He was frequently insensible; and during that time, the words, "Spain, Portugal,” were constantly on his lips.

During these six days of agony and trial his wife was with him, and, we believe, neither took rest in bed, nor undressed, throughout the whole time. Her distress and despair, when all was over, were equal to her devotion during the struggle. It is said that the physician declared it necessary for her life, or reason, that she should obtain the relief of tears; for she had not wept once, either before or after his death ; and this relief came to her when she saw her son. At eleven o'clock at night, she left that house of mourning, and went to the Duke of Portland's, in Cavendish Square. We never pass that dull and melancholy building, known as Harcourt House, with its dead wall and gloomy court-yard, without figuring to ourselves the scene of that night, when the heavy gates opened to receive the widow of one whom genius had so gifted, and ambition had so betrayed.

For some time before he died, Mr. Canning's countenance had betrayed signs of the toil and the exhaustion he had undergone. But, after death, these had vanished, and that beautiful and eloquent countenance seemed, in the coffin, unutterably serene and hushed.


Chiswick House is memorable for the death of two statesmen. Below, in a little dark chamber, covered with tapestry, Charles Fox breathed his last. The greatest pupil of his great rival, after tacitly veering towards the main foundations of the same principles Fox had professed, came to the same roof to receive the last lesson ambition can bestow.

Lady Holland, though possessing greatness and strength of mind, well informed, without pretension, and decidedly incredulous, was accessible to presentiments. M. Guizot relates that "she had been slightly ill, was better, and admitted it.

Do not speak of this,' she said to me; “it is unlucky.' She told me that, in 1827, Mr. Canning, then ill, mentioned to her that he was going for change and repose to Chiswick House, a country seat of the Duke of Devonshire. She said to him, “Do not go there. If I were your wife, I would not allow you to do so. “Why not ? asked Mr. Canning. “Mr. Fox died there.' Mr. Canning smiled; and an hour after, on leaving Holland House, he returned to Lady Holland, and said, in a low tone, ‘Do not speak of this to any one; it might disturb them.' And he died at Chiswick,' concluded Lady Holland, with emotion.”

It is related that, one day, on the breaking up of a meeting of the Council, Mr. Canning undertook to guess the thoughts of any of those present in less than twenty questions. Eighteen or nineteen questions had been asked, when Canning had guessed rightly, “The wand of the Lord High Steward.” “The success of the question,” says Notes and Queries, No. 274, “depended upon his power of logical division, and, with this aid, it rarely required even twenty questions to arrive at the object thought of.”


In the churchyard of St. Mary's, Kensington, to a son of George Canning, is a headstone by Chantrey, with these beautiful verses by Canning, now barely legible :

Though short thy span, God's unimpeached decrees,
Which made that shortened span one long disease ;
Yet, merciful in chastening, gave thee scope
For mild, refreshing virtues, faith and hope,
Meak resignation, pious charity ;
And since this world was not the world for thee,
Far from thy path removed, with partial care,
Strife, glory, gain, and pleasure's flowery snare,
Bade earth's temptations pass thee harmless by,
And fixed on Heaven thine unreverted eye,
Oh! marked from birth, and nurtured for the skies !
In youth, with more than wisdom's bearing wise ;
As sainted Martyrs, patient to endure ;
Simple as unweaned infancy, and pure ;
Pure from all stain (save that in human clay,
Which Christ's atoning blood hath washed away).
By mortal suffering now no more oppressed,
Mount, sinless spirit, to thy destined rest !
While 1-reversed our nature's kindlier doom-
Pour forth a father's sorrows on thy tomb."

TRIBUTES TO CANNING'S GENIUS. The following lines, written soon after Mr. Canning's death, by his dear friend the Right Hon. John Hookham Frere, appeared in the John Bull newspaper :

“While sister arts in rivalry combine

For Canning's honour-Sculpture and Design

Verse claims her portion ; a memorial line
Such as he loved, and fittest to rehearse
His merit and his praises. Truth in verse,
The pride of Honour and the loye of Truth,
Adorn’d his age and dignified bis youth,
Approv'd through life, and tried by every test,
In power, in favour, in disgrace, confessed
The first of his coevals and the best.
Ever the same ; with wit correctly pure,
Reason miraculously premature ;
Vivid imagination ever new,
Decision instantaneously true,
An eager and precipitated power
Of hasty thought, outstripping in an hour
What tardier wits with toil of many a day
Polish'd to less perfection by delay.
By nature gifted with a power and skill
To charm the heart and subjugate the will ;
Born with an ancient name of little worth,
And disinherited before his birth ;
A landless orphan-rank, and wealth, and pride
Were freely rang’d around him ;-nor denied
His clear precedence, and the warrant given
Of nobler rank, stamp'd by the hand of Heav'n,
In every form of genius and of grace,
In loftiness of thought, figure, and face.
Such Canning was: and half a century past,
Such all the world beheld him to the last ;
Admir'd of all, and by the best approv'd,
By those who best had known him best belov’d;
His sovereign's support, the people's choice,
When Europe's balance trembled on the poise,
Call’d to command by their united voice;
Fate snatched him from th’applauding world : the first

Omen of Europe's danger, and the worst."
Malta, 1827.

J. H. F.

“ These are the themes thus sung so oft before,

Methinks we need not sing them any more ;
Found in so many volumes far and near,
There's no occasion you should find them here.
Yet something may remain, perchance, to chime
With reason, and, what's stranger still, with rhyme.
Even this, thy genius, Canning, may permit,
Who, bred a statesman, still was born a wit,
And never, in that dull house, could'st tamé
To unleaven'd prose thine own poetic flame;
Our last, our best, our only orator,
E'en I can praise thee- Tories do no more :

Nay, not so much ; they hate thee, man, because
Thy spirit less upholds them than it awes.
The hounds will gather to their huntsman's holloa,
And where he leads, the duteous pack will follow ;
But not for love mistake their yelling cry ;
Their yelp for game is not an eulogy,
Less faithful far than the four-footed pack,
A dubious scent would lure the bipeds back," &c.

Byron's Age of Bronze.
“Hapless Britain, be thy rulers blest,
The senate's oracles, the people's jest !
Still hear thy motley orators dispense
The flowers of rhetoric, though not of sense,
While Canning's colleagues hate him for his wit,
And old dame Portland fills the place of Pitt.”

Byron's English Bards and Scotch Reviewers.

MR. CANNING’S ACCOMPLISHMENTS. In person, Mr. Canning was favoured by nature, being of a good height, of a strong frame, and of a regular, and remarkably intelligent countenance. The glance of his eye when excited, and the smile of his lip when pleased, were often noted by his contemporaries :

“And on that turtle I saw a rider,

A goodly man, with an eye so merry,
I knew 'twas our Foreign Secretary,
Who there at his ease did sit and smile
Like Waterton on his crocodile ;
Cracking out jokes at every motion,
As made the turtle squeak with glee,
And own that they gave him a lively notion
Of what his own forced-meat balls would be.”

A Dream of a Turtle.T. Moore. Charming in manner, constant in attachments, it was observed of him at one period that he was as dear to his friends as odious to the public.—(Sir James Mackintosh.)

Ever ready to praise his subordinates, and to consult the taste of his associates, he was honoured as a chief as much as he was enjoyed as a companion. His accomplishments were various, and of a kind which may lead disputes open as to the degree of their excellence; but they were all of that brilliant and genial description which were sure to attract admiration and procure sympathy. How many must have chuckled over the following light-class piece of satire :

“I am like Archimedes for science and skill,

I am like the young prince who went straight up the hill;
And, to interest the hearts of the fair, be it said,
I am like a young lady just bringing to bed ;

you ask why the eleventh of June I remember
So much better than April, or March, or December,
'Tis because on that day, and with pride I assure ye,
My sainted progenitor took to his brewery.
On that day in the month he began making beer;
On that night he commenced his connubial career;
On that day he died, when he had finished his summing,
And the angels all cried, 'Here's old Whitbread a-coming !'
So the day I still hail with a smile and a sigh,
For his beer with an e, and his bier with an i;
And one day every year, in the hottest of weather,
The whole Whitbread family dine altogether.
My lords, while the beams of the hall shall support

The roof which o'ershades this respectable court
(Where Hastings was tried for oppressing the Hindoos);
While the rays of the sun shall shine in these windows,
My name shall shine bright as my ancestor's shines,
Emblazoned on journals, as his upon signs.”


No imaginative artist, fresh from studying his career, would sit down to paint this minister with the broad and deep forehead, the stern compressed lip, the deep, thoughtful, concentrated air of Napoleon Buonaparte. As little would the idea of his eloquence or ambition call to our recollection the swart and iron features, the bold and haughty dignity of Strafford. We cannot fancy in his eye the volume depth of Richelieu, the volcanic flash of Mirabeau, the offended majesty of Chatham. Sketching him from our fancy, it would be as a few still living remember him, with a visage rather marked by humour and intelligence than by meditation or sternness ; with something of the petulant mingling in its expression with the proud ; and with much of the playful overruling the profound. His nature, in short, more of the genial fancy and the quick irritability of the poet who captivates and influences an audience than of the inflexible will of the dictator who puts his foot on a nation's neck, or of the fiery passions of the tribune who rouses a people against its oppressors. Still, Mr. Canning, such as he was, will remain one of the most brilliant and striking personages in our historic annals. As a statesman, the latter passages of his life cannot be too

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