to provide for her own security against invasion-Renarks of Mr. A. Mills

and Mr. Roebuck-Sir George Lewis states the views of the Government

with respect to the protection of Canada and the employment of the

British force there--Speeches of Mr. I. Baring, Lord Bury, Mr. Disraeli,

and Lord Palmerston --The Earl of Carnarvon, in the House of Lords,

enters at large into the subject of Colonial Expenditure in general-

Observations of the Duke of Newcastle, the Earl of Ellenborough, Lord

Wodehouse, Lord Lyveden, and other Peers. Foreign Affair3-The State

of Poland - The Earl of Carnarvon addresses the House of Lords upon

the condition in which that country is placed, and the policy pursued

towards it by Russia-Earl Russell's Speech in answer. The New King-

dom of l'aly-State of opinion in England upon Italian Affairs-The

Marquis of Normanby takes a conspicuous part in denouncing the new

rápime--He charges the King's Government with unconstitutional and

tyrannical conduct-Earl Russell controverts the facts alleged, and vin-

dicates the King of Italy's policy-The Earl of Malmesbury justifies the

policy pursued towards that country by the Government under which he

acted as Foreign Secretary--Lord Wodehouse arraigns the correctness of

Lord Normanby's representations—The Marquis of Normanby a second

tine brings forward accusations against the Government of Italy-His

statements are controverted by the Earls of Russell, Ellenborough,

and Harrowby and by Lord Brougham-Sir George Bowyer makes a

vehement attack upon the policy of the English Government towards

Italy in the House of Commons-le is answered by Mr. Layard--Mr.

Pope Hennessy defends the Papal Government from the imputation

of misgovernment–The Chancellor of the Excbequer, in a very effective

speech, confutes Sir George Bowyer's arguments --Speeches of Mr. M.

Milnes, Mr. Stansfeld, Mr. Maguire, Lord Palmerston, and other Members.

Operations in China-Employment of the British force against the

Rebels in the country-Earl Grey calls attention to these circumstances,

and impeaches the policy of interference pursued by the British Govern-

ment- The Duke of Somerset explains the grounds upon which the

employment of a British Mariné force has been sanctioned-Lord Strat-

ford de Redcliffe approves of the course adopted-Earl Russell justifies

the conduct of the Government-Mr. White raises the same question in

the House of Commons, and moves a Resolution adverse to interference-

Mr. Cobden disapproves of the action of the Government-It is defended

by Lord Palmerston and Mr. Layard-Mr. White's Resolution is rejected

by 197 to 88. Joint E.cpedition of France and England against Vexico-

Lord Robert Montagu impugns the Policy of our Government in joining

in the operations in that country-He is answered by Mr. Layard, who

enters into a statement of the circumstances that had called for interfer-

ence-The debate is brought to & premnture close, the House being

counted out. Indian Finance Sir Charles Wood, Secretary of State for

Indin, makes his Annual Statement on this subject--Differences between

Sir C. Wood and Mr. Laing, late finance minister in Calcutta- Remarks

of Mr. H. Seymour, Mr. Smollett, Mr. Crawford, Mr. Kinnaird, and other

Members-The Resolutions proposed by the Minister are agreed to.

Treity between Great Brit rin and the initer Nites of America for the

Suppresuon of the Van Truk-It is laid on the Table of the House of

lords by Earl Russell-Congratulatory remarks of Lord Brougham and

other Peers . . . . . . . . . . . 115

for erecting new Law Courts in the neighbourhood of Lincoln's Inn is

proposed by the Government-Mr. Selwyn and Mr. Walpole oppose the

proposition-The Chancellor of the Exchequer supports it-It is rejected

on the division by 83 to 81-Debate in the House of Commons upon the

System of Competitive Examinations for the Civil Service-Mr. P. Hen-

nessy, Mr. Cochrane, Mr. Bentinck, and other Members object to the

system-Lord Stanley and Sir George Lewis defend it-The House sets

aside the Motion hy negativing the previous question. LAW OF High-

WAYS-Sir George Grey re-introduces the Bill for the Amendment of

Highway Law, which had been in former years proposed and withdrawn

The Second Reading is carried, after some debate, by a majority of 111-

The Bill, with some modifications, passes through both Houses. TRANS-


ing these objects are brought in by the Lord Chancellor, and other Bills,

with similar objects, by Lord Cranworth, Lord St. Leonard's, and Lord

Chelmsford-Statement of the Lord Chancellor, on introducing his mea-

sures-Observations of several of the Law Lords—The several Bills are

referred to a Select Committee-Those of the Lord Chancellor pass

through the House of Lords, and are introduced in the House of Commons

by Sir Roundell Palmer, Solicitor-General-His able Speech on moving

the Second Reading of the Land Transfer Bill-Speeches of Sir H. Cairns,

Sir F. Kelly, Mr. Malins, and the Attorney-General—The Government

Bills pass a Second Reading-Sir H. Cairns moves to refer them to a

Select Committee, which is opposed by the Law Officers of the Crown-

The Bills go through a Committee of the whole House and become law.

AMENDMENT OF THE LAW OF LUNACY- The Lord Chancellor brings in a

Bill, which is carried through Parliament, to simplify and abridge the

inquiries under Commissions of Lunacy. GAME LAWS-A Bill introduced

by Lord Berners for the repression of Night Poaching, meets with much

opposition in both Houses-It is passed in the Lords, but strenuously

resisted by the Government and by Liberal Members in the House of

Commons-Sir Baldwin Leighton takes charge of the Bill, which is

strongly supported by many of the Conservative party–After much con-

troversy and many divisions in favour of the Bill, it is passed into a law.

EMBANKMENT OF THE THAMES—A Measure to carry out this object is

brought in by Mr. W. Cowper on behalf of the Government-It is referred

to a Select Committee, which recommends an important alteration in the

Scheme-Imputations made against the Committee of having given too

much weight to private interests—Their Report occasions much contro-

versy-Mr. Doulion moves the re-committal of the Bill, with a view to

the restoration of the original plan-A warm discussion ensues, in which

Mr. K. Seymer, Lord H. Vane, Sir J. Shelley, Mr. Horsman, Mr. Cowper,

and Lord Palmerston take part--Mr. Doulton's Amendment being con-

sidered premature is withdrawn-Mr. Locke proposes a Motion with the

same object at a later stage, which is carried by 149 to 109, and the

scheme of the Bill as introduced by the Government is adopted—The

Bill goes up to the House of Lords, where the Duke of Buccleugh makes

a statement in vindication of the course pursued by him-Earl Granville,

the Earl of Derby, and other Peers, acquit the noble Duke of all imputa-

tions and the Bill is passed-End of the Session-Mr. Cobden gives notice

that he shall offer observations upon the policy of Lord Palmerston's

Administration-His Speech-He arraigns the aggressive spirit of the

Government as shown on many occasions-He compares the Premier's

conduct with that of the opposition Leader, unfavourably to the former

-Speech of Lord Palmerston in vindication of the Measures of his

Government, and of their conduct towards Foreign States-Speech of Mr.

Disraeli, who seconds many of Mr. Cobden's charges-Observations of Mr. Lindsay, Sir M. Peto, Lord Clarence Paget, and other Members-Prorogation of Parliament on the 7th of August, by Coinmission-The Royal Speech, as delivered by the Lord Chancellor-Results of the SessionState of Parties and additions to the Statute Book . . . [135

CHAPTER VIII. FRANCE-Speech of the Emperor at the opening of the Chambers-Address

of Count de Morny to the Corps Législatif-Reception of the Papal Nuncio-Diplomatic Correspondence on the Roman Question-Debate in the Senate-Speeches of M. de Boissy, M. Baroche, M. Billault, and Prince Napoleon-Answer of the Emperor to the Address of the Senate-Debate in the Corps Législatif-Speeches of M. Picard, M. Baroche, M. Jules Favre, and M. Billault-Opposition to the Bill for granting a majorat to General Montauban--Letter from the Emperor to the President of the Corps Législatif on the subject_Conversion of the Four-and-a-Half per Cent. Rentes-Report of M. Achille Fould on the state of the Finances Altercation in the Chamber between M. Picard and the President-Letter of the Emperor on the Roman Question-Interview between the French Ambassador at Rome and Cardinal Antonelli on the subject-Resignation of M. Thouvenel, Minister of Foreign Affairs-M. Drouyn de Lhuyn appointed his successor-His Circular to Diplomatic Agents-Second Report of M. Achille Fould on the state of the Finances . . . (155


ITALY-Resignation of the Ricasoli Ministry-Signor Ratazzi forms a new

Cabinet-Programme of the Policy of the Ministry-Speech of Baron Ricasoli--Foolish Enterprise of Garibaldi - His Revolutionary Address to the Ilungarians—Answer of Klapka–Garibaldi in Sicily-Proclamation by the King-Garibaldi Crosses over to the Mainland- Affair of Aspromonte-Letter of Garibaldi, giving his version of the Encounter-Decree of Amnesty-Change of Ministry-Signor Farini forms a new Cabinet

-His Speech in the Chambers. GREECE–Insurrection at Nauplia-- Address of the King to the ArmyArgos surrendered to the Royal Troops- Nauplia invested and blockaded

-Proclamations of the King-Manifesto of the Insurgents-Surrender of Nauplia, and End of the Insurrection-Outbreak of a General Revolution in October-Proclamation by the Provisional Government at AthensThe King and Queen leave Greece-Decree calling upon the People to Elect a king by Universal Suffrage- Prince Alfred of England chosen King of Greece - The British Government refuses its Sanction to the

Election-Question of the Cession of the Ionian Islands PORTUGAL-Dom Luis I., proclaimed King of Portugal-His Speech to

the Chambers . . . . . . . . . . 188

CHAPTER X. Prussia_Opening of the Session of the Prussian Chambers-Royal Speech

Question of the Constitution of Hesse Cassel-Dissolution of the Chambers-Change of Ministry-The Military Budget-Meeting of the New Chambers-Speech of the President of the Council of Ministers Reply of the King to an Address from the Chamber of Deputies-Change in the Cabinet-Adverse Vote of the Chamber on the Military Budget Collisions between the Two Houses-Dissolution of the Chambers-Royal Message- Answer of the King to an Address from the Provinces.

MEXICO—Proclamation of Commissioners of the Allied Powers—The British

and Spanish Governments refuse to co-operate with France in the Expedition against Mexico-Earl Russell's Despatch on the Subject-Proclamation of the French Commissioners-Failure of the French to take Puebla-Reinforcements sent from France-Letter from the French Emperor to General Lorencez . . . . . . . [205

CHAPTER XI. AMERICA-Position of the hostile Armies at the Commencement of the

Year-Federal Successes in the West-Capture of New Orleans-Battle at Pittsburg Landing-Exploits of the Confederate iron-clad Steamer Virginia-The Army of the Potomac-Description of the Theatre of War- Account of the Campaign in Virginia-Successes of the Confederates -- Retreat of General McClellan's Army upon Washington—A permanent Government established by the Confederates-Inaugural Address of President Davis-Tax Bill passed by the Confederate Congress-—Issue of Paper Money-General Hunter's Order abolishing Slavery declared null and void by President Lincoln-Call of 600,000 fresh Troops-Ferocity with which the War was carried on–Bill for Compensation to States tbat should abolish Slavery-Views of President Lincoln as to the Object of the Struggle-His Plan for Emigration of the Blacks-He aunounces his intention to propose the Abolition of Slavery-Message of President Davis to the Confederate Congress-Proposal by France of Mediation Despatches of M. Drouyn de Lhuys and Earl Russell on the Subject Address of the State Governors to President Lincoln-Symptoms of Change of Feeling in the North-President Lincoln's Message to Congress . . . . . . . .

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Page MARRIAGES. . . . . . . 307 Deatus. · · 323 PARLIAMENT . . . . . . . 420 u.. . OURS

. . . . . . . . 421 Tue VICTORIA Cross . . . . 422 PROMOTIONS ..... 425

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Treaty with the United States

-the Slave Trade ... 207 Convention with France

Joint Stock Companies. . 214 Convention with Denmark

Surrender of Criminals. . 215 Correspondence respecting the

Civil War in North Ame

rica ........ 223 List of Aots, Public and Pri

vate . . . . . . . . 2-43 FINANCE ACCOUNTS . . . . 259 PRICES or Srocks . . . . .277 AVERAGE PRICES OF CORX,

Hay, Straw, CLOVER, AND



and Scotland . . . . . . 279 METEOROLOGICAL TABLE. . . 279 Tue CExsus or 1861-REVISED

RETC.XS...... 280 ColoxiAL CExsus, 1860-1. . . 283 UNIVERSITY IIosotrs :

Oxford ........ 285

Citbridge ....... 283 Tue MINISTRY ...... 291 SUERITP) for the Year 1862. . 292 BiBTIIS. . . . . . . 294

TRIALS AND LAW CASES. The City Murder-Trial of

Samuel Gardner for the Murder of his Wife . . . 410 The Glasgow Murder-Trial of Jessie McLachlan for the Murder of Jessie

McPherson .....445 Catherine Wilson the Poi

soner; her Trial, Convic

tion, and Execution . . . 463 The Roupell Forgeries-Roupell and Others v. WaiteTrial and Conviction of

William Roupell . . . . 462 The Windham Case-Inquiry

into the Sanity of Mr. W.
F. Windham .. ... 472

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