Under Western Eyes: India from Milton to Macaulay
Duke University Press, 1999 - 267 sider
Spanning nearly two and a half centuries of English literature about India, Under Western Eyes traces the development of an imperial discourse that governed the English view of India well into the twentieth century. Narrating this history from its Reformation beginnings to its Victorian consolidation, Balachandra Rajan tracks this imperial presence through a wide range of literary and ideological sites. In so doing, he explores from a postcolonial vantage point collusions of gender, commerce, and empire--while revealing the tensions, self-deceptions, and conflicts at work within the English imperial design.
Rajan begins with the Portuguese poet Camões, whose poem celebrating Vasco da Gama's passage to India becomes, according to its eighteenth-century English translator, the epic of those who would possess India. He closely examines Milton's treatment of the Orient and Dryden's Aureng-Zebe, the first English literary work on an Indian subject. Texts by Shelley, Southey, Mill, and Macaulay, among others, come under careful scrutiny, as does Hegel's significant impact on English imperial discourse. Comparing the initial English representation of its actions in India (as a matter of commerce, not conquest) and its contemporaneous treatment of Ireland, Rajan exposes contradictions that shed new light on the English construction of a subaltern India.
Giving postcolonial thought a historical dimension, Under Western Eyes also places literary history in new perspective through postcolonial readings. It will interest scholars of cultural history, particularly British imperial history, and those engaged with postcolonial, literary, subaltern, South Asian, and cultural studies.
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The Lusiads and the Asian Reader
Drydens Great Mogul
Hegels India and the Surprise of Sin
Early Women Writers
Southey and The Curse
Shelleys Prometheus Unbound
The Moment and the Minute
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Anglicist argue articulate Asia Aurangzeb Aureng-Zebe become British called Cambridge Camoes Camoes's century characterized civilization claim Clive conquest construction contest cultural Curse Delhi Demogorgon devaluation dominance Dryden East India Company empire England English epic essay Europe European feminization fiction Gama Gama's gender Hastings Hegel heroic Hilarion Hindu Hinduism History of India human Ibid imagination imperial discourse imperialist important Ireland John Milton Jones Kehama language less literary literature London Lusiads Luxima Macaulay Macaulay's ment metaphor Mill Mill's Milton mind Mughal mythology narrative nation nature novel offered Orient Owenson Paradise Lost Passage to India Peacock Throne perception Philosophy poem poem's poetic political Portuguese possible postcolonial preface Prometheus Unbound proposition relationship religion Renaissance resistance rhetoric Robert Southey romantic Sanskrit seeks Shelley Shelley's Southey's statement thought throne tion trans translation tree understanding voice W. B. Yeats West Western writing York