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point, he very soon came to an e. magistrate to return him thanks for claircissement. The magistrate made the many indulgences he had allow.
an exorbitant demand ; W—said ed them, and upon shaking hands · it was useless for him to go to the with him at parting, the stipulated
prisoners with such terms, and, as he sum was put into his hands. It is knew exactly the state of their fi- not to be supposed they made a long nances, he could at once mention what stay at Olmutz ; no longer than was they had to give, and therefore the necessary to pour out their grateful utmost he could expect. This sum acknowledgements to the Russian was fifty pieces. He refused to come nobleman, and, above all, to the nobleply for less than a hundred. In answer minded, generous W, to whose to this, W-desired him to consider, kindness they owed all the comforts that if he delayed his determination they had experienced in prison, and he might lose his prize altogether, for to whose friendly and humane exer. that great interest was making at tions they were ultimately indebted Vienna for the release of the prison. for their liberation. M. de la Fayers, which he had no doubt would ette, the unfortunate cause of their succeed, amongst others, the distresses, remained in confinement English and American ambassadors till the close of the year 1797, when, had exerted themselves in their fa- upon a peace taking place between vour. This upright magistrate at Austria and France, he was released last yielded to the impulse of avarice, at the request of the French Geneand agreed that, if the prisoners would ral Buonaparte. send him the money before they left the prison, they should be released Since the above was written, a letthe next day. To this he answered, ter has been received by Mr Huger that they were so distrustful of all from M. de La Fayette, of which about them, that he was certain they the following is a translation, which would rather await the result of the forms a very proper supplement to petition at Vienna, than part with the above account. * their little stock of money at an un. “ MY DEAR HUGER,—Here is the certainty, but added, that he himself friend whom you had so generously would become their security, and be undertaken, so humanely attempted answerable to him for the money in to rescue from captivity, and whose case they did not pay it. To this panting heart, at ihe moment of our he agreed, and W was authori. restoration to liberty and life, hassed to negociate with the prisoners. tens to offer you the tribute of an in. All matters being soon settled, the expressible and boundless gratitude. term of their imprisonment was first; What you have done for me, the fixed at fourteen years, then shorten- manner in which you have done it, ed to seven, soon after to one, then to bind me to you by everlasting ties of a month, and lastly to a week; at admiration and love ; your sufferings, the expiration of which they were and your dangers, supported with so released from prison. They'imme- much fortitude and intrepidity of diately repaired to the house of the soul, did not find in me a steadiness
* No date appears to this letter, in the copy transmitted to us for publication EDITOR.
equal to yours; and amidst the hor- from Olmutz, and I hoped that the rors of an anxiety, which it had been homage of my gratitude could be forbidden to alleviate, I was, from through them offered to you and the day of your confinement to that Balman ; how great this disappointof your delivery, so cruelly tortured, ment was I need not tell you, as you that I very nearly came to the point have probably heard that the only of losing my life; it was probably lines from the mother to her son, saved by the blessed news of your which she hazarded to join to a receipt having been set at liberty, which I to the American consul, were stophad the good fortune to hear in spite ped at Vienna and sent back to her. of the infamous orders to prevent My two friends, Latour Maubourg me. In vain would I endeavour to and Puzy, entreat me to present you describe what I felt at the happy in- with the tributes of affection and retelligence. How barbarously they spect, which to the last moment of have treated you, my admirable their lives their hearts will be happy friend! I am much afraid your suf- and proud to pay you. ferings during that period may have “ It was on the 19th of September, had an effect upon your health ; I five months after the cessation of entreat you to let me hear all the hostilities, that we were set at liberparticulars of your welfare, for which ty. It had been demanded by I feel so deeply interested. I wish France the first day of the confer. I might be allowed to talk over with ences at Recolin, and promises were you many details of our enterprise, made but not executed; to repeated and with heartfelt admiration and applications repeated evasions were gratitude acknowledge the generous, opposed. At last Louis Rouing, gallant, and self-forgetting part you formerly my aid-de-camp, was sent had in it. To get away before I to Vienna by Buonaparte and Clerke, saw you on horseback was impossi- in order to put an end to this delay; ble, nor could I help returning to and although we lately had refused wards you, when, by your not coming certain conditions proposed to us, up, I suspected an accident. I then it was agreed we should be conduct. thought, that while I had turned ed to this place, there to be put into back in search of you, you had gone American hands, from whom a preforwards, and although it would vious engagement had been insisted have been better for me to have been upon, to exert their influence to peroutof the Austrian dominions, in order suade us not to remain more than ten to exchange myself for my former days within the limits of the German captive deliverers, yet, had I known empire. But as my wife's health your fate, I should not have been precludes every idea of embarking at able to proceed farther, and when I ihis late season of the year, we are did know it, I could not regret 'my going to settle for the winter in the being retaken. You know that, after Danish territory, probably in Hol. twelve months from that time, my stein, which, although a German prowife and daughters became the part, vince, belongs to the King of Den. ners of my captivity ; by them I had mark, a friend to the French com. the consolation to hear of you. monwealth, and a yery independent They supposed that there could be power. My health is better than I no objection to their writing to you could have expected; and though I am as yet weak and emaciated, I benefactor. I need not tell you, shall by and by do very well. My that on my emerging from captivity, two friends, Puzy in particular, are my joy has been much embittered by worse than I am, but will, I hope, the unexpected and affecting accounts soon recruit themselves.
of the difference between the United servants, one only is in a dangerous States and the French republic. The way; the others have suffered much, particulars are as yet unknown to but will soon regain their health. . me. This I certainly do know, that My daughters are pretty well ; my nothing can be more impolitic for wife has for more than fifteen months both, and that my warmest wishes been in a most deplorable state of are to see these disputes amicably health. Fresh air and a little exer- settled, which ought never to have cise out of the prison might have en- taken place. I hope it will be the sured her life; but these indulgencies case ; would to God I might be able were constantly denied. She is ema- to contribute to it ! ciated and weak. Her arms have “ Adieu, my dear Huger. Present been a prey to the ravages of dis- my compliments to all friends in ease, the effects of which are now your part of the United States. chiefly fixed in her leg, where she When can I hope for the delightful has a swelling and painful wound. pleasure to meet with you again, to Fortunately the internal parts have talk over the circumstances so 'honot been affected, except for a short nourable to you, so precious to me, time, and the disease has caused it. of your noble, kind, and admirable self to attack the extremities. The conduct, in the most generous atdoctors have unanimously said, that tempt that I ever heard of; to exit would be madness in us to cross
press to you at least a part of the the Atlantic until she has a little re- veneration and gratitude which your covered. We are therefore going to personal character, your magnaniform an hospital in a retired place, mous friendship, your heroic exerand there employ ourselves whol- tions in my behalf, have so highly dely to refit our constitutions. You served, and by which I am happy to see, my dear friend, that I set you be for ever bound to you by all the the example to be very minute, and sentiments that can attach the heart I hope you will mention every parti- of your grateful and affectionate cular relating to my hero and beloved
THE FRENCH ORDER OF BATTLE,
THE CAMPAIGNS OF BUONAPARTE
But see the haughty household troops advance !
The unparalleled success of the the head of an army of invincible heFrench arms under their present mi- Were these victories, and the litary ruler, has thrown a glare over melancholy events which have fol. the causes in which it originated, pe- lowed them, matter of remote history, culiarly unfavourable to cool investi- this romantic delusion would be of gation. To account for the over- as little consequence as if its lumi. throw of ancient states, for the anni- nous yet delusive halo invested the hilation, not only of whole armies, brows of Cæsar or of Alexander ; but of the entire military power of but our safety as a nation is unfortukingdoms in a single engagement, nately deeply implicated in the judgeimagination demands causes adequate ment which we may form of the in importance and in splendour to French armies, the genius of their these dazzling consequences, and na- leader, and the causes of their success. turally figures forth a demi-god at One part of the spell Aung around
them has been fortunately dissipa- presume to read our lecture on the ted by repeated practical experiment. art of war. But we humbly dediNo one for a moment is now tempt. cate our few and desultory observaed to doubt, that, man to man, and tions on the French tactics in the regiment to regiment, the French field of battle, to every desponding soldiers are, both in a moral and phy. statesman out of place, who seeks the sical point of view, so decidedly infe- character of wisdom by the presaging rior to the British, that the ancient notes of a screech-owl, and to all: romantic proportion of two to one those worthy common.council men has in some instances scarcely, put and burgesses, throughout the united them upon an equality.. Still, how- kingdoms, whose digestion is im. ever, another part of the charm ho- paired by reflecting upon the militavers around us. The general is in- ry skill of Buonaparte. When we vested with a double portion of that shall have stripped that skill of all merit which he formerly divided with exaggeration, enough will remain for his armies, and we now hear of no- reasonable apprehension, enough to thing but the commanding genius recommend caution, and to discouof Buonaparte, which, supplying all rage presumption on the part of his deficiencies, making up for all dis- opponents; but, if our researches have asters, conquering all obstacles, ga- been correct, his system will be thers victorious laurels on the very found a simple one, neither implying fields from which every other gene- any transcendant genius in the discoral, ancient or modern, must have verer, nor necessarily conferring upon retired with defeat and dishonour. the general employing it, that deci. With this is combined a fearful and ded superiority which has been falseinaccurate apprehension, or rather a ly apprehended. superstitious terror, of some new.dis- It is scarcely necessary to say, that covered and irresistible system of our observations only respect the tactics, devised and acted upon by French principle of distributing
their this irresistible leader. Such opic forces upon the day of battle. Other nions, were they generally entertain- advantages, of a great and important ed, would form a bad omen for a nation nature, arise from the combination forced into collision, for all that they of the various corps of their invahold dear, with the very person of ding armies, maintaining their liaiwhose irresistible skill in arms such an son, or correspondence, by means of ineffableidea is held forth. Weare not the eiats-majors, or staff-establishhowever very apprehensive of this dis- ments attached to every division, piriting creed becoming generalamong whose communication with each those whose opinion in such subjects other, and with the head-quarters of is of most consequence,-among the the emperor, is preserved at all risks, victors of Alexandria, Maida, Vimie. and with a consummate degree of ra, Talavera, Busaco and Barrosa. accuracy and address. Thus orders The doctrine of French invincibility are circulated, and combined moverequires no confutation among those ments achieved in consequence of who retreated with Moore, or are these orders, with the same ease and now advancing with Wellington; nor facility through various corps-d'-aris it to them that, like the ancient mée, occupying positions or moving pedant in presence of Alexander, we upon lines of march an hundred