« ForrigeFortsett »
He prohibits the Christians
They are condemned to re-
The Temple and sacred Grove
Neglect and Profanation of
He is worshipped as a Saint
CONTENTS OF VOL. III.
THE RELIGION OF JULIAN.—UNIVERSAL TOLERATION.—HE ATTEMPTS TO RE-
STORE AND REFORM THE PAGAN WORSHIP—TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE OF
JERUSALEM.—HIS ARTFUL PERSECUTION OF THE CHRISTIANS. — MUTUAL
ZEAL AND INJUSTICE.
Religion of Julian . . . .135
351. His Education and Apostasy 136
He embraces the Mythology
of Paganism 138
The Allegories 139
Theological System of Julian 140
Fanaticism of the Philoso-
Initiation and Fanaticism of
His religiouB Dissimulation . 144
He writes against Christianity 145
361. Universal Toleration . . .146
361-363. Zeal and Devotion of
Julian in the Restoration of
Reformation of Paganism . 149
The Philosophers .... 150
The Jews 154
Description of Jerusalem . . 155
363. Julian attempts to rebuild
the Temple 158
The Enterprise is defeated . 159
Perhaps by a preternatural
Partiality of Julian . . .162
RESIDENCE OF JULIAN AT ANTIOCH. — HIS SUCCESSFUL EXPEDITION AGAINST
THE PERSIANS. — PASSAGE OF THE TIGRIS. — THE RETREAT AND DEATH OF
JULIAN. — ELECTION OF JOVIAN. — HE SAVES THE ROMAN ARMY BY A DIS-
The Caesars of Julian . . .179
362. He resolves to march against
the Persians 180
Julian proceeds from Constan-
tinople to Antioch . . . 181
Licentious Manners of the
People of Antioch . . .182
Their Aversion to Julian . 183
Scarcity of Corn and public
Julian composes a Satire
against Antioch .... 185
344-390. The Sophist Libanhis . 185
363. March of Julian to the Eu-
Map Of Western Asia, Showing The Marches Of Julian
And Heraclius Frontispiece.
THE DECLINE AND FALL
The Motives, Progress, And Effects Of The Conversion Of ConstanTine. — Legal Establishment And Constitution Of The Christian Or Catholic Church.
The public establishment of Christianity may be considered as one of those important and domestic revolutions which excite the most lively curiosity, and afford the most valuable instruction. The victories and the civil policy of Constantine no longer influence the state of Europe; but a considerable portion of the globe still retains the impression which it received from the conversion of that monarch; and the ecclesiastical institutions of his reign are still connected, by an indissoluble chain, with the opinions, the passions, and the interests of the present generation.
In the consideration of a subject which may be examined with impartiality, but cannot be viewed with indifference, a diffi- nhe culty immediately arises of a very unexpected nature—that conversion of
« .. , , .iff, • Constantine.
oi ascertaining the real and precise date of the conversion
of Constantine. The eloquent Lactantius, in the midst of *■»• 306.
his court, seems impatient1 to proclaim to the world the glorious
1 The date of the Divine Institutions of Lactantius has been accurately discussed, difficulties have been started, solutions proposed, and an expedient imagined of two original editions—the former published during the persecution of Diocletian, the latter under that of Licinius. See Dufresnoy, Prtefat. p. v. Tillemont, Mom. Eccldsiast. torn. vi. p. 405-470. Lardner's Credibility, part ii. vol. vii. p. 78-86. For my own part, I am almost convinced that Lactantius dedicated his Institutions to the sovereign of Gaul, at a time when Galerius, Maximin, and even Licinius, persecuted the Christians; that is, between the years 306 and 311.
Vol. III. B