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The Lord-Lieutenant returns

Conflicts between the English

to England, leaving as De-

and Natives

370

puty Sir Stephen Scroope,

who afterwards resigns the

CHAPTER XLI.

Office to the Earl of Ormond 363

1404. Infraction of the Truce be-

HENRY VI.

tween England and Scot-

land -

363 1422. Alliances by Marriage and

1406. Parliament held at Trim 363

otherwise between the two

1407. A Force despatched against

Races

371

Mac Morough

364 The Customs of Gossifred and

His gallant Resistance and De.

Fostering

372

feat

364 The Earl of March appointed

1408. The Duke of Lancaster again

LordLieutenant

372

appointed Lord-Lieutenant 364 1423. His Death

372

Causes the Arrest of the Earl

Lord Talbot Appointed his

of Kildare

364

Successor.

373

Is wounded in an Affray 364

Frequent Appointment of Go-

Summons a Parliament at Ki).

vernors during the next ten

kenny

364

Years

373

1409. Returns to England, leaving 1438. Severe Measures against Ab

his Brother, the Prior of Kil.

373

mainham, his Successor 364

Desmond's romantic Marriage 373

Death of Henry

364

Is forcibly expelled from his

State of Ireland

365

States

373

Restrictions on

the native

1439. Large Grants to his Succes

Irish

366

373

Decline of the King's Govern-

CHAPTER XL.

ment in Ireland

374

1441. "Articles" of Accusation

HENRY V.

against the Earl of Ormond 374

1442. He is appointed Lord-Lieute-

1413. Thomas Cranley, Archbishop

nant

374

of Dublin, Lord Deputy 367 Extensive Grants bestowed on

Continued Hostilities between

Desmond

374

the English and the Natives 367 Renewal of the Charges

1414. Sir Thomas Talbot elected

against Ormond

375

Lord Lieutenant

367 1446. Retires from the Lord-Lieute-

Makes a martial Circuit round

nancy, and is succeeded by

the Borders of the Pale 367

John Talbot, Earl of Shrews.

Reduces to Submission a great

376

Number of the Irish Chiefs 367 1449. Richard Duke of York appoint-

Measures for the Defence of

ed Viceroy

376

Ireland

368 Committal of Ormond to the

1417. Petition addressed to the En-

Tower

376

glish Parliament

368 Intended Duel between Or.

The King summons a Body of

mond and the Prior of Kil.

native Irish to join his

mainham

376

Standard in Normandy 368 Reduction of the English

Their gallant Conduct under

Power

377

the Prior of Kilmainbam 368 Wise Policy of the Duke of

Laws against Absentees 368

York

377

Mac Morough taken Prisoner 1450. Cade's Rebellion

377

and coinmitted to the Tower 368 The Duke of York proceeds to

1419. The Lord-Lieutenant sum.

England

377

moned to England . 369 1455. The Battle of St. Albans

378

James Earl of Ormond re-

The Defeat of the Yorkists at

ceives the Appointment 369

Blore Heath

378

1421. Impeachment of the Arch-

The Duke of York takes Re:

bishop of Cashel

369

fuge in Ireland

378

Petition of Grievances to the 1460. His Conference with War:

King

378

369

wick at Dublin

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His Administration

300
Its Results

300

The Successes of Cathal of

Connaught, and Mac Carthy

of Desmond

300

Hamo de Valois appointed Go-

vernor of Ireland in place of
Earl Marshall, who resigned 301
His forcible Invasion of the

Property of the Church, not-
withstanding the angry Re-
monstrances of Cuming,

Archbishop of Dublin 301

Recall of Hamo, and appoint-

ment of Meyler Fitz-Henry

to the Government

301

Death of Roderic O'Connor 301

His Character

301

His efforts to revive the al-

most extinct Learning of the

Country

301

Giolla Moduda, Author of a

Metrical Catalogue of the

Kings of Ireland

302

1129. Celsus, or Cellach, Archbishop

of Armagh, his Death 302
Some Remarks respecting the

Social Condition of the Irish
People at this period

302
The Character of Giraldus as
a Censor

302

Some of his Charges against

the Irish Clergy; his Ac-

count of the State of Manu-

factures and the useful Arts

among the Irish

303

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pays Homage to the English

Is joined by the Irish Forces

Crown

305

under Maurice Fitz Gerald

Flight of William de Bravid

and the prince of Connaught 312

and the De Lacys; Capture

Death of Fitz Gerald

312

of the Wife and Daughter

Henry's Disputes with Ireland 312

of the former by King John 305 1246. Admission of a few Natives

Thc De Lacys return to Ire-

only to the Participation of

land, and are reinstated in

English Law

312

their Possessions

306

Threatened Invasion of Hen-

1209. Massacre of the inhabitants of

ry's Dominions in Gascony 313

Dublin by the Sepls 306 1254. Henry makes a Grant of the

Introduction of English Laws

Kingdom of Ireland to his

and Usages by King John. 306

Son Prince Henry

313

He returns to England, leaving

Reservations in that Grant 313

John de Grey to the Admi. 1255. Renewed Hostilities

with

nistration of Affairs in Ire-

Wales

314 :

land

307 Prince Edward defeats the

1215. Peaceable Disposition of the

Irish Force sent to the As.

Inhabitants

307

sistance of the Welsh 314

1259. Death of O'Neill, and 350 of

bis Followers, in an En-

CHAPTER XXXIV.

counter with Sir Stephen

Longespé, Lord Justice of

Ireland

HENRY III.

314

Rising of the Mac Carthys of

Desmond

1216. Accession of Henry III., and

314

Massacre of a Number of Ger-

Appointment of the Earl of

Pembroke as protector

308

aldines

314

Grant of the Great Charter to

Contention between the De

his English Subjects in Ire-

Burghs and Geraldines 314

land

308 The King recalls the Lord
Difference of the two Char.

Justice, appointing David

ters

309

Barry in his stead

315

Exclusion of the Natives from

Peace restored between the

two rival Houses

315

all Share of English Laws

and Liberties

309 1267. David Barry replaced by Sir

1219. Hostilities between Hugh de

Robert de Ufford

315

1270. Adininistration of Sir James

Lacy and the young Earl of

Penibroke

309

Audley

315

1220. Surrender of their Principali-

The Natives rise up in arms . 315

ties by the Irish Chiefs 309

The Prince of Connaught

1221. Henry's Breach of Faith to-

takes the Field against

wards Cathal

310

Walter de Burgh, Earl of

He bestows the Principality

Ulster

315

of Connaught on Henry de

Close of Henry's Reigu 315

Burgh

310

1223. The People of the Province, in

Defiance of the Royal Au-

CHAPTER XXXV.

thority, proceed to elect

another Chief

310

1233. Rebellion of Richard Earl of

EDWARD I.

Marshal

310

1234. Treachery practised towards 1272. The Irish petition Edward re-

him

310

garding the Extension to

His Death

311

them of the Laws of Eng.

1240. Feidlim, Chief of Connaught,

land

316

visits England

311

Revolt of the Natives

316

Subject of his Conference with

Incursion of the Scots into Ire-

311

land

316

Henry's Disputes and War-

1267. Robert de Ufford succeeds

fare with the Welsh

312

Genevil as Lord Justice 316

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Battle of Glandelory and De- 1308. The King appoints him Lord.
feat of the English

317
Lieutenant of Ireland

323 1277. Treachery and Cruelty of Tho.

Rivalry between Gaveston and
mas de Clare

317
the Earl of Ulster .

323 His Wars in Thomond 317 1309. Gaveston recalled to England 1280. Edward calls upon the English

and succeeded by Sir John Lords to consider the Peti.

323 tion of the Irish regarding

Parliament at Kilkenny 323 the Extension of the Eng- 1311. Conflicts between Richard Earl lish Law

318

of Ulster and the De Clares 323 The King favourable to this

English Feuds

323 Extension

318 1312. Defeat of the Lord Justice 324 Continued Feuds between the 1309. Truce between Edward and Geraldines and De Burghs 318

the Scots violated through 1286. Ascendancy of the latter 319

the Impatience of both Par. 1288. Richard Earl of Ulster, the

ties

324 Head of the De Burgh family

War between England and
invades Meath

319
Scotland

324 John Sandford, Archbishop of

Edward summons the Irish
Dublin, Chief Governor 319

Chieftains to his aid ; they 1289. The Statute entitled "An Or

refuse to obey the Call 324 dinance for the State of

Continued Exclusion of the
Ireland "

319
Irish from Justice .

324 1290. Contest between De Vesey

Interest felt by the Irish in the and the Baron of offaley 319

Fortunes of Robert Bruce . 324 De Vesey retires to France, 1314. Bruce takes refuge in Ireland; and the King bestows on

his Expedition from thence Offaley the Lordships of

attended by his Irish Kildare and Rathangan 319

Friends

324 1294. Triumph and Insolence of the

Victory of Bannockburn; its latter in consequence

319

Effects on the Minds of the
Truce between the Geraldines

Irish

325 and de Burghs

320 Deputies sent by them to in✓ 1295. A parliament assembled 320

vite Bruce to Ireland

325 New Division of the Kingdom

Edward sends over John de Hointo Counties

320

thum to treat with the Irish Other Acts passed by this par

Lords

325 liament

320 Edward Bruce appears off the 1299. John Wogan joins the King in

Coast of Antrim

325 Scotland with a select force 320 1315. Is joined by the Irish

325 1298. Tranquillity in Ireland under

De Burgh summons his Vas. the Government of Wogan 321

sals, and marches in pursuit 1303. Renewed Revolt of the Scots. 321

of the Invaders ; joined by The Irish Forces again sum

Feidlin Prince of Connaught 326 moned to attend the King 321 Bruce crowned King of Ireland 326 Savage Murders committed

Defeat of De Burgh

326 by the English and Irish

321

Feidlim O'Connor joins the
Regulation of the Coinage of

Scots

326 Ireland

322 Battle between the O'Connor's 326

Continued Success of Bruce , 327 1316. Policy of the English Govern.

327 CHAPTER XXXVI.

ment towards Ireland Feidlim O'Connor takes the Field

328 EDWARD II.

Battle of Athenry; Defeat of

the Irish; and Death of Feid1307. The King recalls Gaveston 322

lim.

328 Espouses Isabella, Daughter of

Robert Bruce joins his brother
Philip the Fair, and appoints

in Ireland

328 Gaveston Regent.

322

Supposed Treachery of the De
Discontent of the Barons and

Lacys

328 Expulsion of Gaveston 322 Success of the English Arms: 328

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Page Bruce, with a large Force, ad

Defeat of the English Troops 338 vances towards Dublin 329 1830. The Lord Justice summons to Arrest of the Earl of Ulster 329

his aid the Earl of DesIntrepidity of the Citizens of

mond

338 Dublin

329

Desmond takes the Field
Bruce retires into Kilkenny;

against the Insurgents 338 Sufferings of his Army 329 Continued Insurrection

339 Inactivity of the English 330 Parliament at Kilkenny 339 1317. Parliaments held at Kilkenny 1331. The King appointed the Earl and Dublin

330

of Ulster Lord-Lieutenant 339 Retreat of Bruce into Uister

330 Sir Anthony Lacy sent over Returns to bis own Dominions 339

as Lord Justice

339 Arrival of the new Lord Jus.

Severe Measures of the New tice, Sir Roger Mortimer,

Lord Justice

339 afterwards Earl of March 330 Arrest of Lord Henry Mande: Liberation of the Earl of

ville and the Earl of Des-
Ulster

330
mond

340
Petition of the Irish respecting 1332. Arrest and Execution of Lord
the bolding of Parliaments 331

William Bermingham 340 Disaffection among the Cler- 1331, The King an nounces his

331 1332. Intention of visiting Ireland, Sentence of outlawry passed

his real Purpose, however, against the de Lacys 321

being an Expedition to Scot.
Famine in Ireland

331
land

340 1318. Edward Bruce again takes the 1833. Murder of William De Burgh, Field

332

the third Earl of Ulster 341 Death of Bruce and Defeat of

1336. Release of the Earl of Des.
his Army

332
mond

341 Disaffection of the clergy; the

Victory gained by the English
Pope addresses a Letter to

over the natives in Con-
them

333
naught

342
O'Neill, Prince of Tyrone, 1339. The Earl of Desmond attacks
bis memorable Remon:

and defeats the Insurgents
strance to the Pope

323
of Kerry

342 State of the country from Ci

The Earl of Kildare aitacks vil Wars

333

the Insurgents of Leinster 342 State of the Irish Church

333

Roger Outlaw holds the Office
Iniquity of the Laws governing

of Chief Governor for the
Ireland .

334

fourth Time, and dies the Extinction of the Order of

following Year

342 Knights Templars

335 1341. Arrival of the new Lord
Justice, Sir John Darcy

342

Arbitrary Measures of the
CHAPTER XXXVII.

English Government 342

1342. A Parliament summoned to EDWARD III.

meet at Dublin

343

The Earl of Desmond and his 1327. State of Ireland on the Ac

party refuse to attend it 343 cession of Edward III. 336

Convention at Kilkenny, and
Civil Dissensions among the

Petition to the King

343 English Families

337 1343. Sir Ralph appointed Lord Jus. Irruption and Defeat of Mac

tice; rigorous Measures Murough

337

adopted by him towards Des1328. Roger Outlaw, Prior of Kil.

mond

344 mainham, appointed Lord

Arrest of the Earl of Kildare

345 Justice . 337 1346. Death of Ufford

345 The Natives again petition for 1344. Renewal of Hostilities with English Law

338
France

345 1329. Insurrections in the South of

Tranquil Staie of Ireland

345 Ireland

338 Desmond appointed to the Go. Massacre of English by En.

vernment of Ireland

346 glish at Orgiel 338 1355. His Death

346 A

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