the robbery or murder, or other capitas crime-,, fiad been committed on a citizen of the United States of America ; and the punishment shall be in presence of some of the Choctaws, if any will attend at the time and place; and that they may have an opportunity so to do, due notice,if practicable, of the time of such intended puaisshmentj.lhall be sent to some one of the tribes..

ARTICLE VII. ftetaiiat on \t js understood that the punishment of the innocent, under the idea or retaliation, is unjust, and shall not be practised on either side, except where there is a manifest violation of this treaty ; and then it shall be preceded, first: by a demand of justice, and if refused, then by a declaration of histilities.

ARTICLE VIII. For the benefit and comfort of the Indians, .o. states and for the prevention of injuries or oppresto rebate flons on the part of the citizens or Indians, the United States in Congress assembled, shall have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the trade with the Indians, and managing all their affairs in such manner as they think proper.


Special Until the pleasure of Congress be known, provision respecting the eighth article, all traders, citifor trade.' zgn§ Q£ Tjrntecl States of America, shall have liberty to go to any of the tribes or towns of the Choctaws, to trade with them, and they mall be protected in their persons and property, ,and kindly treated.

ARTICLE X. give notice The said Indians (hall give notice to the cia^alnffu ^zen$ oftne United States of America,- of any tutTM. ' designs which they may know or suspect to be formed in any neighbouring tribe, or by any person whosoever, against the peace, trade or interest of the United States of America*

ARTICLE Xf. The hatchet shall be forever buried, and the p-acc and peace given by the United States of America, friendship and friendship re-established between the said state* on the one part, and all the Choctaw nation on the other part, shall be universal; and the contracting parties shall use their utmost endeavours to maintain the peace given as aforesaid, and friendship re-establistied.,

IN WITNESS of all and every thing herein
determined, between the United States of
America and all the Choctaws, we, their unr.
derwritfen Commissioners, by virtue of our
full powers, have signed this definitive trea-
ty, and have caused our seals to be heffiun-
to affixed.

DONE at llopewell, on the Redwee, this
third day of January, in the year of our
Lord one thousand seven hundred and

Benjamin Hawkins, (l. S.)

Andrew Pickens, (l. S.)

Jos. Martin, (l. S.)

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Witness: Wm. Blount, John Woods, Saml. Taylor, Robert Anderson, Benj. Lawrance, John Pitchlynn, James Cple, Inter» preters.

Articles of a Treaty







Concluded at Hopewell, on the Keowee, near Seneca Old Town, between Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Pickens, and Joseph Martin, Commiffioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, of the one Part; and Piomingo, Head Warrior and First Minister of the Chickasaw Nation; Mingatushka,o#e of the leading Chiefs; and Latopoia, first beloved Man of thesaid Nation, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of all the Chickasaws ofthe other Part.

THE Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America give peace to the Chickasaw Nation, and receive them into the savour and protection of the said States, on the following conditions.

ARTICLE I. The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the Chickasaw nation, shall restere all the prison- in Uam t« ers, citizens of the United States, to their entire liberty, if any there be in the Chickasaw property, nation. They shall also restore all the negroes, and all other property taken during the late Far, from the citizens ; if any there be in the

Chickasaw nation, to such person, and at suck time and place, as the Commissioners of the United States of America shall appoint. ARTICLE H. Aclcnow- The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the *cctionPros Chickasaws, do hereby acknowledge the tribes v. 6. and the towns of the Chickasaw nation, to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign whosoever. ARTICLE III. The boundary of the lands hereby allotted ^nda" to the Chickasaw nation to live and hunt on, within the limits of the United States of America, is, and shall be the following, viz. Beginning on the ridge that divides the waters running into the Cumberland, from those running into the Tenessee, at a point in a line to be run north-east, which shall strike the Tenessee, at the mouth of Duck river; thence running westerly along the said ridge, till it shall strike the Ohio; thence down the southern banks thereof to theMissisippi; thence down the same, to the Choctaw line of Natches district; thence along the said line, or the line of the district eastwardly as far as the Chickasaws claimed, and lived and hunted on, the twenty-ninth of November, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two. Thence the said boundary, eastwardly, shall be the lands allotted to the Choctaws and Cherokees to live and hunt on, and the lands at present in the possession of the Creeks; saving and reserving for the establishment of a trading post, a tract or parcel of land to be laid out at the lower post of the Muscle shoals, at the mouth of Ocochappo, in a circle, the diameter of which shall be five miles on the * - river, which post,and the lands annexed thereto, sliall

* Tke name of the River aot in tlie original.

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