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CHAP. XIX.

Residence of Julian at Antioch.His successful Expedition against the Persians.Passage of the Tigris.The Retreat and Death of Julian.Election of Jovian.He saves the Roman Army by a disgraceful Treaty.

A. D. Page The Caesars of Julian . . . .237

362 He resolves to march against the Persians . . 238 Julian proceeds from Constantinople to Antioch . 240 Licentious manners of the people of Antioch . ib. Their aversion to Julian .... 241 Scarcity of corn and public discontent . . ib. Julian composes a satire against Antioch , 243

314—390. The sophist Libanius . . . .244

363 March of Julian to the Euphrates . .246 His design of invading Persia . . . 247 Disaffection of the king of Armenia . . . 248 Military preparations .... 249

Julian enters the Persian territories . . . 250

His march over the desert of Mesopotamia . . 251

His success ...... 253

Description of Assyria .... 254

363 Invasion of Assyria ..... 256 Siege of Perisabor . . ib.

Siege of Maogamalcha .... 257

Personal behaviour of J ulian .... 260
He transports his fleet from the Euphrates to the

Tigris . . . . .262

Passage of the Tigris, and victory of the Romans . 264
Situation and obstinacy of Julian . . . 267

He burns his fleet ..... 269
Marches against Sapor . . - . . 271

Retreat and distress of the Roman army . . 273

Julian is mortally wounded .... 275

363 Death of Julian . . . .277

Election of the emperor Jovian . . 280

Danger and difficulty of the retreat . . 282

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