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TITLE 1.

CHAPTER II.
POWERS, DUTIES, AND LIABILITIES OF A SHERIFF,
OR OTHER MINISTERIAL OFFICER, IN THE EXECU-
TION OF THE PROCESS OR OTHER MANDATE OF
A COURT OR JUDGE, IN A CIVIL CASE.

TITLE

1. — PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE EXECUTION OF CIVIL

MANDATES GENERALLY.

TITLE II. - PROVISIONS RELATING ΤΟ THE EXECUTION, BY A

SHERIFF, OF A MANDATE AGAINST THE PERSON.

TITLE III.

APPLICATION OF THE FOREGOING PROVISIONS TO THE

PROCEEDINGS OF A CORONER.

TITLE IV.- POWERS, DUTIES, AND LIABILITIES OF AN INCOMING

AND OUTGOING SHERIFF, RESPECTIVELY, TOUCHING

THE MATTERS INOLUDED IN THIS CHAPTER.

TITLE I.

Provisions relating to the execution of civil mandates

generally.

SEC. 100. Sheriff to furnish certain minute.

101. Copy of process, etc., to be delivered when served.
102. Sheriff to execute process, etc.; may return by mail.
103. Liability for neglect in special proceedings.
104. Sheriff may command the power of the county, to overcome resistance.
105. Names of resisters to be certified.
106. Punishment for refusing to assist.
107. Governor may order out military.
108. Trial of claim of title by third person, to property seized by sheriff.
109. Expenses, how paid.

Sheriff to furnish certain minute.

§ 100. A sheriff, to whom a mandate of any description, is delivered to be executed, must, without compensation, give to the person delivering the same, if required, a min- . ute in writing, signed by the sheriff, specifying the names of the parties, the general nature of the mandate, and the day and hour of receiving the same.

TITLE1.

$ 101. A sheriff or other officer, serving a mandate, must, Copy of upon the request of the person served, deliver to him a copy etc., to'be thereof, without compensation.

delivered when served.

execute

mail.

$ 102. A sheriff, or other officer, to whom a mandate is Sheriff to directed and delivered, must execute the same according to process, the command thereof, and make return thereon of his pro- return bý ceedings, under his hand. For a violation of this provision, he is liable to the party aggrieved, for the damages sustained by him; in addition to any fine, or other punishment or proceeding, authorized by law. A mandate directed and delivered to a sheriff may be returned, by depositing the same in the post-office, properly inclosed in a post-paid wrapper, addressed to the clerk, at the place where his office is situated; unless the officer, making the return in the name of the sheriff, resides in the place where the clerk's office is situated.

ings.

power of

$ 103. A sheriff, or other officer, to whom is delivered, Liability for service or execution, a mandate, authorized by law to be lect in issued, by a judge or other officer, in a special proceeding, proceedwho wilfully neglects to execute the same, may be fined by the judge, in a sum not exceeding twenty-five dollars, and is liable to the party aggrieved, for his damages sustained thereby.

$ 104. If a sheriff, to whom a mandate is directed and Sheriff delivered, finds, or has reason to apprehend, that resistance mand the will be made to the execution thereof, he may command tho all the male persons in his county, or as many as he thinks to over proper, and with such arms as he directs, including any military organization armed and equipped, to assist him in overcoming the resistance, and, if necessary, in arresting and confining the resisters, their aiders and abettors, to be dealt with according to law.

§ 105. The sheriff must certify to the court, from which Names or by whose authority the mandate was issued, the names ers to be of the resisters, their aiders and abettors, as far as he can

county,

come re

sistance.

.

TITLE 1.

ascertain the same, to the end that they may be punished for their contempt of the court.

Punishment for

§ 106. A person, commanded by a sheriff to assist him, refusing as prescribed in the last section but one, who, without

lawful cause, refuses, or neglects to obey the command, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

.

Governor may

§ 107. If it appears to the governor, that the power of order out a county will not be sufficient, to enable the sheriff thereof

to serve or execute the process or other mandates, delivered to him, he must, on the application of the sheriff, order such a military force, from another county or counties, as is necessary.

Trial of claim of title by third perBon, to property

§ 108. Where it is specially prescribed by law, that a sheriff must, or may, in his discretion, empanel a jury to try

the validity of a claim or title to, or of the right of possesseized bs sion of goods or effects, seized by him by virtue of a man

date in an action, interposed by a person not a party to the action, the trial must be conducted in the following manner, except as otherwise specially prescribed by law:

1. The sheriff must, from time to time, notify as many persons to attend, as it is necessary, in order to form a jury of twelve persong, qualified to serve as trial jurors in the county court of the county, or, in the city and county of New York, in the court of common pleas for that city and county, to try the validity of the claim.

2. Upon the trial, witnesses may be examined, in behalf of the claimant, and of the party, at whose instance the property claimed was taken by the sheriff. For the pose of compelling a witness to attend and testify, the sheriff, upon the application of either party to the inquisition, must issue a subpæna, as prescribed in section 854 of this act, and with like effect; except that a warrant to apprehend or to commit a witness, in a case specified in section 855 or in section 856 of this act, may be issued by

pur.

TITLE 1.

a judge of the court in which the action is brought, or by the county judge, or, in the city and county of New York, by a judge of the court of common pleas for that city and county.

3. The sheriff must preside upon the trial. A wit ness, produced by either party, must be sworn by the sheriff, and examined orally in the presence of the jury. A witness, who testifies falsely upon such an examination, is guilty of perjury in a like case, and is punishable in like manner, as upon the trial of a civil action.

$ 109. Upon such a trial there are no costs : but the fees Expenof the sheriff, jurors, and witnesses must be taxed, by a paid. judge of the court, or the county judge of the county, or, in the city and county of New York, by a judge of the court of common pleas for that city and county, and must be paid as follows:

1. If the jury, by their verdict, find the title, or the right of possession to the property claimed, to be in the claimant; by the party at whose instance the property was taken by the sheriff.

2. If they find adversely to the claimant, with respect to all the property claimed; by the claimant.

3. If they find the title, or the right of possession to only a part of the property claimed, to be in the claimant; each party must

pay his own witnesses' fees, and the sheriff's and jurors' fees must be paid, one half by each party to the inquisition.

Before notifying the jurors, the sheriff may, in his discretion, require each of the parties to the controversy to deposit with him such reasonable sum, as may be necessary to cover his legal fees, and the jurors' fees. The sheriff must return to each party, the balance of the sum so deposited by him, after deducting the fees, lawfully chargeable to that party, as prescribed in this section.

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TITLE 2.

TITLE II.

Provisions relating to the execution, by a sheriff, of a man

date against the person.

ARTICLE 1. Arresting, conveying to jail, and committing a prisoner.

2. Jails ; jail discipline; and regulations concerning the confinement

and care of prisoners.
3. Temporary jails, and temporary removal of prisoners from jail.
4. Jail liberties ; escapes.
5. Action upon and assignment of a bond for jail liberties.

ARTICLE FIRST.

ARRESTING, CONVEYING TO JAIL, AND COMMITTING A PRISONER.

SEC. 110. Prisoner, how kept.

111. Support of prisoner in Kings county,
112. Id.; in other counties.
113. Charges for food, etc., when prohibited.
114. Also for waiting for prisoner.
115. Rates of charges for lodging, etc.
116. Prisoner may send for necessaries.
117. Charges for rent, etc., prohibited.
118. Prisoner, how conveyed to jail through another county.
119. Officer or prisoner not liable to arrest.

Prisoner, how kept.

§ 110. A person arrested, by virtue of an order of arrest, in an action or special proceeding brought in a court of record; or of an execution issued upon a judgment rendered in a court of record; or surrendered in exoneration of his bail; must be safely kept in custody, in the manner prescribed by law, and, except as otherwise prescribed in the next two sections, at his own expense, until he satisfies the judgment rendered against him, or is discharged according to law.

Support § 111. In the county of Kings, when the sheriff has of prisoner actually confined in jail a prisoner so arrested or surrencounty. dered, he must serve upon the plaintiff's attorney, as pre

scribed by law for the service of a paper upon an attorney in an action, a written notice, stating that he has so confined the prisoner, and that the plaintiff is required to make the payments specified in this section, in default whereof the prisoner will be discharged. Within three days after service

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