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MARRIAGES

Deatus.

PARLIAMENT

HONOURS
The Victoria Clogs
PROMOTIONS

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TRIALS AND LAW CASES.

CHAPTER I.

Universal regret throughout the British Empire at the death of the Prince

Consort ---Effect of this sentiment on political events and party opera-

tions. The Session is opened, on the 6th of February, by Commis-

sion--The Lord Chancellor delivers the Royal Speech - Debates on

the Address to the Throne -- Allusions to the recent national allic-

tion are made in almost all the speeches in both Houses - The

Address is mored in the House of Lords by Lord Dufferin, who

pays an eloquent tribute to Prince Albert's memory, and is seconde

by the Earl of Shelburne~The Earl of Derby pronounces a

brilliant eulogium on the illustrious deceased, and enters at some

length on the American contest and the Trent affair, approving the

policy of neutrality avowed by our Government-He refers also to the

affairs of Mexico and of Morocco, and to the Revised Code of Educa-

tion -- Earl Granville, on behalf of the Government, acknowledges the

candour and fairness of Lord Derby's remarks--He announces are

early day for the discussion of the Revised Code and responds to the

panegyric on the Prince Consort - Earl Russell concurs in the genera

expressions upon the latter subject, and enters at some length upo

American offairs. After a few words from Lord Kingsdown, 1)

Address is agreed to nem. - In the House of Commons 17

Address is moved by Mr. Portman and seconded by Mr. Wester

Wood - The loss of the Prince Consort, the Trent affair and America

war, and the Revised Code of Education form the chief topics

remark - Speech of Mr. Disraeli - Declaration of Lord Palmerston

regard to our policy towards the United States --Mr. Maguire in

VOL. CIV.

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duces the topic of distress in IrelandSir Robert Peel, Secretary for Ireland, controverts his statement, and an animated discussion ensues - The Aditress is agreed to without a division. PROCEDURE OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS— Mr. White proposes a resolution in favour of a more methodical regulation of public business in the House — Sir George Grey, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Disraeli, Sir George Lewis, and Lord Palmerston take part in the discussion, which terminates without result. NATIONAL EDUCATION. THE REVISED Code. In the House of Lords, Earl Granville, on the 13th of February, makes a full statement of the grounds on which the recent Minutes had been foundedHis speech - Remarks of the Earl of Derby--Further discussion of the subject deferred --On the same day, Mr. Lowe gives a similar explanation of the New Code in the House of Commons, and vindicates the measures of the Committee of Council --Speeches of Mr. Disraeli, Sir John Pakington and other membersThe Bishop of Oxford, on the 1th of March, makes a secere assault upon the Revised C'ode in the House of Lords He is answered by Earl GranrilleRemarks of the Duke of Marlborough, the Earl of Derby, the Duke of Argyll and other peers- A fere days later, Lord Lyttleton move's a series of resolutions, inculpatory of the nero systemEarl Gran. rille vindicates the course taken by the Government Lord St. Leonards also censures the Amended Minutes in some respects Remarks of the Bishop of London and of Earl Granville.

a great public attlietion fell bute which the British people paid upon the nation, which cast to Prince Albert, though not less a deep gloom over the prospects cordial, was different in its chaof the succeeding year. The racter. Gratitude for the great sudden removal of the Prince services which he had rendered Consort from the sphere of ex: to the nation, for the noble exalted dignity and usefulness, ample he had held forth, and which he had so admirably filled, the salutary influence he had arvused a feeling of sorrow, which, exercised in his exalted sta. in the universality of its extent tion, almiration of the remarkand in its genuine sincerity, has able talents and accomplishments scarcely ever been surpassed. which he had displayed, and The grief which a preceding ge. respect for the wise abstinence neration had evinced at the with which he had kept clear of death of the lamented Princess party contlicts and of undue interCharlotte, though perhaps in an ference with the affairs of State ;equal degree national, was some. these sentiments were deeply what ditterent in its character, felt, and cordially acknowledged blended as it was with those at public meetings, and in adsentiments of sympathy and dresses of condolence from every compassion, which

were ex part of the United Kingdom. cited by the fate of a young But mingled with and enhancand beautiful Princess, snatched ing the universal regret for the away at the most interesting deceased Prince, a loyal and

en

duces the topic of distress in Ireland --Sir Robert Peel, Secretary affectionate sympathy with their was anticipated in Parliament. Ireland, controverts his statement, and an animated discussion enna

bereaved Queen, a deep sorrow The progress of the Civil War ---The Address is agreed to wilhout a division. PROCEDURE OF TH

for the wreck of domestic happi- in America was regarded in this HOUSE OF COMMONS-Mr. White proposes a resolution in facour •

ness, and for the loss of that country with the most anxious a more methodical regulation of public business in the House for support which had lightened the interest, which was further inGeorge Grey, Mr. Walpole , Mr. Disraeli, Sir George Lewis

, aut

cares and divided the burthens creased towards the close of Lord Palmerston take part in the discussion, which terminates with

of Sovereignty, were felt with the year 1860, by the prospect, result. NationAL EDUCATION. THE REVISED CODE. In

the weight of a private calamity which at one time seemed imHouse of Lords, Earl Granville, on the 13th of February, makes a fi

by all classes of the community. minent, of a rupture in the statement of the grounds on which the recent Minutes had leta

Not only the inhabitants of these friendly relations of the two founded---His speech - Remarks of the Earl of Derby - Further ex

islands, but the distant Colonies Powers, in consequence of the cussion of the subject deferred-On the same day, Mr. Lowe gicet .

and dependencies of the Crown, seizure of the Southern similar explanation of the New Code in the House of Commore, the

as well as the citizens of the voys, Messrs. Mason and Slidell, vindicates the measures of the Committee of Council-Speeches of Ni

Great Republic on the other side on board the British steamboat, Disraeli, Sir John Pakington and other members--- The Biskop

of the Atlantic, who at this moment the Trent, of which an account Oxford, on the 4th of March, makes a severe assault upon the Rerint

felt the sympathy of a common has been given in another part of Code in the House of Lords --He is answered by Earl Grancik

origin with her own subjects, this work. Happily the counsels

were alike penetrated with a of moderation and justice preRemarks of the Duke of Marlborough, the Earl of Derby, the Dai

sense of the irreparable bereave- vailed at Washington, the conof Argyll and other peers-A few days later, Lord Lyttleton mies

ment which had reduced the cession which our Ministers dea series of resolutions, inculpatory of the new system--Earl Gror

occupant of a Throne to the manded was made, and the ville vindicates the course taken by the Government Lord &

deepest affliction. Among her immediate danger of war passed Leonards also censures the Amended Minutes in some respecto

subjects at home, all other in- away. Still, in various ways, Remarks of the Bishop of London and of Earl Granville.

terests were for a time over and especially in its paralysing

shadowed by this great calamity. influence on our cotton-manuUST before the close of 1860, crisis of a woman's life. The tri

The pursuits of pleasure and factures, the effects of this lamenta great public affliction fell bute which the British people paid gaiety were suspended, the anti- able civil war were painfully felt

the nation, which cast to Prince Albert, though not less cipations of the great event on this side of the Atlantic; and upon a deep gloom over the prospects cordial, was different in its cha

of the ensuing year—the Inter- an earnest desire was felt to see of the succeeding year. The racter. Gratitude for the grea: national Exhibition-were chilled it terminated by any endeavours

and clouded. Even the interest sudden removal of the Prince services which he had renderei

on our part, consistent with diConsort from the sphere of ex to the nation, for the noble ex of political controversies, and of plomatic usage and international alted dignity and usefulness, ample he had held forth, and those party struggles into which law. Happily, much confidence which he had so admirably filled, the salutary influence he had Englishmen usually enter with was reposed in the discretion of aroused a feeling of sorrow, which, exercised in his exalted sta

so keen a zest, was now disre. Lord Palmerston's Cabinet, and

garded, and a general desire in their competency to deal with in the universality of its extent tion, admiration of the remarkand in its genuine sincerity, has able talents and accomplishments

was expressed, that the forth- the delicate questions in which

coming Session of Parliament the progress of the American scarcely ever been surpassed. which he had displayed, and

should be a short and quiet one, contest had involved us. The grief which a preceding ge- respect for the wise abstinence

At the

and that all parties should ab- same time, the discussions which neration had evinced at the with which he had kept clear of

stain from any operations calcu- these affairs were likely to occadeath of the lamented Princess party conflicts and of undue inter

lated to afford disquiet to the sion, on the assembling of ParCharlotte, though perhaps in an ference with the affairs of State ;

Queen's mind, or to disturb the liament, were anticipated with equal degree national, was some. these sentiments were deeply

mournful privacy of her seclu- much interest. what different in its character, felt, and cordially acknowledged

sion.

The only domestic subject on at public meetings, and in adblended as it was with those

Previously to this sad event, which any excitement prevailed sentiments of sympathy and dresses of condolence from every

there were two subjects which was, that of National Education ex part of the United Kingdom.

had caused considerable excite- the alterations recently introduce cited by the fate of a young But mingled with and enhanc

ment in the public mind, and in the conditions of the publi and beautiful Princess, snatched ing the universal regret for the

upon which much discussion grants in aid of schools by the M

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compassion, which

away at the most interesting deceased Prince, a loyal and

nutes of the Committee of the Majesty is persuaded that you Privy Council, having given rise to will deeply participate in the much difference of opinion. An affliction by which Her Majesty agitation of some weight had been has been overwhelmed by the raised by the opponents of the calamitous, untimely, and irrepar. new Cole, and its principles able loss of her beloved Consort, underwent a keen discussion at who has been her comfort and various public meetings, in the support. course of the autumn and winter. " It has been, however, soothIt was understood that a strong ing to Her Majesty, while sufferanpeal woull be made to Parlia- ing most acutely under this awful ment against the decision of the dispensation of Providence, to Executive on this important sub- receive from all classes of her ject.

subjects the most cordial a-surWith the exception of the ances of their sympathy with her cotton-manufacture, which had sorrow, as well as of their apprebegun to be seriously affected by ciation of the noble character of the want of the raw materiai, him, the greatness of whose loss consequent on the American war, to Her Majesty and to the nation the commercial, as well as is so justly and so universally felt agricultural interests of the and lamented. coimtry were for the most part * We are commanded by Her in a sound and prosperous cou. Majesty to assure you that she dition, when the proceedings recurs with confidence to your of the Legislature were opened assistance and advice. by Commission, on the oth * Her Majesty's relations with of February. The melancholy all the European Powers conevent before referred to, cast tinue to be friendly and satisa painful gloom over the cere. factory; and Her Majesty trusts monial. The loss which the there is no reason to apprehend Sovereign and the nation had so any disturbance of the peace of lately sustained, was uppermost Europe. in the thoughts of all, and imputed "A question of great importto the proceedings a tinge of ance, and which might have sadness, in sympathy, with the led to very serious consequences, universal feelings of the people. arose between Her Majesty and The first debate of the Session the Government of the United gave evidence of the engross. States of North America, owing ing topic which filled all men's to the seizure and foreible rethoughts; nearly all the speeches moval of four passengers from on that were made, containing some board a Briti-h mail pachet, ly references to it. The Royal Speech the commander of a slip of war commenced with the same sub- of the United States; but that ject; the Lord Chancellor, ad. question has been satisfuctorily Dressing the two Houses in Her seulded by the re-toration of the Jajesty's name, in the following passengers to British protection, terms:-

and by the disavowal by the * My Lords and Gentlemen, United States Government of

* We are cominanded by Hier the act of violence committed by Majeady to assure you that Her their naval officer.

England.]

HISTORY. nutes of the Committee of the Majesty is persuaded that's Privy Council, having given rise to will deeply participate in it

“ The friendly relations be- the risk of a renewal of hostilities much difference of opinion. An afliction by which Her Maja

tween Her Majesty and the Pre- with that Power. That convenagitation of some weight had been has been overwhelmed by

sident of the United States, have tion, and papers connected with raised by the opponents of the calamitous, untimely, and irrer :

therefore remained unimpaired. it, will be laid before you. new Code, and its principles able loss of her beloved Condi.

Her Majesty warmly appreunderwent a keen discussion at who has been her comfort &

ciates the loyalty and patriotic

Gentlemen of the House of various public meetings, in the support.

spirit which have been manifested Commonscourse of the autumn and winter. • It has been, however, sowie

on this occasion by her North “ Her Majesty commands us to It was understood that a strong ing to Her Majesty, while suf

American subjects.

inform you that she has directed appeal would be made to Parlia. ing most acutely under this aut

“ The wrongs committed by the Estimates for the ensuing ment against the decision of the dispensation of Providence,

various parties and by successive year to be laid before you. They Executive on this important sub- receive from all classes of ba

Governments in Mexico upon have been framed with a due re

foreigners resident within the gard to prudent economy and to ject. subjects the most cordial ast

Mexican territory, and for which the efficiency of the public serWith the exception of the ances of their sympathy with the

no satisfactory redress could be vice. cotton-manufacture, which had sorrow, as well as of their apir.

obtained, have led to the conclubegun to be seriously affected by - ciation of the noble character

sion of a convention between Her

"My Lords and Gentlemen,-the want of the raw material, him, the greatness of whose lux

Majesty, the Emperor of the “Her Majesty commands us to consequent on the American war, to Her Majesty and to the natio

French, and the Queen of Spain, inform you that measures for the the commercial, as well as is so justly and so universally fel

for the purpose of regulating á improvement of the law will be agricultural interests of the and lamented.

combined operation on the coast laid before you, and among them country were for the most part “We are commanded by Fic:

of Mexico, with a view to obtain will be a Bill for rendering the in a sound and prosperous cou. Majesty to assure you that she

that redress which has bitherto title to land more simple and its dition, when the proceedings recurs with confidence to your

been withheld.

transfer more easy. of the Legislature were opened assistance and advice.

" That convention, and papers “Other measures of public useby Commission, on the 6th "Her Majesty's relations with

relating to that subject, will be fulness relating to Great Britain of February. The melancholy all the European Powers cou

laid before you.

and to Ireland will be submitted event before referred to, cast tinue to be friendly and satis

“The improvement which has for your consideration. a painful gloon over the cere. factory; and Her Majesty trusis

taken place in the relations be Her Majesty regrets that in monial. The loss which the there is no reason to apprehend

tween Her Majesty's Government some parts of the United KingSovereign and the nation had so any disturbance of the peace of

and that of the Emperor of China, dom, and in certain branches of lately sustained, was uppermost Europe.

and the good faith with which the industry, temporary causes have “A question of great import Chinese Government have con produced considerable pressure in the thoughts of all, and imputed to the proceedings a tinge of ance, and which might have

tinued to fulfil the engagements and privation; but Her Majesty sadness, in sympathy, with the led to very serious consequences

,

of the Treaty of Tien-tsin, have has reason to believe that the ge. universal feelings of the people. arose between Her Majesty and

enabled Her Majesty to withdraw neral condition of the country is The first debate of the Session the Government of the United

her troops from the city of Can- sound and satisfactory,

ton, and to reduce the amount of gave evidence of the engross. States of North America, owing

Her Majesty confidently com

her force on the coast and in the mends the general interests of ing topic which filled all men's to the seizure and forcible re

seas of China. thoughts; nearly all the speeches moval of four passengers from on

the nation to your wisdom and

"Her Majesty, always anxious your care; and she fervently that were made, containing some board a British mail-packet, by

to exert her influence for the pre- prays that the blessing of Alreferences to it. The Royal Speech the commander of a ship of war

servation of peace, has concluded mighty God may attend your de. commenced with the same sub- of the United States; but that

a convention with the Sultan of liberations, and may guide them ject; the Lord Chancellor, ad question has been satisfactorily

Morocco, by means of which the to the promotion of the welfare dressing the two Houses in Her settled by the restoration of the

Sultan has been enabled to raise and happiness of her people.” Majesty's name, in the following passengers to British protection, and by the disavowal by the

the amount necessary for the fulterms: United States' Government of filment of certain treaty engage:

In the House of Lords the Ad

ments which he had contracted dress was moved by Lord DufWe are commanded by Her the act of violence committed by

towards Spain, and thus to avoid ferin, who gave precedence to the

"My Lords and Gentlemen,

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Majesty to assure you that Her their naval officer.

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