherwise. The words of the protestation are as followeth.


HE who (by reproof of our errors, and remonstrance of that which is more perfect) seeks to make us better, is wel. come as an Angel of God.


HE who (by a cheerful participation and approbation of that which is good) confirms us in the same, is welcome as a Christian Friend.


HE who any ways goes

HE who faults us in ababout to disturb us in that sence for that which in which is and ought to be

presence he made shew amongst Christians (tho'

to approve of, doth by a it be not usual in the And double guilt of flattery world) is a burden whilst and slander violate the he stays and shall bear bands both of friendship his judgement, whosoever

and charity. he be.


Mother of this Family,

and aged about fourscore years, (who bids adieu to all fears and hopes of this world,

and only desires to serve God)

set up this Table.

The matter of this declaration being in such general terms, I said, I thought it without exception. But I prayed leave to except a circumstance, namely, the superscription : it being the proper character of the Jesuits 1 in every book and exhibit of theirs. He said it was that auspicious name, worthy to be the alpha and omega of all our doings ; and that we are commanded to write such things on the posts of our houses and upon our gates. (Deut. vi. 9.) I told him, I was far from excepting against that sacred, saving name of Jesus: only I could have wished it written at length, or any other way, to have differenced it from that which the papists only use, but no protestants. And, that the text he mentioned, was in the Old Testament (where there was no mention of Jesus, but of Jehovah) to my remembrance. But we passed from this towards the chapel, being about forty paces

i Can this be the basis of Mr. Carlyle's words, who had acquired something of the Jesuit in his foreign travels ! “If you view the forefront of these Devotions, you shall find these three Capital letters (IHS.) encircled in a sun, supported by two angels, with two devout nuns or women praying to it, one of them holding a cross in her hand. Now, what is this but an undoubted badge and character of a Popish and Jesuitical book; of an Idolatrous and Romish Devotion? Look into the frontispiece of all Jesuits' works, you shall find this stamp and impress on them (IHS.) in the self-same form as here : Look into your Popish Horaries, Primers, Offices, Prayers, and Devotions : Lo, there a cross, a (IHS.) and men pray. ing to them, or before them : but never saw I such a forefront in any orthodox English or outlandish writers. Index animi vultus ; the very effigies, draught, and portraiture therefore of the frontispiece proclaims the book itself, and him that penned it to be merely Popish : It hath the very mark and seal of the Beast upon its forehead; therefore, it must needs be his.”—Prynne's Briefe Svrvay and Censvre of Mr. Cozens His Couzening Deuotions, 4. Compare ib. 40, 54.

from the house, yet staid a little (as with a parenthesis) by a glass of sack, a sugar-cake, and a fine napkin, brought by a inannerly maid. Which refreshed my memory to tell them what my lord bishop of Lincoln said of them. Wherein yet I brake no laws of humanity or hospitality (though spoken at his table.) For he said nothing but what they wished and were glad to hear; being but the relation of the grave and discreet answers (as my lord himself termed them) of the old gentlewoman to some of his lordship’s expostulations.

To that part concerning the young deacon, whom his lordship had heard of, to come from Cambridge to officiate in their chapel; he (innuendo ever the younger son, who only was the speaker) said, that himself was the young deacon intended. That he is two and forty years old; was fellow of a house in Cambridge ; and hath taken the orders of a deacon.—To say nothing of his having been at Rome (whereof I could have excepted no more against him than he might against me). For having been so long in the labour of the chapel, it is now high time we were at the church

At the entering thereof he made a low obeisancel; a few paces farther, a lower ; coming to the half-pace (which was at the east end, where the table stood) he bowed to the ground, if not prostrated himself: then went up into a fair, large reading place (a preaching place being of the same proportion, right over against it). The mother, with all her train (which were her daughter and daughter's daughters) had a fair island seat.

He placed me above, upon the half-pace, with two fair window cushions of green velvet before me. Over against me was such another seat, so-suited ; but no body to sit in it. The daughter's four sons kneeled all the while on the edge of the half-pace; all in black gowns. (And they went to church

1 See below, note on p. 29. Add Eleazaris Dunconi De adoratione Dei versus altare. Determinatio Cantabrigiæ habita Martii 15. 1633. sine loco. 1660. Also published in English,

in round Monmouth caps?, as my man said ; for I looked not back) the rest all in black, save one of the daughter's daughters, who was in a friar's grey gown.

We being thus placed, the deacon (for so I must now call him) with a very loud and distinct voice, began with the Litany, read divers prayers and collects in the book of Common-prayer, and Athanasius his creed, and concluded with The Peace of God, &c.

All ended, the mother, with all her company, attended my coming down. But her son (the deacon) told her, I would stay awhile to view the chapel. So with all their civil salutations towards me (which I returned them afar off; for I durst not come nearer, lest I should have light upon one of the virgins ; not knowing whether they would have taken a kiss 2 in good part or no) they departed home.

Now (none but the deacon and I left) I observed the chapel, in general, to be fairly and sweetly adorned with herbs and flowers, natural in some places, and artificial upon every pillar along both sides the chapel (such as are in cathedral churches) with tapers (I mean great virgin-wax-candles) on every pillar.

The half-pace at the upper end (for there was no other division betwixt the body of the chapel and the east part) was all covered with tapestry. And, upon that half-pace, stood the communion-table (not altar-wise, as reported) with a rich carpet hanging very large upon the half-pace; and some plate, as a chalice, and candlesticks with wax candles.

By the preaching place stood the font; the leg, laver and cover, all of brass, cut and carved. The cover had a cross erected. The laver was of the bigness of a barber's bason.

And this is all which I had leisure to observe in the chapel; save that I asked for the organs? And he told me, they were not there; but that they had a pair in their house.

i Fuller's Worthies, ii. 431 (8vo. ed.) 2 Wordsw. Eccl. Biogr. i. 523 n. Notes and Qu. X. 208.

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