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Page Is succeeded by Sir Thomas

sively, Marquess of Ireland
Rokeby

346
and Duke of Dublin

354 Law Reforms

346 Is invested by the King with Administration of the Earl of

the Sovereignty of Ireland 354 Ormond

346 His Death at Louvain . 354 1361. The King sends his Son, Lio- 1389. The great Northern Chieftain, nel Duke of Clarence, as

O'Neill, sends in his Sub-
Deputy to Ireland .

346

mission to the Government 354 Measures for the defence of 1393. The King resolves to conduct Ireland

346

an Expedition into Ireland . 354 The Duke marches against the 1394. Lands with his Army at Wa. Insurgents of Munster

347
terford

355 1364. He returns to England 347 Panic of the Natives

355 1367. Is twice again appointed to the

Submission of O'Neill and
Office

347
other Chiefs

355
Parliament at Kilkenny 347 The King entertains them in
The Statute of Kilkenny 347

Dublin

356 The Duke of Clarence returns 1394, Richard's projected Reforms · 357 to England

347 1395. Urgent Reasons for his Return is succeeded by the Earl of

to England

357 Desinond

348

He leaves the Earl of March as 1369. Sir William de Windsor ap

his Lieutenant

357 pointed to the Government 348 Revolt of the Native Chieftains 358 Disturbances in Leinster and

Death of the Earl of March in
Limerick

348

a Conflict with the Natives 358 Arbitrary Conduct of the new 1398. The Duke of Surrey sent over Governor

348
as Lord-Lieutenant

358 Order issued to Absentees 349

The King resolves on another 1376. James, second Earl of Ormond

Expedition to Ireland, and appointed Lord Justice 349

appoints the Duke of York Struggles between the Civil

Regent in his Absence 358 and Ecclesiastical Judica.

He marches against Mac Mo-
tures

349
rough

359 Foundation of Dublin Univer.

Difficulties of the Royal Army 359 sity

350 Returns towards Dublin 360

Meeting between the Earl of

Gloucester and Mac Mo.
CHAPTER XXXVIII.

rough who refuses to submit 360

The King receives Intelli-
RICHARD II.

gence of the landing of Hen-
ry of Bolingbroke Duke of
Lancaster.

361 1377. A Council of Regency chosen

He embarks for Milford Haven

361 during the young King's Minority.

352 1379. Ordinance against Absenteeism

CHAPTER XXXIX.

352 1380. Edmund Mortimer Earl of March, Son of the Duke of

HENRY IV.
Clarence, sent to Ireland as
Lord-Lieutenant

353

Struggle between the Houses 1381. His Death; is succeeded by

of York and Lancaster

362 John Colton, and afterwards

Invasion of Scotland by Henry 362 by Roger Earl of March, Son

1400. Ireland attacked by the Scots 362 of the former Lord-Lieute

1401. The King appoints his Son
nant

353
Lord-Lieutenant

362 1383. The Desire of the Regency to

1402. The Mayor of Dublin marches reform the Affairs of Ireland

against and defeats the Infrustrated by the new Lord

surgents of Wicklow

363 Justice, Philip de Courtenay 354

Murder of the Sheriff of Louth 363 1385. The King's Favourite, Robert

The Right of the Sword con-
de Vere, created, succes-

ferred on the Corporation of
Dublin

363

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Page The Lord-Lieutenant returns

Conflicts between the English to England, leaving as De

and Natives

370 puty Sir Stephen Scroope, who afterwards resigns the

CHAPTER XLI.
Office to the Earl of Ormond 363
1404. Infraction of the Truce be-

HENRY VI.
tween England and Scot-
land

363 1406. Parliament held at Trim

1422. Alliances by Marriage and 363

otherwise between the two 1407. A Force despatched against

Races

371 Mac Morough

364

The Customs of Gossifred and
His gallant Resistance and De.

Fostering

372 feat

364 1408. The Duke of Lancaster again

The Earl of March appointed
Lord-Lieutenant

372 appointed Lord-Lieutenant 364 1423. His Death

372 Causes the Arrest of the Earl

Lord Talbot Appointed his
of Kildare

364
Successor.

373 Is wounded in an Affray 364

Frequent Appointment of Go-
Summons a Parliament at Kil.

vernors during the next ten
kenny

364
Years

373 1409. Returns to England, leaving 1438. Severe Measures against Abhis Brother, the Prior of Kil.

373 mainham, his Successor

364

Desmond's romantic Marriage 373 Death of Henry

364

Is forcibly expelled from his
State of Ireland

365
States

373 Restrictions on the native

1439. Large Grants to his Succes-
Irish
366

373

Decline of the King's Govern-
CHAPTER XL.

ment in Ireland

374 1441. "Articles" of Accusation HENRY V.

against the Earl of Ormond 374

1442. He is appointed Lord-Lieute1413. Thomas Cranley, Archbishop

nant

374 of Dublin, Lord Deputy 367 Extensive Grants bestowed on Continued Hostilities between

Desmond

374 the English and the Natives 367 Renewal of the Charges 1414. Sir Thomas Talbot elected

against Ormond

375 Lord.Lieutenant

367 | 1446. Retires from the Lord-LieuteMakes a martial Circuit round

naney, and is succeeded by
the Borders of the Pale 367

John Talbot, Earl of Shrews.
Reduces to Submission a great

376 Number of the Irish Chiefs 367 1449. Richard Duke of York appointMeasures for the Defence of

ed Viceroy

376 Ireland

368 Committal of Ormond to the 1417. Petition addressed to the En

Tower

376 glish Parliament

368 Intended Duel between Or. The King summons a Body of

mond and the Prior of Kil. native Irish to join his

mainham

376 Standard in Normandy 368 Reduction of the 'English Their gallant Conduct under

Power

377 the Prior of Kilmainham 368 Wise Policy of the Duke of Laws against Absentees 368

York

377 Mac Morough taken Prisoner 1450. Cade's Rebellion

377 and committed to the Tower 368 The Duke of York proceeds to 1419. The Lord-Lieutenant sum

England

377 moned to England .

369 1455. The Battle of St. Albans 378 James Earl of Ormond re

The Defeat of the Yorkists at ceives the Appointment 369

Blore Heath

378 1421. Impeachment of the Arch

The Duke of York takes Re-
bishop of Cashel

369
fuge in Jreland

378
Petition of Grievances to the 1460. His Conference with War:
King

369
wick at Dublin

378

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Makes his public Entry into

CHAPTER XLIV.
London

378
Is defeated and slain at Wake.

HENRY VII.
field
378

Page
Liberal Conduct of this Prince 379

Policy of Henry

384 Strength of the Yorkists in Ireland

384
CHAPTER XLII.

1485. The Family of Ormond re-
stored to Favour

385
1486. The Earl of Kildare suspected
EwDARD IV.

by the King

385

Henry's Cruelty towards the
Reduced State of the English

young Earl of Warwick 385
Power

379
The Simnel Plot

386
Predatory Inroads of the Na-

Movements in his favour 386 tives

380

Arrival in Dublin of Martin
The Duke of Clarence appoint-

Swartz with a Body of Ger-
ed Lieutenant for Life 390

man Troops, accompanied 1463. The Earl of Desmond his De

by the Earls of Lincoln and
puty

380
Lovell

386
Lavish Grants to Desmond 380 Simnel crowned at Dublin by
The College of Youghall

the Bishop of Meath

387
founded and endowed by

The Anglo-Irish Leaders re-
Desmond

381
solve to invade England

387
Establishment of a University

Defeat of the Invaders at Stoke,
at Drogheda

381
by Henry.

387
Desmond is succeeded as De-

Simnel made Prisoner and puty by Lord Worcester 381

transferred to the Royal Worcester's Hostility towards

Kitchen

387 Desmond

381 The King rewards the Loyalty 1467. Charge of Treason against

of Waterford

388
Desmond

381
He pardons Kildare

388
His Execution

382 1468. The Earl of Kildare appointed

Henry's mistaken Policy to-
wards Ireland

388
Deputy

382 1488. Sir Richard Edgecomb or1472. Institution of the Brotherhood

dered to repair to Ireland of St. George

382

to receive the Allegiance of 1476. The Earl of Ormond restored

the People .

389
to Favour

382
Kildare absolved

390
Gerald, eighth Earl of Kildare,

1489. Henry summons the Lords of appointed Lord Deputy 382

the Pale to meet him at Marriage of his Sister with

Greenwich

390 Con O'Neill

383

Murder of the ninth Earl of 1478 Death of the Duke of Clarence,

Desmond

391 1483. and Appointment of Richard

Wars of his Successor with
Duke of York to the Office

the Irish

391 of Lord-Lieutenant.

383 Hostilities beiween 0 Neili Low State of the Irish Revenue 383

and O'Donnell

391
1490. Appearance of another Impos-
tor, Perkin Warbeck

391
CHAPTER XLIII.

1492. Dismissal of the Earl of Kil.

dare from the Office of De

puty, and his father-in-law EDWARD V, AND RICHARD III.

from that of High Treasurer 392

Walter Fitz Symons made 1483. The Geraldines in Power 383

Deputy

392 Parliament in Dublin

383 The Duchess of Burgundy Enactment passed at this Par.

sends for Warbeck to Ire.
liament

383
land

392
Battle of Bosworth and Death

Warbeck invited to the French
of Richard III.

383
Court

392

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PAGE Withdraws himself privately

Dissensions between Desmond
to Flanders

392
and Ormond

401 The Earl of Kildare in Dis

Surrey effects a Reconciliation
grace

393
between them

401 1494. Sir Edward Poynings sent to

His ill Success in governing
Ireland as Deputy :

393
Ireland

401 His Expedition into Ulster 393 1521. Returns to England

401 Kildare suspected of Disloyal

League between the Scots and
393
Natives

401 Parliament at Drogheda 394

Ormond receives the Appoint-
Poynings' Act

394

ment of Lord Deputy 402 Other Acts passed in this par- 1524. Is supplanted by Kildare 402 liament

394 Desmond enters into a Treaty “Great Treaty of Commerce"

with the King of France 402 between England and the 1526. Impeachment of Kildare 402 Netherlands

395

Is committed to the Tower 1495. Warbeck visits the Scottish

and afterwards released 403 Court

395 Richard Nugent, Baron of Marries the Daughter of the

Delvin, the new Lord Deputy 403 Earl of Huntley

395 1528. Daring Act of O'Connor, who O'Donnell's Visit to Scotland 395

takes Prisoner the Lord De1496. Arrest of Kildare

396
puty

403 His Committal to England and

Feuds among the English 403 Examination

396 The Duke of Norfolk's (late Is acquitted and made Lieu

Earl of Surrey) Opinions
tenant

396
respecting Ireland.

404 1497. Warbeck again visits Ireland 396 1530, The Duke of Richmond apIs joined by the Earl of Des

pointed Lord-Lieutenant 404 mond

396
Triumph of Kildare.

404 Their unsuccessful Expedition

Sir William Skeffington Lord
against Waterford .

396
Deputy

405
Warwick escapes to Cornwall 397 1532. Removal of Skeffington and
His Execution at Tyburn 397

Appointment of Kildare in
Warfare among the Irish

his Place

405 Chiefs

397

Allies himself to O'Connor and
Kildare's Successes

397

O'Carrol, Enemies of Eng-
Confederacy among the Chiefs 397

land

405 1504. Battle of Knoc-tuadh and De- 1533. Is seriously wounded

405 feat of the Rebels

397 Combination against him 405 Kildare receives the Honour of 1534. Kildare summoned to England 406 Knighthood

398 Report on the State of Ireland 406

Encroachment of the O'Brians 406 CHAPTER XLV.

Condition of the Country

407

Rebellion of Lord Thomas Fitz
HENRY VIII.

Gerald, Vice Deputy 407 1509. Kildare continued Chief Go.

Dublin Castle besieged 408 vernor

398

Archbishop Allen barbarously
Success of his Arms

murdered .

408 398 1513. His Death

Fitz Gerald invades the Terri.

399 Is succeeded by his Son Gerald 399

tory of the Earl of Ossory 408 1514. Military Exploits of the new

Endeavours, without Success
Governor

399

to induce Ossory to join him 408 1516. Is summoned to England for

Truce with the Citizens of
Maladministration .

Dublin

409 400 1519. Thomas Howard, Earl of Sur.

Sentence of Excommunication

passed against Fitz Gerald 410 rey, appointed Lord-Licu.

Death of Kildare in the Tower 410 tenant

400 Secret Designs against Kil

Outrages committed by Fitzdare

Gerald

410 400 Violent proceedings of Des

Applies for Aid to Foreign
mond

400
Powers

410

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Page 1535. Sir William Skeffington lays

Deputy and the Earl of Or.
siege to Maynooth .

411
mond

420 Surrender of the Castle 411 Submission of the Geraldines 420 Fitz Gerald takes refuge with

Defiance of Desmond .

421 O'Brien

412

“ The Battle of Bellahoe' 421 Inactivity of ihe English Go:

Escape of Gerald into France 421 vernment

412 His subsequent Adventures 421 Sir John Saintclow appointed Marshal of the Army

412

CHAPTER XLVI.
Feuds among the Chiefs 412
Destructive Effects of the War 413

HENRY VIII. (Continued.)
Arrival of Lord Leonard Gray

Progress of the Reformation in
to conduct the War

413
England

422 Sir William Skeffington

Henry's Differences with the
marches against Offaley

414
Pope

423 O'Connor surrenders .

414

Fate of Sir Thomas More 423 Submission of O'Connor who

Henry's Cruelty

423 is sent prisoner to England 414 1539. The act for abolishing DiverHis Execution together with

sity of Opinions

424 his five Uncles

414 The Reformation in Ireland 424 The Destruction of O'Brian's

Opposed by Archbishop Cro-
Bridge
414

424 1536, Rumoured Return of Lord

Supported by Archbishop
Thomas Fitz Gerald

415
Browne

425 1537. Expedition of the Lord Deputy

Parliament in Ireland

425 into Offaley, and Expulsion

Opposition of the Proctors to
of Brian O'Connor.

415
the Act of Supremacy

425 That Territory bestowed on

Traffic in spiritual Patronage 425 the Chief's Brother

415

Continued Opposition of the
The Castle of Dengen besieged 415

Proctors

425 Conduct of the Brothers 415 Bill for their Expulsion from Parley between the Lord De.

Parliament.

426 puty and O'Connor.

416

Character of Archbishop
Gerald Fitz Gerald, the Bro-

Browne

426 ther of Lord Thomas

416
Henry's Letter to him

426 1538. The Aid of the Scottish Mo.

Differences between Browne narch solicited in his favour 417

and Lord Gray

426 Marriage of Gerald's Aunt,

Attachment of official and
Lady Eleanor, to O'Donnell 417

other Persons to the ancient
Lord Gray's military Progress

Faith

426 through the Kingdom 417 Comparative Tranquillity of Charges against him .

417
Ireland

427 League between Desmond

Two Archbishops and eight and O'Brian

417

Bishops take the Oath of
Unworthy Submission to Des.

427 mond

418 Contest between Desmond and

ligious Houses

428 Fiz Maurice for Right of

Urgent request of Archbishop
Inheritance

418

Browne for a Share of the
Countenance afforded by Des-

religious Plunder

428 mond to young Fitz Gerald 418 Silence of the Clergy:

428 Lord Gray suspected of favour- 1540. Lord Gray returns to England 429 ing Gerald.

418

Differences between Ormond
Religious Differences

519
and the late Deputy

429 Supposed League of the Scot.

Fresh Indications of Revolt

429 tish Court with the Irish

Peace concluded with O'Niell 430 Chief

419

General Muster of the Irish at
Expulsion of the Scotch Re-

Fowre

430 fugees 419 Mutual Concessions

430 The Geraldine League 420 Desmond supposed to submit. 430 Expedition into Munster under

Murder committed by his Brothe Command of the Loril

430

ther

.

Act for the Suppression of re:

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