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of the proceedings which the Directors of the Institution felt themselves called upon to adopt as soon as the publication of the treaty of Paris made known to whạt purpose the Africans had been recollected by the liberators of Europe. The most proinpt exertions were made, and on the widest scale, to rouse once more the public mind of this country to a manifestation of opinion in petitions to the legislature. The Institution was also active in inciting the adtresses which were made on the subject to the Regent, from both Houses of Parliament, entreating that a stand might at last be made, if possible, in favour of humanity, at the approaching Congress at Vienna To these addresses it is recorded that the most gracious answers of royal assurance were made. The circumstance had necessarily a very animating effect, because similar assurances had been graciously vouchsafed in answer to the addresses which both Houses had presented not many weeks before, pending the negotiation with Frauce, entreating that an effectual effort might be made for Africa in that negotiation. Still, however, it was inevitable to see that the grand opportunity was gone by; and after the very temporary exhilaration from the cause just mentioned was past, it is probable that no one did seriously expect that any thing would be effected at Vienna, however disposed our credulous multitudes might be to entertain a much more favourable opinion of the leading actors that were to be there, than has been since justified by the quality, as far as yet known, of their tedious performance. That was to be a meeting at which France would be no longer in the attitude of asking mercy; and when, even had she set no value on the Slave Trade for itself, her pride would be resolute to retain everything that could testify that she had been strong enough in her fall to stipulate with her conquerors. And then for the other powers about to be assembled, it could not in soberness but be acknowledged that there were no such symptoms tending to authorize a hope or a dream that a number of rival military monarchs, assembled to adjust and take their respective wages for what they all regarded as their very best piece of work, should be disposed to think so far away from the business of the occasion as the rights of some barbarous tribes of black men in Africa, We need not observe what an aggravated completeness of despondency would have been felt by all that joined in petitions and addresses, had it been possible to foresee what a perfectly determined principle of ambition, too eagerly rapacious even for an attempt at hypocrisy, was to actuate, at this august Congress, the mighty potentates, several of whom were thus to shew with what excellent judgement of character they had been almost idolized in this country.
Nevertheless, it was well to bave the public mind excited to
the utmost on the occasion. There is no one just principle, not even that which emanates in maledictions on the Slave Trade, so absolutely fixed in the habitual feeling of the community as that it is no longer desirable to seize all occasions for giving it a deeper hold and an animated exercise; and if in this fresh excitement it should burst forth in indignant expressions against those who have trifled with it, compromised it, betrayed it, we know no obstruction that can rightfully be put to this direction of its animosity. Again, it is a good thing for nations to be led to dwell attentively on the most striking proofs that the way to secure the accomplishment of any important improvements in the world, must be just the opposite to a thoughtless, superstitious confidence in men. Perhaps it is just possible, besides, that such a universal display of national opinion and feeling, may have some very slight influence on other nations, in the way of exciting attention, and at least some doubts favourable to the cause of justice. ‘And also, it is well worth while for a nation to stand forth in this way to rescue itself, in some measure, in the view of the civilized world, from the dishonour in which the deeds of the persons managing its affairs may otherwise sink its character.
On the whole, it is, at present, with a strangely inauspicious aspect that the Christian world, as it is called, looks towards Africa'; an aspect in which the expressions of languor after a long riot in ravage and blood seem to demand, for mere stimulus, a renewal of the amusements of death in another place, and a less hazardous form. This great monster is heard uttering in intermingled sentences, creeds, and professions of Christian doctrine and charity, and orders for ambushes, midnight assaults, burnings, and assassinations. . It maintains a temple for two religions, and laughs to hear it said that the true God will not accept the worship which he is expected to share with Moloch.
The summary of the case is, that Portugal carries on the trade in a spirit that disdains even to agree to a definite interpretation of the article in which the local extent had been pretendedly limited--that Spain will do as much in the trade as her exhausted means will permit--that France, with very large and growing means, is eiger to return to it, and with great contempt, beyond all doubt, s. the fancied authority of the paper restriction to five years' duration--and that, while these powers are prosecuting the business unrestrained, no possible vigilance of the friends of Africa can prevent English and American property and enterprise from being largely embarked in the concern. Another circumstance is to be added :
• It is painful,' say the Directors of the Institution,' to communicate to the Meeting, that there is too much reason for believing that a considerable traffic in slaves still exists on the North Coast of Africa ; whither it would seem that considerable numbers are brought for sale from the interior, and thence exported chiefly to the islands VOL. III. N. S.
and the opposite continent of Europe. It appears too, that in Tunis and Tripoly, and the towns of Egypt, there are regular Slave markets, where men, women, and children, are sold at very low prices.' p. 9.
In the comprehensive view of the subject, however, there are circumstances of considerable alleviation ; and among these the activity of our cruizers deserves to be mentioned with distinction. One of the documents in the Appendix-Return of all Ships
and Vessels brought into any Port in the Colonies of Great Britain, and condemned therein, under any of the Acts for the Abolition of the Slave Trade,' would be highly gratifying by its great number, if that circumstance did not at the same time shew the wide extent to which the iniquity has ventured beyond its legitimated boundaries, and suggest, by proportion, what a multitude of transgressors have most probably escaped ; especially as the Directors have still to repeat the complaint which they have constantly had cause to make, of the very deficient number of cruizers appointed to the service from a prodigious navy, by a Zealous abolition government.
The decided and complete renunciation of the traffic by the government of Holland, is a fact of very material consequence to the cause.
An eminently important and gratifying circumstance, is the abolition by the National Congress of Chili, in October, 1811; and by the Provisional Executive Power of the United Pro( vinces of the Rio de la Plata,' decreed at Buenos Ayres, in May, 1812. This decree was followed by two others, one dated February, 1813, declaring all children born after the 31st of January, 1813, to be absolutely free : and a second, a few weeks later, prescribing regulations for educating this young black race of freemen, and appointing a provision for them on their coming to maturity. This decree comprises more than twenty articles, and bears evidence of much thought and sincere solicitude on the subject.
It is exceedingly pleasing to see these revolutionary states giving such a proof that they deserve to be free; and signalizing the commencement of that independence in which they will soon be joined by every thing that has been denominated Spanish America, by a generous deed so far above the ambition of the wretched monarchy of which they had been the vassals.
Though not within the scope of the statements of the Report, another source of animated and really sublime gratification is found in the resolute, powerful, and warlike attitude of the people of St. Domingo. It remains to be seen whether the French government is determined to expend an army in revenge of the defiance, and in the attempt to reduce those courageous, and elated, and indignant islanders to a quiet and grateful acceptance of the Most Christian economy of whips and chains; but there can, if such be the determination, be no kind of doubt as to the situation in which that army and those islanders will respectively be found at the close of the conflict. It is needless to observe how much the independence-should we not say the successful rebellion ?-of this great island, will contribute to blast the hopes of a number of the French traders who were so grateful to our peace-negotiators for the prospect of deriving speedy wealth from African blood.
It ought to be mentioned that the finances of the Institution have been reduced in an unprecedented degree, by the very great and well applied expenses of their exertions to excite the spirit of this country to universal declaration of an opinion they had little dreamed they should ever again have occasion to express.
ART. XII. SELECT LITERARY INFORMATION.
*** Gentlemen and Publishers who have works in the press, will oblige
the Conductors of the ECLECTIC Review, by sending Information (post paid) of the subject, extent, and probable price of such works ; which they may depend upon being communicated to the Public, consistent with its plan.
That valuable work which was pub, a translation of " Gillaume le Franc · lished in 1777, by the late Dr. Gibbons, Parleur," and a sequel to L'Hermite de under the title of “ Memoirs of emia la Chaussée d'Autin. neutly Pious Women,” and again re- Mr. Hanbury's edition of “ Extracts printed in 1804, with the addizion of from the Diary, Meditations, and Letters several new Lives, is now in its progress of Mr. Joseph Williams, of Kidderthrough the press. The original work minster," with numerous additions from will be carefully corrected in this new the author's short-band and other maedition ; the memoirs annexed in the nuscripts, is expected to appear early reprint of it will be retained, and in the next month. a new volume will be added con- Mr. Parkes, the author of the “ Che. taining accounts of pious and ce- mical Catechism," has now in the lebrated Females most of whom have press, a Series of Chemical Essays, died within a few years past.
The which he designs to publish in four whole will be comprised in 3 vols. pocket volumes; including a variety of 8vo. embellisbed with eighteen por- explanatory notes and a copious Index. traits elegantly engraved by Hopwood, These Essays are written in a familiar and edited by the Rev. S. Burder, M. A. style, so as to suit those readers who Lecturer of Christ Church, Newgate are not yet proficients in Chemical street.
Science; and they embrace an assemThe Rev. W. Hull has in the press, blage of curious and interesting subjects a Discourse entitled '“ the doctrine of in the economy of nature as well as on Atonement, an essential part of the some of the most important manufactures Christian System.”
of this country. The work will be il. In the press in 2 vols, 12mo. Paris lustrated with more than twenty copper Chit-chat; or a view of the society, plate engravings and all from original manners, customs, literature, and drawings, either of new Chemical apam usements of the Parisians ; being paratus, or of the improved machinery
now employed in the respective manu- rence Kirk, will speedily publish in factures of wbich the author has treated 3 vols, 8vo. the History of the Church in these Essays. The whole is in con- of Scotland, from the establishment of siderable forwardness, and will proba- the Reforination till the Revolution ; ilbly be ready for delivery by the end of lustrating a most interesting 'Period of March, or beginning of April.
the History of Britain. A new edition of Mr. Taylor's Ghosts, Speedily is expected to appear, will appear in the course of the present The Journal of a Tour and Residence month, with the addition of many new in Great Britain, during the years 1810 and very curious stories:
and 1811. By a French Traveller. Mr. W. Y. Ottley has in the press With regarks on the Country, its Arts, iu one volume 4to. An Inquiry into Literature, and Politics; and on the the origin and early History of En. manners and customs of its Inbabitants. graving on Copper and on Wood, with 2 vols. 8vo. with numerous engravings, an account of the most ancient Engra- The Native Irish, a Memorial in bevers and their Works, from the earliest half of the Native Irish with a view to period to the middle of the Sixteenth their improvment in moral and religious Century; comprisin Observations on knowledge, through the nedium of their some of the first books ornamented with
own Language is now in the press, and Wood-cuts.
will be published in the course of this A singular work on Occult Philoso- present month, by Christopher Anderson, phy will be published in a very few Edinburgh. This memorial includes a weeks. It will include the lives of all statement of what has been done tothe ancient Alchemystical Philosophers, wards the instruction of this interesting a critical catalogue of their writings and class of people, by means of their a selection of the most celebrated trea- own ancient Language, from the earlitises on the theory and practice of the est to the present times. An account Hermetic art.
of the translation, and printing, and An authentic Narrative of the In- circulation of the sacred Scriptures in - vasion of France iu 1814, including Irish. Theflatest calculations, with rethe History of the Restoration : will gard to the prevalence of this language, shortly appear from the pen of M. De and the extent of the population, to Beauchamp, author of the History of whom it is vernacular. Answers to the the War of La Vendée.
most plausible objections against its In a few days will be published the being taught systematically in Schools, Memoirs of Lady Hamilton, they are like the other dialects of the United drawn from original sources of infor- Kingdom. A plan is proposed, and mation, and comprise many new and au- to proceed in its support, various enthentic anecdotes of various distinguish. couragements founded on facts, are ed Personages ; among whom are the brought forward, a variety of partiKing and Queen of Sicily ; Sir William culars are incidentally mentioned, with Hamilton; the late Lord and the pre- respect to the other dialects of the sent Earl Nelson ; the Earl of Bristol ; Celtic or Iberian Language, whether the Duke of Queensberry, &c. &c. those spoken in Britain, e g. the
Mr. James Wyld has nearly ready Welch, the Gaelic and the Manks, or for publication, a new map of the on the Continent, as the Bas Breworld exhibiting at one' view the po- tagne or Armorican, the Basques and pulation, civilization, and religion, of the Waldensian. each country.
It will be printed on Missionary Travels in South Africa, one large sheet of Columbia.
by the Rev. J. Campbell, a second Specdily will be published the claims edition will go to press immediately, of the Established Church, considered the first edition of 1500 copies small as an Apostolical Institution, and espe- paper having been sold on the day of cially as an authorised interpreter of publication, a few Copies Jarge paper Holy Scripture.
may be had. Early next Spring will be published A Novel in three large Volumes, by Bibliotheca Anglo-Poetica; or, a des- Mrs. Penchard of Taunton, author of criptive catalogue of a singulariy rare the Blind Child, &c. is in the press. and rich collection of Old English Captain Tuckey's Maritime Geor Poetry : illustrated by occasional ex
be published early in tracts, with notes critical and biogra. March. phical.
A small volume of Songs and Poems, Dr. George Cooke, minister of Law