Christology and the Synoptic Problem: An Argument for Markan Priority
This book makes a major contribution to the ongoing debate about the synoptic problem, especially concerning the question of which gospel was written first. The scholarly consensus, developed over two hundred years of discussion, has favoured Markan priority and the dependence of both Matthew and Luke upon Mark. In an ongoing contemporary revival of the Griesbach hypothesis, some scholars have advocated the view that Mark used, conflated and abbreviated Matthew and Luke. The author explores the role played by arguments connected with christological development in support of both these views. Deploying a comparative redaction-critical approach to the problem, Dr Head argues that the critical basis of the standard christological argument for Markan priority is insecure and based on anachronistic scholarly concerns. Nevertheless, in a through-going comparative reappraisal of the christological outlooks of Matthew and Mark the author finds decisive support for the hypothesis of Markan priority, arguing that Matthew was a developer rather than a corrector of Mark.
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Introduction and a history of research
Method and approach
The rich young ruler Matt 19 1622 Mark 10 1722
Jesus rejection at Nazareth Matt 13 5358 Mark 6 16a
Walking on water Matt 14 2233 Mark 6 4552
Arguments concerning Jesus emotions inability and questions
The worship of Jesus and the passion narratives
Jesus as teacher and Lord
Jesus as Messiah
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addition alterations approach Aramaic argued argument for Markan assuming Markan priority auTov chapter Christ Christian christological argument christological development cited coherent Commentary context Criticism David Davies and Allison disciples discussion Einleitung emphasise Enoch Evangelien evangelists Evangelium evidence example explain Farmer Fitzmyer focusses Geschichte Gospel of Mark Gospel of Matthew gospel traditions Griesbach hypothesis Griesbach-Mark Gundry healing History Interpretation Jewish Judaism Kupie Kupioq Leuven London Lord Luke's Mark's Gospel Markan priority Markan redaction Markusevangelium material Matt Matthaus Matthausevangelium Matthean redaction Matthew and Luke Matthew and Mark Matthew's Gospel Mercer University Messianic Secret miracles Neuen Testaments noted omission omits parable parallel passages Passion Narrative phrase plausible Psalm question Qumran Redaction Criticism redaction of Mark redactional activity references to Jesus scholars Son of God sonship statement Studies suggests Synoptic Gospels Synoptic Problem synoptischen TDNT teaching Text Textual Theology tion Tuckett two-source hypothesis uioq words