with knives; after that they stoned him with stones; then they pricked him with their swords; and last of all, they burnt him to ashes at the stake. Thus came Faithful to his end c.

Now I saw, that there ftood behind the multitude a' chariot and a couple of horses waiting for Faithful, who (as soon as his adversaries had dispatched him) was taken up into it, and straightway was carried up through the clouds with sound of trumpet, the nearest way to the celestial gate.

As-for Christian, he had some respite, and was remanded back to prison, where he remained for a space: but he who over-rules all things, having the

rage in his own hand, fo brought it about, that Christian for that time escaped, and went his way.

And as he went he sung, faying,
Well, Faithful, thou hast faithfully profest
Unto thy Lord, with whom thou shalt be blest,
When faithless ones, with all their vain delights,
Are crying out under their hellish plights:
Sing, Faithful, fing, and let thy name survive ;
For though they kill'd thee, thou art yet alive.

power of their

If this roaring lion, the world, was not chained, every faithful follower of the Lord Jesus Christ would come to the fame end ; it is of the Lord's mercy that we do not meet with the same persecution in this day. Perhaps some trembling soul may say, on reading this account of Faithful, I could never have suffered as this man has done ; remember, as thy day is, so fhall thy strength be. If the Lord calls thee to a martyr's death, he will give thee a martyr's faith, and will enable thee, as he did Faithful, and a cloud of witnesses besides, who have obtained a good report through faith, to glorify his name even in the fire.


Now I saw in my dream that Christian went not forth alone; for there was one whose name was Hopeful (being so made by the beholding of Chriftian and Faithful in their words and behaviour, in their sufferings at the fair), who joined himself unto him, and entering into a brotherly covenant, told him that he would be his companion. Thus one died to bear testimony to the truth, and another rises out of his ashes to be a companion with Christian in his pilgrimage. This Hopeful also told Christian, that there were many more of the men in the fair who would take their time, and follow after.

So I saw that, quickly after they were got out of the fair, they overtook one who was going before them, whose name was By-ends: so they said to him, What countryman, Sir, and how far go you this way? He told them, that he came from the town of Fair-speech, and he was going to the celestial city, but told them not his name.

From Fair-speech! faid Christian; is there good thing lives there?

By-ends. Yes, I hope so.
Chr. Pray, Sir, what may I call you?

By-ends. I am a stranger to you, and you to me: if you are going this way, I shall be glad of

your company; if not, I must be content,

Ch. This town of Fair-speech I have heard of, and, as I remember, they say its a wealthy place.

By-ends. Yes, I will assure you that it is, and I have very many rich kindred there.



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Chr. Pray who are your kindred there, if a man may

be so bold ? By-ends. Almost the whole town: and in particular, my Lord Turn-about, my Lord Time-server, my Lord Fair-speech (from whose ancestors that town first took its name): allo Mr. Smooth-man, Mr. Facing-both-ways, Mr. Any-thing; and the parson of our parish, Mr. Two-tongues, was my mother's own brother by Father's side: and, to tell you the truth, I am become a gentleman of good quality, yet my great grandfather was but a waterman, looking one way and rowing another, and I got most of my estate by the fame occupation.

Chr. Are you a married man?

By-ends. Yes, and my wife is a very virtuous woman, the daughter of a very virtuous woman: The was my Lady Feigning's daughter; she came of a very honourable family, and is arrived to such a pitch of breeding, that she knows how to carry it to all, even to prince and peasant. 'Tis true, we somewhat differ in religion from those of the stricter fort, yet but in two small points: first, We never strive against wind and tide. Secondly, We are always most zealous when religion goes in silver slippers; we love much to walk with him in the street, if the sun shines, and the people applaud him,

Then Christian ftept a little aside to his fellow Hopeful, saying, It runs in my mind that this is one By-ends of Fair-speech; and if it be he, we have as very a krave in our company as dwelleth in all these 7


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parts. Then said Hopeful, Ask him; methinks he should not be ashamed of his name. So Christian came up with him again, and said, Sir, you talk as if you knew something more than all the world doth; and, if I take not my mark amiss, I deem I have half a guess of you. Is not your name Mr. By-endsof Fair-speech?

By-ends. This is not my real name; it is indeed a nick-name given me by some who cannot abideme, and I must be content to bear it as a reproach, as other good men have borne theirs before me.

Chr. But did you never give occasion to men to call you by this name?

By-ends. Never, never: the worst that ever I did to give them an occasion to give me this name was, that I had always the luck in my judgment to jump in with the present way of the times, whatever it was, and my chance was to get thereby: but, if things are thus cast upon me, let me count them a blessing; but let not the malicious load me therefore with reproach

Chr. I thought indeed that you was the man of whom I had heard; and, to tell you plainly what I think, I fear this name belongs to you more properly than you are willing we should think it doth.

By-ends. Well, if you will thus imagine, I cannot help it: you will find me a fair company-keeper, if you will still admit me your associate.

Chr. If you will go with us, you must go against wind and tide; which, I perceive, is against your

opinion :


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opinion: you must also own religion in rags as well as in silver Nippers; and stand by him too, when bound in irons, as well as when he walkęth the streets with applause.

By-ends. You must not impose, nor lord it over my faith; leave me to my liberty, and let me go

with you.

not go

Chr. Not a step farther, unless you will do, in what I propound, the same as we.

By-ends. I shall never defert my old principles, since they are harmless and profitable. If I may


I must do, as I did before you overtook me, even go by myself, until some overtake me who will be glad of my company.

Then I saw, in my dream, that Christian and Hopeful forsook him, and kept their distance before him; but one of them, looking back, saw three men following Mr. By-ends, and behold, as they came up with him, he made them a very low congè; and they also gave him a compliment. The men's names were, Mr. Hold-the-World, Mr. Money-love, and Mr. Save-all; men with whom Mr. By-ends had formerly been acquainted; for, in their minority, they were school-fellows, and taught by one Mr. Gripeman, a school-master in Love-gain, a market-town, in the county of Coveting, in the north. This school-master taught them the art of getting, either by violence, cozenage, flattery, lying, or by putting on a guise of religion; and these four gentlemen had attained to a great proficiency in


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