ARTICLE II. The Commissioners of the United States in United Congress assembled, shall restore all the priscstorVaii soners taken from the Indians, during the late prifuaer* •war, to the Hcad-Men and Warriors of the Cherokees, as early as is practicable. ARTICLE HI. cherokees The Indians for themselves and their ocknow- respective tribes and towns do acknowledge all te^ulno°f Cherokees to be under the protection of «• & the United States of America, and of no other , sovereign whosoever.

ARTICLE IV. The boundary allotted to the Cherokees for their hunting grounds, between the said 'Indians and the citizens of the United States, within the limits of the United States of America, is, and shall be the following, viz. Beginning at the mouth of Duck river, on the Tenessee; thence running north-east to the ridge dividing the waters running into Cumberland from those running into the Tenessee ; thence eastwardly along the said ridge to a northeast line to be run, which shall strike the river Cumberland forty miles above Nashville; thence along the said line to the river; thence up the said river to the ford where the Kentucky road crosses the river; thence to Campbell's line, near Cumberland gap; thence to the mouth of Claud's creek on Holstein; thence to the Chimney-top mountain ; thence to Camp-creek, near the mouth of Big Limestone, on Nolichuckey; thence a southerly course six miles to a mountain; thence south to the North-Carolina line; thence to the South-Carolina Indian boundary, and along the same south-west over the top of the Oconee mountain tHl it mail strike Tugalo i?ver; thence a direct line to the top of the Currohee mountain; thence to the head of the south fork of Oconee river.


If any citizen of the United States, or other Ne citizen person not being an Indian, shall attempt to ot v- s- to settle on any of the lands westward or south- Sj£e££ ward of the said boundary which are hereby allotted to the Indians for their hunting grounds, or having already settled and will not remove from the same within six months after the ratification of this treaty, such person shall forfeit the protection of the United States, and the Indians may punish him or not as they please: Provided nevertheless, That this article shall not extend to the people settled between the fork of French Broad and Holstein rivers, whose particular situation shall be transmitted to the United States in Congress assembled for their decision thereon, which the Indians agree to abide by.


If any Indian or Indians, or person residing inaians t0 among them, or who shall take refuge in their deliver up nation, shall commit a robbery, or murder, or """""k" other capital crime, on any citizen of the United States, or person under their protection, the nation, or the tribe to which such offender or offenders may belong, shall be bound to deliver him or them up to be punished according to the ordinances of the United States: Provided, that the punishment shall not be greater than if the robbery or murder, or other capital crime had been committed by a citizen on a citizen.

If any citizen of the United States, or per-
son under their protection, shall commit a rob-
Vol. II. X 2

citizens of Dei-y or murder, or other capital crime, on any mitting0TM Indian, such offender or offenders shall be pucrime* ^ nished in the same manner as if the murder or dMi'i" to "be robbery, or other capital crime, had been compunislied. rnittedon acitizen of the United States; andthe punishment shall be in presence of some of the Cherokees, if any shall attend at the time and place, and that they may have an opportunity so to do, due notice of the time of such intended punishment shall be sent to some one of the tribes.

ARTICLE VIII. It is understood that the punimment of the Retaliation innocent under the idea of retaliation, is unprohi to . be practise(i on either side,

except where there is a manifest violation of this treaty '; and then it shall be preceded first by a demand oi justice, and if refused, then by a declaration of hostilities.

ARTICLE IX. u. states to For the benefit and comfort of the Indians, trade? e and for the prevention of injuries or oppressions on the part of the citizens or Indians, the United States in Congress assembled shall have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the trade with the Indians, and managing all their affairs in such manner as they think proper.

s cciat ARTICLE X.

provision Until the pleasure of Congress be known, respecting the ninth article, all traders, citizens of the United States, shall have liberty to go to any of the tribes or towns of the Cherokees to trade with them, and they shall be -protected in their persons and property, and kindly treated.

ARTICLE XI. The said Indians shall give notice to the citizens of the Lhiited States, of any designs

fur trade.

which they may know or suspect to be formed Intf*n«» in any neighbouring tribe, or by any person os designs whosoever, against the peace, trade or interest ^"Sst Uof the United States.


That the Indians may have full confidence ^'"^j in the justice of the United States, respecting deputy to their interests, they (hall have the right to fend Consresea deputy of their choice, whenever they think fit, to Congress.


The hatchet shall be forever buried, and the peace and peace given by the United States, and friend- friendship ship re-established between the said states on perpetnalthe one part, and all the Cherokees on the other, shall be universal ; and the contracting parties shall use their utmost endeavours to maintain the peace given as aforesaid, and friendship re-established.

IN WITNESS of all and every thing herein
determined, between the United States of
America, and all the Cherokees, We, their
underwritten Commissioners, by virtue of
our full powers, have signed this definitive
treaty, and have caused our seals. to be here-
unto affixed.

DONE at Hopcwell, on the Keowee, this
twenty-eighth of November, in the year
of our Lord one thousand seven hundred,
and eighty-five.

Benjamin Hawkins', (L.s.)

Andw" Pickens, (z.s.J

Jos. Martin, (l.s.)

Lach'n M'Intojh, (l.s.J"
Koatdhee, or Corn Tassel

pfToquo, his X mark, (l.3.)


Scholauetta, or Hanging Man

ofChota, his M mark. (l.s.)

Tufiegatahu, or LongFellow

of Chistohoe, his j*) mark. (L. S.j

Oq/iwha, or Abraham

ofChilkowa, his X mark- (l.s.)

Kolakujia, or Prince

ofNoth, hisX mark- (l.s.)

Neivota, or The Gritzs

of Chicamaga, his X mark. (l.s.)

Konatota, or the Rising Fawn

of Highwassay, hisX mark. sz.s.J

Tuckasee, or Young Tarrapin

ofAllajoy, his ><! mark- (l.s.)

Tooslaka^ or the Waker

of Oostanawa, hisX mark- (l.s.)

Untoola, or Gun Rod

ofSeteco, hisX mark- (l.s.)

Unsuokanail, Busfalo White Calf

New Cussee, hisX mark- (l.s.)

Kq/layeak, or

Sharp Fellow Wataga, hisX mark- (l.s.) Chonosla, of Cowe, hisM mark. (L.s.)

Chescoonwho, Bird in close

of Tomotlug, hisX mark. (l.s.)

Tuckasee, or Tarrapin

of Hightowa, his X mark. (L. S.)

Chesetoa, or the Rabbit

of Tlacoa, his^xj mark. (L.s.)

Chesecotetona, or Yellow Bird

of the Pine Log, hisM mark. (L.s.)

Sketalq/ka, Second Man

ofTillico, his X mark. (l.s.)

Chokafatabe, Chickasaw

Killer Tasonta, his X mark. (l. s*)

Onanoota, ofKoosoatee, his X mark. (l.s.) Ookofeta, or Sower Mush

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