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crowd, full of eager expectation, stroyed by fire, through the care-
awaited with curiosity the explosion lessness of the workmen wo were
of this vast magazine, which would executing some repairs. The
probably have destroyed multitudes roof is entirely destroyed; and
of them; and the ignition of the the columns of the interior culo
adjoining reservoirs would have cined. The tracery of the win:
probably followed. But, fortu- dows, which was very fine, is not
nately, as was proved on a previous much injured; but the building
occasion when Messrs. Price's has been so much dilapidated by
works were burnt, gas does not the persons to wbom it was granted
ignite without the presence of a at the Reformation, and by subse-
large proportion of atmospheric air, quent ill-usage, that the whole
and the anticipated disaster did will probably be removed.
pot occur. Fortunately the wind was 26. THE GAROTTE TERRORISN
very light, and the little there was – This great metropolis, ever
set the flames away from the gas. awake in the constant morement
works onto the buildings at the of its population, with streets
back of Chatham Place. The fire wide and so well lighted, api
men plied their dangerous task guarded by the best-arranged sys-
with heroic resolution; but little tem of police known to any capital,
could be done to save Messrs. has been held during a great part
Price's warehouses. These were of this year in a state of chronic
destroyed, with all their contents; terror by a gang of ruffians who
and the buildings in the rear of have carried out an old plan of
Chatham Place were greatly in- robbery with an audacity and s
jured. The same good fortune vageness beyond example. For
which saved the gasometer from some years past there have been
explosion, also averted a more occasional instances of " gurotte
imminent catastrophe. In one of robberies "--a method of highway
the warehouses adjoining that in plunder, which consists in one
which the fire broke out were rufian seizing an unsuspecting
stored 50 tons of turpentine. Had traveller by the neck and crushing
this material taken fire a vast in his throat, while another simul

. conflagration would probably have taneously rifles his pockets ; followed. The fire, being confined scoundrels then decamp, leaving within Messrs. Price's premises, their victim on the ground writhing had burnt itself out by midnight. in agony, with tongue protruding

21. DESTRUCTION OF GRANTHAN and eyes starting from their sockEXCHANGE Hall-The Exchange ets, unabled to give an alarm or to Hall of Grantham, one of the attempt pursuit. These dastarlly largest and most handsome corn crimes were heretofore committed markets and assembly rooms in in by-streets, and at late hours; Lincolnshire, was completely de. the criminals generally got sako stroyed by fire, as well as a moving off

, for the first grasp deprived diorama, belonging to M. Gom- the sufferer of the power of sight. pertz, valued at 20001.

Now, however, these savage Thugs 22. DESTRUCTION OF THE committed their crimes in the most Austin Friars. CHCRCH.-- This public places and frequently its edifice, one of the few relics of broad day, with police-constables the days preceding the Reforma close at hand and passengers pur tion left in London, has been de. suing their unconscious way within

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sight. To this singular audacity from him just before, had seen the
they added a wantonness of cruelty woman. After some time she was
which excited the utmost terror. apprehended and convicted. In
Frequently, when the garotter had March, a gunmaker wamed Wood,
throttled his victim into uncon was at an ale-house in the Com-
sciousness, the confederate struck mercial Road. He went out, and
the poor man crushing blows with in a few minutes staggered in
a. " sise-preserver," and after rob- dreadfully injured ; his throat bad
bing him without a struggle, left been crushed in, and his hand and
bim bleeding and mangled on the arm had been so injured that the
pavement, disfigured, and perhaps bone of the thumb protruded
injured for life. In other instances, through the skin. It was found
after completing the rifling, they necessary to amputate the arm;
hurled him to the ground and but the poor man died of super-
then kicked him on the head until vening erysipelas.

vening erysipelas. The ruffians
his skull was fractured, and his could not be traced. About the
features defaced. These cruel acts same time Mr. Le Brun was re-
were committed in such places turning from an evening party
as Lincoln's Inn Fields, Bruns- through Artillery Row, when he
wick Square, Blackman Street, was suddenly attacked by three
Long Acre, Bloomsbury Street, men, one of whom seized him
Pall Mall, Cockspur Street, and round the throat from behind and
others of the most frequented attempted to strangle him. Mr.
thoroughfares of the metropolis. Le Brun struggled to release him.

These dreadful outrages spread self from his assailants, when the
terror over all the millions that one who held him by the throat
inhabit London. The crime was cried out, “Let him have it,"
so frequent, and the consequences when one of the fellows dealt him
so serious, that each individual felt a blow on the head with a bludgeon,
personal alarm.

inflicting a dreadful wound; in the
Some of these cases were of meantime the fellows who stood in
shocking cruelty and will give an front of Mr. Le Brun had possessed
idea of the ferocity of the "Thugs." themselves of his watch and appen-
In January, & dealer in watches dages, and money, and, dashing
and jewellery, named Pearce, while him to the ground with great vio-
in the Kingsland Road, between lence, dislocated his ankle, and
11 and 12 o'clock at night, was made off. By this time several
addressed by a respectable-looking constables came up, and pursued
female. While speaking to her the ruffians, but they contrived to
he was attacked by several men, escape. Mr. Le Brun, who was
one of whom seized him by the insensible and nearly strangled,
neck; he was instantly plundered was carried to Westminster Hos-
by the others; the gang then fled, pital.
leaving their victim writhing on

These and similar attacks, com-
the ground. His throat had been mitted in open day, had attracted
crushed in by the force with which notice to the new species of crime,
the ruffian bad grasped it, and he and the public were taking the
died after a week of severe suffer- alarm, when a member of Parlia-
ing. Fortunately, a friend of the ment was subjected to the same
murdered man who had parted treatment as the general citizens.

tarting from there
ed to give an akredit

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e heretofore compte
ets, and at late it
als generally is

first grasp dez
of the power disa
er, these savage TM
heir crimes in the
's and frequent
vith police-consulting

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On the 16th July, Mr. Pilkington, Commissioner of Police was or-
the member for Blackburn, bad dered to give particular attenti a
quitted the House of Commons, to this form of crime. The streets
after a late sitting, and was pro- were in consequence so watch i
ceeding to the Reform Club, be that in several savage cases the
tween 12 and 1 o'clock, A.m. When perpetrators were caught, tried,
passing the Crimean Memorial two and convicted, and received severe
men rushed upon him; one struck sentences. Still the assaults were
him a terrible blow on the head, unchecked. Day by day the police
the other seized him round the news reported ruffians brought
neck (as he judges from the pain he before the magistrates for garotte
subsequently felt). The unfortu- robberies. The alarm was uci.
nate gentleman seems to have re- versal ; people were afraid to leave
covered his feet and staggered on their houses in the evening; it was
to the corner of Cork Street, held safe to go to parties only in
where he first recovered a distinct carriages or cabs; the subject of
consciousness. His watch and “putting on the hug” became :
chain were gone, but the robbers standing theme to Punch, wbih
had not had time to ritle his poc. effective Magister morum gave his
kets. The outrage was perpetrated powerful aid in arousing the autism
in an open well-lighted place, in rities; and hundreds of devices sur
the twilight of a summer's night. self-protection, each more ludicruus
Mr. Kershaw, M.P., was close fol. than the other, recalled the days
lowing Mr. Pilkington, but the of the Popish plots and the
affair was so sudden that he knew Protestant Flail."
nothing of it; and five policemen With the long evenings and
were on their beats close at hand, dark nights the evil and its terror
but only became aware of the rose to the height; the police force
outrage on being informed by was largely increased, and it was
strangers. On the same night, evident that a systematic war must
near the same time, and probably be waged against the criminal ciuss
by the same men, Mr. Hawkins, of that furnished these wretches
the British Museum, was savagely The police are usually acquainted
assaulted and rubbed between in an informal manner with the
St. James' Street and Bond Street. habits of the professed criminais
A policeman was close to the spot, that infest our cities, and this
but did not see the attack, though knowledge was now brought into
he came up in time to give assist use.

A considerable number of ance to the sufferer. In neither of the worst ruttjans were arrested, these cases were the ruffians identified as the perpetrators of brought to justice, although it is some of these rubberies; and, 10 said that the police were well con. order to strike the more terror vinced that they knew the men. into their profession, were reserved

It has been said that the way to for trial at the sessions of the draw attention to railway mis- Central Criminal Court in Novemmanagement is to smash a bi-hop ber. Although the cases which -an assault upon a member of could be proved were but exampies Parliament compelled the atten. of the crime, the facts were suifi. tion of the Home Secretary to the cient to show that the terrors of state of the streets, and the Chief the people had been well-founded.

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Two men, vamed Roberts and tenced to 20, the woman to 4 Anderson, both young, were in- years' penal servitude. dicted for a savage assault upon a Two men were convicted of a medical student named Ryk Le similar outrage in Long Acre, and Sueur, in Bloomsbury Street, on were sentenced, one to 20, the other the 23rd October, about 6 o'clock to 10 years' penal servitude. Anin the evening. Three ruffians other ruffian, with his companions, stept up to the unfortunate gen- had attacked a man in Holborn, tleman, and one of them struck and squeezed his throat so forcibly him such a fearful blowy with a that he spit blood for 15 days ; "knuckle-duster"-an American two others were couvicted for a vioinvention, being a kind of solid lent robbery in Cockspur Street. brass glove, of great weight--that All these received heavy sentences. one side of his face was smashed To make the examples more in, bis front teeth were knocked in, striking, as the criminals were and many teeth in both the upper successively convicted they were and lower jaw were broken-his taken to Newgate, and brought up face and cheek dreadfully cut-he on the same day for sentence. was, in short, disfigured for life. Baron Bramwell, who earned The two rufhans were convicted the gratitude of the public for his Anderson was sentenced to penal conduct during the trials, gave u servitude for life; the other for short sketch of the career of each 20 years, There was a third as he awarded his punishment. ruffian, named Marks, concerned The sentences were all such as in the crime, and was the man who would be felt by their confederates used the “ knuckle-duster," but he --penal servitude for life, for 20, had been caught in another assault 15, or 10 years. In all, about 24 of almost equal atrocity, was con of the most dangerous ruffiang victed, and very justly sentenced that had held London in subfor life. Anderson liad been before jection, were brought to justice at convicted of felony and sentenced these sessions. to three years' penal servitude ; The effect was immediate; either and he now stood at the bar for the all these outrages had been persixteenth time! Roberts and Marks petrated by a small number of had been both previously convicted hardened criminals, or the convicof felony, and sentenced to diffe- tions of these memorable sessions rent terms of servitude.

had struck their companions in In another case, two men and a crime with terror; for though a woman were convicted. The case, few daring cutrages of the same Baron Bramwell said, was one that kind were perpetrated during the required great self-command to winter, the reign of terror was deal with with anything like calm- at an end, and the inhabitants of ness. The woman had induced the metropolis once more traversed the victim to accompany her to a their streets without starting at bs-place, where the men seized every footstep or turning pale at him, while the woman robbed him; every shadow. they then threw him on the ground The private history of these and kicked him with such violence criminals, now told on authority, upon the head that he was left for also awakened attention to the dead. The men were each sen administration of our criminal law. VOL. CIV.


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Scarce one of these scoundrels but cottages, perhaps miles away, in
had been convicted again and their wet garments.
again. Some had been three and It seems likely that these ex.
four times sentenced to penal ser- posures will cause the crimiral
vitude for terms of years, and had class to repent for years their
been released before the expira- savage outburst of 1862.
tion of their sentences, "for good 27. FATAL BOILER EXPLOs10%
conduct." A clean and well-kept AT ALNWICK.-An accident similar
gaol is a necessity, not for the to those recorded in the earlier
health of the prisoners, but for the pages of this Chronicle, occurred
safety of society; but it was shown at High Moor Farm, Alnwick, by
that the food of convicted crimi. the explosion of the boiler of i
nals was infinitely superior, both steam thrashing machine. A num-
as to quantity and quality, to what ber of young women, chied;
an industrious mechanic could "bondagers " upon the farm, w te
hope to procure; that the indul. assembled around the fire of the
gences extended on most frivolous boiler-house, chatting after dia ser
pretexts were such as a working with some lads, before they ne
man can only enjoy on some bright suined work in the barn
gala days of his honest life; and Some masons had been there
that the “ good conduct” that en warming themselves, but had just
titled the oft-convicted criminal returned to work, and the larte
to a remission of his sentence, steward had called upon the girls
amounted to little more than an to return to their labour, Seren
abstinence from outrage and vio- of the party rose, and were in the
lence towards his gaolers (which act of going out, the other sis, tre
would have brought him imme- of whom were girls, remaining *
diate inconvenience and a hypo- the fire, when the boiler esploaded
critical demeanour before the with an appalling noise. I like
chaplain. Even the labour ex- who had remained sitting were
acted from these fortunate sinners killed on the spot. The sevet
seemed to be calculated with great who were in the act of leaving the
nicety to show how superior was building were all severely injured

. their lot to that of the working and two of them have since died man.

Their exertions, for in- Other persons were injured by the stance, at the Portland works, were flying boiler, or by bricks and tules continued just so long as to earn hurled by the force of the es. an appetite for an excellent dinner, plosion. taken in well-protected rooms; while the free labourers in the same works snatched a scanty and dry meal from their knees, or from stones in the open air; and at

DECEMBER Dartmoor, it is told how, when a shower of rain came on, the convicts put on their coats and re

3. Fatal POACHIXO APFEAT.tired to a shed; while the uncon- At the Maidstone Assizes, thus victed labourers toiled on through day was specially appointed for the the shower

, and in the evening trial of a party of poachiers, for walked to their cold and cheerless the manslaughter of a gamekeeper

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