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it. It at length proved fatal to his personal liberty. While he Jay carelessly and without a guard at Baskinridge, some way disa tant from the main body, he was made prisoner. The circums stances of his situation were communicated to col. Harcourt, cominanding the light horse, and who had then made a desultory exa cursion at the head of a small detachment, to observe the inotions of that body. [Dec. 13.] The colonel conducted with such ad. dress and activity as to captivate and carry off the general. The capture was considered by the British officers as a matter of the greatest consequence. Their words were, “We have taken the American palladium;" such was the opinion they had of the general deficiency of military skill among the Americans, and the inexperience of their officers. The command of the troops, after Lee's capture, fell to gen, Sullivan, who soon after crossed the Delaware and joined gen. Washington. The general needed this reinforcement, notwithstanding his having been joined by the Philadelphia militia. He had sent gen. Miftin to Philadelphia, while reireating before lord Cornwallis, and on the 27th of November, there was a large and general town-meeting, when the intelligence of the probability of gen. Howe's invading the state was communicated, as also the request of congress that the miJitia of the cities and counties might march to the Jerseys. Gen. Mifflin, who was detained by congress for the purpose, enforced it by a spirited, animating and affectionate address to his fellowcitizens; who expressed their approbation of the measure proposed, and soon marched forward some hundreds of militia to jom the commander in chief. After that, gen. Miffin left Phi. laueiphia by the direction of congress, who knew of what im. portance his influence was, and repaired to the back counties, where his exertions were equally successful, so that they poured in their yeomanry in support of the common cause.
[Dec. 14.] The royal forces lay much scattered in thc Jerseys, and to all appearance in a state of security. Gen. Washington wished to strike them; sensible that a lucky blow in that quarter would be fatal to them, and most certainly raise the spirits of the people, which were quite sunk .by the late mistortunes; but prudence would not admit of it. The Pennsylvania militia were ordered to Bristol, and the remainder of the troops were cantoned along the Delaware, so as to oppose any attempts of the royalists to cross it. • Should it be true, as reported, that the American general once wept while he fled through the Jerseys, that will not prove the want of personal fortitude. He is neither less nor more than man. Agitation of mind, occasioned by the threatening state of public liberty, and a reflection on the horrid calamities that would
EoHow the loss of it, to the present and future generations, might produce that event, without any mixture of private concern for his own safety.
During the royal successes in the Jerseys, gen. Clinton, with two brigades of British and two of Hessian troops, with a squadron of men of war under Sir Peter Parker, was sent to attempt Rhode Island. The American forces, being incapable of making effectual resistance, abandoned it on his approach; so that, on the day when gen. Washington crossed the Delaware, the British took possession of it without any loss, and at the same time blocked up. commodore Hopkins's squadron and a number or privateers at Providence. - Let me now offer you a suinmary account of the captures made by gen. Howe and the forces under his command, during the €mpaign, down to the total.evacuation of the Jerseys. Of privates there have been made prisoners, 4101—- of officers 301--and of staff 25min alt 4430. The catalogue of ordnance and military stores stands thus-Brass ordnance, I thirteen inch mortar-I ten dittom4 five and a half inch howitzers-5 six pounders i three ditto. Iron ordnancem, thirteen inch mortars--1 ten ditto-1 eight ditto--30.thirty-two pounders--6 twenty-four dittoms eighteen dittom-24 twelve ditto-26 ninc ditto--40 six dit. to-55 four dittom-l6 three ditto--26 dismounted. Brass ordnance 12. Iron ditto 235. Shells empty, 210 thirteen inch1255 ten ditto-1535 eight ditto -1908 five and a half ditto19,071 four and two-fthis ditto-total 23,979. Shells filled, with fusees drove, 5 thirteen inch-12 ten ditto-30 eight ditto“-53 five and a half ditto-35 four and two-fifths ditto_total 145. Shot--2052 thirty-two pounders--9300twenty-four ditto--548 eighteen ditto-3979 twelve ditto-332 six ditto-oir three dite to--total 17,122. Double-headed shot of all sorts, 2684-grape quilted, 140 thirty-two and twelve pounders, besides 42 boxes case of all sorts 813, with powder 44-muskets of all sorts 2800-cartridges 400,000—barrels of powder 16-iron frize of four hundred weighteach, intended to stop the navigation of the NorthRiver 200-bar iron 20 tons-rud 5-entrenching tools of all sorts 500-sets of armourers tools 6-breast-plates for engineers armour 35--waggons covered 4-hand-barrows 200-lgwyn complete--2 sling carts--iron crows 6-mantelets 52-chevauxde-frize complete 81-besides 4000 barrels of flourat forts Washington and Lee-baggage, tents, long pikes, ammunition carts, and a large quantity of other stores of various kinds. These losses to the Americans are very considerable; but to the British are of small advantage. The civil affairs of New-York may now engage our notice. On the 16th of October, the inhabitants of
the city and island presented a petition to lord Howe and genx Howe, signed by David Horsemanden, Oliver Delancy, and 946 others, declaring their allegiance, and their, acknowledge ment of the constitutional, but not absolute supremacy of GreatBritain over the colonies, and praying that the city and county may be restored to his majesty's peace and protection. This pe. tition was followed by another to the same purpose, from the. freeholders and inhabitants of Queen's county, on Long-Island, , It is observed of these petitions, that they are guardedly exi pressed, all mention of parliament being omitted, and the great question of unconditional submission left totally at large. Let'. it be remarked, that though the inliabitants of York island and.. Queen's county, liave given every testimony of their loyalty, ; their petitions have not been attended to, nor they restored to the rights expected in consequence of the declarations, as well as of the law for the appointment of commissioners.... :
Let us pass to the southern states; and from thence travel northward, gathering up as we return, all the intelligence that i offers.
In the month of July an invasion of East-Florida was pron: jected, with the double view of securing Georgia and South. ; Carolina from the depredations of their more southern neigh- : bors, and of drawing the attention of the British from their northern conquests. General Lee was entrusted with this busia: ness soon after the repulse of the British under Sir Peter Parker.. After the troops had proceeded as far as Ogeechee, in Georgia, . the general received orders to join the northern army, on which the expedition was given up. . . . .
:3 While the general was at Savannah, he wrote a letter, on the 28th of August, to the French minister, which was committed to Sieur de la Plaine. In that letter he held up these ideas-That it was the exclusive cominerce of the colonies which empowered Great-Britain to cope with France-gave to her a decided supe-, riority in the marine department, and of course enabled her, in. the frequent wars between the two nations, to reduce her rivals to the last extremity—that if France can obtain the monopoly, or the greatest part of this commerce, her opulence, strength and i prosperity, must grow to a prodigious height, and that if Amerie, ca is enabled to preserve the independence she has now declareds : the greatest part of this commerce musi fall to the share of France,
that without the colour of injustice, but on the contrary, only assuming the patronage of the rights of mankind, France to has it now in her power to become not only the greatest, but the most glorious monarchy which has appeared on the stage of; the world-her possessions in the islands will be secured against a
al] possibility of attack-the royal revenues immensely increasedinte her people eased of her present burdens--an eternal incitement be presented to their industry and the means of increase, by the facility of providing sustenance for their families, multipliedina in short, there is no saying what degree of eminence, happiness and glory, she may derive from the independence of this continents that some visionary writers have asserted, that could this country once shake off her European"trammels, it would soon become more formidable alone, from the virtue and energy paturał to a young people, than Great-Britain can be with her colo. nies united in a state of dependency--but the men who have built such hypotheses must be utter strangers to the manners, genius, disposition, turn of mind, and circumstances of the continent. As long as vast tiacts of land remain unoccupied, to which they can send colonies (if I may so express it) of their offspring, they will never entertain a thought of marine or inanufactures their ideas are solely confined to labor, and to plant for those nations who can, on the cheapest terms, furnish them with the necessary utensils for laboring and planting, and clothes for their families ; and till the whole vast extent of continent is fully stocked with people, they will never entertain another idea-that this cannot ve effected for ages, and what may then happen is out of the line of politicians to lay any stress upon ; most probably they will be employed in wars among themselves before they aim at foreign2 conquests that it is worthy of attention, what will be the consequence should Great-Britain succeed in the present contest . America will be wretched and enslaved-but a number of slaves may compose a formidable army and fleet, and the proximity of situation, with so great a force entirely at the disposal of Greatz Britain, will put it into her power to take possession of the French islands on the first rupture that it is for the interest, as well as the glory of France, to furnish the Americans with every mean of supporting their liberties, to effect which they only demand a constant, systematic supply of the necessaries of war, small arms, powder, field-pieces, woollens and linens to clothe their troops, with drugs, particularly bark, in return for which every necessary provision for the French islands may be expected, as * corn, rice, lumber, &c. If indeed the French could spare a few able engineers and artillery officers, they may depend upon an honorable reception and comfortable establishment.. .
The Carolinians have been engaged in a successful war with the Cherokees, for the origin of which we must go back to the year 1775. John Stuart, esq. an officer of the crown, and wholly devoted to the royal interest, had for years the exclusive maDageinent of both them and the Creeks. When the appearance
of a rupture between Great-Britain and the colonies took place; he conceived himself under obligations to attach the Indians w the royal interest. The state of public affairs in the colonies, furnished him with many arguments subservient to this design. It was easy for him to persuade them that the colonists had, unprovoked by Britain, adopied measures which prevented the Indians from receiving their yearly supply of arms, ammunition, and clothing. He might also insinuate, that if the colonists succeed ed in opposing Britain, they would probably aim next at the extirpation of the Indians. A plan was at length settled by Mr. Stuart, in concert with the king's governors and other roval servants, to land a British army in Florida, and to proceed with it to the western frontiers of the southern colonies, and there, in con junction with the tories and Indians, to fall on the friends of congress at the same time that a fleet and army should invade them on the coast. Mr. Moses Kirkland, who has already been mentioned, was confidentially employed by Mr. Stuart, governor Tonyn and other royalists to the southward, -to concert with gen. Gage the necessary means foraccomplishing the above plan, The whole was fully detected by the providential capiure of the vešu sel which was conveying Kirkland to Boston toward the ciose of 1775. The publication of the letters found in his possessioni; produced conviction in the minds of the Americans, that the British administration meant to employ the Indians for the effecting of their schemes. The discovery of the ministerial designs, made it necessary for congress to attend to such measures as might ef fectually counteract the influence of Mr. Stuart. A meeting of their Indian commissioners with the Cherokees, was appointed at Fort Charlotte, in South-Carolina, and took place on the 22d of April, when about 630 were present. The Cherokees complained heavily of sundry encroachments made on them by the white people, which gave them the greatest uneasiness. When the commissioners came to make their presents, the Indians were disa plcased at the small quantity of goods and ammunition delivered to them. The commissioners pleaded, that they did not expect to meet with so great a number; and promised, that if the presents were received, they would try and purchase a few more and send them. The Cherokees were not satisfied with the proposal The commissioners, without goods, were little more than eyphers. Talks alone, if ever so hattering, do not answer. Foreign manufactures were to the Indians indispensably requifite, and it was not to be thought that they could prefer American friendship, naked and hungry, to British,' attended with all the necessaries and comforts of life. The British had carried great quantities of goods even to their towns. On the 27th, the congress camnusa