but be you faithful unto death, and the King will give you a crown of life. He who shall die there, although his death will be unnatural, and his pains perhaps great, yet will have the better of his fellow; not only because he will arrive at the celestial city soonest, but because he will escape many miseries which the other will meet with in the rest of his journey. But when you are come to the town, and shall find that fulfilled which I have here related, then remember your friend; quit yourselves like men, and commit the keeping of your souls to your God, in well-doing, as unto a faithful Creator.

Then I saw in my dream, that when they were got out of the wilderness, they presently saw a town before them, and the name of that town is Vanity *; and at the town there is a fair kept, called VanityFair: it is kept all the year long; it beareth the name of Vanity-Fair because the town where it is kept is lighter than vanity; and also, because all that is there fold, or that cometh thịther, is vanity. As is the saying of the wise, All that cometh is vanity.

This fair is no new erected business, but a thing

* There is a triple alliance formed against the Christian by the world, the flesh, and the devil. Christian had been sharply assaulted by the devil all his journey through; Faithful had suffered much from the flesh from Mrs. Wanton, Discontent, and Shame. Now they are both to meet with persecutions from the world.

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of ancient standing: I will shew you the original of it.

Almost five thousand years ago, there were pilgrims walking to the celestial city, as these two honest persons are; and Beelzebub, Apollyon, and Legion, with their companions, perceiving, by the path that the pilgrims made, that their way to the city lay through this town of Vanity, contrived to set up a fair here; a fair, wherein should be fold all forts of vanity, and that it should last all the year long; therefore, at this fair are all fuch merchandises fold, as houses, lands, trades, places, honours, preferments, titles, countries, kingdoms, lusts, pleasures; and delights of all sorts, as whores, bawds, wives, husbands, children, masters, servants, lives, blood, bodies, fouls, silver, gold, pearls, precious ftones, and what not. Moreover, at this fair there are to be seen at all times jugglings, cheats, games, plays, fools, apes, knaves, and rogues, and that of every kind. Here are to be seen too, and that for nothing, thefts, murders, adulteries, false swearers, and those of a blood-red colour. And as in other fairs of less moment there are several rows and streets under their proper names, where such and fuch wares are vended: fo here likewise you have the proper places, rows, streets (viz. countries and kingdoms), where the wares of this fair are foonest to be found. Here is the Britain Row, the French Row, the Italian Row, the Spanish Row, the Ger


man Row, where several sorts of vanities are to be fold. But, as in other fairs, some one commodity is as the chief of all the fair, so the ware of Rome and her merchandise is greatly promoted in this fair: only our English nation, with some others, have taken a dislike thereto.

Now, as I said, the way to the celestial city lies just through the town where this lusty fair is kept; and he who will go to the city, and yet not go through this town, inust needs go out of the world. The Prince of princes himself, when here, went through this town to his own country, and that upon a fairday too: yea, and I think, it was Beelzebub, the chief lord of this fair, who invited him to buy of his vanities; yea, would have made him lord of the fair, if he would but have done him reverence' as he went through the town. Yea, because he was such a person of honour, Beelzebub had him from street to street, and shewed him all the kingdoms of the world in a little time, that he might, if possible, allure that Blessed One to cheapen and buy some of his vanities; but he had no mind to the merchandise, and therefore left the town, without laying out so much as one farthing upon these vanities. This fair, therefore, is an ancient thing, of long standing, and a very great fair.

Now these pilgrims, as I said, must needs go through this fair. Well, so they did; but behold, even as they entered into the fair, all the people in the fair were moved, and the town itself, as it were,


in a hubbub about them; and that for several reasons b: for, first, The pilgrims were clothed with such kind of raiment as was diverse from the raiment of any who traded in that fair. The people, therefore, of the fair, made a great gazing upon them: fome said they were fools; some they were bedlams; and some, they were outlandish men. Secondly, As they wondered at their apparel, so they did likewise at their speech; for few could understand what they said ; they spake the language of Canaan, but they who kept the fair were the men of this world; fo that, from one end of the fair to the other, they seemed barbarians to each other. Thirdly, But that which did not a little amuse the merchandifers was, that these pilgrims set very light by all their wares; they cared not so much as to look upon them; and if they called to them to buy, they would put their fingers in their ears, and cry, Turn away mine eyes from beholding vanity; and would look upwards, signifying, that their trade and traffic was in heaven.

One chanced mockingly, beholding the carriages

0 Our Lord told his difciples, that the reason why the world hated them was, because he had chosen them out of the world; so therefore," says he, “ the world hates you :" and in another place he says, "the world cannot hate you, but me it hateth.” It is the testimony of Jesus, and the confession of his name, which gives the offence; it is not a formal profession of religion that will give offence; but " if any man will live godly in Christ Jesus, he must suffer persecution :" 'tis not merely living godly, but living godly in Chrift Jesus.

of the men, to say unto them, What will ye buy? But they, looking gravely upon him, said, We buy the truth. At this there was an occasion taken to despise the men the more; fome mocking, some taunting, some speaking reproachfully, and some calling upon others to smite them. At last things came to an hubbub, and there was a great stir in the fair, insomuch that all order was confounded. Now word was presently brought to the great one of the fair, who quickly came down and deputed some of his most trusty friends to take those men and examine them, about whom the fair was almost overturned. So the men were brought to examination; and they who sat upon them, asked them, Whence they came? whither they went ? and what they did there in such an unusual garb? The men told them, That they were pilgrims and strangers in the world; that they were going to their own country, which was the heavenly Jerusalem ; that they had given no occasion to the men of the town, nor yet to the merchandifers, thus to abuse them, and to stop them in their journey; except it was for this, that when one asked them what they would buy, they said, they would buy the truth. But they who were appointed to examine them did not believe them to be any other than bedlams and mad, or else such as came to put all things into confusion in the fair. Therefore they took them and beat them, and besmeared them with dirt, and then put them into the cage, that they might be made a spectacle to all


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