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desire to see you as soon as may consist with the dispositions which your change of situation will render necessary.

I am, with great regard and esteem, dear sir, your obedient servant, A. HAMilton. Tench Coare, Esq. Mr. Core, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. At the Treasury Office. December 14, 1791. Dear Sir, Not having distinguished between the furs, ginseng, coffee, mahogany, wine, and sugars, carried to Great Britain and Ireland, and to other countries, at the time we were extracting those articles from your large tables, I find myself unable to proceed in making the deductions from our whole exports to Great Britain, which should be made for that proportion of those articles which go there. The extract I made, for instance, tells me how much furs we send to all the world, but not how much of them go to England and Ireland, but your tables would tell this. I must, therefore, ask the favour of the loan of them to have this distinction made, unless it would be more agreeable to you to let some one state the amount in value of the furs which we send to Great Britain and Ireland. Ginseng do. coffee do. mahogany do. wine do. sugars do. Having this amount, I can deduct it with precision from that of our whole exports to Great Britain and Ireland. I am, with great esteem, dear sir, your most obedient humble servant. TH. Jefferson.

From Thos. M'Kean, Governor of Pennsylvania, to Tench Coare. Philadelphia, June 14th, 1801.

Sir, As secretary of the land office, you may probably be acquainted with Mr. John M'Kissick, the principal clerk in the office of receiver general; he has been well recommended to me by several respectable characters in public as well as private stations, as a suitable person to succeed Mr. Muhlenberg as principal officer. There will certainly be a difference between the speaker of the house of representatives of the United States, and of this state, as to rank and services, and Mr. M'Kissick, a writing clerk in the office; but I wish to promote modest merit, and from recommendations of him by members of our public councils, I think favourably of his talents and integrity for the ordinary duties of the office, but is he qualified to act as a judge of the board of property? Please to give me your sentiments, for I wish for something more than “a successor in form.” This leads me to ask you also, whether you think the appointment of Mr. Andrew Ellicot as your successor would meet with general approbation. I would wish your answer as soon as is convenient, that I may be prepared to fill both stations immediately on your coming to town; which I suppose will be the latter end of this, or the beginning of next week, as the revenue offices, of all others, must not be many days vacant. Though our official connection may for some time be suspended, yet I shall always expect to see you as a friend, and hope to see you in a day or two at farthest, after you shall have entered on the duties of your new appointments. The nature of this communication is such, as to render it unnecessary to request it may be confined to yourself. I am, sir, with esteem, your friend and humble servant.

To Tench Core, greeting: Reposing especial trust and confidence in your integrity, diligence, and abilities, I, Alexander Hamilton, secretary of the treasury of the United States, in virtue of the power to me given, by the act entitled “An act to establish the treasury department,” do constitute and appoint you assistant to the said secretary: To hold and exercise the said office during the pleasure of the secretary of the treasury of the United States for the time being. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and affixed the seal of the treasury, the tenth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety. ALEXANDER HAMilton. Secretary of the Treasury.

George Washington, President of the United States of America:—to all who shall see these presents, greeting :

Know ye, that reposing special trust and confidence in the integrity, diligence, and ability of Tench Coxe of Pennsylvania, I have nominated, and by and with the advice and consent of the senate, do appoint him commissioner of the revenue, and do authorise and empower him to execute and fulfil the duties of that office according to law; and to have and to hold the said office with all the rights and emoluments thereunto legally appertaining unto him, the said Tench Coxe, during the pleasure of the president of the United States for the time being.

In testimony whereof, I have caused these letters to be made patent, and the seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed. Given under my hand, at the city of Philadelphia, this ninth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-two, and of the independence of the United States of America the sixteenth.

G. W.AshingtoN.

By the president, Th: Jefferson.

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CHAPTER WI.

THE EXTENSION OF THE COTTON BUSINESS.

“The echoing hills repeat
The stroke of axe and hammer; scaffolds rise,
And growing edifices; heaps of stone
Beneath the chisel beauteous shapes assume
Of frieze and column; some with even line,
New streets are marking in the neighbouring fields,
And sacred domes of worship.”

DYER's FLEEck.

“All men naturally think themselves equally wise ; and, therefore, as any ship that sails faster than another is said in sea phrase to wrong it, so men are apt to think themselves wronged by those who, with better talents than they, or greater skill in their use, get beyond them.” The workmen employed by Mr. Slater, in Pawtucket, took advantage of their opportunity to steal patterns and models of his machines; and in this way, attempts were made to extend the business, in a short time after its commencement at Pawtucket by the firm of Almy, Brown & Slater. Those attempts were generally so weak and ineffective, that they proved ruinous to the adventurerS. Wm. Pollard, Philadelphia, obtained a patent for cotton spinning Dec. 30, 1791, which was the first water-frame put in motion; whether he obtained his patterns direct from England, or by the way of Pawtucket, is not certain ; but it is indubitable that he could have no claim as the original inventor, nor as the first introducer of the machinery; because it has been shown in the previous chapter that the whole of the machinery was in full operation in Rhode Island, a year previous to the date of his patent. Mr. Pollard's mill was a very early attempt at water-spinning, and I am sorry to have to record, that his business failed in his hands; which retarded the progress of cotton spinning in Philadelphia. . Respect and pity are due to the character of a projector —respect, because society owes to it many obligations, and much of the progress of the useful arts must be ascribed to its existence;

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