Sidebilder
PDF
ePub
[merged small][ocr errors]

CONTENTS.

Agassiz on Penikese Island......

86 Engaging Manners...

195

A gassiz, Prof. Louis ....

?e issay on Form as a Branch of Education. 185

Amendments to the School Law.

38 Essay, Prize, on Fiæbel's Kindergarten

Antiquity of Flax....

91 System..

13, 37

Apportionment of School Moneys in Gen- Eurone, Geographical Changes in

274

eral..

376 Examination, Boards of, Instructions to..

Apportionment of School Moneys for So-

95, 380

noma, Si-kiyou and Modec Counties.... 282 Examination, tate Board of.. 95, 279, 412

Apportionment of State School Fund..94, 348 Experience, Youthfui. of lyndall.

Art Education..

221, 269 Experiment Showing Circulation of Water

Ash leaved Maple...

of the Sea...

275

Eye, Government of....

127

Bill, Tuttle's, School..

376

Blood, Physiology of the..

175 Flax, Antiquity of....

91

Boards of Examination, Instructions to.. 380 Food, we eat

16

Boaril of Examination, State.......95, 279, 412 Forests. Intluence of on Cl mate,

223

Book Notices.: 4, 65, 99, 169, 201, 234, 282, 383, 414 Formation of Mountains and Valeys. 26

Brain, the...

116 Form, Essay on.

185

Frohel's Kindergarten System, Prize

Callfornia, Physical Geography of..253, 285, 315 Essay on.....

10, 37

California, School Law, Amendmenis to. 328 Fund of Commou schools, Apportionment

California, Synopsis of Statistics of Schools

.94, 348

of.

129 Fund of Common Schools, General, Man-

Certificates and Diplomas, State, granted ner of Apportioning

376

79, 412 Fund of Common Schools in Sonoma, Sis-

Changes, Geographical in Europe.. 274 kiyou and Modoc Counties, Manner of

(hildren. Respect for....

397

apportioning

382

Circulation of Waters on Surface of the Fundamental Principles of Teaching Lan-

Farth...

.19, 106, 1694, 205, 257

guage....

1

Circulation of Water in the Sea, Experi-

ment showing

275 Gardening for Ladies...

90

Class Division, Prluciples of, in Prussia... 92 Geography in Schools...

Climate, Influence of Forests on..

223 Geography, Physical, of California, 253, 285, 315

Coffee, Discovery of..

278 Geographical Changes in Europe.

274

Common Schools of San Francisco, Statis- Germany, Education in...

401

tics of....

312 Government of the Eye........

127

Common Schools of State, Synopsis of

Statistics of....

129 Hearing Lessons vs Teaching.

269

Common School, Support of...

140 Hints on Methods of Teaching.

290

Common Schools, Science in......

307 How Coffee was discovered..

278

Compulsory Education....

137, 355 How Savage Nations Count...

311

Conducting kecitations, Methods of.... 122, 218 How to Read...

27

Contemplated Legislation in School Mat- How to Study, teaching of.

30:)

ters....

232 Humiliation, the Valley of.

3:20

Count, How Savage Nations.......

311

Conoty Institutes

30 Industrial Schools.

91

County Superintendents. Instructions to Influence of Forests on Climate

223

29, 60, 95, 196, 228, 273, 312, 379, 409 Institutes, Teachers' County

30

County Superintendents, List of... 197 Instruction, Publie, Department of..

Course of Studies, Instructions Regarding 49 ......29, 60, 94, 129, 193, 228, 279, 312, 23, 376, 409

Course of studies, Programme for Teach- Instructions regarding the Course of

ing

Studies

49

Cramming System

27 Instructions to Boards of Examination. 96, 380

Crumbs of Literature.

11: Instructions to Common School Teachers, 379

Culture, Intellectual.

88 Instructions to County Superintendents

Current, Japan..

226

.29, 60, 95, 196, 228, 279, 312, 379, 409

Intellect in Politics..

394

Decisions of Superintendent of Public In- Intellectual Culture...

88

struction..

.29, 30, 95, 196, 229, 279

Department of Public Instrnction.

Japan Current...

220

29, 60, 94, 129, 1911, 228, 279, 312, 328, 376, 409 Johnny becomes ac quainted with some-
Diplomas and Certificates, Stale, Granted thing he can't see..

404

279, 412 Jute......

91

Discovery of Coffee.

278

Drafts of New Revenue Law

166 Kindergarten, Peeps through the Door of

Drawing Lessons, Primary

53

:65, 293, 387

Kindergarten, Prize Essay on Frobel's

Education

261

System of...

Education, Art .....

221, 269

Education, Compulsory

137, 355 Ladies, Gardening for..

90

Education in Germauy

401 Language, Fundamental Principles of

Education, Meetings of State Board of..62, 229 Teaching of..

1

Education, Systems of..

92 Language, on the t'se of Rules in the

Education, Technical, Popular Delusions

Study of..

324

on...

212 Law, New Revenue, Dratis of...

166

Educational Items.

...31, 63, 97 Law, School, Amendments to..

328

Educational System, science and

20 Leaves, Skeleton, Preparation of..

184

Educational Offices, Eligibility of Women Legislation, contemplated, in School Mat-

to

232

283
ters......

..74, 118

..13, 37

[ocr errors]

329

Lessons, Fri:nary Drawing..
53 Schools, Industrial.

91
Lessons, Hearing of, vs. Teaching. 299 School Law, Amendments to.
List of County Superintendents.

197 School Matters, Contemplated Legislation
List of State Diploinas and Certificates in.....

232
granted...

279. 412 School Officers, Instructions to.
Literature, Crumbs of..

111

.29, 60, 94, 196, 225, 279, 312, 379, 409
Louis Agassiz..
302 Schools, Public, Sewig in..

2:27
Schools, Science in our Common..

307
Manners, engaging.

195 Scieuce and our Educational system.. -20
Maple, Ash-leaved
92 Scientific Normal Schools...

57
Meetings of State Board of Education. 62, 229 Sea, Experiment showing Circulation of
Methods of Conducting Recitations....1:22, 218 Waters of...

275
Methods of Teaching, Hints ou

290 Sei'se, Pcrreption o-Object Teaching .5, 37
Modoc. Sonoma and Siskiyou, apportion- Sewing in Public Schools

227
ing of School moneys in....

382 Siskiyou, Modoc and Sonoma Coun ies,
Moneys, school, Apportionment of.... 94, 318 Manner of Apportioning School Fund of 382
Moneys, School, Apportioning of in Gen- Size of Whales

275
eral..

376 skeleton of Leaves, Preparation of..... 184
Mountains and Valleys, Formation of..... 26 Sleep of Plants.

276

--5, 37

Sonoma. Siskiyou and Modoc Counties.
Names of various sorts of Tea.

25 Manner of Apportioning School Fund of 382
Nations, Savage, how they count.. 311 Spelling, Teaching of

120
Normal School, State..

103, 134, 198 State Board of Education, Meetings of.. 62, 229
Normal School, scientific

57 Siate Board of Examination.. .95, 279, 412
Notices of Books.

State Norinal School....

10., 134, 198
.......34, 65, 99, 169, 201, 231, 282, 383, 414 State School Fund, Apportionment of..94, 348
Object Teaching..

Statistics of Common Schools of san Fran-
cisco..

312
Officers, School, Instructions to.

Statistics of Common Scbools of the State. 129
29, 60, 94, 196, 228, 279, 312, 379, 409 Studies, Programme for Teaching Course
On the Physical Geography of California of...

.74, 118
253,285, 315 Study of Language, On the Use of Rules in 324
On the Use of Rules in the Study of Lan- Study, Teaching How to...

309
324 Superintendents, County, Instructions to
Our Educational System and Science... 20

.... 29, 60, 95, 196, 223, 279, 312, 379, 409
Superintendents, County, List of..

197
Peeps through the Door of a Kindergarten Support of Our Common Schools

140
265, 293, 387 Synopsis of School Statistics for Cala.. 129
Physical before he Mental.

23 System of Class Division in Prussia........ 92
Physical Geography of California.. 253, 285, 315 System, the (ramming..

27
Physiology of the Blood...
175 System of Education..

92
Plants, Sieep of..
276 Systematic Thinking...

403
Plants, Textile.

90
Politics, Intellect in.
394 Tea, Names of various sorts of

25
Popular Delusions on Technical Education 212 Teachers' County Institutes...

30
Practical Teaching.
271 Teacher's Preparation for His Work

18
Preparation for his work, the Teacher's.. 18 Teachers, Public School, Instructions to.. 379
Preparing Skeleton Leaves..
184 Teaching

276
Primary Drawing Lessons..

53 Teaching, Hints on Methods of

........ 290
Principles of Prussian System of Class Teaching how to Study...

309
Division...

92 Teaching Language, Fundamental Princi-
Prize Essay on Frobel's Kindergarten Sys. ples of..

1
tem

10, 43 Teaching of Course of Studies, Programme
Professor Louis Agassiz
302 for

-74, 118
Programme for Teaching Course of Teaching, Practical

271
Studies..
-74, 118 Teaching Reading..

78
Public Instruction, Department of.

Teaching Spelling.

120
...29, 60, 94, 129, 196, 228, 279, 312, 323, 376, 409 Teaching vs. Hearing Lessons.

299
Public schools, Sewing in..

227 Technical Education, Popular Delusions on 212
Textile Plants..

90
Read, how to
27 The Brain...

116
Reading, Teaching of.
78 The Cramming System...

27
Recitations, Methods of Conducting.....122, 218 The Food We Eat..

16
Report of the Common Schools of the The Government of the Eye

127
Siate
129 The Physical before the Mental.

25
Report of the San Francisco Common The Sleep of Plants...

276
Schools..

312 The Support of Our ('ommon Schools .... 140
Report of the State Normal School. 134 The Valley of Humiliation

320
Respect for Children..
397 Tuttle's School Bill

376
Revenue Law, Drafts of.

166 Tyndall's Youthful Experiences....
Rules, Use of, in the Study of Language... 324
Ruts...

180 Use of Rules in the Study of Language.... 324
San Francisco, Statistics of Schools of..... 312 Valley of Humiliation.....

320
Savage Nations, how they count

Valleys and Mountains, Formation of ... 26
School Bill, Tuttle's.

376 Various sorts of Tea, Names of..... 23
Schools. Common, of San Francisco, Sta-
tistics of..

312 Water, Circulation of, on Surface of the
Schools, Common, of State, Statistics of.. 129 Earth...

.69, 106, 1694, 205, 257
School Fund, Apportionment or.. ....91, 318 Waters of Sea, Experiment showing Cir.
School Fuod, Manner of apportioning in culation of....

275
general
376 Whales, size of..

275
School Fund, Manner of apportioning in Women, Eligibility to Educatlonal Offices
Sonoma, Siskiyou and Oc Counties.. 382 of

383
Schools, Geography in...

82 | Youthful Experiences of Tyndall. 224

2:24

........ 311

[blocks in formation]

(For the California Teacher.] FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF TEACHING LANGUAGE.

W
TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN BY MRS. LANE.

III. Having now spoken, firstly, of the principles of teaching language, I will, secondly, designate what, in my opinion, are the main points in the plan of teaching language; these, however, need not necessarily be considered in the following order :

a. This instruction is to be given conjointly with a readinglesson. The reason why is found in the foregoing. But it is not meant by this that all oral instruction or discussion in regard to language, not connected with a reading-lesson, is to be avoided.

On the contrary, such separate discourse is often advisable.

b. The reading lesson is to be read by teacher and by pupils in conformity with the foregoing requirements, and, when too long or when the ability of the pupils is insufficient, then, by questioning, let it be drawn out by sections or paragraphs from the pupils themselves, or, where possible, let them repeat it by sections.

c. Unintelligible or obscure expressions which, in reading, questioning, and recitation, bave been brought to the notice of the teacher, are to be explained to the pupils and erroneous ideas corrected.

d. The reading lesson is to be considered in its separate sections—that is, the principal or larger groups are to be noticed.

e. The different thoughts contained in the separate sections or larger groups of thoughts, are to be so brought out that the learner becomes a rare of them. By mere reading these thoughts pass in too quick succession through the child's mind, so that, often, the chill does not know what he has read.

f. The particular manner of utterance or expression of these separate thoughts is remarkel upon, also the reference or rela. tion of these thoughts to each other, and here with we enter upon the proper and peculiar sphere of instruction in language. IIere the attention is to be fixed upon the separate sentences of the reading lesson, and the pupils must learn to perceive the signification of the pbrases and separate parts of the sentence, their relation to the complete sentence and the ideas and forms of words, etc., thus introduced. Still further, this will lead us to notice classes and families of words, separate words, and the manner of writing them. In this treatment of Instruction in Language in its essential characteristics, I would offer to consideration the following points confirmed by my own experi. ence:

1. Not to direll too long upon the reading of one and the same picce. In general but few lessons are to be given to one selection. Otherwise, besides the danger of losing the interest of the pupil, we also fail of our aim in bringing before the young mind many and varied forms and structures of language-language pictures-and neglect many other things already mentioned. What one is thus olliged to omit in regard to one piece selected for reading, can be introduced in regard to future oncs.

2. In this method of linking instruction in language to a read. ing lesson, it is necessary to keep to some systemutic order of gradual progress. By this I mean that the teacher is not to lay holl indiscriminately of some reading lesson and then speak promiscuously of grammar, orthography, etc.; but that, having fixed upon the subject matter to be taught anl arranged it in the form of a successive scries, he shall, in connection with this selection for reading, take up one or more of these themes according to their order. Whatever is introduced that is new

« ForrigeFortsett »