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Inches LONDON, greatest quantity of rain fell in July,..........3.58 CHICHESTER................Ditto.....................January.......8.44 CHATSWORTH,
..Ditto...... January,......5.22 HORNCASTLE, ....... ............Ditto........................
..August, ......4.53 FERRIBY, ..................Ditto.......
August, .......5.88 HEATH, .....................Ditto.......................
August, ....4.61 MANCHESTER, ............Ditto..............
..December, ...4.68 LANCASTER, ...............Ditto..................... August, .......6.12 DALTON, .................Ditto.......................
... 7.25 West BRIDGFORD, ......Ditto.........
..August, .......3.75 NOTTINGHAM, ...........Ditto.................... August, .......4.50 EDINBURGH, ...............Ditto.................. August, .......5.56 DALKEITH, .............Ditto..................
.August, .......6.502 Bothwell CASTLE, ...Ditto.............. ...
August, .......4.470 GLASGOW, ............
Ditto............. August, .......5.283 LARGS, ..... .Ditto................... December, ...6.535 GORDON CASTLE, ....... Ditto................... August, .......3.92
VOL. 11. PART II.
Of an Attempt made by Mr Balman a Hanoverian, and Mr Francis Huger
an American, to liberate M. de la Fayette from his Confinement in the Castle of Olmutz, 1794.
[This interesting narrative was drawn up by the writer from personal communica.
tions with Mr Huger. We pledge ourselves for its authenticity. The brief ac. count, contained in the Appendix to Segur's History of Frederick William II., is very inaccurate.)
A MONGST the many extraordinary zed as a traitor, and delivered up to characters which the eventful times the Emperor of Germany; who, re. we live in have produced to the no. garding him as one of the chief intice of the world, no man has under struments of the insulting degradagone greater vicissitudes of fortune tion and subsequent death of the royal than La Fayette. At one time we family of France, ordered him into behold him tearing himself from the close confinement in the castle at Olfascinations of the most lịcentious mutz. Compassion for his fate drew court in Europe, braving the elements petitions
from all quarters for his re. in search of the bubble reputation, sease. The emperor was inexorable, and combating for the cause of li- and Fayette had dragged on two miberty under the banners of Washing- serable years in his solitary prison, ton; at another, sowing the seeds when a stranger and a foreigner stepof confusion in his native country, ped forwards from pure motives of idolized by an enthusiastic populace, compassion, and an anxious wish to and raised to the chief command of be of service to a man who had so his emancipated countrymen ; then signalized himself in the cause of li. proscribed and hunted by those asso. berty. Balman was a Hanoverian by ciates who no longer stood in need of birth, young, active, intrepid, and inhis assistance ; a fugitive in a foreign telligent. He repaired alone and on land, obliged to seek an asylum foot to Olmutz to gain such infor: amongst his enemies; and lastly, sei, mation as might enable him to judge of the best means to execute the pur. had been driven on shore by the viopose he had in view, to assist Fayette lence of the wind, and the crew had in making his escape from the power dispersed themselves over the island of Austria. He soon found that, in search of assistance. They were without an able coadjutor, the diffi- hospitably received, and provided culties which presented themselves with such necessaries as they most were insurmountable. He was for- stood in need of. When the stranced, therefore, for the present to aban- gers were made acquainted with the don his design until he should be so quality of their host, and his political fortunate as to find a man equally principles, they made themselves and zealous with himself, and with ability the object of their voyage known to sufficient to execute the hazardous him. The one was the Marquis de la plan he had formed. Accident threw Fayette, then about eighteen, and the in his way the person in the world other an elderly gentleman, a Chevabest suited to the enterprize by na- lier de St Louis, who, like another ture and education. Ai Vienna, he Mentor, had followed the fortunes of entered into the society of young the young Telemachus. “They beAmericans, whom he thought most held,” they said, “ with indignation, likely, from their veneration for the the tyranny the inhabitants of North character of Fayette, to dare such an America laboured under from the mo. undertaking. He soon singled out ther country; and, animated with the one, to whom, after proper precau- true spirit of liberty, they were retions, he imparted his secret. Huger solved to espouse the cause of the Conentered into and adopted his schemes gress, and either partake with them with all the keenness of youth, and the happiness of emancipation, or pethat enthusiastic enterprize peculiar rish with them in the glorious effort.” to the inhabitants of the new world. Colonel Huger quiited the island
Francis Huger was the son of Co- with his guests, and, repairing to head lonel Huger of Charlestown, South quarters, introduced them to General Carolina, who lost his life in the ser. Washington, who gave each of them vice of his country against the British a command in the continental army. troops on the walls of the town, when Francis Huger was only four years besieged by General Prevost. The old when this happened, but the adyear before his death, he had retired venture remained deeply impressed to a small island off the Charlestown on his memory; and though he had bar, with his family, for the benefit never seen Fayette since, yet he felt of sea-bathing. There happened one the greatest attachment to his person, evening a violent storm, the report and the highest admiration of his acof cannon was heard at a distance ; tions ; with ardour, therefore, he concluding the firing came from Brió participated in Balman's scheme for tish ships, then cruising in those the release of his favourite hero. seas, it was necessary to avoid giving Thus agreed, they began their opesuspicion that the island was inhabita rations. It was necessary to conduct ed." About midnight a knocking at themselves with caution, for the Austhe door of the cottage obliged Co- trian police was vigilant, and particulonel Huger to open it. Two per- larly jealous of strangers. Huger sons appeared, who, in a foreign ac- pretended ill health, and Balman gave cent, informed him that their ship himself out for a physician, who on
that account travelled with him. They it afterwards appeared,) yet did not bought three of the best horses they suspect any treachery where every could find, and with one servant set thing was conducted so openly. The forwards on a tour. After travelling note contained apologies for the libermany weeks, staying some time at dif. ty they had taken ; but, as they wishferent places, the better to concealed in any way to contribute to bis their purpose, and to confirm the idea happiness, they hoped he would atthat curiosity was the motive of their tentively read the book they had sent, journey, they at length reached Ol- and if any passages in it particularly mutz. After viewing every thing in engaged his notice, they begged he the town, they walked into the castle would let them know his opinion. to see the fortifications, made them. He received the note, and finding it selves acquainted with the jailor, and was not expressed in the usual mode having desired permission to walk of complimentary letters, conceived within the castle the next day, they that more was meant than met the returned to their lodging. They re. eye. He therefore carefully perused peated their visits frequently, each the book, and found in certain places time conversing familiarly with the words written with a pencil, which, jailor, and sometimes making him lit. being put together, acquainted him tle presents. By degrees they gain. with
the names, qualities, and designs ed his confidence, and one day, as if of the writers, and requiring his senby accident, asked him what prison- timents before they should proceed ers he had under his care.
any further. He returned the book, tioned the name of Fayette ; without and with it an open note, thanking discovering any surprise, they ex. them, and adding, that he highly appressed a curiosity to know how he proved of, and was much charmed passed his time, and what indulgences with, its contents. he enjoyed : They were informed that Having thus begun a correspon. he vas strictly confined, but was per. dence, seldom a day passed but open mitted to take exercise without the notes passed between them, some of walls with proper attendants, and, be- which the jailor shewed to persons sides, was allowed the use of books, who could read them; but, as nothing and pen, ink, and paper. They said, appeared that could create any susthat, as they had some new publica- picion, the correspondence was per. tions with them, it might add to his mitted. amusement if they were to lend them Their plan being at length arranto him, and desired to know if they ged, the particulars were written with might make the offer. The jailor lemon juice, and on the other side of -said he thought there could be no the paper a letter of inquiries after Fayobjection, provided the books were ette's health, concluding with these delivered open to him (the jailor,) so words: Quand vous aurez lu ce billet, that he might see there was nothing mettez le au feu (instead of dans le improper in their contents. With feu.) By holding the paper to the this caution they complied, and the fire, the letters appeared, and he was same evening sent a book'and a note made acquainted with every arrange. to the jailor, addressed to Fayette, ment they had made. The day fol. written in French ; who, though he lowing was fixed upon to put the plan did not understand that language (as in execution. The city of Olmutz
is situated about 30 miles from the and ride away full speed to Bautropp, frontiers of Silesia, in the midst of 15 miles distant, where a chaise and a plain, which, taking the town as its horses awaited to convey them to centre, extends three miles each way. Trappaw, the nearest town within The plain is bounded by rising ground, the Prussian dominions, about 30 covered with bushes and broken rocks; miles from Olmutz, where they would so that a man standing on the walls be safe from pursuit. In the mornmight distinctly see every thing that ing Huger sent his trusty servant to passed on the plain. Sentinels were endeavour to learn the precise time placed for the purpose of giving an that Fayette left the castle. After alarm when any prisoner was attempt. a tedious delay, he returned, and told ing to escape, and all people were them that the carriage had just past ordered to assist in retaking him : the gates. With agitated hearts they great rewards were likewise due to set out ; having gained the plain, they the person who arrested a prisoner. could perceive no carriage; they rode It seemed therefore scarcely possible slowly on till they had nearly reached to succeed in such an attempt. A. the woody country, but still no carware of these difficulties, Balman and riage appeared. Alarmed lest some Huger were not intimidated, but took unforeseen accident should have led their measures with the greater cau- to a discovery, they hesitated ; but, tion.
recollecting that their motions might Under pretence that his health re- be distinctly seen from the walls, they quired air and exercise, Fayette had retraced their steps, and had arrived obtained permission to ride out upon at a short distance from the town the plain every day in an open cabrio- when they beheld the long-wishedlet, accompanied by an officer, and for cabriolet pass through the gates, attended by an armed soldier, who with two persons in it, one in the mounted behind by way of guard. Austrian uniform, and a musqueteer During these excursions he had gain. mounted behind. On passing, they ed the confidence of the officer so gave the preconcerted signal, which far, that when the carriage was at a was returned, and the carriage moved distance from the walls they used to They continued their ride toquit it, and walk together.
wards the town, then turned, and Theplan determined upon wastbis ; slowly followed the carriage. They Balman and Huger were to ride outof loitered, in order to give Fayette town on horseback, the latter leading time to execute his part of the
agree. a third horse; as neitherof them knew ment. They observed the two genFayette, a signal was agreed upon at tlemen descend from the carriage, and their meeting. Fayette was to en
walk from it arm in arm. They deavour to gain as great a distance approached gradually, and perceiving as possible from the town, and, as that Fayette and the officer appeared usual, to quit the carriage with the of- to be engaged in earnest conversation ficer, and draw him imperceptibly as about the officer's sword, which Fayfar from it as he could without exci- ette had at the time in his hand, they ting his suspicions. The two friends thought this the favorable moment, were then to approach, and, if neces- and put spurs to their horses. The sary, to overpower the officer, mount noise of their approach alarmed the Fayette apon the horse Huger led, officer, who,turning round, and seeing