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Mr. de Vergennes as he expects from the doctor singly more obsequious devotion to the pleasure of the French court, than he could have obtained had the doctor been still joined to both or either of his former colleagues, Messes. John Adams and Atthur Lee, 2

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FRIEND G. -- *TOWARD the end of April, an expedition against the isle

of Jersey was set on foot under Mr. de Nassau, who had no fortune, with a view of putting money into his pocket, from the rapine and plunder that would follow upon its success.” It so happened that admiral Arbuthnot, who you have heard sailed the 1st of May, with a squadron of men of war, and a prodigious convoy of merchantmen, and transports for America, fell in with the vessel, going express to England, with an account of the tack, and the apparent imminent danger of the island.— Upon”.at he ordered the convoy to wait for him at Torbay, and proceeded to the relief of Jersey. Though the failure of the expedition was the consequence, the French comforted themselves when they saw it had the unexpected effect of detaining admira! Arburthnot for a long time at Torbay, and of inducing the admiralty to order ten ships of the line, under admiral Darby, to join the former, for the safe escorting the convoy to a certain distance. Mr. Sartine upon obtaining information of this order, hurried the Brest fleet under count d’Orvilliers to sea.—— There was not at the last moment, sailors sufficient to mau it; but neither this, nor the non-arrival of two ships expected from Toulon, could prevail with him to risque losing the opportunity on the one hand of intercepting Darby on his return, and on the other of securing the junction of the French and Spanish fleets. Eight thousand land forces were put on board to serve as marrines, and to supply the defect of sailors. With this kind of equipage did the fleet sail on the 4th of June. There was a go

* Political Memoirs, - - ar

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differences—that a like suspension should be granted by GreatBritain to the American colonies (as they were stiled), which should not be broken, without giving to his Catholic majesty: an anticipated notice of one year, that he might communicate it to the said American provinces; and that othere should be as reciprocal disarming, and a regulation of the limits: not to be. passed by either, as to the places they might rospectively occur py at the time of ratifying this, adjustment—that; there:should come to Madrid one or more commissioners of the colonies and of his Britannic majesty, to agree in settling the preceding Paro. ticulars, and others relative to the firmness of i. and that, in the mean time, the colonies should be treated asso, dependent in acting. The contents of the manifesto were laid: before both houses of parliament the day after its being presents. sed, and were accompanied with a message from the king: They: both concurred unanimously in resolving to support with spirit and vigor, the war against the house of *...o.o.o. was transmitted by his majesty’s secretary, lord Weymo # to the masquis d’Almodovar, dated July 13th, ten days after the ri-; sing of parliament. This answer was received when a state paper was nearly printed off at Madrid, and which related the motives that induced the Spanish monarch to withdraw his ambass sador and act hostilely against Great-Britain. This paper asserts. that the British ministry, while they rejected the proposais mgde by Spain, were insinuating themselves at the court of France, by means of secret emissaries, and making great offers to her to abandon the colonies, and to make a peace with Britain, and at the same time were treating, by means of another:enlissary, with Dr. Franklin, to whom they made various proposals to: disunite them from France, and to accommodate matiers with Britain, not only holding out conditions similar to those which they had rejected when coming through his Catholic majesty, but including offers much more favorable to the Americans. Count d’Orvilliers having received instruction, steered with the combined fleet, amounting to 66 ships of the line, for Plymouth. The coasts of Normandy and Brittany, being at the same time crowded with troops, and the ports in the bay and channel with shipping, exhibited the appearance of an intended invasion of England or Ireland. D’Orvilliers passed Sir Chas. Hardy who was cruising in the bay, with near-forty ships of the line (having sailed from Spithead the day on which the Spanish manifesto was presented) without their having the least knowledge of each other. He appeared off Plymouth in the evening [Aug. 16..] and the greatest part of the two following days; but withdut making any attempt, which, had it taken place inumediately, - InuSt * /

must have succeeded, as the town wasaltogetherin a defenceless

state with “neither men, capable of standing to the guns, nor. rammers, sponges, or other-impliments for loading them.”—

The inhabitants and the neighbouring country were in the great:

'est confusion and the utmost alarm. But on Wednesday the 18th it providential began to blow almost a storm at east, which continued till the 22d, and forced the fleet below Plymouth ; and the wind remaining strong in the same point for same days, prevented its return no less than Sir Charles-Hardy’s coming into the channel.f . The Ardent of 64 guns, on her way from Portsmouth to join Sir Charles, mistaking the combined for the Bri-" tish fleet, was taken in sight of Plymouth. D’Orvilliers ranged about the Land's End, the Scilly Islands, and the chops of the

channel, till the end of the month, without seeking to return and make an attack upon Plymouth. He might conclude, that it

would be now too fate, the first opportunity having been lost, especially as a very great sickness prevailed among the sailors and soldierson board the fleet. Tirus by a coincidence of ocum

'stances, Plymouth; with the dock, the naval magazines &c.—

were happily preserved, notwithstanding the criminal neglect of administration in not putting the place into a proper state of defence. It is a fact, that there was delivered to one of the minis...try, on the 28th of July, a letter from France, acquainting him. with the destimation of the combined fleet, and the intention of attacking and destroying Plymouth. . . . . . . [Aug. 31.] The wind favoring, Sir Charles Hardy gained the

-entrance of the channel in sight of the combined flects, without

their being able to prevent him. The enemy pursued him as , high up as Plymouth, but did not venture much further. The sickness increasing on board the combined fleet to a most extreme degree, and their ships being otherwise much out of condition, and the equinox approaching, count d’Orvilliers thought it necessary to abandon the British coasts, and repair to Brest ear

ly in September. The whole country round about became an

hospital, through the many thousands of sick that were landed. It was a most happy circumstance for the British merchants, that a large Jamaica fleet escaped and got into the channel about ten days before he first entered it; and that eight homeward bound East-Indiamen had timely notice of their danger, so as to have the opportunity of putting into Ireland. ... " in the beginning of September, adm. Barrington arrived with dispatches, giving an account of the taking of the isles of St.

* Mr. H --b --t's declaration. Gentleman's magazine for 1783, p. 169. • * Gentleman's magazine for 1779, p. 421---423." . . . . - Vincent

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Vincent and Grenada, and of an action between adm. Byron and count d'Estaing. The count sailed for Grenada, and arrived off the island [July 2..] with a fleet of five or six and twenty ships of the line, about 12 frigates, and near 10,000 land forces, including marines. The defence of the place lay in about 150 soldiers, 350 militia, 200 volunteers, with some seamen; and its strength consisted in a fortified and entrenched hill, which commanded the fort, harbour, and capital town, of St. George. The French landed between 2 and 3000 regulars, under count Dillon, the same evening; and the next day invested the hill, and made the necessary preparations for carrying it by storm the following night, as they would lose no time, lest admiral Byron's fleet might arrive. The defence was obstinate, considering the force on each side. Although d'Estaing headed a column of the assailants in person, they were repulsed in the first onset, but their superior numbers at length prevailed, and the lines were carried after a conflict of about an hour and a half; the loss of the French, however, in killed and wounded, was considerāble. The cashon taken on the top of the hill, being turned at break of day against the fort, the governor, lord Macartney, was under the necessity of proposing a capitulation. D'Estaing granted him but an hour for framing the articles, which, when presented, were rejected in the gross. The count proposed others so extraordinary that his lordship and the principal inhabitants thought it better to trust to the law and custom of nations, and to the justice of one court, and the interposition of the other, by sufrendering at discretion, than to bind themselves to such unexampled conditions. His lordship, in expectation that the fortified hill was next to impregnable, had carried thither his plate, jewels and most valuable effects, and his principal officers had followed his example.* The count is charged with having exercised great severity and oppression; and it is said that his soldiers were indulged in such unbridled licence that the condition of the inhabitants would have been deplorable beyond descrip: tion, but for the humanity and tenderness of the officers and privates of Dillon’s Irish regiment. - :

Meanwhile admiral Byron had returned to St. Lucie, from convoying the West-India fleet; but weakened through the ships he had sent with the trade to Great-Britain. He ther; received intelligence of the loss of St. Vincent; and immediately concluded with gen. Grant, to proceed with the land and navī forces for its recovery. On their passage they received inform: ation that d’Estaing had attacked Grenada, without being ago.

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* The Paris account of the taking of Grenada, * -
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