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XV. Articles the produce or less they shall have previously manufacture of Belgium shall not complied with the regulations, if be subject in the British Colonies any, which are or may be in force to other or higher duties than for the deposit at London, by those which are or may be imposed British subjects, of marks, models, upon similar articles of British or patterns. origin.
Reciprocally, British subjects XVI. The subjects of one of shall not have the right to claim the High Contracting Parties shall in Belgium exclusive property in tyjoy, in the dominions of the a mark, model, or pattern, unless other, the same protection as native they shall have previously comsujects in all that relates to pro- plied with the laws and regulations perty in trade marks, as well as in on those subjects which are or may industrial and manufacturing pat. be in force in Belgium terns and models of every descrip XVIII. Each of the High Con. tion.
tracting Parties shall have the The exclusive right to make use right to name consuls for the proof an industrial or manufacturing tection of trade in the dominions pattern or model shall not, with and territories of the other party; regard to British subjects in Bel. and the consuls who may be so gium, and reciprocally with regard appointed shall enjoy, within the to Belgian subjects in Great Bri- territories of each party, all the tain, have a duration longer than privileges, exemptions, and immuthat fixed by the law of the country nities which are or may be granted for native subjects.
in those territories to agents of the If the industrial or manufac- same rank and character appointed turiug pattern or model is open to by or authorized to act for the the public iu the country of origin, Government of the most favoured it cannot be made the subject of nation. an exclusive right in the other Before any consul can act as country.
such, he must, however, in the The provisions of the two pro- usual form be approved and alceding paragraphs are applicable mitted by the Government of the to trade-marks.
country to which he is sent; and The rights of subjects of one of each of the two High Coutracting the High Contracting Parties in Parties shall have the right to ex: the dominions of the other are not cept from the residence of consuls subject to the condition that the any particular places which either models or patterns shall be worked of them may judge proper to be there.
excepted. The present article shall not be XIX. If any ressel of war or put into operation in either country. merchant-vessel of either of the with regard to such models or two countries should be wrecked patterns, until the expiration of a upon the coasts of the other, such year from the date of the signa. Vessel, or any parts thereof, and iure of the present Treaty, ail furniture and appurtenances
XVII. Belgiau subjects stull belonging there unto, as well as all not have the right to claim in goods and merchandize ahich shall Great Britain exclusive property be saved therefrom, or the proceeds in a mark, model, or pullern, uy thereof, is sold, shall be restored
to the proprietors or to their 1862, the new system shall be ap-
grammes, or the duties stipulated
grammes. XXI. From and after, at latest, XXIII. It is understood that in the day on which the capitalization case the present duty on the imof the Scheldt Toll shall be effected portation of foreign spirits should by a general arrangement be maintained in the British tariff,
1. The tonnage duty imposed in the Article relative to spirits which Belgian ports shall cease to be le- is contained in the Treaty convied ;
cluded between Belgium and France 2. The pilotage duties in Bele on the Ist of May, 1861, shall not gian ports and in the Scheldt, so be applied to British spirits, so far far as depends upon Belgium, shall as regards the reductions therein undergo a reduction
stipulated, until the 1st of OctoOf 20 per cent. for sailing ves. ber, 1865. sels ;
XXIV. The Ionian Islands Of 25 per cent.for vessels towed; being under the protection of Her Of 30 per cent. for steam-ves- Britannic Majesty, the subjects sels.
and vessels of those islands shall 3. The system of local taxes enjoy, in the dominions of His Maimposed by the city of Antwerp jesty the King of the Belgians, all sball be throughout diminished. the advantages which are granted
XXII. As a temporary excep- to the subjects and vessels of Great tion to the stipulations of Article Britain by the present Treaty, as XIV., and for the space of two soon as the Government of the years from the 1st of October, Ionian Islands shall have agreed
to grant to the subjects and ves- introduce into the Treaty, by comsels of His Majesty the King of mon consent, any modifications the Belgians the same advantages which may not be at variance with which are granted in those islands its spirit or principles, and the to the subjects and vessels of Her utility of which may be shown by Britannic Majesty: it being under experience. stood, that in order to prevent XXVI. From and after the date abuses, every Ionian vessel claim. fixed by the preceding Article, the ing the benefits of that Treaty Treaty of Commerce and Navigashall be furnished with a patent tion of the 27th of October, 1831, signed by the Lord High Commis- shall cease to be in force. sioner of Her Britannio Majesty, XXVII. The present Treaty or by his representative.
shall be ratified, and the ratitica. XXV. The present Treaty shall tions shall be exchanged at logcontinue in force for ten years, don before the first day of Septemdating from the tenth day after the ber, one thousand eight hundred exchange of the ratifications. In and sixty-two. case neither of the two High Con In witness whereof the respeotracting Parties should have noti. tive Plenipotentiaries have signed fied, twelve months before the end the same, and have affixed thereto of the said period, its intention to the seal of their arms. terminate the Treaty, it shall re. Done in duplicate at London, main in force until ihe expiration the twenty-third day of July, in of a year dating from the day on the year of our Lord one thousand which either of the High Con- eight hundred and sixty-two. tracting Parties shall have given (LS.) RUSSELL. notice for its termination.
(L.S.) Tuos. MILNER GIESON. The High Contracting Parties (LS.) SYLVAIN VAN DE WEYÅR. reserve to themselves the right to
into the Treaty, brez jent, any mulin í not be at vannet or principles
, and which may be ibors.
CORRESPONDENCE RESPECTING THE CIVIL WAR
IN NORTH AMERICA.
From and after the he preceding Arters
Commerce and I e 27th of October
, X to be in force. . The present ? ratified, and the main I be exchanged la
the first day of Semas .bousand eight hus WO. ess whereof the rest potentianes bares and have attised that their arms.
CORRESPONDENCE RESPECTING THE SINKING OF STONE-LADEN
SuPS IN THE HARBOUR OF CHARLESTON.
1 duplicate at Laura 7-third day of Ju our Lord one is tred and sixty-172 RUSSELL "hos, VILNER GIANT
YLVAIN Vay Deli
Newspaper Extract (Inclosure in the work of sinking. Each ship
will be anchored in the place cho
sen for her, and will then be sprung FLEET OF STONE VESSELS. round broadside to the channel, The feet of stone-laden vessels thus effecting as great a stoppage for sinking in the harbours of the as is possible. When this is done, Southern coast, which has been and she is in position, the valve for some time preparing, sailed on will be withdrawn, and when the the 20th instant, and we give be. vessel is nearly level with the walow a list of the vessels composing ter's edge the men will leave in a it, with their tounage. They are small boat. It is reported that all old, but substantial, whaling- an enterprising rigger has gone vessels, double decked to give down with the fleet, with the inthem greater firmuess ; they were tention to take off what pieces of stripped of their copper and other spars and rigging may remain fittings which were not necessary above the water's edge after the for so short a voyage as they will ships are sunk. make, and loaded with picked stone as deeply as was safe.
In the bottom of each ship a hole was bored, into which was
No. 126.-Lord Lyons to Earl fitted a lead-pipe five inches in dia
Russell. -- (Received Decemmeter, with a valve so fixed that,
ber 12.) though perfectly safe even for a
Washington, November 29, 1861. long voyage, it can be quickly removed. It is calculated that the My Lord,--In my despatch of ship will be filled and sunk to the the 25th instant, I inclosed exbottom in twenty minutes after the tracts from newspapers giving deremoval of this valve.
tails of the preparations made by The crew consists of six men order of the Government of the each. These will be returned by United States to obstruct the inthe men-of-war who will assist in lets and harbours on the coast of
the Southern States by sinking I must remark, in the first place, vessels laden with stones. Seve. that this cruel plan would seem to ral vessels are stated to have been imply utter despair of the restoraalready despatched for this pur- tion of the Union, the professed pose, and Charleston and Savan- object of the war; for it never nah are announced by the press (I could be the wish of the United know not on what authority) as States to destroy cities from which the ports against which they are their own country was to derive a directed.
portion of its riches and prosperThis mode of closing the ports ity: such a plan could only be has given rise to a great deal of adopted as a measure of revenge discussion. By some it is charac- and irremediable injury against an terized as an odious and barbarous enemy. measure, not sanctioned by the But even in this view, as a usages of civilized warfare. Others scheme of embittered and sanguin. maintain that it is perfectly fair ary war, such a measure is not and proper. The question seems justifiable. It is a plot against to depend on the extent to which the commerce of nations, and the the harbours will be permanently free intercourse of the Southern injured. If the obstructions can States of America with the civil. not be completely removed on the ized world. It is a project worthy cessation of hostilities, the mea- only of times of barbarism. sure is certainly open to grave ob I wish you to speak in this sense jection.
to Mr. Seward, who will, I hope, I have, &c.
disavow the alleged project.
I am, &c.
No. 127.- Earl Russell to Lord
Lyons. Foreign Office, December 20, 1961. No. 139.—Lord Lyons to Eur? My Lord,-- I observe it is stated, Russell.--Received January 16.) apparently on good authority, that it is the intention of the President of the United States to send ves
Washington, January 2, 1862. sels laden with stones to be sunk My Lord, In my despatches at the mouths of the Southern of the 25th and 29th of November harbours, with a view to choke up last, I had the honour to convey the passage to those harbours. information to your Lordship con:
It is stated that this is to be cerning the preparations which done, pot with a view to assist were being made by this Gover. military operations, and as a tem- ment to obstruct the entrance to porary measure of war, but with ports in the Southern Stales, by the declared object of destroying sinking vessels laden with stones these harbours for ever, and re in the channels. ducing to misery the numerous in. Mr. Consul Molyneux, in a dehabitants of the cities connected spitch dated the 7th of last month, with them.
reported to your Lordship that the