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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

UNIVERSAL REGRET THROUGHOUT THE Bzitisu EMPIRE At The Death of

THE PRINCE Consort-Effect of this sentiment on political events and

party operations. The Session is opened, on the 6th of February, by

Commission--The Lord Chancellor delivers the Royal Speech--Debates

on the Address to the Throne.--Allusions to the recent national affliction

are made in almost all the speeches in both Houses---The Address is

moved in the House of Lords by Lord Dufferin, who pays an eloquent

tribute to Prince Albert's memory, and is seconded by the Earl of Shel-

burne--The Earl of Derby pronounces a brilliant eulogium on the illus-

trious deceased, and enters at some length on the American contest and

the Trent affair, approving the policy of neutrality avowed by our Go-

vernment-He refers also to the affairs of Mexico and of Morocco, and to

the Revised Code of Education---Earl Granville, on behalf of the Govern-

ment, acknowledges the candour and fairness of Lord Derby's remarks--

He announces an early day for the discussion of the Revised Code, and

responds to the panegyric on the Prince Consort--Earl Russell concurs in

the general expressions upon the latter subject, and enters at some length

upon American affairs. After a few words from Lord Kingsdown, the

Address is agreed to nem. con.--- In the House of Commons the Address is

moved by Mr. Portman and seconded by Mr. Western Wood-The loss of

the Prince Consort, the Trent affair and American war, and the Revised

Code of Education forin the chief topics of remark-Speech of Mr. Dis-

raeli - Declaration of Lord Palmerston in regard to our policy towards

the United States--Mr. Maguire introduces the topic of distress in

Ireland ---Sir Robert Peel, Secretary for Ireland, controverts his state-

ment, and an avimated discussion ensues The Address is agreed to

without a division. PROCEDURE OF THE House of COMMONS-- Mr. White

proposes a resolution in favour of a more methodical regulation of public

Business in the House --Sir George Grey, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Disraeli, Sir

George Lewis, and Lord Palmerston take part in the discussion, which

terininates without result. NationAL EDUCATION. THE REVISED CODE.

Io the House of Lords, Earl Granville, on the 13th of February, makes a

full statement of the grounds on which the recent Minutes had been

founded--His speech-Remarks of the Earl of Derby-Further discussion

of the subject deferred.--On the same day, Mr. Lowe gives a similar ex-

planation of the New Code in the House of Commons, and vindicates the

measures of the Committee of Council--Speeches of Mr. Disraeli, Sir

John Pakington, and other Members—The Bishop of Oxford, on the 4t|

of March, makes a severe assault upon the Revised Code in the House o

Lords--He is answered by Earl Granville--Remarks of the Duke o

Marlborough, the Earl of Derby, the Duke of Argyll, and other Peers--

A few days later, Lord Lyttleton moves a series of resolutions, inculpa

tory of the new system--Earl Granville vindicates the course taken'

the Government--Lord St. Leonards also censures the Amended Minut

in some respects --Remarks of the Bishop of London and of Earl Gra

NATIONAL EDCCATION.— The Rerised Code.- Mr. Walpole lays on the Table

of the flouse of Com nous a series of Resolutions upon the Government

Minutes--A prolonged Debate takes place upon the subject, on the 24th

of May-speeches ut Mr. Walpole, Sir George Grey, Mr. Stanhope, Mr.

Baxtoa, Liru R. Cecil, Mr. W. Forster, Mr. Puller, Mr. Leathiun, Mr.

Whiteside, Mr. Bernal Osborne, Mr. Adilerley, Mr. Baines, Sir J. Pa-

hington, Mr. Lowe, ani other Members—The House goes into Comunittee

on the Resolutions - The Government determine to modify the Revised

Code-Earl Granville in the House of Lords, and Mr. Lowe in the House

of Commons, state, previously to the Easter Recess, the concessions pro-

posed--Further Debates in the flouse of Commons, on the Amended Code:

Nir. Walpole expresses his satisfaction with the concessions offered Re-

marks of Mr. Blenley, Sir J. Pakington, Lord R. Cecil, and Mr. Lowe-

Mr. Walpole withdraws bis Resolutions - Mr. Walter moves an Amend-

ment ag iinst making the grants of yooney conditional on the Employ.

ment of Certificated Teachers-Mr. Lowe opposes the Motion on behalf of

the (iovernment, and it is rejected by 163 to 156 - Further Ainendments

are poprzed by Mr. Baines and Mr Bruce, but without success. CHURCH

RATES--Sir John Trelawny again introduces his Bill for the Abolition of

Church Rates-- On the Second Nading of the Bill, Mr. Sotheron Est-
court moves an amendment a zainst iininediate abolition-Sir George
Lewis, Mr. R. Mills, and Vir. Bright speak in favour of the Bill, and Mr.
Macdongh, Sir John Pakington, and Mr. Disraeli oppose it-On a
division, the Bill is lost by a majority of one-Nr. 8. Estcourt after-
wards propo-es Resolutions for making other provisions in lieu of Church
Rates-- After a discussion, in which Mr. Hodgkinson, Mr. Heygate, Mr.
Disraeli, and Sir George (rey take part, Mr. Estcourt's Risolutions are
with lawn-1 Nendegate introduces a Bill for commuting Church
Rates to it Rent Charze on land, payable by the owner-Alter some
debute, Mr. Nendegate withdraws his Bill. Rrlief of (lerny of the Church
of England dexiring en seeile therefrom--Mr. E. P. Bouverie brings in a
Bill to relieve seeeling clergy men from penalties—the Bill is read a
sevind time and referred to a Select Conmittee-Sir L. Palk opposes the
third rea litig, when the Bill is lost by a majority of 95 to as. Act of
l'noformity Lyrd Ebury intro luces two Bills in the House of Loris, to

relax the terris of Subscriptions to the Articles, and to allow greater

freudum in the celebration of Divine Service- The Bishops of London and

Ox'ord oljke: to Lord Evury's propositions--The Earl of Shaftesbury and

El Rosell see nimend the postponement of the measures, which are

Accordingly withdrwn. Lervirrex of fruity-Vr. Monckson Milnes

again luendures a Bill to le rize Mariage with a Deceased Wife's

Sinter-1: ja opposed by Mr. Lygon, Lord R. ('ecil, Mr. Walpole, Mr.

Buxton and Mr. Kinnair), and supported by Mr. Collier, Sir George Grey,

Mr. Headlim and otl.cr Members The secon i reading is carried by 114

to 133 - The committal of the Bill is opposed by Mr. Hunt and Mr.

Monsell, and after a short debate the Bill is lost hy 145 to 116. May-

Konta Colte EDWMENT -- Mr. Whalley opposes the Grant-Sir

Ribert Peel, Serretary for Ireland, defends it, and the Motion is nega-

tised by 193 w11!. NATIONAL EDCCATION IN THELAND–The O'Concor

Don en! ni up the subject of Pub.ic Ełucation in that country, and

**** bustions to the institution of the Queen's College-lle is answered

by NR lut! Pue - Observations of Jir. Maguire, Mr. Whitesi je, Mr.

viousell, Jir. Heute sy and other Members

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National EducatiON.---The Revised Code.--Mr. Walpole lays on the Table

of the House of Commons a series of Resolutions upon the Government

Minutes-A prolonged Debate takes place upon the subject, on the 21th

of May--Speeches of Mr. Walpole, Sir George Grey, Mr. Stanhope, Mr.

Buxton, Lord R. Cecil, Mr. W. Forster, Mr. Puller, Mr. Leathun, Mr.

Whiteside, Mr. Bernal Osborne, Mr. Adderley, Mr. Baines, Sir J. Pa-

kingtun, Mr. Lowe, and other Members - The House goes into Comunittee

on the Resolutions --The Government determine to modify the Revised

Code--Earl Granville in the House of Lords, and Mr. Lowe in the House

of Commons, state, previously to the Easter Recess, the concessions pro-

posed-Further Debates in the House of Commons, on the Amended Code:

Mr. Walpole expresses his satisfaction with the concessions offered- Re-

marks of Mr. Henley, Sir J. Pakington, Lord R. Cecil, and Mr. Lowe-

Mr. Walpole withdraws his Resolutions --Mr. Walter moves an Amend-

ment against making the grants of money conditional on the Employ.

ment of Certificated Teachers--Mr. Lowe opposes the Motion on behalf of

the Government, and it is rejected by 163 to 156-Further Amendments

are proposed by Mr. Baines and Mr. Bruce, but without success. CHURCH

Rates-Sir John Trelawny again introduces his Bill for the Abolition of

Church Rates--- On the Second Reading of the Bill, Vr. Sotheron Est-

court moves an amendment against immediate abolition-Sir George

Lewis, Mr. R. Mills, and Mr. Bright speak in favour of the Bill, and Mr.

Macdonogh, Sir John Pakington, and Mr. Disraeli oppose it-On a

Mr. S. Estcourt after-

division, the Bill is lost by a majority of onem.

wards propo:es Resolutions for making other provisions in lieu of Church

Rates-After a discussion, in which Mr. Hodgkinson, Mr. Heygate, Mr.

Disraeli, and Sir George Grey take part, Mr. Estcourt's Resolutions are

withdrawn--Mr. Newdegate introduces a Bill for commuting Church

Rates to a Rent Charge on land, pıyable by the owner-After some

debate, Mr. Newdegate withdraws his Bill. Relief of Clergy of the Church

of England desiring to secede therefrom~Mr. E. P. Bouverie brings in a

Bill to relieve seceding clergymen from penalties--the Bill is read a

second time and referred to a Select Committeen-Sir L. Palk opposes the

third reading, when the Bill is lost by a majority of 98 to 88. Act of

Uniformity--Lord Ebury introduces two Bills in the House of Loris, to

relax the terms of Subscriptions to the Articles, and to allow greater

freedom in the Celebration of Divine Service~The Bishops of London and

Oxford object to Lord Ebury's propositions-The Earl of Shaftesbury and

Earl Russell recommend the postponement of the measures, which are

CHAPTER III.

The Civil War IN AMERICA-Policy of the British Government respecting

Cases in which the interests of this country were affected--Debates in

Parliament on International Law and Neutral Rights -- Detention of

British Subjects in the States by the Federal Authorities Inquiry made

on this subject in the House of Lords by Lord Carnarvon, and answer of

Earl Russell-Remarks of the Earls of Derby and Malmesbury, and other

Peers. Sinking of the Stone Fleet in the Harbour of Charleston--Questions

adiressed to Ministers in both Ilouses on this subject, and their answers

--Remarks of Mr. Bright on the conduct of our Government in the Trent

affair---Lord Palmerston justifies their measure. Blockade of the Southern

Ports---Mr. Gregory brings forward a Motion in the House of Commons

on this subject-Speeches of Mr. Bentinck, Mr. W. Forster, Sir J. Fer-

gusson, Mr. Milnes, Mr. Lindsay, Lörd R. Cecil, and the Solicitor-General

-The Motion is negatived ---The subject mooted in the House of Lords

by Lord Campbell-Speech of Earl Russell in answe

wer-Important dis-

cussion on the Motion of Mr. lorsfall on the Law applicable to Neutral

Commerce in Time of War--Speeches of the Attorney-General, Sir G.

Lewis, Mr. Thomas Baring, Mr. Lindsay, the Lord Advocate, Sir S.

Northcote, Lord H. Vane, Mr. Massey, Mr. Bright, the Solicitor-General,

Mr. Walpole, Lord Palmerston, and Mr. Disraeli; Mr. Horsfall withdraws

his Motion, Violent Proclamation of the Federal General Butler at New

Orleans--Protestations are made in both Houses against this Document

--It is emphatically condemned by Lord Palmerston--The Question of

Mediation by England between the contending parties in America is dis.

cussed in the House of Commons on the Motion of Mr. Lindsay-llis

Speech-Speeches of Mr. Taylor, Lord A. Tempest, Mr. W. Forster, Mr.

Whiteside, Mr. Gregory, Mr. S. Fitzgerald, and Lord Palmerston-No re-

sult follows from the Motion. Supply of Cotton for English Manufac-

tures--Mr. J. B. Smith calls attention to the means of increasing the

supply from India--Speeches of Mr. Smollett, Mr. Turner, Sir C. Wood,

Mr. Bazley, Mr. Finley, and other Members. Distress in the Cotton

Manufacturing Districts--Prospects of severe suffering to the operatives

in Lanca-hire, from the suspension of work, owing to the want of Cotton

-Discussions in both Houses on the subject-The Government resulve

to extend the powers given by the Poor Laws for raising funds by rates

in aid-Mr. Villiers brings in a Bill for this purpose, proposing to extend

the rating in certain cases over adjoining Unions~ The measure under-

goes much discussion--It is proposed that borrowing powers on the

security of the rates should be given under specified conditions-Debates

on this question - The Government at first object, but afterwards yield to

the evident opinion of the House of Commons in favour of Loans~ The

Bill is amended accordingly-It passes through the House of Lords on

the 4th of August, after a debate in which Earl Russell, Lord Malmes

bury, the Duke of Newcastle, Lord Kingsdown, Lord Egerton, and Lord

Overstone take part, and becomes law :

149

the state of the Revenue and Expenditure, and the results of past Re-

missions of Taxation-Proposes to modify the Wine Duties, and to com-

mute the Hop Duty for a Licence on Brewing-A short discussion takes

place on this occasion, but on a subsequent day Mr. Disraeli enters fully

upon the subject of Finance, and impugns the Chancellor of the Exche-

quer's policy as unsound and fallacious Mr. Gladstone justifies the

measures proposed by him, and retorts on Mr. Disraeli --Sir Stafford

Northcote enters upon an elaborate criticism of the Budget, and expresses

dissatisfaction at the financial position--Discussion on the proposed

Licence Duties on Brewing-Mr. Bass, Sir John Trollope, and other
Members object to the scheme-The Chancellor of the Exchequer aban-
dons the Duty on private Brewing-A general Debate on the Financial
Policy of the Governient takes place on the Second Reading of the
Inland Revenue Bil-Sir Stafford Northcote again dissects the financial
arrangements of the Government, and intimates distrust of their calcula-
tions -- The Chancellor of the Exchequer enters fully upon a defence of
bis measures-Mr. Disraeli attacks both the fivancial and the foreign
policy of the Government, which is vindicated with much spirit by
Lord Palmerston-On the Third Reading of the Inland Revenue Bill

,
Mr. Disraeli again inveighs against the unsoundness of Mr. Gladstone's
Financial Policy-lle is answered by Lord Palmerston-Remarks of Mr.
Lindsay, Sir II. Willoughby, and other Members—The Bill embodying
the several provisions of the Budget passes the House of Commons--It
meets with considerable hostility in the House of Lords_Earl Granville
moves the Second Reading on the 30th of May-It is supported by the
Dukes of Newcastle and Argyle, and by Earl Russell, and opposed by
the Earl of Carnarvon, Earl Grey, Lord Overstone, and the Earl of Derby
- The Bill is passed and becomes law--Incidental Discussions on Finance.
The Income Tax_\fr. Hubbard moves a Resolution afhrining the injus-
tice of applying the same rate of Taxation to Incomes derived from fixed
property and those of precarious tenure-Mr. Crawford seconds the

motion- The Chancellor of the Exchequer opposes Mr. Hubbard's scheine

as incongruous and impracticable-The motion is negatived by 99 to 62.

Reduction of Public Firpenditure - Mr. Suansfeld gives notice of a motion

affirming the feasibility of retrenchment without impairing the efficacy of

the public service-Several Members give notice of amendments on this

motion--Proposed amenlinents of Mr. Walpole and Lord Palmerston-

On the day tired for the motion Lord Palmerston, treating the question

raised by Mr. Walpole as one of confidence in Ministers, calls on the

other Members to waive their amendments—An irregular discussion

ensues-Mr. Stansfeld a idresses the House and moves his Resolution,

which is seconded by Vr. Baxter-Lord Palmerston moves his Amend-

ment, expressing approral of retrenchments already made and a hope of

further diminution-Speeches of Mr. Disraeli, Mr. Horsman, Mr. Cobden,

and other Members_On a division Mr. Stansfeld's Resolution is negatived

by 367 to 6:3--Mr. Walpole thep, disclaiming any intention of hostility

to the Government, abanduns his Amendment --Sarcastic observations are

made thereon by Mr. B. Osborne and Mr. Disraeli, who recommends the

House to pass Lord Palmerstu's Amnendment, which is accordingly

adopted without opposition.

170

CHAPTER V.

ARMY, NAFT, and PONTIFICATIONS-Sir G. C. Lewis mores the Army Esti-

fustes, and enters into a full explanatory statement of the Expenditure

and Condition of the land Forces- A Motion to Reduce the number of

men, and some other Amendinents, being negatived, the Estimates are

the state of the Revenue and Expenditure, and the results of

missions of Taxation-Proposes to modify the Wine Duties

, and to com-

past

Re-

mute the Hop Duty for a Licence on Brewing--A short discussion takes

place on this occasion, but on a subsequent day Mr. Disraeli enters fully

upon the subject of Finance, and impugns the Chancellor of the Exche-

quer's policy as unsound and fallacious---Mr. Gladstone justifies the

measures proposed by him, and retorts on Mr. Disraeli-Sir Stafford

Northcote enters upon an elaborate criticism of the Budget, and expresses

dissatisfaction at the fivancial position-Discussion on the proposed

Licence Duties on Brewing-Mr. Bass, Sir John Trollope, and other

Members object to the scheme The Chancellor of the Exchequer aban-

dons the Duty on private Brewing-A general Debate on the Financial

Policy of the Government takes place on the Second Reading of the

Inland Revenue Bill--Sir Stafford Northcote again dissects the financial

arrangements of the Government, and intimates distrust of their calcula-

tions The Chancellor of the Exchequer enters fully upon a defence of

his measures---Mr. Disraeli attacks both the financial and the foreign

policy of the Government, which is vindicated with much spirit by

Lord Palmerston--On the Third Reading of the Inland Revenue Bill,

Mr. Disraeli again inveighs against the unsoundness of Mr. Gladstone's

Financial Policy--He is answered by Lord Palmerston-Remarks of Mr.

Lindsay, Sir H. Willoughby, and other Members-The Bill embodying

the several provisions of the Budget passes the House of Commons It

meets with considerable hostility in the House of Lords--- Earl Granville

moves the Second Reading on the 30th of May---It is supported by the

Dukes of Newcastle and Argyle

, and by Earl Russell, and opposed by

the Earl of Carnarvon, Earl Grey, Lord Overstone, and the Earl of Derby

--The Bill is passed and becomes law~-Incidental Discussions on Finance.

The Income Tax--Mr. Hubbard moves a Resolution affirming the injus-

tice of applying the same rate of Taxation to Incomes derived from fixed

property and those of precarious tenure--Mr. Crawford seconds the

motion --The Chancellor of the Exchequer opposes Mr. Hubbard's scheme

as incongruous and impracticable-The motion is negatived by 99 to 62.

Reduction of Public Expenditure--Mr. Stansfeld gives notice of a motion

affirming the feasibility of retrenchment without impairing the efficacy of

the public service--Several Members give notice of amendments on this

motion--Proposed amendments of Mr. Walpole and Lord Palmerston-

On the day fixed for the motion Lord Palmerston, treating the question

raised by Mr. Walpole as one of confidence in Ministers, calls on the

waive their amendments An irregular discussion

ensues-Mr. Stansfeld addresses the House and moves his Resolution,

which is seconded by Mr. Baxter-Lord Palmerston moves his Amend-

ment, expressing approval of retrenchments already made and a hope of

further diminution-Speeches of Mr. Disraeli, Mr. Horsman, Mr. Cobden,

and other Members On a division Mr. Stansfeld's Resolution is negatived

by 367 to 65~Mr. Walpole then, disclaiming any intention of hostility

to the Government, abandons his Amendment-Sarcastic observations are

made thereon by Mr. B. Osborne and Mr. Disraeli, who recommends the

House to pass Lurd Palmerston's Amendment, which is accordingly

(70

agreed to-Purchase of Commissions in the Army-Sir D. Lucy Evans

moves a Resolution for giving effect to the Report of the Royal Commis-

sion-Sir G. C. Lewis opposes the Motion-Speeches of General Peel, Lord

Stanley and Lord Palmerston--The Resolution is negatived by 247'to 62.

The Naval Estimates are moved by Lord Clarence PagetMuch discussion

takes place with reference to the construction of iron-cased vessels and

on the relative strength of our Navy and that of France-Mr. Lindsay

and Mr. Baxter contend that the growth of the French Navy in strength

and numbers has been over-stated by the Government-- Lord Clarence

Paget justities his own representations on this subject, and enters at

length into a statement of the operations in our Dockyards, and the plans

of the Government for increasing our naval strength-Further debates

on Naval Armaments--Impression produced in this country, by the

engagement in America between the Merrimac and the Monitor- The

question of Fortifications of the Coast is discussed in connection with

that of iron-sheathed vessels--Important Debate in the House of Lords,

and statement of the Duke of Soinerset, as to the condition of the Navy

and intentions of the GovernmentThe relative efficiency of Iron and

Wooden Ships of war is again discussed in the same House, with reference

to the action between the American vessels--Speeches of Earl de Grey,

the Duke of Cambridge, Lord Ellenborough, the Duke of Somerset, and

other Peers--The same subject is mooted in the House of Commons by

Sir Frederick Smith--Remarks of Mr. Laird, Mr. Gregory, Sir J. Hay,

Capt. Jervis, Mr. Osborne, Mr. Bright, Sir G. C. Lewis, and Lord Clarence

Paget.

FORTIFICATION OF THE DOCKYARDS AND ARSENALS-Sir G. C.

Lewis proposes, on the part of the Government, a Resolution authorizing

a grant of 1,200,0001. for these works-llis speech--- Mr. Bernal Osborne

opposes the proposition, objecting to the scheme, as ineffectual and extra-

vagant-lle moves an Amendment, to give effect to his views-Speeches

of Sir F. Smith, Mr. H. A. Bruce, Mr. Vivian, Sir J. Northcote, Mr. Ben-

tinck, Sir M. Peto, Mr. Monsell, Lord Palmerston, and Mr. DisraeliMr.

Osborne's Amendment is withdrawn-On a further stage of the Bill, the

opposition is renewed by Mr. Lindsay, who renews the controversy as to

the relative strength of the French Navy--He is answered by Lord Cla-

rence Paget- Mr. Cobden impugus the policy of Lord Palmerston, whom

he charges with over-stating the preparations of France-Reply of Lord

Palmerston--Mr. Lindsay's Resolution is withdrawn--Mr. B. Osborne

again moves the reduction of the proposed vote for the Fortifications--

Speeches of Mr. H. A. Bruce, Captain Jervis, Sir F. Smith, Sir G. C. Lewis,

Lord Palmerston, Mr. Cobden, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer-

After some further debate, Mr. Osborne's Amendment is negatived by

110 to 62-Further Amendments are moved upon the Bill, but the pro

positions of the Government, with slight modifications, are carried--Th

Second Reading of the Bill is moved by Lord de Grey in the llouse o

Lords on the 25th of July--Speeches of the Earl of Ellenborough, th

Duke of Somerset, Duke of Cambridge, Earls Grey and Malmesbury, an

Earl Russell-The Bill is passed .

19

ARMY, NAVY, AND FORTIFICATIONS—Sir G. C. Lewis moves the Army Esti-
mates, and enters into a full explanatory statement of the Expenditure
and Condition of the Land Forces—A Motion to Reduce the number of
men, and some other Amendments, being negatived, the Estimates are

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