« ForrigeFortsett »
FOR THE YEAR
HISTORY OF EUROPE.
Universal regret throughout the British Empire at the death of the Prince
Consort-Effect of this sentiment on political events and party operations. The Session is opened, on the 6th of February, by Commission—The Lord Chancellor delivers the Royal Speech-Debates on the Address to the Throne -- Allusions to the recent national affliction are made in almost all the speeches in both Houses — The Address is moved in the House of Lords by Lord Dufferin, who pays an eloquent tribute to Prince Albert's memory, and is seconded by the Earl of Shelburne- The Earl of Derby pronounces a brilliant eulogium on the illustrious deceased, and enters at some length on the American contest and the Trent affair, approving the policy of neutrality avowed by our Government-He refers also to the affairs of Mexico and of Morocco, and to the Revised Code of Education - Earl Granville, on behalf of the Government, acknowledges the candour and fairness of Lord Derby's remarks--He announces an early day for the discussion of the Revised Code and responds to the panegyric on the Prince Consort - Earl Russell concurs in the general expressions upon the latter subject, and enters at some length upon American affairs. After a few words from Lord Kingsdown, the Address is agreed to nem. con.—In the House of Commons the Address is mored by Mr. Portman and seconded by Mr. Western Wood-The loss of the Prince Consort, the Trent affair and American war, and the Revised Code of Education form the chief topics of remark-Speech of Mr. Disraeli-Declaration of Lord Palmerston in
regard to our policy towards the Uniled States-Mr. Maguire introVOL. CIV.
duces the topic of distress in Ireland-Sir Robert Peel, Secretary for Ireland, controverts his statement, and an animated discussion ensues - The Address is agreed to without a division. PROCEDURE OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS— Mr. White proposes a resolution in favour of a more methodical regulation of public business in the House - Sir George Grey, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Disraeli, Sir George Lewis, and Lord Palmerston take part in the discussion, which terminates withoud result. NatioNAL EDUCATION. THE REVISED CODE. In the House of Lords, Earl Granville, on the 13th of February, makes a full statement of the grounds on which the recent Minutes had been founded-His speech - Remarks of the Earl of Derby-Further discussion of the subject deferred-On the same day, Mr. Lowe gives a similar explanation of the Nero Code in the House of Commons, and vindicates the measures of the Committee of Council-Speeches of Mr. Disraeli, Sir John Pakington and other members—The Bishop of Oxford, on the 4th of March, makes a severe assault upon the Revised Code in the House of Lords - He is answered by Earl Granville -Remarks of the Duke of Marlborough, the Earl of Derby, the Duke of Argyll and other peers- A few days later, Lord Lyttleton moves a series of resolutions, inculpatory of the new system-Earl Gran. ville vindicates the course taken by the Government - Lord St. Leonards also censures the Amended Minutes in some respects Remarks of the Bishop of London and of Earl Granville.
JUST before the close of 1860, crisis of a woman's life. The triJ a great public affliction fell bute which the British people paid upon the nation, which cast to Prince Albert, though not less a deep gloom over the prospects cordial, was different in its chaof the succeeding year. The racter. Gratitude for the great sudden removal of the Prince services which he had rendered Consort from the sphere of ex- to the nation, for the noble exalted dignity and usefulness, ample he had held forth, and which he had so admirably filled, the salutary influence he had aroused a feeling of sorrow, which, exercised in his exalted sta. in the universality of its extent tion, admiration of the remark. and in its genuine sincerity, has able talents and accomplishments scarcely ever been surpassed. which he had displayed, and The grief which a preceding ge. respect for the wise abstinence neration had evinced at the with which he had kept clear of death of the lamented Princess party conflicts and of undue interCharlotte, though perhaps in an ference with the affairs of State ;equal degree national, was some these sentiments were deeply what ditierent in its character, felt, and cordially acknowledged blended as it was with those at public meetings, and in adsentiments of sympathy and dresses of condolence from every compassion, which were ex part of the United Kingdom. cited by the fate of a young But mingled with and enhancand beautiful Princess, snatched ing the universal regret for the away at the most interesting deceased Prince, a loyal and
affectionate sympathy with their was anticipated in Parliament. bereaved Queen, a deep sorrow The progress of the Civil War for the wreck of domestic happi. in America was regarded in this ness, and for the loss of that country with the most anxious support which had lightened the interest, which was further incares and divided , the burthens creased towards the close of of Sovereignty, were felt with the year 1860, by the prospect, the weight of a private calamity which at one time seemed imby all classes of the community. minent, of a rupture in the Not only the inhabitants of these friendly relations of the two islands, but the distant Colonies Powers, in consequence of the and dependencies of the Crown, seizure of the Southern enas well as the citizens of the voys, Messrs. Mason and Slidell, Great Republic on the other side on board the British steamboat, of the Atlantic, who at this moment the Trent, of which an account felt the sympathy of a common has been given in another part of origin with her own subjects, this work. Happily the counsels were alike penetrated with a of moderation and justice presense of the irreparable bereave- vailed at Washiugton, the conment which had reduced the cession which our Ministers deoccupant of a Throne to the manded was made, and the deepest affliction. Among her immediate danger of war passed subjects at home, all other in away. Still, in various ways, terests were for a time over and especially in its paralysing shadowed by this great calamity. influence on our cotton-manuThe pursuits of pleasure and factures, the effects of this lamentgaiety were suspended, the anti- able civil war were painfully felt cipations of the great event on this side of the Atlantic; and of the ensuing year the Inter- an earnest desire was felt to see national Exhibition-were chilled it terminated by any endeavours and clouded. Even the interest on our part, consistent with diof political controversies, and of plomatic usage and international those party struggles into which law. Happily, much confidence Englishmen usually enter with was reposed in the discretion of so keen a zest, was now disre. Lord Palmerston's Cabinet, and garded, and a general desire in their competency to deal with was expressed, that the forth- the delicate questions in which coming Session of Parliament the progress of the American should be a short and quiet one, contest had involved us. At the and that all parties should ab- same time, the discussions which stain from any operations calcu- these affairs were likely to occalated to afford disquiet to the sion, on the assembling of ParQueen's mind, or to disturb the liament, were anticipated with mournful privacy of her seclu- much interest. sion.
The only domestic subject on Previously to this sad event, which any excitement prevailed there were two subjects which was, that of National Education : had caused considerable excite- the alterations recently introduced ment in the public mind, and in the conditions of the public upon which much discussion grants in aid of schools by the Mi
nutes of the Committee of the Majesty is persuaded that you Privy Council, having given rise to will deeply participate in the much difference of opinion. An affliction by which Her Majesty agitation of some weight had been has been overwhelmed by the raised by the opponents of the calamitous, untimely, and irreparnew Code, and its principles able loss of her beloved Consort, underwent a keen discussion at who has been her comfort and Various public meetings, in the support. course of the autumn and winter. “ It has been, however, soothIt was understood that a strong ing to Her Majesty, while sufferappeal would he made to Parlia- ing most acutely under this awful ment against the decision of the dispensation of Providence, to Executive on this important sub- receive from all classes of her ject.
subjects the most cordial assur. With the exception of the ances of their sympathy with her cotton-manufacture, which had sorrow, as well as of their apprebegun to be seriously affected by ciation of the noble character of the want of the raw material, him, the greatness of whose loss consequent on the American war, to Her Majesty and to the nation the commercial, as well as is so justly and so universally felt agricultural interests of the and lamented. country were for the most part “We are commanded by Her in a sound and prosperous cou. Majesty to assure you that she dition, when the proceedings recurs with confidence to your of the Legislature were opened assistance and advice. by Commission, on the 6th “Her Majesty's relations with of February. The melancholy all the European Powers conevent before referred to, cast tinue to be friendly and satisa painful gloom over the cere. factory; and Her Majesty trusts monial. The loss which the there is no reason to apprehend Sovereign and the nation had so any disturbance of the peace of lately sustained, was uppermost Europe. in the thoughts of all, and imputed “A question of great importto the proceedings a tinge of ance, and which might have sadness, in sympathy, with the led to very serious consequences, universal feelings of the people. arose between Her Majesty and The first debate of the Session the Government of the United gave evidence of the engross. States of North America, owing ing topic wbich filled all men's to the seizure and forcible rethoughts; nearly all the speeches moval of four passengers from on that were made, containing some board a British mail-packet, by references to it. The Royal Speech the commander of a ship of war commenced with the same sub- of the United States; but that ject; the Lord Chancellor, ad question has been satisfactorily dressing the two Houses in Her settled by the restoration of the Majesty's name, in the following passengers to British protection, terms:
and by the disavowal by the "My Lords and Gentlemen, United States' Government of
** We are commanded by Her the act of violence committed by Majesty to assure you that Her their naval officer.
“ The friendly relations be- the risk of a renewal of hostilities tween Her Majesty and the Pre- with that Power. That conven. sident of the United States, have tion, and papers connected with therefore remained unimpaired. it, will be laid before you.
“Her Majesty warnıly appreciates the loyalty and patriotic “Gentlemen of the House of spirit which have been manifested Commons,— on this occasion by her North “ Her Majesty commands us to American subjects.
inform you that she has directed “The wrongs committed by the Estimates for the ensuing various parties and by successive year to be laid before you. They Governments in Mexico upon have been framed with a due reforeigners resident within the gard to prudent economy and to Mexican territory, and for which the efficiency of the public serno satisfactory redress could be vice. obtained, have led to the conclusion of a convention between Her "My Lords and Gentlemen, Majesty, the Emperor of the “Her Majesty commands us to French, and the Queen of Spain, inform you that measures for the for the purpose of regulating a improvement of the law will be combined operation on the coast laid before you, and among them of Mexico, with a view to obtain will be a Bill for rendering the that redress which has hitherto title to land more simple and its been withheld.
transfer more easy. "That convention, and papers “Other measures of public userelating to that subject, will be fulness relating to Great Britain laid before you.
and to Ireland will be submitted “ The improvement which has for your consideration. taken place in the relations be- “Her Majesty regrets that in tween Her Majesty's Government some parts of the United Kingand that of the Emperor of China, dom, and in certain branches of and the good faith with which the industry, temporary causes have Chinese Government have con- produced considerable pressure tinued to fulfil the engagements and privation ; but Her Majesty of the Treaty of Tien-tsin, have has reason to believe that the ge. enabled Her Majesty to withdraw neral condition of the country is her troops from the city of Can- sound and satisfactory. ton, and to reduce the amount of “Her Majesty confidently comher force on the coast and in the mends the general interests of seas of China.
the nation to your wisdom and "Her Majesty, always anxious your care; and she fervently to exert her influence for the pre- prays that the blessing of Alservation of peace, has concluded mighty God may attend your dea convention with the Sultan of liberations, and may guide them Morocco, by means of which the to the promotion of the welfare Sultan has been enabled to raise and happiness of her people." the amount necessary for the fulfilment of certain treaty engage. In the House of Lords the Adments which he had contracted dress was moved by Lord Duftowards Spain, and thus to avoid ferin, who gave precedence to the