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næus's System; Icosandria Monogynia; and is named Prunus Cerasus.
A short Description of the principal Cherries cultivated in
England. 1. Early, or, SMALL May. Langley Pom. t. 17. f. 2. This is the first ripe, and requires a good wall. It is a small round red Cherry, and has a quick pleasant juice. One or two trees of this kind may be sufficient for a large garden. It is ripe in June.
2. May DUKE. Langley Pom. t. 17. f. 3. Pom. Franc. 2. p. 40. t. 30. f. 24. Poit. et Turp. Fr. t. 123. Hooker Pom. Lond. t. 28. This comes in about the same time as the former, but is larger : it is an excellent Cherry, and bears well against a wall. The fruit grows mostly in clusters, large, roundish, flattened at both ends, sometimes broad heart shaped, of a very deep brownish red colour, approaching nearly to black; when well ripened, the flesh is soft, juicy, tender, with a pleasant acid, stone small, readily parting from the flesh. Ripens in June.
3. HOLMan's Duke. Langley Pom. t. 17. f.1. The branches of this tree are more spreading and loose than the May Duke; but the fruit is larger, better flavoured, and comes into eating about a fortnight or three weeks later. The tree is not so good a bearer, neither does it succeed so well when forced.
4. ARCHDUKE. Griottier de Portugal. Duham. n. 18. t. 13.? Pom. Franc. 2. p. 40. t. 27. f. 21. This fruit is produced in clusters, like the May Duke, but is larger and finer to the eye; the taste is much the same, and comes into eating a fortnight or three weeks after. This, if permitted to ripen properly, is an excellent Cherry. It ripens the beginning of July.
5. LATE Duke. Royale. Chery-Duke. Duham. n. 20. t. 15.? Pom. Franc. 2. p. 40. t. 29. f. 23.? This is a very good Cherry, and ripens after ; the other Dukes. It is rather longer in shape than the May Duke, of a dark red colour, approaching to a black when the fruit is fully ripe. The flesh is red, firm, and very sweet.
6. KENTISH. Montmorency à courte queue. Gros Gobet. Duham. n. 10. t. 8. Langley Pom. t. 18. f. 1. Pom. Franc. 2. p. 38. t. 22. f. 16. Poit. et Turp. Fr. t. 57. Pom. Aust. t. 18. f. 1. This is a good Cherry, and a great bearer. It is of a bright red colour, and has an agreeable acidity. It ripens in July.
The fruit is large, very flat at both ends; stalk thick, strong, and sunk in a deep hollow; the skin of a lively and shining red, but not deep coloured; the flesh firm, white, a little yellowish; the juice plentiful, very agreeable, a little acid.
7. HERTFORDSHIRE. This is a sort of Heart, but firmér, and of a finer flavour than Hearts in general. - It does not ripen till the latter end of
July or beginning of August, which renders it the more valuable, as it succeeds more early Cherries.
8. BLEEDING HEART. Gascoign's. Langley Pom. t. 17. f. 4. and 5. This is a very large Cherry, of a long form and a dark red colour : it has a pleasant taste, and ripens in the latter end of July.
9. HARRISON'S HEART. This is a fine Cherry. It was introduced from the East Indies by Governor Harrison, * grandfather to the present Earl of Leicester, and first cultivated at his seat of Balls in Hertfordshire. Some of the trees, I am informed, he presented to George the First; and they are at this time in a flourishing state, bearing fine fruit, in Kensington Gardens. This Cherry is ripe in July and August.
10. BLACK HEART. Langley Pom. t. 18. f. 5. This is a fine Cherry, too well known to require description. The tree bears better than the other Hearts.
11. WHITE HEART. Langley Pom. t. 18. f. 4. This fruit is of a whitish-yellow colour, tinged with red next the sun; the flesh is juicy, and of a very rich flavour; the stone is large. It ripens in July and August.
12. MORELLO. Milan. Langley Pom. t. 16. f.2. Pom. Aust. t. 20. f. 1. ? This is a large round dark red coloured Cherry, turning almost black
* Governor Harrison went out Governor of Fort Saint George in December 1710, and returned home in 1719; and it is probable he brought this Cherry with him: if so, sone of these trees in Kensington Gardens must be upwards of eighty
when well ripened; the flesh red, tender, juicy, blended with an agreeable acid. It is a very fine fruit, when kept till the month of October, and makes a very great addition to the dessert at that time of the year. This is the best Cherry that we have for preserving, and for making cherry-brandy.
13. CARNATION. Langley Pom. t. 16. f.3. This takes its name from its colour, being red and white. It is a large round Cherry, with a firm fleshy fruit, but not so sweet as the Duke Cherry. It ripens the latter end of July.
14. LARGE SPANISH. This is nearly allied to the Duke Cherry, of which it appears to be only a variety. It ripens soon after the common May Duke, and very often passes for it.
15. Yellow SPANISH. This is of an oval shape and amber colour. It is a sweet pleasant fruit, but not of a rich flavour. It ripens in August and September, but being an indifferent bearer is not much cultivated.
16. CORONE. Coroun. Langley Pom. t. 16. f.1. This is a large roundish black Cherry, full of a sweet and rich juice. It is an excellent fruit and a good bearer.
It ripens about the beginning of August.
17. LUKEWARD. This is a middle-sized fruit, of a dark brown or black colour. It is a fine pleasant fruit and a good bearer. It ripens in the beginning of August.
18. GRAFFION. Cerise Ambrée. Duham. n. 14. t. 11. This is supposed by many to be the same
with Harrison's Heart: but upon a close examination, I find it to be a different Cherry; the flesh is firmer, and the stone flatter. It ripens in July and August.
The Cerise Ambrée is thus described by Duhamel - This is a large Cherry, round at the head, but flattened at the other end ; skin fine, a little thick; when exposed to the sun, of a bright red colour, and on the shaded side spotted or marbled with light red and yellow; when covered by the leaves it is of a yellow amber colour over the greater part, and the rest bright red, and before ripening it is amber all over. The flesh a little transparent white, sprinkled with whiter veins, and very slightly tinged with red under the skin next the sun; the juice plentiful, sugary, and very excellent, when fully ripe; stone white, with a very small sharp point. It ripens end of July and August.
19. BIGARREAU. Hooker Pom. Lond. t.46. The Bigarreau Cherries of Duhamel, &c. are ranged in the class of Heart-shaped Cherries; but none of those described by him resemble this Cherry so called in the English Gardens, and which appears to be the Graffion, or Ambrée of Duhamel. See n. 18. It is a very large fruit, of an irregular obtuse heart-shaped form, flattened next the stalk; of a pale yellowish or amber tint on the shaded side, and of a fine red colour next the sun. The flesh is firm, white, slightly adhering to the stone, sweet and well-flavoured; stone large and round. It ripens in July or beginning of August.
20. RONALDS' LARGE BLACK HEART. Black