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Now I saw in my dream, that the highway, up which Christian was to go, was fenced on either side with a wall, and that wall was called Salvation. Up this way therefore did burdened Christian run, but not without great difficulty, because of the load on his back,

He ran thus till he came to a place fomewhat ascending, and upon that place ftood a cross; and a little below, in the bottom, a sepulchre. I saw in my dream, that, just as Christian came up with the cross', his burden loosed from of his shoulders, and fell from off his back, and began to tumble, and fo continued to do, till it came to the mouth of the sepulchre, where it fell in, and I saw it no more.

Then was Christian glad and lightsome, and said, with a merry heart, “ He hath given me rest by his forrow, and life by his death." Then he stood still a while to look and wonder; for it was very surprising to him, that the sight of the cross should thus cafe him of his burden. He looked therefore, and looked again, even till the springs that were in his head sent the waters down his cheeks. Now, as he stood looking and weeping, behold three shining


i The cross is the only place where a foul spiritually convinced of sin can lose his burden: there is no true peace but from the vision of faith, whereby we are enabled to discern the Lord's body, as bearing our fins, and by the offering of himself, once offered for ever, perfecting them that are sanctified; seeing that both he who fanctifieth and they who are sanctified are both of one.


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ones k came to him, and faluted him with “ Peace be to thee.” The first said to him, “ Thy sins be forgiven thee:” The second stript him of his rags, and clothed him with change of raiment: The third set a mark on his forehead, and gave him a roll with a seal upon it, which he bid him look on as he ran, and to give it in at the celestial gate: so they went their way.

Then Christian gave three leaps for joy, and went on singing: Thus far did I come laden with

Nor could aught ease the grief that I was in,
Till I came hither: What a place is this !
Must here be the beginning of my bliss ?
Must here the burden fall from off back?
Must here the strings, that bind it to me, crack ?
Blest cross ! bleft fepulchre ! blest rather be

The man who here was put to death for me! I saw then, in my dream, that he went on thus, even until he came to the bottom, where he saw, a little out of the way, three men fast asleep, with fetters upon their heels.

their heels. The name of one was Simple, of another, Sloth, and of the third, Prefumption! Christian, seeing them lie in this case,



k These three shining ones are intended to represent the threefold blessing which the soul enjoys when justified by faith. The first is a sense of pardon by the blood of Christ; the fe. cond is a sense of our acceptance by his righteoufness; and the third is the testimony of adoption by his fpirit.

Simple represents the blindness and ignorance of the carnal mind, as it respects the knowledge of all divine truths.


went to them, if peradventure he might awake them; and cried, You are like them that seep on the top of a mast; for the dead sea is under you, a gulph which hath no bottom: awake, therefore, and come away; be willing also, and I will help you off with your irons. He also said to them, If he, who goeth about like a roaring lion, comes by, you will certainly become a prey to his teeth. With that they looked upon him, and began to reply in this fort: Simple said, “ I see no danger;" Sloth said, “ Yet a little more sleep:” and Presumption said,

Every tub must stand upon its own bottom.” So they lay down to sleep again, and Christian went on

Yet was he troubled to think, that men, in that danger, should so little esteem the kindness of him who fo freely offered to help them, by the awakening of them ; by counselling of them; and proffering to help them off with their irons.

As he was troubled at this, he espied two men who came tumbling over the wall, on the left hand of the narrow way; and they made up apace to him. The name of the one was Formalist, and the name of the other Hypocrisym. As I said, they drew up unto him, and he thus entered into discourse with them.

his way.

Sloth shews its carelessness and indifference about the most important concerns. Presumption represents man's self-confidence and self-sufficiency.

m Formalist and Hypocrisy, who tumbled over the wall, profess to be going to Mount Zion as well as Christian. The ohject of their pursuit was praise; the object of Christian's pursuit was salvation, to the praise and glory of God.


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