ardent, is rather of a volatile and spi- ment of Sir Robert Wilson in his rited nature, than what we term stea- late publication, which he himself in. diness and intrepidity; and, 2dly, that vites the reader to contrast with the where sufficient skill is united to partial and studiously confused bulthe latter qualities, they, like what is letins of Buonaparte, which form called bottom by the prize-fighters, part of his appendix. It may be secure superiority in a long action. supposed strange, that the generals 3dly, The French general must be of a much more uncultivated people necessarily embarrassed and discon- should be able to imitate, and by certed by the neutralization of the imitating to foil, a system of tactics, very plan on which he had rested for before which the generals of Austria conquest. For these combined rea- and Prussia had given way. But it sons, we conceive, that if deprived of should be remembered, that the Rus. the benefit of this favourite maneu- sians had conducted wars upon a very vre, the balance would probably in- broad scale, and though their opera. cline against the French: Nay, we tions were against barbarians, they are able to shew an example in mo- were, perhaps for that very reason, dern war, where Buonaparte's own more certainly brought back to ge. system was successfully employed neral principles, and freed from the against himself by the Russian Ge- prejudice of military men, who, ha. neral Benningsen, at the battles of ving only studied in one school, exPultusk and Eylau. In sustaining pected their antagonist strictly to conthe French attack at Pultusk, the form to their own game and their Cossacks and other light troops of own rules for playing it. Let it be the Russians formed as it were an remembered, that it was a Russian outwork, or advanced battle, to their Emperor, who, by simply covering main-line, and not only completely his line-of-battle by a chain of closed overpowered the eclaireurs and tiredoubts, instead of the combined railleurs, who were thrown forward, fortified lines then in use, broke, at as usual, to protect and mask the ad. Pultowa, those Swedish infantry, vance of the French columns, but whom every general in Europe, nay, greatly embarrassed, interrupted, and Marlborough himself, regarded with crippled the columns themselves be- respect and apprehension. The fore they could reach the Russian French themselves were comparative. position, properly so called. At ly undisciplined when they devised Eylau, the counterpart of the this very system of reserves, as afFrench system was equally success. fording them the means of availing fully provided against and counter. themselves of their numbers against acted by the Russians. Reserve af. the superior skill of their adversaries. ter reserve was brought up by the We cannot forget the reproaches French, but at the close of a long cast upon Lord Wellington as a and desperate battle, the last reserve Seapoy General. Had he not brought into action was that of the learned his art upon a broad and ex. Russians. In both these battles, the tended plan, such as Iudia alone has Russians had decidedly the advan- yet afforded to a British general, tage,-a fact which might have re- where else could he have acquired the mained concealed from Europe, but art of providing for the necessities of for the clear, distinct, and able state- a large army, the principles of com. bination necessary for conducting its could have known the fall of Bada. extended movements, in short, the jos when he broke up from Santacomplicated branches of military rem, or that Soult anticipated the skill by which he is now driving be- retreat of Massena when he himself fore him those hordes, whose great. fell back into Spain, instead of ad. est disgrace it is, that they cannot vancing into Alemtejo, to make a shelter their abominable rapine and diversion, and afford support to the atrocity under the barbarous igno. enfant gate whom Fortune was droprance of Seiks or Mahrattas. ping out of her arms. But the ge.

It may indeed be pleaded too just, neral and inveterate enmity of the ly, that the acknowledged imperfec- peasantry entirely annihilated all tions in the Russian commissariat, the fair system of unity and constant the deficienciesoftheir staff, and, above correspondence, which in Germany all, the deplorable neglect of their the French armies maintained at any government to supply

and reinforce given distance. Couriers, aids-de. their armies, deprived them of the camp, orderly men, and disguised spies, fruits of victory; while the active were alike the objects of suspicion to energy of Buonaparte drained his the Ordenanza, who, rather than whole acquisitions of every soldier, or miss securing their letters, would man who could be made such, to re- steadily rip up their bowels, a sad sume the field with a force superior interruption to a regular and friendto that which had foiled and defeat. ly correspondence. And thus these ed him. These considerations, how. two great generals seem to have ever, do not respect our present sub- known little more of each other's moject, which refers merely to the field of tions, than if they had been next battle, on which, we repeat, the Rus- door neighbours in London. The sians have neutralized Buonaparte's self-devoted patriotism, with which favourite manæuvre. It may be briefly the Portuguese destroyed every part noticed, that the inhabitants of the of their own property, which could peninsula, less fortunate in facing him afford supply or assistance to the in. in the field, and who at Tudela

experi- vading army, rendered the genius of enced discomfiture from the effects of the French for the commissariat de. that system which we have detailed, partment equally unavailing. Nay, have yet shewn, that when a gene. even les grands moyens themselves have ral battle is lost, the advantages of proved fruitless in a country, where the victory may be in a great degree Lord Wellington has declared, that intercepted. The inveterate and none, even of the lowest description, desperate hostility of the Spaniards forgot, through any compelled interand Portuguese, so widely diffused course with the French, the duty through the peasantry of the coun- which they owed to their country. try, has utterly destroyed the boast. We glance at these subjects, though ed system of intercourse and com. distinct from that which we proposed munication, by which the march of to enlarge upon, merely to shew, one French column was made to that as the French system of tactics correspond with that of all who were in the field of battle is far from in. acting in the same kingdom. Near fallible, so neither are the other as the events and positions were, it means which they employ in facilita. is almost impossible that Massena ting the operations of the campaign less liable to derangement, where the king treatise, entitled “ Essai sur le population of an invaded country is Systeme Militaire de Bonaparte, par confident in their own leaders, and C. H. S. Major d'Etat Muscovite," true to their own cause.

which we have liberally quoted in We now close these desultory ob- our notes. These authorities coin. servations, by stating, in justification ciding with our own opinion so of the tone of decision which we much beyond our expectation, led us have presumed to adopt, that the to give our sketch to the public, in theory they contain was deduced hopes that, thus supported, it may from an attentive perusal of the plans operate as a sedative in tranquillizing of Buonaparte's battles published at the mind of those who do not know Paris. Yet we should have hesita. more of the practice of war than we ted to offer them to the public on do ourselves ; and we shall not our slender authority, had we not quarrel with the true blue English. found our opinion confirmed three man who may think with Corporal years after we had embodied it in Trim, that one home-thrust of the writing, by the excellent work of Sir bayonet is worth it all. Robert Wilson, and by a very stri

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]


While the navy forms the great red sandstone, very hard, and of a fine bulwark of British liberty, and ships grit, with minute specks of mica. are the chief instruments of our com- At low water of neap tides the rock merce, every attempt to afford a great. is only partially left by the tide ; but er degree of safety to the mariner, its dimensions, as seen at low water of and to give additional security to the spring tides, are about 2000 feet in adventures of the merchant, must be length, with an average breadth of regarded as of national interest. In 230 feet; and then the height of the order to evince that a light-housé north-east part, where the light-house upon the Bell Rock is calculated to is built, may be stated at four feet perserve the most important purposes, pendicular above the surface of the in facilitating the navigation of the water ; but the south-west, or opNorth Sea and German Ocean, it is posite end of the rock, is lower, and only necessary to advert to the si. its surface is never fully left by the tuation of the Rock; and the brief tide. The surface of the rock is very account of the light-house, which we uneven, and walking upon it is diffi. are enabled to lay before our readers, cult and even dangerous. Those will be sufficient to shew that it is a parts which are higher, and consework of much curiosity, and of no quently oftener left by the tide, are small enterprise.

covered with muscles, limpets, whelks; The Cape or Bell Rock, lies about and numbers of seals occasionally 11 miles in a south-west direction play about the rock, and rest upon from the Read Head, in Forfarshire, it at low water. Those parts which and 30 miles north by east from St appear only in spring tides, are thick. Abb's Head, in Berwickshire. These ly coated with sea weeds ;, as the two headlands form the boundaries of great tangle (fucus digitatus,) and the estuary or Frith of Forth, which badderlocks, or henware (fucus escu. is the principal inlet upon the east lentus,) which here grows to the coast of Great Britain for vessels length even of 18 feet. The red. overtaken with an easterly storm, ware cod is got very near the rock, while navigating the German Ocean and as the water deepens, the other or North Sea.

fishes common in those seas are caught Thisrock is almost one entire orcon- in abundance. tinuous mass, having only a very few Such being the position of this fa. detached or separate pieces. It is a tal rock, appearing only a few feet

« ForrigeFortsett »