« ForrigeFortsett »
4. The Missal of Robert de Jumièges, Bishop of London, 1044-50, and Archbishop of Canterbury in 1051. Edited for the Henry Bradshaw Society by H. A. Wilson, London, 1896.
5. The Peterborough Calendar, 1361-90, in the Archæologia, vol. li (1888).
6. The Lincoln Calendar, before 1500, in the Archæologia, vol. li (1888).
7. Missale ad usum ecclesiæ West Monasteriensis. Edited for the Henry Bradshaw Society by Dr. J. Wickham Legg, Lond. 1891–7.
8. Liber Vite of Newminster and Hyde Abbey, Winchester. Edited by W. de Gray Birch, for the Hampshire Record Society, 1892. A Hyde Calendar of the thirteenth century, very full, is in the Bodleian Library, MSS. Gough.
9. Hampson, Medii Ævi Kalendarium, Lond. 1841. This contains : (a) a Metrical Calendar, of which three copies exist in the British Museum ; (b) The Exeter Calendar noted above (MSS. Harl. 863), with additions in italics from another copy (MSS. Harl. 1,804); (c) A Calendar of 1031 (MSS. Cotton, Vitellius, A. xviii); (d) A Calendar (MSS. Cotton, Titus, D. xxvii); (e) An English Calendar in Norman-French, that belonged to Ludlow Church (MSS. Harl. 273).
10. A Sherborne Calendar, published for the S. Paul's Ecclesiological Society, 1896, by Dr. J. Wickham Legg. The original MS. is in the possession of the Duke of Northumberland. It was written between 1396 and 1407.
II. The Oxford Calendar has been published by W. Anstey, in the Rolls Series. Munimenta Academica, 1868.
12. The Canterbury Cathedral Calendar, circ. 1050 (MSS. Arundell, 155); another 1220-46 (MSS. Cotton, Tiberius, B. iii); another early in the fourteenth century (MSS. Add. 6,160).
13. A Martyrology, Roman with addition of English saints, of the fourteenth century, in the Bodleian (MSS. Gough, liturg. 4).
14. A Gloucester Calendar, fifteenth century (MSS. Add. 30,506); another, thirteenth century, in the Bodleian (MSS. Rawlinson, Litt. f. 1); another in Jesus College, Oxford, also of the thirteenth century (MS. cx).
15. The Bath Abbey Calendar, fourteenth century (MSS. Add. 10,628).
16. A Worcester Calendar, fifteenth century (MSS. Harl. 7,398).
17. Bishop Grandisson's Psalter (MSS. Add. 21,926), drawn up for use in the Province of York. Grandisson was Canon of York 1309-27. It differs from the Calendar in the Exeter Ordinale..
18. The Martyrology of Christ Church, Canterbury, of which two copies exist. The earlier, of the thirteenth century, is in the British Museum (MSS. Arundell, 68); the other, of the sixteenth century, is in the library of Lambeth Palace (MSS. Lambeth, 20).
19. A Martyrology that belonged to the Bridgetine Monastery of Syon, in Middlesex (MSS. Addit. 22,285).
20. A Norwich Martyrology of the fifteenth century (MSS. Cotton, Julius, B. vii).
21. Martyrologium Anglicanum in Martene, Ampl. Coll. vi, pp. 652–8.
22. A Martyrology contained in a Sarum Breviary of the fourteenth century (MSS. Harl. 2,785) is imperfect. It runs from November 28 to June 17.
23. Bedæ Venerabilis Libellus Annalis sive Kalendarium Anglicanum, is really a Martyrology of the Abbey of S. Maximin at Trèves. Martene, Ampl. Coll. vi, pp. 637–49.
24. A Calendar of English, Scottish and Irish saints. A MS. of the twelfth century in the Bodleian Library (Douce Coll. 50). It is imperfect. It begins with March and ends with October.
The list might be extended to a great length, but only by including Calendars of no particular value. The English Calendars contain hardly any Celtic names, except of some few favourites as Patrick, David, Samson and Brigid.
In addition to the Calendars and Martyrologies above given, the following works have been consulted :
1. John of Tynemouth, Sanctilogium, 1350, in MS. Cotton, Tiberius, E. i. This has been partly destroyed and all grievously injured by fire, but the lives were used by Capgrave, and have been printed by the Bollandists from a transcript, which was supplied to them by the Monastery of Roseavallis. John of Tynemouth had seen the MS. of Lives of Welsh Saints, now in the British Museum, MS. Cotton, Vesp. A. xiv, and he condensed the lives therein.
2. Capgrave, Nova Legenda, London, 1516; his MS. is in the British Museum (MS. Cotton, Otho, D. ix). It has suffered from fire, and is not completely legible. Capgrave merely printed from John of Tynemouth, with some additions. A new and excellent edition by Horstman, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1901.
3. Whytford's Martyrologe, 1526; an English rendering of the Bridgetine Martyrology of Sion House, but with additions. Printed for the Henry Bradshaw Society, 1893.
4. Wilson's Martyrology, ist ed. 1608 ; 2nd ed. 1640. Wilson says :
I have thought it most convenient for the more full accomplishment and perfecting of a Martyrologie, that where any day falleth out to be altogether voyd ; there to place one or more of the foresaid ancient saintes, whose publicke celebrity hath not byn hitherto kept; and thereof to make a commemoration only, noting the same with the syne of an Asteriske or Starre in the Margent.
5. Bishop Challoner published his Memorial of British Piety in 1761. Challoner took on himself to find fault with Wilson's book, but Wilson had the decency to note arbitrary attribution of saints to days, whereas Challoner made no such distinction, so that his book is misleading and worse than useless, for he has led others astray. His book is simply crowded with blunders. He says :
As to the appointing our British Saints their respective Days throughout the year, where our Calendars or other Monuments gave us Light, we have generally endeavoured to follow it: but where we could not find the Days on which they were formerly honoured, we have commemorated them on such other Days, as otherwise might have been vacant: thus we have not let so much as one Day in the year pass without commemorating one or more Saints.
The consequence is that we are unable to trust any single entry, and on looking closely into this wretched compilation, we find that Challoner has dealt most arbitrarily with the saints, dotting them about just where he willed, and dissociating them from their wellestablished festivals. His sole principle was that of filling gaps.
S. Winefred's Day is June 22, but as he required that day for S. Alban, he shifted her to June 24. S. Almedha's Day is August 1, but Challoner transferred her to August 2. On October 23 he enters : " At Tavistock, in Devonshire, the Commemoration of S. Rumon, Bishop."
Now, we know from William of Worcester that in the Tavistock Calendar the days observed for S. Rumon were January 5, August 28, and August 30. This latter day is also given in the Exeter Martyrology ; but October 23 never was held as a day of commemoration of S. Rumon, at Tavistock or anywhere else.
His attribution of S. Jutwara to December 23 is wanton in its recklessness, for S. Jutwara was commemorated at Sherborne and elsewhere on July 13. He had but to look in Whytford to learn that, and he misled Williams ab Ithel, who in his Welsh Calendar, relying on Challoner, noted Jutwara on December 23. Challoner in this, however, follows Wilson.
His Irish entries are almost invariably wrong. S. Nessan is inserted on June 24, whereas he should have stood on July 24. S. Erc