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efficient, how happened it that he not only kept the French generals so completely and so long at bay, but was constantly gaining ground ?-How came it that the army of the Dwina, composed almost wholly of militia, and, according to the Eyewitness, so wretchedly commanded, was yet continually adWancing, and, at last, found itself victorious on the Beresina ?

It is asserted, that instead of following Victor, the Count should have pressed forward to the Beresina, without regard to the troops to which he had been opposed. But, on the other hand, it is perfectly clear, that if he had acted thus, the whole system of operation must have been changed; and, as it would seem, entirely in favour of the French. It could have been the presence only.of Wittgenstein, that detained Victor and Oudinot between the Nieper and the Beresina, and but for the apprehensions occasioned by the army of the Dwina, Oudinot would himself, without reference to the governor of Minsk, or any other ufficer, have held both banks of the Beresina ; and the division of Belluno, or even strong detachments, would have been amply sufficient to maintain the communications on the Moscow road. That all this would have been in favour of Napoleon, there can be no doubt : the passage of the Beresina would have been secured, his army strengthened by the addition of refreshed and upharrassed troops, the pressure on his rear-guard taken off, all his movements would have been unfettered, and the combined armies of Chichagoff and Wittgenstein rendered utterly incapable of intersecting the march of his united and concentrated force. All this, and much more than this, would have been the effect of Count W.'s movement on the right bank of the Beresina. Our speculations are strengthened by the actual conduct of the Duke of Reggio, who was no sooner aware of the conduct of the governor of Minsk, than he countermarched on Borisow, and made every effort for the recovery of the bridge.

These brief comments may, perhaps, serve to shew the absurdity, or the injustice of arguing as the - Eye-witness' does, and of marking out a line of action for one general, without reference to the movement of another; without allowing for the manæuvres of bis opponent; and without including in his calpulations the altered circumstances which changes in conduct must necessarily draw after them.

For the rest, we believe it to have been well for Napoleon, personally, that Prince Bagration had fallen on the field of Borodivo. Of the merits of that illustrious officer, too much cannot be said : in losing him, Russia lost at once her shield and her sword ;-her Fabius and her Marcelhus.

638

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GENERAL INDE X.

VOL. III. NEW SERIES.

Abernethy, on some of Mr. Hunter's

opinions respecting diseases, 586, et
seq.; eulogy on Mr. Hunler, 588
Abyssinia, Salt's Voyage to, 218,-el sego;

privileges of native females of rank,
405, author's reception at the court of
Chelicu:, 406; state of the kingdom,
409-10; Ras Welled Selasse, gaver-
nor of Tigré, 407, et seq.; custom of
cutting flesh from the living animal,
417-8, rigour of the fast of Lent, 420,
Abyssinian baptism, 422; ductrines
of Rome and Mecca successfully op-

posed in this kingdom, 426
Aden, description of, 229
African Institution, Eighth Report of the

directors of, 309, el seq.; its unsatis-
factory nature, ib. ; evils occasioned by
the article in the treaty with Portugal,
310; proceeding of the directors, in
consequence of the treaty of Paris,
311-2; present aspect in regard to
Africa inauspicious, 313; state of
the trade, ib.; remarks of the directors,
ib.; activity and success of the Eng-
lish cruizers, 314 ; Slave Trade abo-
lished by the national congress of

Chili, ib.
Albion, Letters from, 589, et seg.

dis-
graceful conduct of the douaniers at
Hamburgh, 590, author's eulogy on the
English, 591; siege and defence of La-
thorn Hall, 592-3; view from Ben Lo-
mond, 593 ; Tynemouth Castle, 594 ;
author's remarks on some popular Eng-

lish Writers, 595
Alison's Sermons, 55, et seq. ; subjects

treated on, 56; extract illustrative of
the author's manner, ib.; address to
young persons, 57, sermons on the sea-
sons illustrations of his theory of beauty
and sublimity, 58, extract, ib. fast of
1806, extract from his discourse on, 59,
errors of his style, 60; sermons not
sufficiently Christian, ib.; panegyric
of the Edinburgh Reviewers, 61 ; de-,

fects, 62, et seq. objectionable passages,

64
Allegorizing and spiritualizing texts, Dr.

Marsh's remarks on, 87
Allegory, its definition, 86
Alpine sketches, 550, et seq. ; author's

servile imitation of Sterne, ib. et seq.,
his movements towards Paris, 5521,
first impression by the view of the city,
ib. visit to the catacombs, 553, French
characteristics, 553-4 ; French national
feeling in 1814, ib.; chateau de Ferney, ,
555; an avalanche, 556 ; lortent of Gias,

557 ; terrific pass of Albinen, ib.
Angler's guide, by T. F. Salter, 616, de-

fence of angling, 617, character of the

work, 618
Apostolic benediction of Paul, remarks on,

243
Arminian scheme, dificulty attending it,

344
Astronomy, by M. Delambre, 384, et

seq. object of the work, 385, et seq. mode
of deducing the precession, 389, daily
position of the sun, 390 ; of compa.
ting the circumstances of eclipses,
391, transits of Mercury tabulated, 392,
of Venus, 393, rule for determining Eas-

394.5
Atonement,Hull on the doctrine of, 621,

et seg, peculiar circumstances atten-

dant on the death of Christ, 622
Axton, W1. his examination before bishop

Bentham, for refusing the apparel, the
cross in baptism,and kneeling at the sacra-
ment, 119, et seq.

tet,

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