« ForrigeFortsett »
3. Algier. This is a flatted oval-shaped fruit, of a straw colour, juicy, and high-flavoured. It ripens about the middle of August.
4. Roman. Langley Pom. tab. 15. f. 4. This fruit is large, almost round, of a deep yellow colour, the flesh firm and juicy. It is ripe about the middle or latter end of August.
5. TURKEY. Langley Pom. tab. 15. f. 2. This is very large, oval, compressed at the sides, and of a deep yellow colour; the flesh is firm, and of a good flavour. It ripens about the latter end of August.
6. BREDA. (Brought thence to England.) This is originally from Africa. It is large, round, and of a deep yellow colour; the flesh is deep yellow, soft and juicy. This is an excellent fruit, especially if ripened on a standard. It ripens about the latter end of August.
7. BRUSSELS. Pom. Aust. tab. 57. This is held in very great esteem on account of its bearing so well on standards, or large dwarfs. It is of a middling size; red towards the sun, with many dark spots; and of a greenish yellow on the other side. This has a brisk flavour, is not liable to be mealy or doughy, and is preferred by many to the Breda; but when the Breda is planted as a standard, the fruit is more juicy and of a richer flavour. This ripens in August on a wall, but not before the latter end of September on standards.
8. MOOR-PARK. Hooker Pom. Lond. tab. 9. This is called also Anson’s, Temple’s, and Dun
more's Breda. Ic is a fine large-sized fruit, of a bright gold or orange colour, with dark spots ; but the side next the wall is often greenish and hard : the flesh is also bright orange, juicy, and excellent. It ripens about the latter end of August.
9. Peach APRICOT; Apricot of Nancy. Duham. n. 10. t. 6. Pom. Franc. 1. p. 37. t. 7. f. 10. Pom. Aust. tab. 59. This was introduced from Paris, by his Grace the Duke of Northumberland, at Sion-house, in 1767. It is the finest and largest of all Apricots, and is generally thought to be the same as the Moor-Park; but upon a minute examination the leaves will be found to differ. It ripens in August.
10. BLACK APRICOT. Pom. Franc. 1. p. 36. t. 6. f. 9. Pom. Aust. tab. 60. Poit. et Turp. Fr. tab. 19. This has been very lately introduced, by Sir Joseph Banks, from France, in which country it is highly esteemed.
The trees that Sir Joseph planted in his gardens at Spring Grove, near Hounslow, bore fruit last season, for the first time in this country; but in consequence of the wet and unfavourable weather, it did not arrive at perfection. It ripens about the second week in August.
Since writing the above, I have had the honour of paying Sir Joseph a visit at Spring Grove, where I had the pleasure of tasting one of these Apricots; and I think it will prove an acquisition well worth cultivating. The black colour of the fruit, may, perhaps, prejudice some persons against it; but the
To the foregoing may be added :
and and du
Fram. Pom. aris,
Alberge. Pom. Franc. 1. p. 39. t. 8. f. 12. Pom.
Aust. t. 52. f. 2.
p. 32. t. 3. f. 4. Pom. Aust. t. 55. Blotched-leaved. Pom. Franc. 1. p. 34. t. 4. f. 6.
Pom. Aust. t. 58. f. 2.
Franc. 1. p. 31. t. 3. f. 3. Pom. Aust.
: t. 53. Holland. Duham. n. 5. t. 4. Pom. Franc. 1. p. 33.
t. 3. f. 5. where it is also called Breda.
Pom. Aust. t. 57.
Duham. n. 2. Pom Frane. 1. p. 30. t. 2.
f. 2. Pom. Aust. t. 52. f. 1.
t. 8. f. 11. Pom. Aust. t. 54. f. 1.
flavour, in my opinion, is very good; and if it be considered, that the wood of 1799 was not well ripened, owing to the wet season, there is little doubt, that next year, if the season should be favourable, the flavour of the fruit will be greatly improved, and continue improving till the tree comes to maturity. The scantiness of the present crop of Apricots, Peaches, Nectarines, &c. may be attributed to the wood not being properly ripened last year.
Provence. Duham. n. 6. t. 4.f. P. Pom. Franc. 1.
p. 35. t. 5. f.7. Pom. Aust, t. 54. f. 2. Transparent. Violet. Pom. Franc. 1. p. 36. t. 5. f. 8. Pom.
Aust. t. 56.
For the accommodation of those who have small gardens, and yet wish to have a regular succession of fruit, we shall give abstracts of the larger selections; retaining those kinds only which are best adapted for that purpose ; and of which one or more trees of a sort may be planted, according to the size of the garden, or the demand of the family.
A Selection of Apricots for a small Garden. The Masculine; Roman ; Orange; Breda; and Moor-Park.
Of the Planting, Pruning, and Training of Apricots. The best time for planting Apricots is in Autumn, as soon as the leaf begins to fall. The
person who goes to the nursery for the plants should make choice of those which have the strongest and cleanest stems; and if he can procure such as have been headed down (to use the phrase of the nurserymen), of two or three years' growth, they will bear and fill the walls much sooner than those which have not been so treated. He should make choice of trees with one stem ; or, if they have
two, one of them should be cut off; for by plant-
I know that it is the practice of many to make
mall sion ger
On preparing the Borders.
one Hing the
If the borders wherein the trees are to be planted be new, they should be made two feet and a half or three feet deep, of good light fresh loam. If the trees are to be planted in old borders, where the earth has been injured by the roots of the former trees, it will be necessary to take out the old mould at least three feet deep, and four feet wide, filling up the hole with fresh loam, and taking care to plant the trees about eight inches higher than the level of the old border, to allow for the sinking of the earth, that they may not be too deep in the ground : but this will be more fully treated of in the chapter on Pear-trees.
When the trees are planted, they should by no means be headed down till the month of April or May, when they begin to throw out fresh shoots. Strong trees should be cut a foot from the ground; and those that are weak, about half that length.
In backward seasons, they should not be headed down so early; never until the buds are fairly broken ; always observing to cut sloping towards