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substitution of security, from a National Agricultural Credit Corporation, or for the purpose of influencing in any other way the action of such corporation, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000, or by imprisonment for not more than five years, or both.
(c) Whoever willfully overvalues any property offered as security for any such advance shall be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000, or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or both.
(d) Any examiner appointed under this title who shall accept a loan or gratuity from any organization examined by him, or from any person connected with any such organization in any capacity, or who shall disclose the names of borrowers to other than the proper officers of such organization, without first having obtained expressed permission in writing from the Comptroller of the Currency or from the board of directors of such organization, except when ordered to do so by a court of competent jurisdiction or by direction of the Congress of the United States or of either House thereof, or any committee of Congress or of either House duly authorized, shall be punished by a fine of not exceeding $5,000 or by imprisonment of not exceeding one year, or both, and may be fined a further sum equal to the money so loaned or gratuity given, and shall forever thereafter be disqualified from holding office as an examiner under the provisions of this title. No examiner while holding such office shall perform any other service for compensation for any bank or banking or loan association or for any person connected therewith in any capacity.
(e) Whoever, being an officer, director, employee, agent or attorney of a National Agricultural Credit Corporation stipulates for or receives or consents or agrees to receive any fee, commission, gift, or thing of value from any person, firm, or corporation for procuring or endeavoring to procure for such person, firm, or corporation, or for any other person, firm, or corporation any loan from any such corporation or extension or renewal of loan or substitution of security, or the purchase or discount or acceptance of any paper, note, draft, check, or bill of exchange by any such corporation, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be imprisoned for not more than one year or fined not more than $5,000, or both.
(f) Any person who shall falsely make, forge, or counterfeit, or cause or procure to be falsely made, forged, or counterfeited, or willingly aid or assist in falsely making, forging, or counterfeiting any debentures, coupons, or other obligations in imitation of or purporting to be an imitation of the debentures, coupons, or other obligations issued by any National Agricultural Credit Corporation, and any person who shall pass, utter, or publish or attempt to pass, utter, or publish any false, forged, or counterfeited debenture, coupon, and other obligation purporting to be issued by any such corporation knowing the same to be falsely made, forged, or counterfeited, and any person who shall falsely alter or cause or procure to be falsely altered, or shall willingly aid or assist in falsely altering any such debenture, coupon, or other obligation, or who shall pass, utter, or publish as true any falsely altered or spurious debenture, coupon, or other obligation issued or purporting to have been issued by any such corporation knowing the same to be falsely altered or spurious shall be punished by a fine of not exceeding $5,000 or by imprisonment not to exceed five years, or both.
(g) Any person who shall deceive, defraud, or impose upon or who shall attempt to deceive, defraud, or impose upon any person, partnership, corporation, or association by making any false pretense or representation concerning the character, issue, security, contents, conditions, or terms of any debenture, coupon, or other obligation issued under the terms of this title, shall be fined not exceeding $500, or imprisoned not to exceed one year, or both.
(h) All corporations not organized under the provisions of this title are prohibited from using the words “National Agricultural Credit Corporation " as part of their corporate name, and any violation of this prohibition shall subject the party charged therewith to a civil penalty of $50 for each day during which the violation continues.
RESERVATION OF RIGHT TO AMEND.
SEC. 217. That the right to amend, alter, or repeal the provisions of this title is hereby expressly reserved.
TITLE III.-AMENDMENTS TO FEDERAL FARM LOAN ACT. Sec. 301. That the second paragraph of section 3 of the Federal Farm Loan Act is amended to read as follows:
" Said Federal Farm Loan Board shall consist of seven members, including the Secretary of the Treasury, who shall be a member and chairman ex officio, and six members to be appointed by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Of the six members to be appointed by the President, not more than three shall be appointed from one political party, and all six of said members shall be citizens of the United States and shall devote their entire time to the business of the Federal Farm Loan Board ; they shall receive an annual salary of $10,000 payable monthly, together with actual necessary traveling expenses. One of the additional members of the Federal Farm Loan Board, hereby provided for, shall be appointed for a term expiring August 6, 1929, and one for a term expiring August 6, 1931, and thereafter the terms of all members of the Federal Farm Loan Board shall be as in this section otherwise provided for."
SEC. 302. That the eighth paragraph of section 3 of the Federal Farm Loan Act is amended and divided into three paragraphs to read as follows:
“ The salaries and expenses of the Federal Farm Loan Board and farm loan registrars and examiners authorized under this section shall, after June 30, 1923, be paid by the Federal and joint-stock land banks in proportion to their gross assets, as follows:
“ The Federal Farm Loan Board shall, prior to June 30, 1923, and each six months thereafter, estimate the expenses and salaries of the Federal Farm Loan Board, its officers and employees, farm loan registrars, deputy registrars, the examiners and reviewing appraisers, and apportion the same among the Federal and joint-stock land banks in proportion to their gross assets at the time of such apportionment and make an assessment upon each of such banks pursuant to such apportionment, payable on the 1st of July or January next ensuing. The funds collected pursuant to such assessments shall be deposited with the Treasurer of the United States to be disbursed in payment of such salaries and expenses on appropriations duly made by Congress for such purpose.
“ If any deficiency shall occur in such fund during the half-year period for which it was estimated, the Federal Farm Loan Board shall have authority to make immediate assessment covering such deficiency against the Federal and joint-stock land banks upon the same basis as the original assessment. If at the end of the six months' period there shall remain a surplus in such fund, it shall be deducted from the estimated expenses of the next ensuing six months' period when assessment is made for such period. Land bank appraisers shall receive such compensation as the Federal Farm Loan Board shall fix and shall be paid by the Federal land banks and the joint-stock land banks which they serve in such proportion and in such manner as the Federal Farm Loan Board shall order."
SEC. 303. That the second paragraph of section 4 of the Federal Farm Loan Act is amended to read as follows:
The Federal Farm Loan Board shall establish in each Federal land bank district a Federal land bank, with its principal office located in such city within the district as said board shall designate. Each Federal land bank shall include in its title the name of the city in which it is located. Subject to the approval of the Federal Farm Loan Board, any Federal land bank may establish branches within the land bank district. Subject to the approval of the Federal Farm Loan Board and under such conditions as it may prescribe, the provisions of this Act are extended to the island of Porto Rico and the Territory of Alaska; and the Federal Farm Loan Board shall designate a Federal land bank which is hereby authorized to establish a branch bank in Porto Rico, and a Federal land bank which is hereby authorized to establish a branch bank in the Territory of Alaska. Loans made by each such branch bank shall not exceed the sum of $10,000 to any one borrower and shall be subject to the restrictions and provisions of this Act, except that each such branch bank may loan direct to borrowers, and subject to such regulations as the Federal Farm Loan Board may prescribe, the rate charged borrowers may be 13 per centum in excess of the rate borne by the last preceding issue of farm-loan bonds of the Federal land bank with which such branch bank is connected : Provided, That no loan shall be made in Porto Rico or Alaska by such branch bank for a longer term than 20 years."
SEC. 304. That the twentieth to twenty-fifth paragraphs, inclusive, of section 4 of the Federal Farm Loan Act are amended to read as follows:
“The board of directors of every Federal land bank shall be selected as hereinafter specified and shall consist of seven members. Three of said directors shall be known as local directors and shall be chosen by and be representative
of national farm-loan associations, and borrowers through agencies; three shall be known as district directors and shall be appointed by the Federal Farm Loan Board and represent the public interest. The term of office of local and district directors shall be three years.
Within 30 days from the date of passage of the Agricultural Credits Act of 1923 and thereafter, at least two months before each election, the Federal Farm Loan Board shall divide each land bank district into three divisions, as nearly equal as possible, according to number of borrowers and the voting strength of national farm-loan associations and borrowers through agencies, and the Farm Loan Commissioner shall thereupon notify each association and agency in writing that an election is to be held for one local director from each of said divi. sions and requesting each association and agency to nominate one candidate for each division. Within ten days of receipt of such notice each national farmloan association and borrower through agencies shall forward nominations of residents of their respective divisions for one director for such division to said Farm Loan Commissioner. The Farm Loan Commissioner shall then prepare a list of candidates for local directors, consisting of the ten persons receiving the highest number of votes from national farm-loan associations and borrowers through agencies for each division.
“At least one month before said election the Farm Loan Commissioner shall mail to each national farm-loan association and to each borrower through agencies the list of candidates for their respective divisions. The directors of each national farm-loan association shall cast the vote of said association for one of the candidates on said list and shall forward said vote to the said Farm Loan Commissioner within ten days after said list of candidates is received. In voting under this section each association shall be entitled to cast a number of votes equal to the total voting strength of the stockholders in association meetings, and each borrower through agencies shall be entitled to cast one vote for each share of stock hold by him in the Federal land bank not exceeding twenty shares, and shall forward said vote to the said Farm Loan Commissioner within ten days after said list of candidates is received. The candidate receiving the highest number of votes in his division shall be declared elected as local director of the Federal land bank district from his division. In case of a tie, the Farm Loan Commissioner shall determine the choice. The nominations from which the list of candidates is prepared, and the votes of the respective associations and borrowers through agencies for such candidates, as counted, shall be tabulated and preserved, subject to examination by any candidate, for at least one year after the result of the election is announced.
“The Federal Farm Loan Board shall designate one of the district directors to serve until December 31, 1924, one to serve till December 31, 1925, and one to serve till December 31, 1926. After their first appointment each district director shall be appointed for a term of three years. At the first regular meeting of the board of directors of each Federal land bank the local directors shall designate one of their members to serve till December 31, 1924, one to serve till December 31, 1925, and one to serve till December 31, 1926. Thereafter each local director shall be chosen as hereinbefore provided and shall hold office for a term of three years. Any vacancies that may occur in the board of directors shall be filled for the unexpired term in the manner provided herein for the original selection of such directors. At the same time that the associations and borrowers through agencies nominate the candidates for the local directors, each association and each borrower through agencies shall also nominate one candidate for director at large for the entire district, and from the three persons having the greatest number of votes for nominee for director at large, the Federal Farm Loan Board shall select a director at large, whose term of office shall terminate on the 31st day of December, 1925, and every three years thereafter. Such seventh director may be removed by the Federal Farm Loan Board for neglect of duty, incapacity for the work, or malfeasance in office, after charges duly preferred and a hearing had thereon, and in such cases the associations of the district shall in like manner nominate candidates for another director at large, to fill the vacancy, for whom the Federal Farm Loan Board shall in same manner select a successor, but any person who is removed can not be nominated to succeed himself. The board of directors thus selected shall, upon qualification, immediately take over the management of each bank.
“ Directors of Federal land banks shall have been, for at least two years, residents of the district for which they are appointed or elected, and a local director shall be a resident of his division when elected. No district director of a Federal land bank sball, during his continuance in office, act as an officer,
director, or employee of any other institution, association, or partnership engaged in banking or in the business of making or selling land-mortgage loans.
“ Directors of the Federal land bank shall receive, in addition to any compensation otherwise provided, a reasonable allowance for necessary expenses in attending meetings of their boards, to be paid by the respective Federal land banks. Any compensation that may be proyided by boards of directors of the Federal land banks for directors, officers, or employees shall be subject to the approval of the Federal Farm Loan Board."
SEC. 305. That the fourth paragraph of section 7 of the Federal Farm Loan Act is amended by adding thereto the following: “No such secretary-treasurer shall engage in the making of land-mortgage loans eligible at a Federal land bank through or for any other land mortgage company or agency, and the making of any such loan by any secretary-treasurer shall forthwith work a forfeiture of his office."
SEC. 306. That subdivision (d) of paragraph “Fourth" of section 12 of the Federal Farm Loan Act is amended to read as follows:
"(d) To liquidate indebtedness of the owner of the land mortgage incurred for agricultural purposes, or incurred prior to January 1, 1922.”
SEC. 307. That paragraph “ Seventh" of section 12 of the Federal Farm Loan Act is amended to read as follows:
“ Seventh. The amount of loans to any one borrower shall in no case exceed a maximum of $25,000, nor shall any one loan be for a less sum than $100, but preference shall be given to applications for loans of $10,000 and under.
SEC. 308. That section 21 of the Federal Farm Loan Act is amended by adding at the end thereof twelve new paragraphs to read as follows:
“ Whenever it shall appear desirable to issue consolidated bonds of the twelve Federal land banks and sell them through a common selling agency, and the Federal land banks shall, by resolution, consent to the same, the banks may issue and sell said bonds as hereinafter provided.
“Every bond so issued shall be signed by the Farm Loan Commissioner and attested by the secretary of the Federal Farm Loan Board, and their signatures may be either written or engraved thereon and shall recite in the face of the bond the fact that it is the joint and several obligation of the twelve Federal land banks, and shall in all respects be governed by the provisions of the Federal Farm Loan Act not inconsistent herewith.
“ The consolidated bonds issued under this provision shall be made payable at any Federal land bank, and may be made payable at any Federal reserve bank or banks designated in the face of the bond.
“ Each Federal land bank on whose behalf consolidated bonds shall be issued under this provision shall in all respects be bound by the act of the Farm Loan Commissioner and the secretary of the Federal reserve bank or banks desig. nated in the face of the bond.
Every Federal land bank, before participation in a consolidated issue, as herein provided, shall by appropriate action of its board of directors, duly recorded in its minutes, obligate itself to become liable on Federal farm loan bonds as provided in this section, and be bound by the action of the Farm Loan Commissioner and the secretary of the Federal Farm Loan Board in executing the same.
“ Every farm loan bond issued hereunder shall contain on the face thereof a certificate signed by the Farm Loan Commissioner to the effect that it is issued under the authority of Title I of the Federal Farm Loan Act, has the approval in form and issue of the Federal Farm Loan Board, and is legal and regular in all respects; that it is not taxable by National, State, munici. pal, or local authoritiy; that it is issued against collateral security consisting of obligations of the United States Government, or indorsed first mortgages on farm lands, at least equal in amount to the bonds issued; and that all Federal land banks are liable for the payment of each bond.
“When any Federal land bank shall desire to participate in a consolidated issue of farm loan bands it shall make application to the Federal Farm Loan Board for the approval on its behalf of such issue and tender to the registrar approved farm mortgages, or obligations of the United States Government, as security therefor, and no banks shall participate in such consolidated issue until such application has been approved by the Federal Farm Loan Board. Each bank shall pay when due, without notice, all bonds and coupons issued on its behalf hereunder.
“If any Federal land bank shall fail to pay its proportion of interest or principal as herein prescribed, the Federal Farm Loan Board shall imme
diately call upon the other Federal land banks for the amount necessary to make said payment, the assessments to be made in proportion to the capital stock of each, which assesments shall be forthwith paid by said banks.
“ The presidents of the twelve Federal land banks shall constitute the bond committee of the Federal land banks and shall select a chairman from among their number. The vice president may act in place of the president on the president's request or in case he fails to act.
“When an issue of consolidated bonds is contemplated, the bond committee shall determine the amount of such issue, the rate of interest which it is to bear, and the participation of the several banks therein, and submit their recommendations to the Federal Farm Loan Board for approval. When approved by the Federal Farm Loan Board the bonds shall be executed by the Farm Loan Commissioner and the secretary of the Federal Farm Loan Board, as herein provided.
“ The expenses of the bond committee and of the sale of bonds shall be charged against the several land banks in proportion to their participation in the proceeds.
“ The presidents of the Federal land banks shall receive no additional compensation for their services as members of the bond committee, but shall be paid necessary traveling expenses."
Sec. 309. That subdivision (a) and (b) of the eighth paragraph of section 22 of the Federal Farm Loan Act are amended to read as follows:
“(a) To pay off farm loan bonds issued by or on behalf of said bank as they mature.
“(b) To purchase at or below par Federal farm loan bonds."
Sec. 310. That section 25 of the Federai Farm Loan Act is amended to read as follows:
“ SEC. 25. That if there shall be default under the terms of any indorsed first mortgage held by a Federal land bank under the provisions of this title, the National Farm Loan Association through which said mortgage was received by said Federal land bank shall be notified of such default. Said association may thereupon be required, within 30 days after such notice, to make good such default, either by payment of the amount unpaid thereon in cash or by the substitution of an equal amount of Federal farm loan bonds, with all unmatured coupons attached."
Sec. 311. That section 29 of the Federal Farm Loan Act is amended by adding at the end thereof a new paragraph to read as follows:
“Upon liquidation of any national farm loan association, the stock in the Federal land bank held by such association shall be canceled and the Federal land bank shall thereupon issue to the borrowers through such association an amount of stock in the Federal land bank equal to the amount of stock held by such borrowers in the liquidated association, such stock to be held by the bank as collateral to the loans of such borrowers and to be paid off and retired at par in the same manner as stock held by borrowers in farm loan associations, and the Federal land bank shall pay to the borrowers holding such stock the same dividends as are paid to national farm loan associations by such bank. The personal liability of the stockholders in such liquidated association to the association shall survive such liquidation and shall be vested in the bank in that district, which may enforce the same as fully as the association could if in existence."
TITLE IV.-AMENDMENTS TO THE FEDERAL RESERVE ACT.
SEC. 401. That the ninth paragraph of section 9 of the Federal Reserve Act is amended to read as follows:
“No applying bank shall be admitted to membership in a Federal reserve bank unless (a) it possesses a paid-up, unimpaired capital sufficient to entitle it to become a national banking association in the place where it is situated under the provisions of the National Bank Act, or (b) it possesses a paid-up, unimpaired capital of at least 60 per centum of the amount sufficient to entitle it to become a national banking association in the place where it is situated under the provisions of the National Bank Act and, under penalty of loss of membership complies with rules and regulations which the Federal Reserve Board shall prescribe fixing the tiine within which and the method by which the unimpaired capital of such bank shall be increased out of net income to equal the capital which would have been required if such bank had been ad