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79TH CONGRESS

1st Session

SENATE

SREPORT
(No. 101

INVESTIGATION OF PRESIDENTIAL, VICE
PRESIDENTIAL, AND SENATORIAL
CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES, 1944

REPORT

OF THE

SPECIAL COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE PRESIDENTIAL,

VICE PRESIDENTIAL, AND SENATORIAL
CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES IN 1944

PURSUANT TO

S. Res. 263
SEVENTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS
(Extended by S. Res. 355, 78th Congress

and S. Res. 88, 79th Congress)

MARCH 15 (legislative day, MARCH 12), 1945.—Ordered to be printed

UNITED STATES

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1945

JK 1991 ,45

176771

SPECIAL COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE PRESIDENTIAL, VICE

PRESIDENTIAL, AND SENATORIAL CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES, 1944

THEODORE FRANCIS GREEN, Rhode Island, Chairman TOM STEWART, Tennessee

JOSEPH H. BALL, Minnesota
JAMES TUNNELL, Delaware

HOMER FERGUSON, Michigan
EDWARD J. HIGGINS, Clerk
ROBERT T. MURPHY, Counsel

II

CONTENTS

Page

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5
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16
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19

20

24

I. Introduction.--.

A. Authority, membership, and jurisdiction.

B. Policy -

C. Scope of investigations --general-

II. Subjects investigated.

A. Independent committees -

1. Questionnaire survey-,

(a) Comment on independent committeees..

(b) Summary of information filed.

2. Committees specially investigated.-

(a) American Democratic National Committee.-

(b) Common Citizens' Radio Committee, Texas.

(c) Congress of Industrial Organizations, Politi-

cal Action Committee..

(d) Peoples Committee to Defend Life Insurance

and Savings-

(e) State Republican League - Republican Citi-

zens' Committee, New Jersey..

B. Primary campaigns.-

1. Arkansas

2. North Dakota.

3. West Virginia..

C. Political activities of private corporations.

1. W. Lee O'Daniel News, Inc.

2. Trades Union News Publishing Co., Inc.

3. General Insurance Co. of America.

4. University Bank, Kansas City, Mo..

D. Political activities of labor unions.-

1. Amalgamated Clothing Workers, New York.

2. Ohio Congress of Industrial Organizations Council,

Columbus, Ohio.

E. Absentee voting irregularities -

1. Illinois...

F. Registration and voting irregularities

1. Delaware..

2. Indiana

3. Massachusetts.

4. Montana.

G. Anonymous campaign literature..

1. Rhode Island.

H. Compulsory contributions to campaign funds_

1. Minnesota..

I, Election campaigns..

1. Ohio...

J. Character of campaign literature..

K. Minor parties---

III. General observations on reports of receipts and expenditures_

A. Present methods of reporting -

B. National parties...

C. County committees..

IV. Recommendations...

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APPENDIX

Page

I. Senate Resolutions 263, 355, and 88--

85

II. Federal Corrupt Practices Act, Hatch Act and Powers Act----- 86

III. List of records of public hearings incorporated by reference as part

of this report----

100

IV. Tabulation by States of contributions to and expenditures by com-

mittees and individuals filed with the Clerk of the United States

House of Representatives, secretaries of state, and Senate Cam-

paign Expenditures Committee --

102

V. Tabulation of contributions and expenditures in Senatorial primaries

and general elections of 1944.--

122

VI. Recapitulation of totals shown on appendix IV and V.

133

VII. Tabulation of contributions to and expenditures by independent

committees

134

VIII. Tabulation of contributions by prominent family groups.

140

IX. Tabulation of contributions by individuals of $500 or more to politi-

cal committees ..

151

X. Tabulation of contributions to and expenditures by county com-

mittees of the State of Pennsylvania.-

241

XI. Transfer of funds from the Democratic National Committee to

State committees...

242

XII. Transfer of funds from the Republican National Committee to

State committees..

243

XIII. Transfer of funds from State committees to the Democratic Na-

tional Committee...

243

XIV. Transfer of funds from State committees to the Republican Na-

tional Committee..

243

XV. Transfer of funds from the Democratic State committee to other

State committees -

244

XVI. Transfer of funds from the Republican State committee to other

State committees..

244

NOTE.—Abreviations for Political Committees used in appendixes are identi-
fied in table preceding Appendix VIII.

SENATE

79TH CONGRESS

18t Session

}

{

REPORT No. 101

INVESTIGATION OF PRESIDENTIAL, VICE PRESIDENTIAL,

AND SENATORIAL CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURES, 1944

MARCH 15.(legislative day, March 12), 1945.—Ordered to be printed

Mr. GREEN, from the Special Committee to Investigate Presidential,

Vice Presidential, and Senatorial Campaign Expenditures, 1944, submitted the following

REPORT

[Pursuant to S. Res. 263, 322, and 355, 78th Cong., 2d sess., and S. Res. 88, 79th

Cong., 1st sess.)

I. INTRODUCTION

The special committee of five Members of the Senate, appointed pursuant to Senate Resolution 263, Seventy-eighth Congress, second session, to investigate campaign expenditures of the Presidential, Vice Presidential, and senatorial candidates, submits the following report:

AUTHORITY, MEMBERSHIP, AND JURISDICTION OF COMMITTEE

The Special Committee to Investigate Campaign Expenditures in 1944 was created by Senate Resolution 263, Seventy-eighth Congress, second session, and was agreed to by the Senate on March 30, 1944. On December 18, 1944, the Senate agreed to Senate Resolution 355, which extended the powers of the committee for the purpose of preparing a report until March 1, 1945. The time for filing a report was extended further until March 15, 1945, by Senate Resolution 88, agreed to on February 28, 1945. The full text of these resolutions will be found in appendix Í.

Following the practice of many years governing membership on the committee, the resolution provided for the appointment by the Vice President of five Senators and further provided that no Member of the Senate should be appointed to serve on the committee from a State in which a Senator was to be elected at the general election in 1944.

Pursuant to the authority of the resolution, the Vice President appointed the following Senators to serve on the committee: Theodore

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