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without weight, in the considera in authority from conceding that ration to be given by Her Ma- fact at bome. jesty's Government, to the request Again, it is known that there is for recognition of the Confederate a large and increasing sentiment States, submitted in my letter of in the United States in accordance the 24th July ultimo. I ask with these views, a sentiment which leave now to present them as sup- has its origin in the hard teachings plemental to that letter.

of the war as it has progressed. If it be true, as there assumed, It was believed (or so confidently that in the settled judgment of affirmed) that there was a large England the separation of the party in the Southern States deStates is final, then the failure of voted to the Union, whose preso great a Power {to recognize the sence and power would be mani

. fact in a formal manner, imparts fested there as soon as the public an opposite belief, and must ope. force of the United States was rate as an incentive to the United present to sustain it. I need not States to protract the contest. say how fully the experience of the

In a war such as that pending war has dispelled this delusion. in America, where a party in pos. Again it was believed, and consession of the Government is fidently relied on, that in the so-u! striving to subdue those, who for structure of the Southern States reasons sufficient to themselves, there was a large population of the have withdrawn froin it, the con. dominant race indifferent, if not test will be carried on in the heat hostile, to the basis on which that of blood and of popular excite. social structure rests, in which they ment, long after its object has were not interested, and who would become hopeless in the eyes of be found the allies of those whose disinterested parties.

mission was supposed to be in some The Government itself may way to break it up; but the same feel that its power is inadequate experience has shown that the whole to bring back the recusant States, population of the South is uulted, and yet be unable at once to as one people, in arms to resist the control the fierce elements which invader. surround it whilst the war rages. Nothing remains then on which Such it is confidently believed is to rest any hope of conquest but a the actual condition of affairs in reliance on the superior numbers America.

and the supposed greater resources It is impossible in the experience of the Northern States. I think of eighteen months of no ordinary the results of the last (or pending trial in the small results attained campaign has proved how idle such and in the manifest exhaustion expectations were, against the adof its resources, that any hope re- vantages of a people fighting at mains with the Government of the home, and bringing into a common United States either of bringing stock of resistance, as a free-will about a restoration of the disse- offering, all that they possessed, vered Union, or of subjugating whether of blood or treasurethose who have renounced it. And spectacle now historically before yet the failure of foreign Purrers the world. formally to recognize this actual It is in human erperience that condition of things, disables those there must be thouse in the l'nited

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States who cannot shut their eyes In again urging these views you to such facts, and yet, in the de represent, as before, that the withspotic power now assumed there by drawal of certain of the confedethe Government, to give expression rates from the Union of the States to any doubt would be to court the of North America is not to be conhospitalities of the dungeon. sidered as a revolution, in the

One word from the Government ordinary acceptation of that term, of Her Majesty would encourage far less an act of insurrection or those people to speak, and the rebellion, but as the termination civilized world would respond to of a Confederacy which had, during the truths they would utter, “ that a long course of years, violated the for whatever purpose the war was terms of the federal compact. begun, it was continued now only I beg leave to say in the outset in a vindictive and unreasoning that upon this question of a right spirit, shocking alike to humanity of withdrawal, as upon that of the and civilization.” That potent previous conduct of the United word would simply be to announce States, Her Majesty's Government a fact, which a phrenzied mind have never presumed to form a could only dispute, that the South- judgment. The interpretation of ern States, now in a separate Con. the Constitution of the United federacy, had established before the States, and the character of the world its competency to maintain proceedings of the President and the Government of its adoption, Congress of the United States and in its determination to abide under that Constitution, must be by it.

determined, in the opinion of Her To withhold it would not only Majesty's Government, by the seem in derogation of truth, but States and people in North Amewould be to encourage the conti- rica who inherited, and have till nuance of a war, hopeless in its recently upheld, that Constitution. object, ruinous alike to the parties Her Majesty's Government decline engaged in it, and to the prosperity altogether the responsibility of and welfare of Europe.

assuming to be judges in such a (Signed) J. M. Mason. controversy.

You state that the Confederacy

has a population of 12,000,000; No. 11. -Earl Russell to Mr.

that it has proved itself for Mason.

eighteen months capable of suc

cessful defence against every atForeign Office, Angust 2, 1862.

tempt to subdue or destroy it ; Sir, I have had the honour to that in the judgment of the intelreceive your letters of the 24th of ligence of all Europe the separation July and Ist instant, in which you is final; and that under no possible repeat the considerations which, in circumstances can the late federal the opinion of the Government of Union be restored. the so-called Confederate States, On the other hand, the Secreentitle that Government to be re- tary of State of the United States cognized of right as a separate has affirmed, in an official despatch, and independent Power, and to be that a large portion of the once received as an equal in the great disaffected populatiou has been refamily of nations.

stored to the Union, and now Vol.. CIV.

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evinces its loyalty and firm adher- among the independent nations of ence to the Government, that the the earth, a State ought to have white population now in insurrec. not only strength and resources tion is under 5,000,000, and that for a time, but afford promise of the Southern Confederacy owes its stability and permanence. Should main strength to hope of assistance the Confederate States of America from Europe.

win that place among nations, it In the face of the fluctuating might be right for other nating events of the war; the alternations justly to acknowledge an indepetida of victory and defeat; the capture ence achieved by victory, and of New Orleans; the advance of maintained by a successful resist the Federals to Corinth, to ance to all attempts to overthrow Memphis, and the banks of the it. That time, however, has not, Mississippi as far as Vicksburg, in the judgment of Her Majesty's contrasted, on the other land, with Government, yet arrived. the failure of the attack on Charles- Majesty's Government, therefore, ton, and the retreat from before can only hope that a peaceful ter Richmond; placed, too, between mination of the present bloody a', 1 allegations so contradictory on the destructive contest may not be dispart of the contending Powers; tant. Her Majesty's Government are

I am, &c., still determined to wait.

(Signed) RISSEIL In order to be entitled to a place

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Passed in the Fourth Session of the EIGHTEENTI Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

25° & 26° VICT.

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PUBLIC GENERAL ACTS. with Bleaching by the Open-air Pro

cess. I. N Act to apply the Sum of Nine IX. An Act to enable the Trustees of Sir

John Soane's Museum to send Works sand seven hundred and forty-seven of Art to the International Exhibition, Pounds out of the Consolidated Fund 1862. to the service of the Year ending the X. An Act for continuing for a further Thirty-first Day of March, One thou Jimited Time, and for extending the

sand eight hundred and sixty-two. Operation of Orders made under "The II. An Act to apply the Sum of Eighteen Industrial Schools Act, 1861," and

Millions out of the Consolidated Fund “ The Industrial Schools (Scotland) to the Service of the Year One thou Act, 1861."

sand eight bundred and sixty-two. XI, An Act to explain an Act, intituled III. An Act to amend an Act intituled An Act for the better Government of

An Act to amend the Law relating to Her Majes'y's Australian Colonies. Supply Exchequer Dills, and to charge XII. An Act for the Protection of Inventhe same on the Consolidated Pund; tions and Designs exhibited at the and to repeal all Provisions by which International Exhibition of Industry Authority is given to the Commission and Art for the Year One thousand ers of Her Majesty's Treasury to fund eight hundred and sixty-two. Exchequer Bills.

XIII. An Act for raising the Sum of One
IV. An Act to enable IIer Majesty to issuo million Pounds by Exchequer Bonds

Commissions to the Officers of Her Ma. for the Service of the Year One thou-
jesty's land forces and Royal Marines, sand eight hundred and sixty-two.
and to Adjutants and Quartermasters XIV. An Act to extend to the Isle of Man
of Her Militia and Volunteer Forces, the Provisions of the Act Eighteenth
without affixing Her Royal Sign Manual and Nineteenth Victoria, Chapter
thereto,

Ninety, as to the Payment of Costs to
V. An Act for punishing Mutiny and De. and by the Crown.

sertion, and for the better Payment of XV. An Act to define the Powers of the the Army and their Quarters.

President and Fellows of the king and VI. An Act for the Regulation of Mer Queen's College of Physicians in IreMajexty's Royal Marine Forces while on

land with respect to the Election of its sbore.

Fellows.
VII. An Act to provide for the Registration XVI. An Act for extinguishing certain

and Transfer of India Stocks at the Rights of Way through the Netley
Bank of Ireland, and for the mutual Hospital Estate in the Parish of
Transfer of such Stocks from and to Hound in the County of Southampton.
the banks of England and Ireland XVII. An Act to extend the Time for
respectively.

making Enrolments under the Act VIII. An Act to prevent the Employment passed in the last Session of Parlia.

of Women and Children during the ment, intituled An Act to amend the Night in certain Operations connected Lar relating to the Conreyance of

Land for Charitable Uses, and to XXXI. An Act to apply the sum of Ten explain and amend the said Act.

Millions out of the Consolidated Pund XVIII. An Act to amend the Law as to to the Service of the Year Obe the

the whipping of Juvenile and other sand eight hundred and sixty-twi, Offenders.

XXXII. An Act to continue the XIX. An Act to amend the General Pier the Second and Third Years of Pie and Harbour Act, 1861.

toria, Chapter Seventy-four, for preXX. An Act respecting the Issue of Writs venting the administering of unlawtul

of Habeas Corpus out of England Oaths in Ireland, as amended by an

into Her Majesty's Possessions Abroad. Act of the Eleventh and Twelfth Years XXI. An Act to amend the Law relating of Victoria.

to the Transfer of Stocks and Annuities XXXIII. An Act for vesting in Her Ya.

transferable at the Bank of Ireland. jesty's Principal Secretary of State for XXII. An Act to continue certain Duties the War Department tbe Lands of the

of Customs and Inland Revenue for Royal Military College at Santur, the Service of Her Majesty, and to and for completing certain Exchanzea grant, alter, and repeal certain other of Lands now or late of the said Cudo Duties,

lege. XXIII. An Act to amend “The Summary XXXIV. An Act for the discontinuance

Procedure on Bills of Exchange (Ire of Portstoren Fair in the County of land) Act (1861)."

Southampton XXIV. An Act to continue the Peace Pre. XXXV. An Act to amend the Acts for

servation (Ireland) Act, 1856, as the Regulation of Public House in amended by the Act of the Twenty Scotland. third and Twenty-fourth Years of Vic. XXXVI. An Act to appropriate certain toria, Chapter One hundred and thirty Portions of land lying between Hall eight.

and Low Water Mark, situate in the XXV. An Act to confirm certain Pro Parishes of Shoebury and Wakeniny za

visional Orders under the Local Govern. the County of Esser, as Ranges for the ment Act, 1959, relating to the Dis. l'se and Practice of Artillery. tricts of Hanley, Stroud, Ifracombe, XXXVII. An Act to remove Dueles con Longtou, Halifar, Ipsuich, and San. cerning, and to amend the law relating doun.

to, the private Estates of Her Majesty, XXVI. An Act to extend the Power of Her Heirs, and Successors,

making Statutes possessed by the l'pi- XXXVIII. An Act to amend the laws versity of Oxford, and to make further relating to the sale of Spirite. Provision for the Administration of XXXIX. An Act for enabling the Com Justice in the Court of the Chancellor missioners of Her Majesty's Treasury of the said l'niversity.

to inake Arrangements with the Red XXVII. An Act to authorize Payments for Sea and India Telezraph Comaay

a further Period out of the Revenues XL. An Act to carry into effect the of ladia in respect of the Retiring Treaty between Her Majesty ani the Pay, Pensions, and other Expenses of United States of America for the sun that Nature of Her Majesty's British pression oi the Afrian Slave Trste. Fires serving in India,

XLI. An Act for Anneading “The Rifle XXVIII. Au At to alter and amend the Volunteer Grounds Ach, 1860."

l'niversities (Scotland) Act in so far XLII. An Act to regulate the procedure 24 relates to the Bequest of the late in the High Court of Channery and the Doxtor Alerander Jurray in the l'ni Court of Chancery of the County verity of tberdeen.

Palatine of Lancaster. XXIX. An Act to amend and enlarge the XLIII. An Act to provide for the Elu

Acts for the Improvement of Landed cation and Maintenane of Pause Property in Ireland.

Children in certain Schools and insti. XXX. AD Art to amend an Art of the tutions. last wassion for authorizinx Aidvances XLIV. An Act to amend the law relas of Money out of the Consolidated Pund

ing to the giving of Aid to discharged for carrying on Public Works and Fish.

Prisoners, eries for Employment of the Power, an! XLV. An Art to amend "The Writ fur faritating the Construction and Indbrun Incombrud Estates Aets, 1854 Improvement of Harbours, and fur and 1-58." other Purpes.

XLVI. An Act for the better Regulation

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