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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

Universal Regret Throughout The B.tirisii Empire At The Death Op

Tub Prince Cjk30.it—Effect of this sentiment on political events and

party operations. The Session is opened, on the Gth of February, by

Commission—The Lord Chancellor delivers tho Royal Speech—Debates

on the Address to the Throne—Allusions to the recent national affliction

are made in almost all the speeches in both Houses—The Address is

moved in the House of Lords by Lord DulTcrin, who pays an eloquent

tribute to Prince Albert's memory, and is seconded by tho Earl of Shel-

burne—The Earl of Derby pronounces a brilliant eulogium on the illus-

trious deceased, and enters at some length on the American contest anil

the Trent affair, approving the policy of neutrality avowed by our Go-

vernment—lie refers also to the affairs of Mexico and of Morocco, and to

the Revised Code of Education—Earl Granville, on behalf of the Govern-

ment, acknowledges the candour and fairness of Lord Derby's remarks—

He announces an early day for the discussion of the Revised Code, and

responds to the panegyric on the Prince Consort—Earl Russell concurs in

the general expressions upon the latter subject, and enters at some length

upon American affairs. After a few words from Lord Kingsdown, the

Address is agreed to nem. con.—In the House of Commons tho Address is

moved by Mr. Portman and seconded by Mr. Western Wood—The loss of

the Prince Consort, the Trent affair and American war, and the Revised

Code of Education form the chief topics of remark—Speech of Mr. Dis-

raeli—Declaration of Lord Palmerston in regard to our policy towards

the United States—Mr. M;iguire introduces the topic of distress in

Ireland—Sir Robert Peel, Secretary for Ireland, controverts his state-

ment, and an animated discussion ensues—The Address is agreed to

without a division. Procedure Op The House Op Commons—Mr. White

proposes a resolution in favour of a more methodical regulation of public

iiusiness in the House—Sir George Grey, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Disraeli, Sir

George Lewis, and Lord Palmerston take part in the discussion, which

terminates without result. National Education. The Revised Code.

In the House of Lords, Earl Granville, on the 13th of February, makes a

full statement of the grounds on which the recent Minutes had been

founded—His speech—Remarks of the Earl of Derby—Further discussion

of the subject deferred—On the same day, Mr. Lowe gives a similar ex-

planation of the New Code in the House of Commons, and vindicates the

measures of the Committee of Council—Speeches of Mr. Disraeli, Sir

John Pakington, and other Members—The Bishop of Oxford, on the 4th

of March, makes a severe assault upon the Revised Code in the House of

Lords—He i» answered by Earl Granville—Remarks of the Duke of

Marlborough, the Earl of Derby, the Duke of Argyll, and other Peers—

A few days later, Lord Lyttleton moves a scries of resolutions, inculpa-

tory of the new system—Earl Granville vindicates the course taken by

the Government—Lord St. Leonards also censures the Amended Minutes

in some respects— Remarks of the Bishop of London and of Earl Gran-

Till [1

CHAPTER II.

National Edjtoatios.The Reriied Code.—Mr. Walpole lays on the Table

of the House of Com nons a scries of Resolutions upon tbe Government

Minutes—A prolonged Debate takes place upon the subject, on the 24th

of May—Speeches of Mr. Walpole, Sir George Grey, Mr. Stanhope, Mr.

Buxton, Lord K. Cecil, Mr. W. Forster, Mr. Puller, Mr. Leatham, Mr.

Whiteside, Mr. Bernal Osborno, Mr. Ad.iorlcv, .Mr. Raines, Sir J. I'a-

kington, .Mr. Lowe, and other Members—The House goes into Committee

on tbe Resolutions—The Government determine to modify the Revised

Code—Earl Granville in the House of Lords, and Mr. Lowe in the House

of Commons, state, previously to tbe Easter Recess, the concessions .pro-

posed—Further Debates in the House of Commons, on the Amended Code:

Air. Walpole expresses his satisfaction with the concessions offered—Re-

marks of Mr. Henley, Sir J. Pakington, Lord R. Cecil, and Mr. Lowe—

Mr. Walpole withdraws bis Resolutions—Mr. Walter moves an Amend-

ment agiinst making the grants of money conditional on the Employ-

ment of Certificated Teachers—Mr. Lowe opposes the Motion on behalf of

the Government, and it is rejected by l(j;5 to 15U —Further Amendment*

are proposed by Mr. Baines and Mr. Bruce, but without success. CncncH

Rates—Sir John Trelawny again introduces bis Bill for the Abolition of

Church Rates—On the Second (Lading of the Bill, Mr. Sotheron Est-

court moves an amendment against immediate abolition—Sir George

Lewis, Mr. R. Mills, and Mr. Bright speak in favour of the Bill, and Mr.

Macdonogh, Sir John Pakington, and Mr. Disraeli oppose it—On a

division, the bill is lost by a majority of one—Air. 8. Estcourt after-

wards propo-es Resolutions for making other provisions in lieu of Church

Rates—After a discussion, in which Mr. Hodgkinson, Mr. lleygate, Mr.

Disraeli, and Sir George Grey take part, Mr. Estcourt's Resolutions are

withdrawn—Mr. Newdegate introduces a Bill for commuting Church

Rates to a Rent Charge on land, piyable by tbe owner—After some

debate, Mr. Newdegate withdraws bis Bill. Reiitf of ('lergy of the Church

of England desiring to setfle t/terrfrom—Mr. E. P. Bouverie brings in a

Bill to relieve seceding clergymen from penalties—the Bill is read a

second time and referred to a Select Committee—Sir L. Palk opposes the

third reading, when the Bill is lost by a majority of 9» to r«H. Act of

Uniformity—Lord Ebury introduces two Bills in tbe House of Lords, to

relax the terms of Subscriptions to the Articles, and to allow greater

freedom in the Celebration of Divine Service—The Bishops of London and

Oxtord objtc: to Lird Ebury's propositions—The Earl of Shaftesbury and

Earl Ru!»ell icc«inmend the postponement of the measures, which are

accordinglv withdrawn, ilnrringe* of Affinity—Mr. Monckton Milnes

again introduces a Bill to Legalize Marriage with a Deceased Wife's

Si»ter—It i« opposed by Mr. Lygon, Lord R. Cecil, Mr. Walpole, Mr.

Buxton and Mr. Kinnaird, and supported by Mr. Collier, Sir George Grey,

Mr. HeadUra and other Members—The second reading is carried by 144

to 133—Tbe committal of the Bill is opposed by Mr. Hunt and Mr.

Monm-ll, and after a short debate the Bill is lost by 146 to 116. Mat-

Booth Colli-ob Emmiwmcst — Mr. Whalley opposes the Grant—Sir

Robert Peel, Secretary for Ireland, defends it, and the Motion is nega-

tived by 193 to HI. National Eur/cATios is Irklasd—The O'Connor

I>on enters upon the subject of Public Education in that country, and

states ..bje.-lions to the institution of the Queen's College—He is answered

by Sir Robert Peel—Observations of Mr. Maguirc, Air. Whiteside, Mr.

Monscll, Mr. Henue^sy and other Members . |20
CHAPTER III.

The Civil War Ix America—Policy of the British Government respecting

(-""if—Cases in which the interests of this country were affected—Debates in

Parliament on International Law and Neutral Rights — Detention of

Biitish Subjects in the States by the Federal Authorities—Inquiry made

on this subject in the House of Lords by Lord Carnarvon, and answer of

Earl Russell—Remarks of the E:irls of Derby and Malmesbury, and other

Peers. Sinking of the Stone Fleet in the Harbour of Charleston,—Questions

addressed to Ministers in both Houses on this subject, and their answers

—Remarks of Mr. Bright on the conduct of our Government in the Trent

affair—Lord Palmerston justifies their measure. Blockade of the Southern

Ports—Mr. Gregory brings forward a Motion in the House of Commons

on this subject—Speeches of Mr. Bentiuck, Mr. W. Forster, Sir J. Fer-

gusson, Mr. Milnes, Mr. Lindsay, L>rd R. Cecil, and the Solicitor-General

—The Motion is negatived—Tlie subject mooted in the House of Lords

by Lord Campbell—-Speech of Earl Russell in answer—Important ds-

cussion on the Motion of Mr. Horsfall on the Law applicable to Neitral

Commerce in Time of War—Speeches of the Attorney-General, Sir G.

Lewis, Mr. Thomas Baring, Mr. Lindsay, the Lord Advocate, Sir S.

Northcote, Lord H. Vane, Mr. Massey, Mr. Bright, the Solicitor-General,

Mr. Walpole, Lord Palmerston, and Mr. Disraeli; Mr. Horsfall withdraws

hi* Motion. Violent Proclamation of the Federal General Butler at New

Orleans—Protestations are made in both Houses against this Document

—It is emphatically condemned by Lord Palmerston—The Question of

Mediation by England between the contending parties in America is dis-

cussed in the House of Commons on the Motion of Mr. Lindsay—His

Speech—Speeches of Mr. Taylor, Lord A. Tempest, Mr. W. Forster, Mr.

Whiteside, Mr. Gregory, Mr. S. Fitzgerald, and Lord Palmerston—No re-

sult follows from the Motion. Supply of Cotton for Englisli Manufac-

tures—Mr. J. B. Smith calls attention to the means of increasing tho

supply from India—Speeches of Mr. Smollett, Mr. Turner, Sir C. Wood,

Mr. Bazley, Mr. Finley, and other Members. Distress in the Cotton

Manufacturing Districts—Prospects of severe suffering to the operatives

in Lancashire, from the suspension of work, owing to the want of Cotton

—Discussions in both Houses on the subject—The Government resolve

to extend the powers given by the Poor Laws for raising funds by rates

in aid—Mr. Villiers brings in a Bill for this purpose, proposing to extend

the rating in certain cases over adjoining Unions—The measure under-

goes much discussion—It is proposed that borrowing powers on the

Fccurity of the rates should be given under specified conditions—Debates

on this question—The Government at first object, but afterwards yield to

the evident opinion of the House of Commons in favour of Loans—The

Bi!l is amended accordingly—It passes through the House of Lords on

the 4th of August, after a debate in which Earl Russell, Lord Malmes-

bury, the Duke of Newcastle, Lord Kingsdown, Lord Egerton, and Lord

Overstone take part, and becomes law [42

CHAPTER IV.

FwAirciAt Affairs—Mr. Sheridan moves for leave to introduce a Bill to

diminish the duty on Fire Insurances—The Chancellor of the Exchequer

and Lord Palmerston oppose the motion—The motion is carried against

the Government by 127 to 116, but the Bill is not proceeded with. The

Budget—Mr. Gladstone makes his Financial Statement in a Committee

of Ways and Means, on the 3rd of April—He enters at much length into
the state of the Revenue and Expenditure, and the results of past Re-

missions of Taxation—Proposes to modify the Wine Duties, and to cam-

mute the Hop Duty for a Licence on Brewing—A short discussion takes

place on this occasion, but on a subsequent day Mr. Disraeli enters fully

upon the subject of Finance, and impugns the Chancellor of the Exche-

quer's policy as unsound and fallacious—Mr. Gladstone justi6es the

measures proposed by him, and retorts on Mr. Disraeli—Sir Stafford

Northcote enters upon an elaborate criticism of the Budget, and expresses

dissatisfaction at the financial position—Discussion on the proposed

Licence Duties on Brewing—Mr. Bass, Sir John Trollope, and other

Members object to the scheme—The Chancellor of the Exchequer aban-

dons the Duty on private Brewing—A general Debate on the Financial

Policy of the Government takes place on the Second Reading of the

Inland Revenue Bill—Sir Stafford Northcote again dissects the financial

arrangements of the Government, and intimates distrust of their calcula-

tions—The Chancellor of the Exchequer enters fully upon a defence of

his measures—Mr. Disraeli attacks both the financial and the foreign

policy of the Government, which is vindicated with much spirit by

Ix>rd Palmerston—On the Third Reading of the Inland Revenue Bill,

Mr. Disraeli again inveighs against the unsoundness of Mr. Gladstone's

Financial Policy—He is answered by Lord Palmerston—Remarks of Mr.

Lindsay, Sir 11. Willoughby, and other Members—The Bill embodying

tlic several provisions of the Budget passes the House of Commons—It

meets with considerable hostility in the House of Lords—Earl Granville

moves the Second Reading on the 30th of May—It is supported by the

Dukes of Newca.-tle and Arjryle, and by Karl Russell, and opposed by

the Earl of Carnarvon, Earl Gray, Lord Overstone, and the Earl of Derby

—The Bill is pause! and becomes law—Incidental Discussions on Finance.

The Income Tar—Mr. Hubbard moves a Resolution affirming the injus-

tice of applying the same rate of Taxatiou to Incomes derived from fixed

property and those of precarious tenure—Mr. Crawford seconds tho

motion—The Chancellor of the Exchequer opposes Mr. Hul>bard's scheme

as incongruous and impracticable—The motion is negatived by 99 to 62.

/{eduction of Public Rr/xnditure—Mr. Stansfeld gives notice of a motion

affirming the feasibility of retrenchment without impairing the efficacy of

the public service—Several Meml>crs give notice of amendments on this

motion—Proposed amendments of Mr. Walpolc and Lord Palmerston—

On the day fixed for the motion Lord Palmerston, treating the question

raised by Mr. Walpole as one of confidence in Ministers, calls on the

other Members to waive their amendments—An irregular discussion

ensues—Mr. Stansfeld addresses tho House and moves his Resolution,

which is seconded by Mr. Baxter—Lord Palmerston moves his Amend-

ment, expressing approval of retrenchments already made and a hope of

further diminution—Speeches of Mr. Disraeli, Mr. Horsman, Mr. Cobdcn,

and other Mcmlwrs—On a division Mr. Stansfcld's Resolution is negatived

by 367 to 6.">— Mr. Walpolc then, disclaiming any intention of hostility

to the Government, abandons his Amendment—Sarcastic observations are

made thereon by Mr. B. Osborne and Mr. Disraeli, who recommends the

House to pass Lord Palmerston'! Amendment, which is accordingly

adopted without opposition ........ [70

CHAPTER V.

Amy, Natt, Aitd PoaTmcATiosra—Sir G. C. Lewis moves the Army Esti-

mates, and enters into a full explanatory statement of the Expenditure

and Condition of the Land Forces—A .Motion to Reduce the number of

men, and some other Amendments, being negatived, the Estimates are
agreed to—Parcha*e of Comm'tsions in. the Army—Sir Dj Lacy Evans

moves a Resolution for giving effect to the Report of the Royal Commis-

sion—Sir G. 0. Lewis opposes the Motion—Speeches of Goneral Peel, Lord

Stanley and Lord Palinerston—The Resolution is negatived by 247 to 62.

The Naval Entimitts are moved by Lord Clarence Paget—Much discussion

takes place with reference to the construction of iron-cased vessels and

on tho relative strength of our Navy and that of France—Mr. Lindsay

and Mr. Baxter contend that the growth of the French Navy in strength

and numbers has been over-stated by the Government—Lord Clarence

Paget justifies his own representations on this subject, and enters at

length into a statement of the operations in our Dockyards, aud the plans

of the Government for increasing our naval strength—Further debates

on Naval Armaments—Impression produced in this country by the /

engagement in America between the Merrinvxc and the Monitor—The

question of Fortifications of the Coast is discussed in connection with

that of inn-sheathed vessels—Important Debate in the House of Lords,

and statement of the Duke of Somerset, as to the condition of the Navy

and intentions of the Government—'The relative efficiency of Iron and

Wooden Ships of war is again discussed in the same House, with reference

to the action between the American vessels—Speeches of Earl de Grey,

the Duke of Cambridge, Lord Ellenborough, the Duke of Somerset, and

other Peers—The same subject is mooted in the House of Commons by

Sir Frederick Smith—Remarks of Mr. Laird, Mr. Gregory, Sir J. Hay,

Capt. Jervis, Mr. Osborne, Mr. Bright, Sir G. C. Lewis, and Lord Clarence

Paget. FORTIFICATION OF THE DOCKYARDS AND ARSENALS Sir G. C.

Lewis proposes, on the part of the Government, a Resolution authorizing

a grant of 1,800,000/. lor these works—His speech—Mr. Bernal Osborne

opposes the proposition, objecting to the scheme, as ineffectual and extra-

vagant—He moves an Amendment, to give effect to his views—Speeches

of Sir F. Smith, Mr. H. A. Bruce, Mr. Vivian, Sir J. Northcote, Mr. Ben-

tinck, Sir M. Peto, Mr. Monsell, Lord Palinerston, and Mr. Disraeli—Mr.

Osborne's Amendment is withdrawn—On a further stage of the Bill, the

opposition is renewed by Mr. Lindsay, who renews the controversy as to

the relative strength of the French Navy—He is answered by Lord Cla-

rence Paget—Mr. Cobden impugns the policy of Lord Palmerston, whom

he charges with over-stating the preparations of France—Reply of Lord

Palmerston—Mr. Lindsay's Resolution is withdrawn—Mr. B. Osborne

again moves the reduction of the proposed vote for the Fortifications—

Speeches of Mr. H. A. Bruce, Captain Jervis, Sir F. Smith, Sir G. C. Lewis,

Lord Palmerston, Mr. Cobden, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer—

After some further debate, Mr. Osborne's Amendment is negatived by

110 to 62—Further Amendments are moved upon the Bill, but the pro-

positions of the Government, with slight modifications, are carried—The

Second Reading of the Bill is moved by Lord de Grey in the House of

Lords on the 25th of July—Speeches of the Earl of Ellenborough, the

Duke of Somerset, Duke of Cambridge, Earls Grey and Malmesbury, and

Earl Russell—The Bill is passed L94

CHAPTER VI.

Colonial And Foreign Afsairs—.Military Expenditure for the Colonies—

Mr. Arthur Mills moves a Resolution in tho House of Commons, affirming

the obligation of Colonies enjoying self-government to contribute to their

own defence—Mr. C. Fortescuo, on behalf of the Government, assents to

the Resolution, with some modifications suggested by Mr. Baxter—The

Motion is agreed to—Mr. Adderley calls attention to the duty of Canada

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