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Turkey, European and Asiatic..
Venezuela, British mail, via St.
Thomas...

66

66 by direct steamer...

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13*+13 13 +13

649

*5 5 2

Liquids, poisons, explosive and inflammable articles, fatty substances easily West Indies (British), via St. Thomas... liquefiable, live or dead animals (not stuffed), insects, and reptiles, fruits or vegetable matter, confectionery, pastes, or confections, and substances exhaling a bad odor; and every letter upon the envelope of which, or postal card upon which, indecent, lewd, obscene, or lascivious delineations, epithets, terms, or language may be written or printed, and all matter concerning lotteries, so-called gift concerts, or other similar enterprises offering prizes, or concerning schemes devised and intended to defraud the public, or for the purpose of obtaining money under false pretenses.

* Prepayment is compulsory; if matter is not fully prepaid it will not be forwarded. In all cases where the is not used prepayment of letters is optional.

† Additional charge is made on delivery; where the † is not used no additional charge is made.

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POST-OFFICE MONEY-ORDERS.

DOMESTIC.

The fees or charges for money-orders are as follows:

On orders not exceeding $15..............10 cents.
On orders over $15 and not exceeding
$30....

On orders over $30 and not exceeding
$40.......

On orders over $40 and not exceeding
$50........

.15

66

.20 66

.25 66

When a larger sum than $50 is required, additional orders to make it up must be obtained. But postmasters are instructed to refuse to issue in one day, to the same remitter and in favor of the same payee, more than three money-orders payable at the same post-office.

FOREIGN.

Money-orders to Great Britain and Switzerland: Not exceeding $5, 15 cents; over $5 to $10, 25 cents; over $10 to $20, 50 cents; over $20 to $30, 75 cents; over $30 to $40, $1; over $40 to $50, $1.25. Money-orders to Germany: Not exceeding $10, 25 cents; over $10 to $20, 50 cents; over $20 to $30, 75 cents; over $30 to $40, 80 cents; over $40 to $50, $1. Money-orders to Canada: Not exceeding $10, 20 cents; over $10 to $20, 40 cents over $20 to $30, 60 cents; over $30 to $40, 80 cents; over $40 to $50, $1. No fraction of cents to be introduced.

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DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE.

The Attorney-General is the head of this Department. To assist the AttorneyGeneral there is in the Department of Justice an officer learned in the law, called the Solicitor-General, who receives a salary of $7000 a year. There are also three Assistant Attorneys-General, with salaries of $5000 a year each, and an Assistant Attorney-General for the PostOffice Department, with a salary of $4000; a Solicitor of Internal Revenue, at $4500; and an Examiner of Claims for the Department of State, at $3500 a year.

no fees shall be allowed or paid to any other attorney or counsellor-at-law for any such service required of said officers, except whenever the Attorney-General is of opinion the public interest requires it, he may employ and retain, in the name of the United States, such attorneys and counsellors-at-law as he may think necessary to assist the District Attorneys in the discharge of their duties, and shall stipulate with such assistant attorneys and counsel the amount of compensation, and shall have supervision of their conduct and proceedings.

Whenever the head of a Department or ATTORNEY-GENERAL AND OFFICERS Bureau gives the Attorney-General due

OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE.

DUTIES.

The Attorney-General gives his advice and opinion upon questions of law, when required by the President, and also when required by the head of any Executive Department as to questions of law arising in his Department.

The Attorney-General and the Solicitor-General conduct and argue suits and writs of error and appeals in the Supreme Court, and suits in the Court of Claims, in which the United States Government is interested, and also in any of the United | States courts, when deemed necessary.

It is the duty of the officers of the Department of Justice, under the direction of the Attorney-General, to give all opinions and render all services requiring the skill of persons learned in the law necessary to enable the President and heads of Departments, and the heads of Bureaus, and other officers in the Departments, to discharge their respective duties; and to procure, on behalf of the United States, the proper evidence for, and conduct, prosecute, or defend all suits and proceedings in the Supreme Court and in the Court of Claims, in which the United States, or any officer thereof, as such officer, is a party, or may be interested; and

notice that the interests of the United States require the service of counsel upon the examination of witnesses touching any claim, or upon the legal investigation of any claim, pending in such Department or Bureau, the Attorney-General must provide for such service.

It is the duty of the Attorney-General to examine the title to land purchased by the United States upon which to erect armories, arsenals, forts, navy-yards, custom-houses, post-offices, and all public buildings, and no money can be paid for land until he gives a written opinion in favor of the validity of its title.

The Attorney-General exercises general superintendence of United States attorneys, marshals, clerks, and other officers of the United States courts, also over their accounts.

It is the duty of the Attorney-General to sign all requisitions for the advance or payment of moneys appropriated for the Department of Justice, out of the Treasury, subject to the same control as is exercised on like estimates or accounts by the First Auditor or First Comptroller of the Treasury.

When proceedings at law for money due the Post-Office Department are fruitless, the Department of Justice may direct the institution of a suit in chancery,

in any United States District or Circuit and decided by any Department, Bureau, Court, to set aside fraudulent conveyances or officer authorized to adjust it, the Ator trusts, or attach debts due the defend- torney-General shall transmit to such ant, or obtain any other proper exercise Department, Bureau, or officer a printed of the powers of equity to have satisfac- copy of the petition filed by the claimant, tion of any judgment against such de- with a request to be furnished with all the facts, circumstances, and evidence touching the claim in their possession, which must be so furnished without delay.

fendant.

It is the duty of the Attorney-General to cause, from time to time, to be edited, and printed at the Government Printing Office, an edition of 1000 copies of such of the opinions of the law officers, authorized by law to be given, as he may deem valuable for preservation in volumes.

He must make to Congress, at the commencement of each regular session, a report of the business of his Department for the last preceding fiscal year, and of any other matters pertaining thereto that he may deem proper, including a statement of the several appropriations which are placed under its control, the amount appropriated, and a detailed statement of the amounts used for defraying the expenses of the United States courts in each judicial district; also the statistics of crime under the laws of the United States, and a statement of the number of causes, civil and criminal, pending during the preceding year in each of the several courts of the United States.

The Attorney-General must make an annual report to Congress of the names of all persons employed or retained as attorneys or counsellors-at-law, to assist any district attorneys in the performance of their duties, stating where and upon what business each was employed, and the compensation paid to each.

The Department of Justice is charged with the distribution to the various judges and courts of the statutes, reports, and other judicial documents provided by law; and to keep a register of the statutes of the United States, and reports of the Supreme Court, showing the quantity of each kind received by it from the Secretary of the Interior.

It is his duty to prescribe such regulations for the government of the marshals and the warden of the jail in the District of Columbia, in relation to their duties under the statutes, as will enable him to determine the actual and reasonable expenses incurred.

The Attorney-General is authorized to designate a suitable jail or penitentiary in which to confine convicts convicted in any court of the United States, and whose punishment is imprisonment in a District or Territory where there is no penitentiary or jail suitable for the confinement of prisoners. He is directed to contract with the proper authorities having control of such prisoners for the imprisonment, subsistence, and proper employment of them, and to give the court having jurisdiction notice of the jail or penitentiary where such prisoners will be confined.

He is also authorized to designate the houses of refuge in which juvenile offenders against the laws of the United States, being under the age of sixteen years, convicted of crime, are to be confined, and to contract with the managers having control of such houses of refuge for the subsistence, imprisonment, and proper employment of such juvenile offenders.

FORCE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF

JUSTICE.

Chief clerk......... Law clerk and examiner of titles..... 1 stenographer...... 1 disbursing clerk..

1 law clerk......

4 clerks, each....

1 telegraph operator............................... 5 copyists, each..

In all suits brought against the United States in the Court of Claims, founded 1 clerk. upon any contract, agreement, or trans-2 clerks, each...... action with any Department or Bureau, officer, or agent of a Department or Bureau, when the matter or thing on which the claim is based has been passed upon

2 assistant messengers, each.. 2 laborers, each. 2 watchmen, each..

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OFFICE OF THE SOLICITOR OF THE TREASURY.

The Solicitor has charge of the books, | attorneys, marshals, and clerks of the papers, and records formerly appertaining to the office of Agent of the Treasury, or to the superintendence of the collection of outstanding direct taxes and internal duties, transferred to him by the act of Congress of May 29, 1830, and of the seal adopted for the office.

It is his duty, under direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, to take cognizance of all frauds or attempted frauds upon the revenue, and to exercise a general supervision over the measures for their prevention and detection, and for the prosecution of persons charged with the commission thereof.

Whenever the Solicitor of the Treasury receives information from a collector of duties that such collector has delivered any bond for duties to a district attorney for suit, the Solicitor must make entry thereof, charging the attorney therewith until the amount has been paid to the United States, or he has obtained judgment thereon.

He must make constant and strict examinations and comparisons of the reports made by collectors of bonds for duties delivered by them to district attorneys for suit, and of the returns made by district attorneys of such bonds received by them.

The Solicitor shall establish such regulations not inconsistent with law, with the approbation of the Secretary of the Treasury, for observance of collectors of customs, and with the approbation of the Attorney-General, for the observance of district attorneys and marshals respecting suits in which the United States are parties, as may be deemed necessary for the just responsibility of those officers, and the prompt collection of all revenues and debts due and accruing to the United States; except to suits for taxes, forfeitures, or penalties arising under the internal revenue laws.

Circuit and District Courts in all matters and proceedings appertaining to suits in which the United States is a party or interested, except suits for taxes, penalties, or forfeitures under the internal revenue laws, and to cause them to report to him from time to time any information he may require in relation to the same.

The Solicitor receives returns of every marshal of proceedings had upon all writs of execution, or other process which have been placed in his hands for the collection of moneys adjudged and decreed to the United States in the Circuit and District Courts.

He receives from every clerk of a Circuit or District Court a list of all judgments and decrees, to which the United States are parties, which have been entered in said courts, respectively, during each term, showing the amount adjudged or decreed.

Copies of any documents, records, books, or papers in the office of the Solicitor of the Treasury, certified by him under the seal of his office, or when his office is vacant, by the officer acting as Solicitor for the time, shall be evidence equally with the originals.

It is the duty of the Solicitor, within sixty days after the accounting officers of the Treasury have reported, at the request of the party, to him the balance due to the United States by any officer whose compensation is withheld, to order suit to be commenced against such delinquent and his sureties.

Whenever any seizure is made for the purpose of enforcing any forfeiture, the collector or other person causing such seizure to be made shall immediately give information thereof to the Solicitor of the Treasury.

It is the duty of the Solicitor, when any collector of internal revenue fails either to collect or to render his account, He must report all moneys recovered or or to pay over in the manner or within collected under his direction to the offi- the times provided by law, after the same cer from whom the bond or other evidence has been reported to him by the First of debt was received, who will give proper Comptroller of the Treasury, to issue a credit therefor; and report in like man- warrant of distress against such delinner all credits allowed by due course of quent collector, directed to the marshal law on any suits under his direction. of the district, expressing therein the He has power to instruct the district | amount with which the said collector is

chargeable, and the sums, if any, which have been paid over by him, as far as the same are ascertainable; and the marshal shall immediately proceed to levy and collect the sum which remains due, and five per centum thereon, and all expenses and charges of collection, by distress and sale of the goods and chattels or any personal effects of the delinquent collector; and for want of personal property the real estate, or so much thereof as will be sufficient to satisfy the warrant, shall be sold at public auction.

It requires the recommendation of the Solicitor of the Treasury before the Secretary of the Treasury can compromise a claim in favor of the United States, upon a report and recommendation in favor of a compromise of a district or special attorney having charge of the claim.

The Solicitor has power to appoint an agent to bid in behalf of the United States, at every sale, on execution, at the suit of the United States, of lands or tenements of a debtor.

Whenever any collector of revenue, receiver of public money, or other officer who has received the public money before it is paid into the Treasury of the United States, fails to render his account, or pay over the same in the manner or within the time required by law, it shall be the duty of the First Comptroller of the Treasury (or the Commissioner of Customs, as the case may be) to cause to be stated the account of such officer, exhibiting truly the amount due to the United States, and to certify the same to the Solicitor, who shall issue a warrant of distress against the delinquent officer and his sureties, directed to the marshal of the district in which such officer and his sureties reside.

In case of the failure of a disbursing officer to account according to law or regulations for the moneys in his hands,

the Solicitor is directed in the same manner to proceed against such disbursing officer.

The Solicitor of the Treasury is authorized, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, to rent, for a period not exceeding three years, or to sell, at public sale, any unproductive lands, or other property of the United States acquired under judicial process or otherwise in the collection of debts, after advertising the time, place, and conditions of such sale for three months preceding the same in some newspaper published in the vicinity thereof, in such manner and upon such terms as may, in his judgment, be most advantageous to the public interest.

He has charge of all lands and other property which have been or may be assigned, set off, or conveyed to the United States in payment of debts; and of all trusts created for the use of the United States in payment of debts due them; and of the sale and disposal of lands assigned or set off to the United States in payment of debts or vested in them by mortgage or other security for the payment of debts, except in debts arising under the internal revenue laws. If any debt is afterward paid in lawful money, the Solicitor may release by deed or otherwise convey the same real estate to the debtor, or if deceased, to his heirs or devisees.

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