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when he attempted to transfuse the spirit of Milton into that language. As his numerous publications form a sort of diary of his employments, we shall give a chronological list of them, which seems to have been drawn up with great care, omitting only some of his occasional sermons, as we believe they were afterwards collected. His earliest production was, 1. “Fraus nummi Anglicani,” in the “Musae Anglicanae,” 1699 ; 2. “A poem on Badminton-house, Gloucestershire,” 1700 ; 3. “Verses on the death of the duke of Gloucester,” Oxon. 1700; 4. “On the deaths of king William, prince George, and queen Anne,” 1702, &c. 5. “Verses on baron Spanheim,” 1706; 6. “Miscellany verses,” in vol. VI. of Dryden's Miscellany, 1709; 7. “Odes on the Oxford Act,” 1713 ; 8. “ Preservative against unsettled notions,” vol. I. 1715, vol. II. 1722; 9. A controversial “ Sermon” against bishop Hoadly, from John xviii. 36, 1717; 10. “Virgil translated into blank verse,” 1717, 2 vols. 4to ; 11. “Prelectiones Poeticae, 1718, 3 vols. 8vo; 12. “Treatise on Popery truly stated and briefly confuted,” 1727; 13. “Answer to England's conversion,” 1727; 14. “Sermons on Righteousness overmuch, four in one,” Ecclesiastes vir. 16, ‘Be not righteous over-much, neither make thyself over-wise; why shouldst thou destroy thyself;’ + 15. “Sermon at Oxford Assizes,” “But it is good to be zealously affected always in a good thing,’ 1739; 16. “Answer to the Seven Pamphlets against the said Sermon,” 1740; 17. “Reply to Mr. Law's answer to Righteousness over-much,” 1740; 18. “Miltoni Paradisus Amissus, 2 vols.; 19. *oncio ad Clerum Londinensem Sion Coll. Matt. x. Comm. 16,” 1743; 20. “Sermons, No. III. from Matt. xvi. 22, 23, ‘Now all this was done,’ &c.; Malachi iii. 1, ‘Behold I will send my messenger,' &c.; and from Matt. xvi. 27, 28, ‘For the Son of Man shall come in the glory of the Father,’ &c.—prefixed to Explanatory Notes on the first of the Four Gospels,” 1747; 21. “Continuation of Explanatory Notes on the Four Gospels,” finished and published by Mr. Trapp, his son, 1752; 22. “Sermons on Moral and Practical subjects,” 2 vols. 8vo, published by Mr. Trapp, and printed at Reading, in 1752. His Sermons at Lady Moyer's Lecture were published in 1731, 8vo. Besides the above he published, without his name, 23. “A Prologue to the University of Oxford,” 1703; 24. “Abramule,” a Tragedy, 1703; 25. “An ordinary Journey no Progress,” in defence of Dr. Sacheverell, 1710; 26. “The true genuine Whig and Tory Address,” in answer to a Libel of Dr. B. Hoadly, 1710; 27. “Examiners” in Vol. I. Nos. 8, 9, 26, 33, 45, 46, 48, 50, 1711; Vol. II. Nos. 6, 12, 26, 27, 37, 45, 50, 1712; Vol. III. Nos. 1, 2, 5, 13, 20, 21, 26, 29, 34, 1713; 28. “The Age of Riddles,” 1710; 29. “Character and principles of the present set of Whigs,” 1711; 30. “Most Faults on one Side,” against a sly Whig pamphlet, entitled, “Faults on both Sides,’ 1710; 31. “Verses on Garth's Verses to Godolphin,” 1710; 32. “Votes without Doors, occasioned by Votes within Doors,” 1710; 33. “Preface to an Answer to Priestcraft,” 1710; 34. “Verses on Harley's being stabbed by Guiscard,” 1711; 35. “Poem to the duke of Ormond,” 1711; 36. “Character of a certain Whig,” 1711; 37. “Her Majesty's prerogative in Ireland,” 1711; 38. “Peace,” a poem, 1713; 39. “A short answer to the bishop of Bangor's great book against the Committee,” 1717; 40. “The Case of the Rector of St. Andrew, Holborn,” 1722; 41. “Several Pieces in the Grub-street Journal,” viz. upon Impudence, upon Henley's Grammars, Answering, and not answering, Books, 1726; 42. “On Budgel's Philosopher's Prayer,” 1726; 43. “Prologue and Epilogue for Mr. Hemmings's Scholars at Thistleworth,” 1728; 44. “Grubstreet verses, Bowman,” 1731 ; 45. “Anacreon translated into Elegiacs,” 1732; 46. “Four last Things,” a poem, 1734; 47. “Bribery and Perjury;” 48. “Letter about the Quakers Tithe Bill,” 1736. Dr. Trapp's library, consisting of his own original collection and Dr. Sacheverell's added, at his town house in Warwick-lane, and his country living at Harlington, together with his manuscript papers, devolved, in course, to his son, Mr. Trapp, who dying, the books, now much increased by Mr. Trapp's elegant collection of classic authors, vafuable prints, and medals, were sold altogether to Lowndes of London, and from him the library passed to Gov. Palk. The manuscripts were excepted for Mr. Awbery, at whose death they passed into the possession of some friend, common to Messrs. Trapp and Awbery. Dr. Trapp married, in 1712, Miss White, daughter of Mr. Alderman White of Oxford, by whom he had two sons, Henry, so baptised after his godfather lord Bolingbroke, who died in infancy, and Joseph, who became in 1734 fellow of New college Oxford, and in 1751 was presented by George Pitt, esq. afterwards lord Rivers, to the living of Stratfield, near Hertford Bridge, Hampshire. He died in 1769. " TREBY (GeoRGE), a learned judge, was born, as Wood thinks, at or near Plympton in Devonshire in 1644, and was admitted a commoner of Exeter college, Oxford, in 1669. After studying some time here, he left college without taking a degree, as, we have repeatedly had occasion to observe, was usual with young gentlemen intended for the law; and went to the Inner Temple. After being admitted to the bar, he had much practice, and was accounted a good common lawyer. In 1678 and 1679, he sat in parliament as representative for Plympton, and in the lastmentioned year was appointed chairman of the committee of secrecy for the investigation of the popish plot, and was in 1680 one of the managers in the impeachment of lord Stafford. In December of the same year, when sir George Jeffries was dismissed from the recordership of London, Mr. Treby was elected in his room, and in January 1681 the king conferred on him the honour of knighthood: but when the quo warranto issued, and the city charter, for which he pleaded along with Pollexfen, was withheld, he was deprived of the recordership in Oct. 1685. On the revolution, king William restored him to this office, and he had the honour of addressing his majesty, in the absence of the lord mayor, sir John Chapman, who was confined by sickness. His very able, speech on this occasion was published in the “Fourth collection of papers relating to the present juncture of affairs in England,” 1688, 4to, and in Bohun's. “History of the Desertion,” 1689, 4to. In March 1688 he was made solicitor-general, and the following year attorney-general. In April 1692 he was called to the rank of serjeant, and in May following was promoted to be chief justice of the Common Pleas, on which he resigned the office of recorder. This learned and upright lawyer died in March 1701-2, aged fifty-six. His son and grandson, of the same names, represented Plympton and Dartmouth,
* Dr. Trapp was rather tenacious Gentleman's Magazine; which proof literary property, and would not duced an excellent paper on the subsuffer Mr. Cave to give a kind of ject by Dr. Johnson, printed in the abridgment of these sermons in the Gent. Mag. for 1787.
and the latter was master of the household to George II. and a lord of the treasury. Sir George Treby published “A collection of Letters and other writings relating to the horrid Popish Plot, printed from the originals,” Lond. 1681, fol. in two parts, and is supposed to have written “Truth vindicated; or, a detection of the aspersions and scandals cast upon sir Robert Clayton and sir George Treby, justices, &c. in a paper published in the name of Dr. Francis Hawkins, minister of the Tower, entitled “The confession of Edward Fitzharris, &c.’” Lond. 1681. His pleadings and arguments in the King's-bench on the quo warranto, are printed with those of Finch, Sawyer, and Pollexfen, Lond. 1690, fol. ' TREMBLEY (ABRAHAM), an eminent naturalist, was born at Geneva in 1710, and was intended by his father for the church, for which reason he sent him to pursue his studies in Holland. There he became tutor to the children of M. Bentinck, and coming afterwards to London, had the young duke of Richmond for his pupil. On his return to Geneva in 1757, he settled there, and became most esteemed for learning and private character. He had early devoted his leisure to some branches of natural history, and when appointed one of the commissioners for providing Geneva with a granary of corn, he was enabled by his knowledge of the insects which infest grain, to prevent their ravages in a great measure. But his reputation as a naturalist was first promoted throughout Europe by his discoveries on the nature of the polypes. These animals were first discovered by Leeuwenhoek, who gave some account of them in the Philosophical Transactions for 1703; but their wonderful properties were not thoroughly known until 1740, when Mr. Trembley began to investigate them; and when he published the result of his experiments in his “Memoires sur les Polypes,” Leyden, 1744, 4to, all naturalists became interested in the surprising facts which were disclosed. Previous to this, indeed, Leibnitz and Boerhaave, by reasonings a priori, had concluded that animals might be found which would propagate by slips like plants; and their conjecture was soon verified by the observations of Mr. Trembley. At first, however, he was uncertain whether he should reckon these creatures animals or plants: and while thus uncertain, he wrote a letter on the subject to Mr. Bonnet in January 1741; but in March the same year, he had satisfied himself that they were real animals. He also made several communications to the Royal Society, of which he was elected a member in 1743, on the same subject. There are other papers on subjects of natural history by him in the Philosophical Transactions. Mr. Trembley also acquired no small fame by the publication of some valuable books for young persons, particularly his “Instructions d'un pere à ses enfans sur la nature et la religion,” 1775 and 1779, 2 vols. 8vo; “Instructions sur la religion naturelle,” 1779, 3 vols. 8vo; and “Recherches sur le principe de la vertu et du bonheur,” 8vo, works in which philosophy and piety are united. Mr. Trembley died in 1784." TREMELLIUS (IMMANUEL), a protestant divine of great learning, and the editor of a Latin translation of the Bible, was born at Ferrara in 1510. He was the son of a Jew, and was educated with such care as to become a great master in the Hebrew tongue; but was converted to Christianity, first as a Roman catholic, by cardinal Pole, and secondly as a protestant by the celebrated Peter Martyr, and went with him to Lucca. Afterwards, leaving Italy altogether, he went into Germany, and settled at Strasburgh; whence he proceeded to England in the reign of Edward VI. where he lived in intimacy with the archbishops Cranmer and Parker, particularly the latter, and also taught Hebrew at Cambridge; but after the death of the king, he returned to Germany, and taught Hebrew in the school of Hornbach. Thence he was invited to Heidelberg, under the elector palatine Frederic III. where he was professor of the Hebrew tongue, and translated the Syriac Testament into Latin. There also he undertook a Latin translation of the Bible out of Hebrew, and associated Francis Junius to him in that work. His next remove was to Sedan, at the request of the duke of Builloin, to be the Hebrew professor in his new university, where he died, 1580, in his seventieth year. His translation of the Bible was first published in 1575, and afterwards corrected by Junius in 1587. The Protestant churches received it with great approbation ; and our learned Matthew Poole, in the preface to his “Synopsis Criticorum,” reckons it among the best versions; but po
* Ath. Ox. vol. II.-Burnet's Own Times.—Noble's Continuation of Granger. 1 Dict. Hist.—Encyclopedie in art. Polypus.