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to provide for her own security agiinst invasion—Re-nark4 of Mr. A. Mills

ana Mr. Roebuck—Sir George Lewi* states the views of the Government^.

with respect to the protection of Canada and the employment of the

British force there—Speeches of Mr. 1\ Baring, Lord Bury, Mr. Disraeli,

and Lord Palmerston—The Earl of Carnarvon, in the House of Lords,

enters at large into the subject of Colonial Expenditure in general—

Observations of the Duke of Newcastle, the Earl of Ellenborough, Lord

Wodehouse, Lord Lyvoden, and other Peers. Foreign AffairsThe State

of Poland—The Earl of Carnarvon addresses the House of Lords up >n

the condition in which that country is placed, and the policy pursued

towards it by Russia—Earl Russell's Speech iu answer. The yew King-

dom of l!alg—State of opinion in England upon Italian Affairs—Tho

Marquis of Norm inby takes a conspicuous part in denouncing tho new

rijt'me—lie charges the King's Government with unconstitutional and

tyrannical conduct—Earl Russell controverts the facts alleged, and vin-

dicates the King ot Italy's policy—The Earl of Malmesbury justifies the

policy pursued towards that country by the Government under which he

acted as Foreign Secretary—Lord Wodehouse arraigns the correctness of

Lord Normauby's representations—The Marquis of Normanby a second

time brings forward accusations against the Government of Italy—His

statements are controverted by the Earls of Russell, Ellenborough,

and Harrowhy and by Lord Brougham—Sir George llowyer makes a

vehement attack upon the policy of the English Government towards

Italy in the House of Commons—He is answered by Mr. Layard—Mr.

Pope Hennessy defends the Papal Government from the imputation

of misgovemment—The Chancellor of the Exchequer, iu a very effective

speech, confutes Sir George Bowyer's arguments—Speeches of Mr. M.

M lines, Mr. Stansfeld, Mr. Alaguire, Lord Palmerston, and other Members.

(Juration* in China—Employment of the British force against the

Rebels in the country—Earl Grey calls attention to these circumstances,

and impeaches the policy of interference pursued by the British Govern-

ment—The Duke of Somerset explains the grounds upon which the

employment of a British Marini force has been sanctioned—Lord Strat-

ford de Redcliffe approves of the course adopted—Earl Russell justifies

the conduct of the Government—Mr. White raises the same question in

the House of Commons, and moves a Resolution adverse to interference—

Mr. Co Wen disapproves of the action of the Government—It is defended

by Lord Palmerston and Mr. Layard—Mr. White's Resolution is rejected

by ID" to t<$. Joint Expedition of France and England againM Mexico—

Lord Robert Montagu impugns the Policy of our Government in joining

in the operations in that country—He is answered by Mr. Layard, who

enters into a statement of the circumstances that had called for interfer-

ence—The debate is brought to a premature close, the House being

counted out. Indian Finance—Sir Charles Wood, Secretary of State for

India, makes his Annual Statement on this subject—Differences between

Sir C. Wood and Mr. Laing, late finance minister in Calcutta—Remarks

of Mr. H. Seymour, Mr. Smollett, Mr. Crawford, Mr. Kinnaird, and other

Members—The Resolution* pro|«>»ed bv the Minister are agreed to. .

Treity between Orrat lirit lin and the I uitnl .V iteji of A»>rrira for the £•*-''

,\n/>f>re*tioH of the SI are Tride—It is laid on the Table of the House of

Lords by Earl Russell—Congratulatory remarks of Lord Brougham and

other Peers [IIS

CHAPTER VII.

MiscBLUKEora Mbasoib.Settlesjmt rpos Tiii Makriaok or H.R.II.
Till PaivcBM Alice—The provision recommended by the Government

is unanimously and cordially voted by the House of Commons—A scheme

for erecting new Law Courts in the neighbourhood of Lincoln's Inn is

proposed by the Government—Mr. Selwyn and Mr. Walpole oppose the

proposition—The Chancellor of the Exchequer supports it—It is rejected

on the division by 83 to 81—Debate in the House of Commons upon the

System of Competitive Examinations for the Civil Service—Mr. P. Hen-

nessy, Mr. Cochrane, Mr. Bentinck, and other Members object to the

Bystem—Lord Stanley and Sir George Lewis defend it—The House sets

aside the Motion by negativing the previous question. Law Of High-

Ways—Sir George Grey re-introduces the Bill for the Amendment of

Highway Law, which had been in former years proposed and withdrawn—

The Second Reading is carried, after some debate, by a majority of 111—

The Bill, with some modifications, passes through both Houses. Trans-

Fer Of Land And Security Of Title To Purchasers—Bills for effect-

ing these objects are brought in by the Lord Chancellor, and other Bills,

with similar objects, by Lord Cranworth, Lord St. Leonard's, and Lord

Chelmsford—Statement of the Lord Chancellor, on introducing his mea-

sures—Observations of several of the Law Lords—The several Kills are

referred to a Select Committee—Those of the Lord Chancellor pass

through the House of Lords, and are introduced in the House of Commons

by Sir Roundell Palmer, Solicitor-General—His able Speech on moving

the Second Reading of the Land Transfer Bill—Speeches of Sir H. Cairns,

Sir F. Kelly, Mr. Malins, and the Attorney-General—The Government

Bills pass a Second Reading—Sir H. Cairns moves to refer them to a

Select Committee, which is opposed by the Law Officers of the Crown—

The Bills go through a Committee of the whole House and become law.

Amendment Of The Law Of Lunacy—The Lord Chancellor brings in a

Bill, which is carried through Parliament, to simplify and abridge the

inquiries under Commissions of Lunacy. Game Laws—A Bill introduced

by Lord Berners for the repression of Night Poaching, meets with much

opposition in both Houses—It is passed iu the Lords, but strenuously

resisted by the Government and by Liberal Members in the Housfl of

Commons—Sir Baldwin Lcighton takes charge of the Bill, which is

strongly supported by many of the Conservative party—After much con-

troversy and many divisions iu favour of the Bill, it is passed into a law.

Embankment Of The Thames—A Measure to carry out this object is

brought in by Mr. \V. Cowpcr on behalf of the Government—It is referred

to a Select Committee, which recommends an important alteration in the

Scheme—Imputations made against the Committee of having given too

much weight to private interests—Their Report occasions much contro-

versy—Mr. Doulton moves the re-committal of the Bill, with a view to

the restoration of the original plan—A warm discussion ensues, in which

Mr. K. Seymer, Lord 11. Vane, Sir J. Shelley, Mr. Horsman, Mr. Cowper,

and Lord Palmerston take part—Mr. Doulton's Amendment being con-

sidered premature is withdrawn—Mr. Locke proposes a Motion with the

same object at a later stage, which is carried by 149 to 109, and the

scheme of the Bill as introduced by the Government is adopted—The

Bill goes up to the House of Lords, where the Duke of Buccleugh makes

a statement in vindication of the course pursued by him—Earl Granville,

the Earl of Derby, and other Peers, acquit the noble Duke of all imputa-

tions and the Bill is passed—End of the Session—Mr. Cobden gives notice

that he shall offer observations upon the policy of Lord Palmerston's

Administration—His Speech—He arraigns the aggressive spirit of the

Government as shown on many occasions—He compares the Premier's

conduct with that of the opposition Leader, unfavourably to the former

—Speech of Lord Palmcrston in vindication of the Measures of his

Government, and of their conduct towards Foreign States—Speech of Mr.
Disraeli, who seconds many of Mr. Cobden's charges—Observations of Mr.

Lindsay, Sir M. Peto, Lord Clarence Paget, and other Members—Proro-

gation of Parliament on the 7th of August, by Commission—The Royal

Speech, as delivered by the Lord Chancellor—Results of the Session—

State of Parties and additions to the Statute Book . . . [135

CHAPTER VIII.

France—Speech of the Emperor at the caning of the Chambers—Address

of Count de Morny to the Corps U;/is/'itif—Reception of the Papal

Nuncio—Diplomatic Correspondence on the Roman Question—Debate in

the Senate—Speeches of M. dc Boissy, M. Baroche, M. BilUult, and Prince

Napoleon—Answer of the Emperor to the Address of the Senate—Debate

in the Con* Lenidatif—Speeches of M. Picard, M. Baroche, M. Jules

Favre, and M. Billault—Opposition to the Bill for granting a majorat to

General Montauban—Letter from the Emperor to the President of the

Corpt Leyidatif on the subject—Conversion of the Four-and-a-Half per

Cent. Itentet—Report of M. Achille Fould on the state of the Finances—

Altercation in the Chamber between M. Picard and the PresUcut—Letter

of the Emperor on the Roman Question—Interview between the French

Ambassador at Rome and Cardinal Antonclli on tho subject—Resignation

of M. Thouvenel, Minister of Foreign Affairs—M. Drouyn de Lhuyn ap-

pointed his successor—His Circular to Diplomatic Agents—Second Report

of M. Achillu Fould on the statu of the Finances . . . [155

CHAPTER IX.

Italt—Resignation of the Ricasoli Ministry—Signor Ratazzi forms a new

Cabinet—Programme of the Policy of the Ministry—Speech of Baron

Ricasoli—Foolish Enterprise of Garibaldi — His Revolutionary Address to

the Hungarians—Answer of Klapka—Garibaldi in Sicily—Proclamation

by the King—Garibaldi Crosses over to the Mainland—Affair of Aspro-

montc—Letter of Garibaldi, giving his version of the Encounter—Decree

of Amnesty—Change of Ministry—Signor Farini forms a new Cabinet

—Hi* Speech in the Chambers.

Greece—Insurrection at Nnuplia—Address of the King to the Army—

Argos surrendered to the Royal Troops—Nauplia invested and blockaded

—Proclamations of the King—Manifesto of the Insurgents—Surrender of

Nauplia, and End of the Insurrection—Outbreak of a General Revolution

in October—Proclamation by tho Provi>ional Government at Athens—

The King and Queen leave Greece—Decree calling upon the People to

Elect a King by Universal Suffrage—Prince Alfred of England chosen

King of Greece—The British Government refuses its Sanction to the

Election—Question of the Cession of the Ionian Islands.

Pohtcoal—Dora Luis I, proclaimed King of Portugal—Hit Speech to

the Chambers 188

CHAPTER X.

Pkcssia—Opening of the Session of the Prussian Chambers—Royal Speech

Question of the Constitution of Hesse Cassel—Dissolution of the

Chambers—Change of Ministry—Tho Military Budget—Meeting of the

New Chamber*—Speech of the President of the Council of Ministers—

Reply of the King to an Address from the Chamber of Deputies—Change

in the Cabinet—Adverse Vote of the Chamber on the Military Budget—

Collisions between the Two Houses—Dissolution of the Chambers—Royal

Message—Answer of the King to an Address from the Provinces.

Mexico—Proclamation of Commissioners of the Allied Powers—The Biitish

and Spanish Governments refuse to co-operate with Fiance in the Expe-

dition against Mexico—Karl Russell's Despatch on the Subject—Pro-

clamation of the French Commissioners—Failure of the French to take

Puebla—Reinforcements sent from France—Letter from the French

Emperor to General Lorencez [205

CHAPTER XI.

America—Position of the hostile Armies at the Commencement of the

Year—Federal Successes in the West—Capture of New Orleans—Battle

at Pittsburg Landing—Exploits of the Confederate iron-clad Steamer

Virginia—The Army of the Potomac—Description of tho Theatre of

War—Account of the Campaign in Virginia—Successes of the Confederates

—Retreat of General McClellan's Army upon Washington—A permanent

Government established by the Confederates—Inaugural Address of Pre-

sident Davis—Tax Bill passed by the Confederate Congress—Issue of

Paper Money—General Hunter's Order abolishing Slavery declared null

and void by President Lincoln—Call of 000,000 fresh Troops—Ferocity

with which the War was carried on—Bill for Compensation to States that

should abolish Slavery—Views of President Lincoln as to the Object of

the Struggle—His Plan for Emigration of the Blacks—He announces his

intention to propose the Abolition of Slavery—Message of President

Davis to the Confederate Congress—Proposal by France of Mediation—•-

Despatches of M. Drouyn de Lhuys and Earl Russell on the Subject—

Address of the State Governors to President Lincoln—Symptoms of

Change of Feeling in the North—President Lincoln's Message to Con-

gress T219

Events

Pagel

APPENDIX TO CHRONICLE.

Page

PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.

State Papers:

Treaty with the United State*

—the Slave Trade . . . 207

^Convention with France —

Joint Stock Companies . .214

Convention with Denmark—

Surrender of Criminal*. . 215

Correspondence respecting the

Civil War in North Ame-

rica 223

List or Aon, Public and Pri-
vate 243

Finance Accocbts .... 259

Paicss Of Stocks 277

Avehvob Pricks Of Coax,
Hat, Straw, Clot**, Ark
Butchers' Meat 278

SuMMART OF Deatiis, BlRTHS,

And Marriaocs in England

aad Scotland 279

Meteorological Table . . . 279
Tub Census Of 1861—Revised

Retcrss 2*<>

Colonial Census, 1800-1. . . 283

I'sivbraitt Iiobocbs:

Oiford 283

Cambridge 288

The Ministry 291

SaBBJFF* for the Year 1862. . 293

Bibtiu 294

Page

Marriages 307

Deaths 323

Parliament 420

Honours 421

The Victoria Ck'>»b .... 422

Promotions 423

TRIALS AND LAW CASES.

The City Murder—Trial of

Samuel Gardner for the

Minder of his Wife . . .440

The Glasgow Murder—Trial
of Jessie McLacMan for

the Murder of Jcs.-ie

McPhenon 445

Catherine Wilson the Poi-
soner; her Trial, Convic-
tion, and Execution . . . 463

The Roupell Forgeries—Rou-
pell and Others v. Wuite—
Trial and Conviction of
William Koupell .... 462

The Windham Case—Inquiry
into the Sanity of Mr. W.

F. Windham 472

Australian Expedition Of
Bcrke And Wills . .

Mevoih or II. R. II. Tub

Prince Consort .... 482

Poetry 5iKl

Index .613

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