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THE

HISTORY

OF

THE DECLINE AND FALL

OF THE

ROMAN EMPIRE.

BY EDWARD GIBBON, ESQ.
WITH NOTES BY DEAN MILMAN AND M. GTJIZOT.

EDITED, WITH ADDITIONAL NOTES,

BY WILLIAM. SMITH, LLD.

IN EIGHT VOLUMES.—Vol. III.
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CONTENTS

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Arians 65

A.D. lVe

Arian Councils 07

Character and Adventures of

Athanasius 69

330. Persecution against Athana-

Bius 71

336. Hi3 first Exile 73

341. His second Exile .... 74

349. His Restoration 76

351. Resentment of Constantius . 77

353-355. Councils of Aries and

Milan 78

355. Condemnation of Athanasius 80

Exiles 81

350. Third Expulsion of Athana-

sius from Alexandria . . 82

His Rehaviour 84

356-302. His Retreat .... 85

Arian Rishops 87

Divisions 87

I. Rome 89

II. Constantinople .... 90

Cruelty of the Arians ... 92

345, &c. The Revolt and Fury of

theDonatistCircumcellions 93

Their religious Suicides . . 95

312-301. General Character of the

Christian Sects ... .06

Toleration of Paganism by

Constantino 97

Ry his Sons 98

CHAPTER XXII.

JULIAN IS DECLARED EMPEROR BY TOE LEGIONS OF GAUL.—HIS MARCH AND

SUCCESS.—THE DEATH OF CONSTANTIUS.—CIVIL ADMINISTRATION OF JULIAN.

The Jealousy of Constantius

against Julian .... 102

Fears and Envy of Constan-

tius 103

360. The Legions of Gaul are or-

dered to march into the

East 103

Their Discontents .... 105

They proclaim Julian Em-

peror 106

His Protestations of Inno-

cence 108

His Embassy to Constan-

tius 109

360, 361. His fourth and fifth Ex-

peditions beyond the Rhine 110

301. Fruitless Treaty and Decla-

ration of War . . . .111

Julian prepares to attack

Constantius 113

His March from the Rhine

into Illyricum .... 114

He justifies his Cause . . . 117

Hostile Preparations . . .118

301. Death of Constantius . . . 119

301. Julian enters Constantinople 120

301. Is acknowledged by the whole

Empire 121

His civil Government and

private Life 121

Reformation of the Palace . 124

Chamber of Justice . . . 126

Punishment of the Innocent

and the Guilty .... 127

Clemency of Julian . . . 128

His Love of Freedom and the

Republic 129

His Care of the Grecian Cities 131

Julian an Orator and a Judge 132

His Character 133

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