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monarch 1so Sancimus igitur vicem legum obtirere, quae a quatuor San&is Conciliis . . , expositae sunt aut firmatae. Praedićtarum enim quatuor synodorum dogmata ficut sam&tas Scripturas et regulas sicut Jeges observamus. Justinian. Novel, czzxi. Beveridge (ad Pande&t. proleg. p. 2.) remarks, that the emperors never made new laws in ecclesiastical matters; and Giannone observes, in a very different spirit that they gave a legal sam&tion to the canons of councils. Istoria Civile di Napoli, tom. i. p. 136. *31 See the article ConcILE in the Encyclopedie, tom. iii. p. 668. —679, edition de Lucques. The author, M. le doćteur Bouchaud, has discussed, according to the principles of the Gallican church, the principal questions which relate to the form and constitution of general, national, and provincial councils. The editors (see Preface, p. xvi.) have reason to be proud of this article. Those who consult their immense compilation, seldom depart so well satisfied.
- HE grateful applause of the clergy has con-
1 Eusebius in Vit. Constantin. l. iii. c. 63, 64, 65, 66.
* After some examination of the various opinions of Tillemont, Beausobre, Lardner, &c. I am convinced that Manes did not propagate this sečt, even in Persia, before the year 270. It is strange, that a philosophic and foreign heresy should have penetrated so rapidly into the African provinces; yet I cannot easily reject the edićt of Diocletian against the Manichaeans, which may be found in Baronius. (Annal. Eccl. A. D. 287.)