census of 1860. The startling and reliable figures respecting the grants of Public Land, for whatever purpose made, go far to vindicate the increasing sensitiveness shown by the public and by Congress on this subject, while the elaborate statement of the rate of duty levied upon every article by the respective Tariffs of 1870 and 1872 will be found to be the only authentic publication yet made of'the important changes about to affect every industrial interest of the Nation. All which are additional to full tables of the returns of the last Presidential and late State elections, of the representation of each State in Congress as fixed by the census of 1870, contrasted with that of 1860, and of the strength of each State and of the various sections of the country in the Electoral College.

A chapter is given to the relations of Great Britain to the United States, which contains the Johnson-Clarendon Convention concluded under President Johnson, but not ratified by the Senate, as well as the Treaty of Washington, with the proposed supplemental article as originally proposed by Great Britain and as amended by the Senate, together with the names of the Arbitrators now sitting at Geneva for the settlement of all the differences between the two Governments.

An unusual space is devoted to the Political Platforms adopted in 1871 and 1872 by State Conventions, that the various shades of current sentiment might be fairly reflected. The national declarations of the great parties of the country, with the letters of acceptance of their candidates, are, of course, fully given.

It is hoped that the Volume will, on examination, satisfy, both by its scope and its detail, the expectations formed of it, and prove permanently useful in elucidating the remarkable political phenomena of this period.

In the votes given the names of Republicans are printed in Roman letters ; of all others in italics.



1. List of Members of Forty-First Con- VIII. Text of the XIIIth, XIVth, and



XVth Amendments, and Votes upon their

Validity, and of Legislation Thereun-

II Enforcement Legislation of Forty-First





Resolutions by Representatives Jeremiah

III. Proclamations of President M. Wilson, Peters, James Brooks, and Ste-


8-16 venson.

Enjoining Neutrality-Declaring Neutral- IX. Amendments to State Constitutions
ity-Warning Against Illegal Military En- Proposed and Made

terprises-Commanding Dispersion of Armed New Constitution of Illinois-Amendments
Men in South Carolina-Calling Attention to that of Louisiana-The Changes in Michi-
to Ku Klux Act-Commanding Dispersion

gan-Amendments made in Missouri-Re-
of Unlawful Conspiracies in Certain Coun-

jected Propositions in Nebraska-Pending
ties in South Carolina-Suspending the

Propositions in North Carolina-Rejected
Writ of Habeas Corpus in Certain Coun-

Propositions in Rhode Island-Proposed
ties in South Carolina-Revoking Suspen-

New Constitution in West Virginia-Changes
sion as to Marion County-Suspending Ha-

made in Wisconsin.
beas Corpus in Union County-Discontinuing

X. The “Legal-Tender" Decision of

Discriminating Duties on Merchandise Im-

1871............... ...........


ported in Spanish Vessels.

IV. President Grant's Second and Third XI. Members of the Cabinet of President

Grant and

Annual Messages..

the Forty-Second Con-


gress .................


V. President Grant's Special Mes-

XII. The Civil Service




Section providing for Commissioners-Votes
On Territorial Government for Indians-On

on Continuing the Appropriation-Bill Re-
the Union of the States of Germany-On the ported in House from Committee on Civil
“Test-Oath"-On the Condition of the Service, and Vote-Executive Order, 16th
Lately Insurrectionary States-On Trans-

April, 1872, with the 'Regulations Attached
mitting the Report of the San Domingo

thereto, Schedule of Groups, and Amend.
Commission-On Transmitting the Report ment to the thirteenth of the rules promul-
of the Civil Service Commission-On Law-

gated by the President 19th December,

lessness in South Carolina-On Treatment of 1871-Rules and Regulations Promulgated

Immigrants-Veto Message on J. Milton

by the President 19th December, 1871, as

Best's Claim Bill.

Amended by the Executive Order, 16th April,


vi. Political Votes in Third Session of XIII. The Labor Question


Forty-First Congress.....


The Eight-Hour Law-Opinion of Attorney

On Appointiog Commissioners to San Do-

General Hoar as to its Effect-President

mingo-Modification of the “Test-Oath”-

Grant's Order Respecting it-Votes in House

To Repeal the Acts Relating to the Tenure and Senate on Appropriations—Bill to Ap-
of Civil Office-Texas Pacific Railroad

point a Labor Commission, and Votes in
Grant-Resolution on Right of Secession and

House and Senate.

Amnesty-On Taxation and Revenue Re-

form-On Taxing United States Bonds and

XIV. The Amnesty Act and the Supple-

mental Civil Rights Bills


Exempting Salt, Tea, Coffee, &c., from Tax-

Amnesty Act as Passed and Approved, and

ation-Resolution and Bill to Restore the

President Grant's Proclamation thereun-

Arlington Estate.

der-Supplemental Civil Rights Bill passed

VII. Proposed Amendments to the Con- by Senate-House Amnesty Bill of January,

stitution of the United States..........,38-43 1872, with Action of the Senate thereon-

By Senators Robertson, Pomeroy, Drake,

House Amnesty Bill of April, 1871, with

Yates, Garrett Davis, Stewart, and Sumner;

Action of the Senate thereon-Other Am-

and Representatives Lawrence, Ingersoll,

nesty Bills of the House–The Supplement-

Julian, Burdett, Coburn, Potter, Coghlan,

ary Civil Rights Bill in the House.

and vote; King, McNeely, Morgan, and XV. The “i Ku Klux " Act and the proposed

votes; Comingo, McCrary, Snapp, McIntyre, extension of it, and the Amendatory

Isaac C. Parker, Hawley, Golladay, and Enforcement Act of Forty-Second Con-

Poland; and by Delegate William T. Jones



The Religious Amendment.

The “ Ku Klux" act, and votes on passage-



Votes in House on Enlistment and Habeas

1872— Republican, Democratic, and Liberal
Corpus clauses-Votes in Senate on extension Republican: Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Mis-
of the latter, on Mr. Sherinan's proposition souri, New Jersey; Republican, Democratic,
to assess damages, and on Habeas Corpus and Labor Reform : Alabaina, Connecticut,
clause-Votes in House on Assessment sec-

Pennsylvania; Republican and Democratic :
tion-Proposed extension of Habeas Corpus Arkansas, (2 wings Republican,) California,
section, and votes in Senate and House-

Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Mich-

Amendatory Enforcement Act, and votes in igan, Minnesota, Mississippi, New York,

Senate and House.

(and Colored People's,) North Carolina,

XVI. Tariff and Taxation ............... 91-96 Ohio, (and Prohibition,) Oregon, South Caro-
Bill to repeal duties on Tea and Coffee, and

lina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia,
votes in House and Senate-The Tariff Act,

West Virginia, Wisconsin; Republican: Dela-
and votes in House and Senate-Bill to re-

ware, Florida, Louisiana, (2 wings, and Re-
peal the duties on Salt, and vote in the

form,) Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Hamp-
House-Bill to repeal the duties on Coal, and

shire, Vermont, Washington ......

vote in the House-Resolutions in House by XXIII. Statistical Tables........ 182-203
Messrs. Hibbard on Tariff Reform, Kelley A. Population and Elections by
on Revenue Reform, Bell on Taxation, Hale States.

on Free Salt and Coal, and Cox on Pig Iron.

Popular and Electoral Vote of 1868 by

XVII. Relations of the United States and States-State Elections of 1870 and 1871–

Great Britain

97-108 Apportionment and Electoral College under

Copy of the Treaty of Washington and Pres-

Censuses of 1860 and 1870—Population, by
ident Grant's Message transmitting to the

States, under Censuses of 1860 and 1870.
Senate the proposed Supplementai Article- B. Wealth, Local Debts and Taxa-
The Tribunal of Arbitration, at Geneva- tion..

Copy of the Johnson-Clarendon Convention.

True Value of Real and Personal Estate, by
XVIII. Female Suffrage....

108-121 States, under Censuses of 1850, 1860, and 1870-
Report of the Majority of the Committee of State, County, Town, and City Taxation,
Judiciary, by Mr. Bingham, and of the Mi-

under Censuses of 1860 and 1870—State,
nority, by Mr. Loughridge-Report of the

County, Town, and City Debt under Census

Judiciary Committee of the Senate, by Mr.

of 1870.

Carpenter-Votes in the Legislatures of Iowa, C. Agricultural Statistics...


Maine, and Massachusetts-Action in Utah

Value of Farms and Farm Products in Uni-

and Wyoming.

ted States and Territories, under Censuses of

XIX. Common-School Bill

122-124 1850, 1860, and 1870.

Votes in House on the bill to provide a D. Manufactures

National Education Fund, and on Amend-

Statement showing the total value of manu-
ments thereto.

factures at the censuses of 1850, 1860, and 1870.

XX. St. Croix and Bayfield Railroad

E. Public Lands.




Statement showing the total of the Public

Votes in Senate on passing, and in House

Lands of the United States; the quantity sold;
on tabling, referring, amending, and finally

entered under homestead laws; granted for

inilitary services, agricultural colleges, rail-

XXI. Miscellaneous

127-132 roads, canals, schools, universities, and all

House bills to repeal the “ Test-Oath,” and

other purposes. The total amount disposed
the Tenure-of-Office Acts-Vote in House

of, and the number of acres unappropriated,
on bill to receive “legal tender" notes for

contained in the various States and Terri-
one third of the customs-Resolutions on the


treatment of Prisoners of War, the disposi-

F. Public Debt......


tion of the Public Lands, the action of the

Secretary of the Treasury, and the Privileges

Statement showing the principal of the

of the House-Vote in the Legislature of New

Public Debt for each year, from 1857 to 1872,

York in 1872 rescinding a resolution pur-

inclusive, with a summary of the amount of

porting to withdraw a previous ratification

the debt at the close of each Administration,

of the XVth Amendment-Action of the

from Washington to this date.

Legislature of New Jersey in 1871 on the G. Estimate of annual reduction of Tax-

XVth Amendment-Proposed change in ation under acts of 1866, 1867, 1868,

Constitution of Ohio in 1867, and vote of

1870, and 1872, in Internal Revenue

the people on a Constitutional Convention-

and Customs..


Act to call a Constitutional Convention in
Pennsylvania-The first bill for the recon-

H. Tabular statements showing the rate
struction of the insurrectionary States (in

of duty on each article under the Tariff

acts of 1870 and 1872, the Free List
Thirty-Seventh Congress)-Elections of 1872

under acts of 1872, and the changes tu
in New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode

the Internal Revenue Taxation under

Island-President Grant's Letter to Supple-

the same acts..


mentary Civil Rights Meeting in Wasbing-

ton City.

I. Votes on General Tariff Acis from

1842 to 1870.


XXII. State Platforms of 1871 and 1872..

1871-Republicar, and Democratic : Illinois,

Statement showing the votes by States, in

Iowa, Kentucky, New Jersey, New York,

House of Representatives, for the tariff acts

Ohio, (and “New Departure,”') Pennsyl-

of 1812, 1816, 1857, 1861, 1862, 1854, 1865, 1866,

and 1870.

vania Wisconsin; Republican: Califor-

nia, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, J. The Electoral College, distributed by

New Hampshire, Virginia; Democratic: States and sections, as established by


.132-148 the Censuses of 1860 and 1870............185

K. Revenues and Expenditures of the up the various heads into which the Ex-
Government for the fiscal years 1860, penditures are divided.
1861,1862,1863,1864, 1865, 1866, 1867, XXIV. National Platforms of 1872, and
1868, 1869, 1870, and 1871. 187-191

Acceptance of Candidates........... 203-213
The Revenues are exhibited under the heads

Proceedings and Platform of the Republican
of Customs, Internal Revenue, Direct Taxes,

National Convention-Letters of Acceptance
Public Lands, and Miscellaneous Sources.

from President Grant and Senator Wilson-
The expenditures are exhibited under the Proceedings and Platform of the “Liberal
heads of Civil List, Foreign Intercourse, Republican" Convention-Letters of Accept-
Navy Department, War Department, Pen-

ance from Mr. Greeley and Governor
sions, Indians, Miscellaneous, and Interest Brown-Proceedings and Platform of the
on the Public Debt, with a note covering Democratic National Convention-Proceed-
those of the Post Office Department. Also,

ings and Platform of the National Labor
the Gold Fluctuations are given for each

Reform Convention - Responses and decli-
quarter from 1862 to 1870. Also, a full state-

nations of Judge Davis and Governor
ment of the Items of Expenditure making Parker.


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