commerce conclu entre le Roi très Chrétien et les Etats Unis.

ARTICLE XVI. La présente convention aura son plein effet pendant l'espace de douze ans à compter du jour de l'échange des ratifications, leîqueHes seront données en bonne forme et échangées de part et d'autre dans l'espace d'un an, ou plutôt si saire se peut.


En foi de quoi, nous, Ministres Plénipotentiaires, avons signé la présente convention, et y avons sait apposer le cachet de nos armes.

FAIT à Versailles, le 14 Novembre, mil sept
cent quatre-vingt-huit.

L. C. De Montmorin, (l. S;)
Thomas Jefferson, (l. S.)

A Treaty os Peace and Friendship







A TREATY of PEACE and FRIENDSHIP Made and concluded between the President of the United States of America, on the Part and Behalf of the said States, and the undersigned Kings, Chiefs and Warriors of the Creek. Nation of Indians, on the Part and Behalf of the said Nation.

THE parties being desirous of establishing permanent peace and friendship between the United States and the said Creek Nation, and the citizens and members thereof, and to remove the causes of war by ascertaining their limits, and making other necessary, just and friendly arrangements: The President of the United States, by Henry Knox, Secretary for the Department of War, whom he hath constituted with full powers for these purposes, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, and the Creek Nation, by the undersigned Kings, Chiefs and Warriors, representing the said nation, have agreed to the following articles.

ARTICLE I. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens df the United Vol. II. E 3

peace and States of America, and all the individuals, JSpcfJ towns and tribes of the Upper, Middle and Lower Creeks and Semanolies, composing the Creek nation of Indians.

ARTICLE II. The undersigned Kings, Chiefs and Warriindtam ac- 0rs, for themselves and all parts of the Creek protections Nation within the limits of theUnited States, of the u. s. do acknowledge themselves, and the said parti of the Creek nation, to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign whosoever; and they also stipulate that the, said Creek Nation will not hold any treaty with an individual State, or with individuals of any State.

ARTICLE III. The Creek Nation shall deliver as soon as berestored° practicable to the commanding officer of the troops of the United States, stationed at the Rcck-Landing on the Oconee river, all citizens of the United States, white inhabitants or negroes, who are now prisoners in any part of the said nation. And if any such prisoners or negroes should not be so delivered, on or before the first day of June ensuing, the governor of Georgia may empower three persons to repair to the said nation, in order to claim and receive such prisoners and negroes.

ARTICLE IV. The boundary between the citizens of the Boundaries United States and the Creek Nation is, and 'shall be, from where the old line strikes the river Savannah; thence up the said river to a place on the most northern branch of the same, commonly called the Keowee, where a northeast line to be drawn from the top of the Occunna mountain shall intersect; thence along the said line in a south-west direction to Tugelo river; thence to the top of the Currahee BoumUa*..

mountain; thence to the head or source of the

main south branch of the Oconee river, called

the Appalachee; thence down the middle of

the said main south branch and river Oconee,

to its consluence with the Oakmulgee, which

form the river Altamaha ; and thence down

the middle of the said Altamaha to the old line

on the said river, and thence along the said old

line to the river St. Mary's.

And in order to preclude forever all disputes relatively to the head or source of the main south branch of the river Oconee, at the place where it shall be intersected by the line aforesaid, from the Currahee mountain, the same shall be ascertained by an able surveyor on the part of the United States, who shall be assisted by three old citizens of Georgia, who may be appointed by the Governor of the said state, and three old Creek chiefs, to be appointed by the said nation; and the said surveyor, citizens and chiefs shall assemble for this purpose, on tthe first day of October, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one, at the Rock Landing on the said river Oconee, and thence proceed to ascertain the said head or source of the main south branch of the said river, at the place where it shall be intersected by the line aforesaid, to be drawn from the Currahee mountain. And in order that the said boundary shall he rendered distinct and well known, it shall be marked by a line of felled trees at least twenty feet wide, and the trees chopped on each side from the said Currahee mountain, to the head or source of the said main south branch of the Oconee river, and thence down the margin of the said main south branch and river Oconee for the

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