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T H t

HISTORY h

OF THE

RISE, PROGRESS, AND ESTABLISHMENT

OF THE

INDEPENDENCE

OF THE

United States of America;

INCLUDING

AN ACCOUNT OF THE LATE WAR,

ANDOFTHE

THIRTEEN COLONIES,

FROM THEIR ORIGIN TO THAT PERIOD.

By WILLIAM GORDON, D. D.

Qiud verum*** euro, et rogo et omnis in hoc sum.

Horat. i Ep. I Lib.

THE THIRD AMERICAN EDITION.

VOL. DL

N E W - Y O R K:

PRINTED FOR SAMUEL CAMPBELL, NO. 124, PEARL-STREET,
BY JOHN WOODS. - .

M.DCCC.I

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OF THE SEVERAL LETTERS IN VOL. II,

Letter L P. 11—42.

New-Hampshire convention take up civil government, p. TI.

The critical-'situation of-the American anny before Boston, p.

14. General Lee is sent on to New-York, p. 15. The inhabit^

ants of Tryon county disarmed, p. 16. General Montgomery

killed in an attack upon Quebec, p. 22. Preparations- for tak-

ing possession of Dorchester Heights, p. 25.- The Americans

possess themselves of the same,, p. 26. General Howe resolves

upon evacuating Boston,. p."=28—evacuates it, p. 30. The hard-

ships experienced by the inhabitants of the town, p. 33. Nor-

folk in Virginia, burnt, p. 35. The.North-Carolina insurgents

subdued, p. 36. The acts of congress, p. 38. Commodore

Hopkins's naval expedition, p. 40.

Letter- IT. P. 42—Bti-

The general voice of the Europeans rather favorable to the

Americans, p. 43. A dreadful tempest on the coasts of New-

foundland,, p. 45. General Conway opppses administration, p.

47.. The duke of Grafton unexpectedly quitsit, p. 48. Go-

vernor Penn examined before the house of lords, p. 50. The

address of the representatives of Nova-Scotia to the king and

parliament, p. 52. The bill for prohibiting all intercourse with

the Thirteen United Colonies strenuously opposed, p. 53. Sir

Peter Parker and earl Cornwallis sail for America, p. 55. The

British king's treaties with the. German princes, p. 56—pro-

tested against, p, 58. Lord Howe and general Howe consti-

tuted his majesty's commissioners for restoring peace to the

colonies, p. 59. The sentiments of the French relative to the

American contest, p. 61.

Letter III. P. 61—92.

The blockade of Quebec continued, p. 62. The Americans-

conclude upon retreating from before it, p. 63. The American

fort at the Cedars surrendered, p. 65. General Thomson goes

against the British at Three-Rivers; .is defeated and taken, p.

S6. The Americans retreat from Canada, p. 68. Capt. Mug-

ford takes the Hope, ordnance store ship, p. 71. The British

ships of war are.driven from Nantasket, p. 72. A number of

highlanders, with lieut. col. Campbell; taken in Boston Bay, /p.

74. Measures taken to draw the New-Yorkers into independen-

cy,,.

cy, ibid. Acts of congress, p. 75. Resolutions respecting in-

dependency moved and seconded in congress, p. 77. Mr,

Payne's pamphlet stiled Common Sense, p. 78. A scheme for

destroying general Washington's army at New-York, p. 79.

Sir Peter Parker and general Clinton's design against Charles-

ton, in South-Carolina, p. 80. Pennsylvania and Maryland

agree to independence, p. 87. The declaration of independ-

ence, ibid.

Letter IV. P. 93—106

Lord Howe arrives off Staten-Island, and sends a letter to

George Washington, esq. p. 94. General Howe lands the

royal army on Long-Island, p. 97—surprises and defeats the

Americans, p. 98. The Americans conclude upon evacuating

the island, p. 101. The wretched state of the armies under

generals Washington and Gates, p. 104.

Letter V. P. 107—149.

Some members of congress have a conference with lord;

Howe, p. 107. General Washington's distressing situation, p.

108. The Americans evacuate New-York, p. U2. A terrible-

fire at New-York, p. 113. Great animosities in the American

army, ibid. Congress adopt a new code for the government of

the army, p. 114. General Howe lands on Frog's-Neck, p.

116. The Americans, by the advice of general Lee, evacuate

New-York island, p. 117- The battle of the Brunx, or While-

Plains* p-JJO. - General Howe advances toward King's-bridge,

p. 121. General Washington crosses the North-River, p.

123. The royal army takes Fort Washington, p. 124. Fort

Lee abandoned by general Greene, p. 126. General Wash-

ington retreats to Newark, and through the Jerseys, across the

Delaware into Pennsylvania, p. 127. General Lee taken, p.

130. A summary of the captures made by general Howe dur-

ing the campaign, p. 131. General Lee's letter to the French

minister, p. 132. The Carolinians engage in a successful war

with the Ckeiokees, p. 133. Acts of congress, p. 137- They

appoint commissioners to the court of France, p. 139—agree

upon a scheme of a lottery, p. 142. General Gates fixes uport

general Arnold to command the American fleet on Lake

Champlain, p. 143. Arnold engages the British fleet and is

defeated, p. 145. The wind keeps back Sir Guy Carlton from

improving his victory, p. 146—his humanity to the American

prisoners, p. 148.

Letter VI. P. 150—178.

The infatuation of the enemy saved the Americans when they

retreated across the Delaware, p. 150. General Washington

crosses

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