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melancholy subject with which Mr. Seward's answer arrived, and the Queen's Speech commenced, prepared as we were for war, cerand spoke of the Prince in tain as success would have been, terms of affectionate regret, as great as were the advantages of one who, though occupying & breaking the blockade, every man position in its very nature in- rejoiced that war had been avoid. compatible with all personal ed. As to Mr. Seward's despatch, pre-eminence, alike denied the it was not for him to look a gift achievement of warlike renown horse in the mouth. Our deand political distinction, had mand for the surrender of the succeeded in winning for him- Commissioners had been comself an amount of considera plied with, and that was enough. tion and confidence seldom at. The Earl of Shelburne, in setained by the most distinguished conding the Address, after paying of mankind. Lord Dufferin then his tribute to the memory of the entered upon the consideration illustrious dead, reverted to the of the American question, and American question, of which he commended the promptitude of hoped for a speedy solution, Government in taking up and which would tend to the re-estamaintaining a position of the blishment of the United States strictest neutrality. Unfortu- as a great, powerful, and free nately, however, the Northern nation. He could not conclude States had taken a most mistaken without adverting to the course view of our sentiments, and be pursued during the recent negocause we refused to look upon a tiations by the Emperor of the lerée en masse of the South as a French, who had given this countransient disaffection, we were try great moral support by the accused of supporting slavery, an straightforward expression of his institution which is, and always opinion. will be, regarded with abhorrence The Earl of Derby then spoke. by the English people. To our His Lordship, in adverting to the commerce, the injury done by the main topic of the Address, exdisruption was, of course, great; pressed his conviction that deep but we nevertheless were deter and earnest as was the national mined to wait patiently for what sense of the loss we had sustained, ever solution Providence might the country was as yet unable decree. The news of the seizure to do full justice to the Prince's of the Southern Commission. memory. Comparatively few perers had come upon us like a sons had enjoyed the advantages thunderbolt, and for a long time of a personal acquaintance, but the chance of war or peace trem- only such were able to estimate bled in the balance. The people at their proper value the powers of England, after calmly discuss. and cultivation of his mind, and ing the right or wrong of the the unremitting personal attencase, came to the unbiassed con- tion he bestowed on all that clusion that right was on their tended to promote the happiness, side, and the approval of the domestic comfort, and mental ire nation went with her Ma and moral welfare of every class 's Government in their de- of her Majesty's subjects. Lord I for reparation. At length Derby then expressed his cordial approval of the policy of neu. He considered the conduct of trality adopted by the Govern- this country, our North American ment towards the conflicting provinces, and the Emperor of Powers in America. That policy the French, with reference to the had been strictly adhered to. If Trent affair, to have been equally there had been any deviation creditable; but he regretted that whatever from it, it had been in he could not say as much with favour of the Northern States, regard to that of the Federal Gowho, by virtue of the South being vernment in general, and of Mr. recognized by us as belligerents, Seward in particular. Instead of had acquired rights which, unless a frank, manly, and immediate belligerents, they could not have reparation, Mr. Seward, although claimed. We had tolerated a convinced, long ere the close of blockade, the efficiency of which the negotiations, of the injustice was very doubtful, and which of the seizure, had still subjected could have been removed at once the Commissioners to the rigours by the intervention of this coun- of imprisonment, and finally only try. This blockade, however, surrendered them on a demand could not have occurred more backed by force. Briefly advertopportunely than at the present ing to the remaining topics of the time, when the foreign market Speech, Lord Derby expressed was so thoroughly glutted with his approval of the intervention our cotton manufactures, that a in Mexico, although he should cessation of work to a great ex- be glad of an assurance from the tent would have probably been Government that no operations necessary without it. Great credit of a more extended character was due, however, to the working were contemplated by our two classes of the manufacturing dis- allies. With regard to Morocco, tricts for the patience and modera- he admitted that the Convention, tion they had displayed under the though peculiar in character, had trying circumstances in which they been justified by the circumstanwere placed by the adoption of ces of the case. He hoped, how“ short time." While thus approv- ever, to hear that Spain had no ing of the policy of Government intention of any permanent ocup to the present, he thought the cupation of the Moorish coast. time was near at hand when they In conclusion, he briefly referred would have to consider the expe- to the Revised Code, many of diency of recognizing the so far the provisions of which he hoped successful revolt of the Seceded would be withdrawn. States. "At all events, he hoped Earl Granville thanked Lord Government would lose no time Derby for his candid and patriotic in satisfying the country on one speech. The Revised Code, he most important point-the effi- stated, would be gone into very ciency or non-efficiency of the shortly, when he proposed to blockade. One great result of make a statement on the subject. recent events was, that the delu- The consideration of the Mexican sion into which people fell, who question, he thought, had better imagined that Canada was eager be deferred, in order to give their for annexation to the United Lordships time to read the papers States, was dismissed for ever. on the subject which had been laid before them. After acknow Lord Kingsdown wound up ledging the friendship, both to- the debate with a few observawards this country and America, tions on the tone of Mr. Seward's of the course pursued by the despatch, which left the impres. Emperor of the French in the sion on his mind that the ques. affair of the Trent, Lord Gran- tion had been anything but satisville expressed his unfeigned factorily settled. Not a single satisfaction at the preservation word of apology could be found of peace. Whatever might hap- in the despatch of Mr. Seward; pen hereafter, neutrality was the on the contrary, Mr. Seward disone course in which the Govern- tinctly declared that the capture ment would be supported by both of Messrs. Slidell and Mason was Parliament and people as long as thoroughly justified by law and affairs remained in their present practice ; and he added that, position. In conclusion, Lord whether justified or not, whether Granville added his testimony right or wrong, if it had been for to the memory of the lamented the interest of the American Go. Prince Consort; and, after a few vernment to detain the prisoners, words from Lord Lyttelton, on they would have kept them in the subject of the Revised Code, defiance of England.
Earl Russell addressed their In the House of Commons the lordships. He commenced by Address was moved by Mr. Portattributing to the impartiality man, who, in calling attention displayed by the late Prince to the principal topics of the Consort in viewing political af. Speech, noticed some of the leadfairs, the happy absence of ing features of the late Prince bitterness between the great Consort's character, and the political parties which had pre- sympathy manifested by all vailed for the last twenty years, classes of the people in the irreand expressed his firm belief parable loss sustained by Her that the country still reaped Majesty. He commended in the benefit of the good counsel warm terms the prompt and given by the Prince during those vigorous measures adopted by years. He hoped that the our Government in the affair of question of the blockade would the Trent, and the readiness not be gone into until the pro. evinced by the Emperor of the duction of further papers. Al French to concur in their views he would then say was, that the on the subject of the outrage. blockade had been regularly en. With reference to the joint exforced, but he thought that as pedition to Mexico, he expressed the capability of the Northern his conviction that it had no other States to accomplish the task end in view than the redress of they had undertaken would soon flagrant acts of injustice and spobe put to the proof, it would be liation, and grievances long enfar better that they should be dured. After touching lightly convinced of the inutility of their upon other portions of the Speech, efforts, and recognize the South he concluded by moving an Adthrough failure of their own dress which echoed the several strength, than in consequence of paragraphs, departing from the ny foreign intervention. usual course by adding a para
graph of condolence with Her conclusion, he pronounced a Majesty in her late bereavement. warm panegyric upon the cha
Mr. Western Wood, the newly- racter of the late Prince Conelected member for the City of sort, a man superior to his age, London, seconded the motion, who, he observed, was not only passing in review the leading eminent for the fulfilment of his topics of the Royal Speech, par- duties, but of the highest duties, ticularly the affair of the Trent, and under the most difficult cirthe adjustment of which he re- cumstances. ferred to with great satisfaction, Lord Palmerston said he reand the intervention in Mexico. joiced, and the country would
Mr. Disraeli said he thought rejoice, that the Address would the Speech delivered by the be unanimously adopted by the Lords Commissioners, as re- House. With regard to the affair garded both our domestic and of the Trent, the measures taken our foreign relations, must be by the Government were those satisfactory to the House. He which prudence prescribed; they took the earliest opportunity of were equal to the occasion, and expressing his acknowledginent not greater than it required. In of the wisdom and prudence of the conflict going on in America the policy of the Government to Her Majesty's Government had wards the States of America, - observed, as Mr. Disraeli had adthe policy of neutrality,- which mitted, a position of strict neuhe believed had been sincerely trality, and from that position it adopted and sincerely practised. was not their intention to depart. In dealing with the Government The Convention would show that of the United States we ought, in the expedition to America, in his opinion, to extend to its England was no party to any pro. acts, in existing circumstances, a ject of interference in the internal generous and liberal construction. affairs of the country, but that it On the other hand, the Govern- was confined to the object of obment of the United States should taining redress for injuries sus. not take a perverse view of the tained. What was desired was, conduct of this country. He the establishment in Mexico of thought the House had a right some form of government that to expect the fullest information would do justice to foreigners respecting the blockade of the and give protection to commerce. Southern ports of America, and He differed from Mr. Disraeli in he pressed upon the House and regard to the Morocco loan, and the country that the expedition advised the House to wait until to Mexico was a subject which it saw the Convention with the required the most anxious con- Sultan. He concurred in the sideration. Adverting to the sentiments he had expressed on Morocco loan, he was of opinion the character of the late Prince that it would have been better Consort-a character, he said, for the Government to give a which combined the most emi. formal guarantee than to connect nent qualities in a degree seldom the country with this transaction equalled. in a way that might involve the Mr. Maguire, objected to the Gorernment in difficulty. In words “sound and satisfactory”
in the Address, as inapplicable to irreparable loss sustained by my. the existing state of Ireland. He self and the country, in the descanted on the severe distress afflicting dispensation of Provi. now prevailing in the western dence which bows me to the parts of that country, and said earth." the policy of the Irish Govern- A few days after the comment seemed be to ignore that mencement of the Session, an distress. He did not ask alms attempt was made by Mr. White, from England, but he thought M.P. for Brighton, to induce the the Government might do much House of Commons to adopt an good by coming forward with aid alteration in its procedure, by to the languishing railway pro- setting apart one night in each jects in Ireland, in accordance week for the consideration of the with the policy advocated by the Estimates, and not allowing any late Lord George Bentinck. motions, on going into Committee
Sir R. Peel, without question of Supply, to interfere with that ing Mr. Maguire's honesty of business. Mr. White said his purpose, said he was in posses. great object was to introduce sion of facts which completely re- some approximation to certainty futed the statement he had made in the order of public business. He admitted the existence of He pointed out, by adducing partial distress, owing to the many instances, how perpetually failure of fuel and of the potato the proceedings upon the Esticrop; but the landed proprietors mates had been interrupted and had relieved its pressure, and he postponed by the interposition of was sorry to say that attempts motions upon an infinite variety had been made to set the people of subjects. In the Session of against their landlords, and to 1860 there had been no less than raise a cry of famine, though the 157 motions on going into Compeople had not taken up the cry. mittee of Supply. The effect was, He rejoiced that the industrious that the discussion of the finanpopulation of Ireland would have cial acts of the Government was learned a salutary lesson, and hampered and made ineffectual. a spirit of self-reliance, which Mr. W. Ewart seconded the would tend to eradicate that motion. undue dependence upon extra. Sir George Grey approved neous aid which only demoralized generally of the objects of the them.
resolution, but was not satisfied A warm discussion on the sub- with its form. He suggested ject of Irish distress, in which an amended regulation, which, if Mr. Scully also took part, ter- it met with the approval of the minated the debate, and the Ad. House, he would propose for dress was unanimously agreed to, adoption at a future opportunity.
Her Majesty's answer to the Mr. Paul opposed the resoluAddress was in these terms :- tion as an interference with the
" I return you my most sincere privileges of private members. thanks for your dutiful and affec. Wr. Williams gave it his support. tionate Address, especially for the Mr. Walpole opposed the remanner in which you have as- solution. The only gain would sured me of your feelings on the be increased regularity in the