World Lexicon of Grammaticalization
Cambridge University Press, 8. aug. 2019 - 646 sider
Extensively revised and updated, this second edition provides, in an A-Z format, an analysis of the most important generalizations that have been made on the unidirectional change of grammatical forms and constructions. Based on the analysis of more than 1,000 languages, it reconstructs over 500 processes of grammatical change in the languages of the world, including East Asian languages such as Chinese, Korean and Japanese. Readers are provided with the tools to discover how lexical and grammatical meanings can be related to one another in a principled way, how such issues as polysemy, heterosemy, and transcategoriality are dealt with, and why certain linguistic forms have simultaneous lexical and grammatical functions. Definitions of lexical concepts are provided with examples from a broad variety of languages, and references to key relevant research literature. Linguists and other scholars will gain a better understanding of languages on a worldwide scale.
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Grammatical Concepts Used in This Work
List of Languages
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a-possessive adposition adverb Afroasiatic Aikhenvald Alain Peyraube anonymous reader Archaic Chinese aspect marker Austronesian auxiliary Baka Bantu Basque benefactive Bybee Chappell clause marker comitative preposition complementizer concepts conjunction constructions copula Creissels creole creole languages d-necessity d-possibility deictic demonstrative dialect discourse marker durative Early Modern Chinese English evidential example expressing future tense marker genetic and areal German Giacalone Ramat give rise grammatical markers grammaticalization grammaticalization appears Haspelmath 1997b Heine and Kuteva iamitive Indo-European instance König Korean lexical Lezgian Lingala Luraghi Mandarin Mandarin Chinese Marchese marker introducing marker Long Matisoff meaning modality Narrog Negerhollands Niger-Congo nominal noun phrases particle passive pers-pron person plural person pronoun pidgin postposition preposition present pathway reflexive marker relational noun research is needed Rhee s-question salient semantic property Sansò Semitic similative Sinitic Sino-Tibetan spatial Stolz suffix Swahili temporal third person Tibeto-Burman Tok Pisin Traugott verb whereby process verbs Yagaria Zhongyuan Mandarin