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observe, in passing, that as the to raise. We are not disposed to power which gives the filial relation admit that the venerable fathers and is, in express terms, ascribed to the confessors of the Nicene Council indivine Spirit, therefore to bim troduced a novelty into their creed, ought to be given the name, de- when they introduced that fuller scriptive of the paternal relation. exposition of an earlier formulary But, to the proposition, as bearing which the metaphysical subtleties of the meaning ascribed to it in Mr. Arius rendered necessary: nor are Drew's theology, let Mr. Drew's we disposed to surrender that earlier objection be applied. The term son, formulary, whose origin is lost in as expressive of a human relation, the remoteness of its Christian annecessarily implies identity of nature tiquity, into the hands of the Soci. with the father. Either, then, the nians; which yet must be done, if the Son is divine, (and if so, then eter- term “his only Son," as used in nal,) or the Father is human, for what is called the Apostles' creed, so is the Son. Besides, the term be understood as necessarily exclud. Son is not the only one employed ing the notion of divinity, as it by Scripture. There is another which does, if it necessarily excludes, as Mr. Drew and his friends allow Mr. Drew argues, the notion of to be applied to the divine nature eternity. of Christ, upon wbich his objection In May, 1824, the degree of A.M. bears with double force, if it have was conferred upon Mr. Drew, by any force at all, -the Word of God. Marischal College, Aberdeen. In Now, a human son does not cease the diploma he was, it seems, styled to exist, though his existence had a Reverend. In consequence of this, beginning; but a word can neither the epithet was prefixed to his name be eternal nor everlasting. It ceases as editor of the Imperial Magazine. to be so soon as it is spoken. But Mr. Jacob Drew thus notices the who thinks of objecting thus ? The circumstance :terms Son and Word, both, prima- “ An acquaintance, who knew his aver. rily indicate something relating to sion from being so called, inquired his

We are satisfied that the reason for sanctioning it, and received Scriptures employ them to denote this answer: 'I candidly confess that I certain relations actually existing in dislike the title, but it is fashionable in the divine essence; and we believe this place, and has been given to me withthat they are thus employed, be- out my knowledge or approbation. This cause, as man now is, certain divine

was the case on the cover of the Impefacts can only be expressed by hu

rial Magazine. After the cover had man analogies.

gone from my hands to the press, the We have dwelt the longer on these

line in which it appears was introduced ;

and I first learned it was there, about two topics, because, so long as danger- days after the Magazine was circulated. ous error is reiterated, so long must I might afterwards have had the Rev. important truth be opposed to it. taken out; but I thought that this would With Mr. Drew and his friends the have created among the Methodists, in controversy originated; and, if they many places, some unpleasant surmises, claim the right to assert, we stand as though I no longer officiated as a Local on our own right to reply. It is Preacher. Such is the history of this not a question of nameship, as Mr. reverend affair.' To which we may add Drew flippantly terms it, but one

that, because of his expressed dislike, it that affects the doctrine of the ab

was discontinued.” (Page 287.) solute authority of revelation on all On this subject we give another points upon which it speaks. Nor extract. is it a question of sectarian ortho- “ Mr. Drew not only disliked to be doxy. It refers to the faith of the styled Reverend, but he was never par. church from the beginning. We tial to the assumption of the epithet by cherish no superstitious reverence

those to whom it was not conceded by for creeds; but neither shall we join

law and established usage." (Page 490.) in the hue and cry against them Before the publication of his book which a Socinian liberalism chooses on the Resurrection, a friend sug

man.

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gested that it might be of advan. Rev.: before their own names they tage to the work to prefix the term do not prefix the letters Mr. or Mrs. to the names of the Methodist But, taking English established Preachers on his subscription list:- usage as we find it, there is a real,

“ To this suggestion Mr. Drew re- and, we will add, a suspicious, in. plied, 'It was my design not to give the consistency, in refusing to a regular title of Reverend to any of the Preachers, Minister ihe abbreviation of rever. except Drs. Coke and Clarke ;

endus, and giving the abbreviation • For loveliness needs not the common aid

of magister to private individuals. of ornament, but is when unadorn'd Adonu'd the most.'

If, for instance, a member of the I would rather see them dignified than Wesleyan society should refuse to tinselled, and shine in sterling worth call a Minister (be he who he may) than in artificial trappings." (Page "reverend,”a gentleman of property, 490.)

“esquire," himself,“ master,”and his Mr.Drew seems to have been ascon- wife, “mistress,” we have no controfused on this as he was on many other versy with him. The subject does subjects. In one place he seems to not deserve it. Only, if he were think that the title belongs to the disposed to condemn others, we Local Preachers, and in another only should, perhaps, remind hiin that to those on whom a Doctor's degree both St. Luke and St. Paul conbad been conferred. Mr. Jacob formed to the “established usage" Drew rightly, puts the case, by re- of their own day : proofs of which ferring its decision to “law and are found in the inspired writings. established usage.” Thus consider. But suppose bim to refuse to prefix the ed, two very different questions arise letters Rev. to the name of a Minister, on the subject. In the first place, it and to claim to prefix the letters Mr. is simply a question of fact, To whom to his own, then do we ask him why is the title “conceded by law or he refuses to conform to estaestablished usage?” According to blished usage” in the case of anthe custom of this country, it is other, while he conforms to it in given to those, and to those only, his own. A word denoting mastery who are separated to the work of is surely as inconsistent with ordi. the ministry. But, it may be asked nary Christian profession, as one in the second place, Of what value denoting respect is with ministerial is the title itself? In the present profession. Or put the case, that state of “established usage,” the he concedes the prefix in question Wesleyan Ministers claim “ the con. to Clergymen and Dissenting Miniscession” which is made to Ministers ters, and refuses it to those of his of other denominations : do they own denomination. Such refusal seek, therefore, to be “tinselled directly implies the denial of their rather than dignified, to shine in ministerial character ; and thus may artificial trappings, rather than in the question become a very serious sterling worth?” Because much mis- A wreath of vapour fitting conception, sometimes mischievous across the face of the sky may be a misconception, exists on this point, very trivial object; but it may show we take the opportunity of offering the direction of the wind which a remark or two upon it. It is bears it along. Let all these prefixes readily admitted that neither Minis- and affixes be done away, and the ters nor other men are the better Wesleyan Ministers would not be for having two or three letters pre- found calling for their revival. But fixed or affixed to their names. If, if the "tinsel,” cut in the shape therefore, society chose to do with of the letters Rev., be refused to out titles of respect, the Minister them, while it is “conceded” to who should claim one, would show other Ministers,—and the same“tinhimself to be foolishly mindful of sel,” cut into the shape of the let“artificial trappings.” “On this sub. ters Mr. and Mrs., be claimed for ject, the Society of Friends are con- themselves and friends, by those sistent. Before the names of their who refuse the other letters as a Ministers they do not put the letters ministerial prefix,--then, as that reVol. XIII. Third Series. AUGUST, 1834.

2 R

one.

fusal does in fact deny the validity speaker. The entire occasion which of the Wesleyan ministry, those to gave rise to them, the tone of voice, whom that ministry is committed, nay, the accompanying look, all reowe it both to themselves, and the quire to be stated. A word may be societies and congregations to whom spoken jocularly, or in the eagerness they minister, to claim even “the of warm discussion, which would be tinsel,” when its refusal is intended very unfairly quoted as expressive of as a mark of degradation. And, we serious or settled opinion. And, may add, as it is by law, or esta- above all, when the recollected words blished usage, that this, and indeed refer to others, is carefulness necesany other title, is conceded, so that sary. They might be spoken in a mowhich concedes likewise limits. And,

ment of provoked irritation, or under in the present case, “the establish- the influence of misapprehension or ed usage” of the country limits, as prejudice. We would not always take well as concedes, the epithet to the the evidence of these recollected regular, separated Ministers of the

conversations as against their hero word of God.

himself, much less when they refer To the narrative of Mr. Drew's

to others. And especially is it life is added an “Appendix,” con- necessary to be on our guard when taining a number of his “miscel. the evident intention of the writer laneous sayings, opinions, and con- is to depress one party as much versational remarks." There is a

as he elevates the other. There class of readers who will very likely is another reason, we will not say for consider this as the best part of the the actual suppression of the practice, book, simply because of the gossip but certainly for the very cautious use and scandal they will find there. Å of it. Where will be the freedom which few things in it, doubtless, were makes social intercourse and colloworth insertion; but, mixed up as quy so pleasing, yet so profitable; these are with others of a very dif- so relaxing, yet so improving; if, ferent character, the volume would when a party has been collected at a have lost nothing of its value by common friend's house, the whole the omission of the whole. The conversation is to be carried on as system of scrap-gathering has been

though in the presence of short-hand carried quite far enough by Boswell; writers, and reporters for the press ? but as he seems to have possessed a A quotation may be made from peculiar aptitude for the employ. this appendix, illustrating some of ment; so he had no ordinary subject these observations. Mr. Drew is for biographical recollection. We do reported to bave said that not derogate from the merit of Mr. Jacob Drew by saying that he is no

“Mr. Wesley was an excellent legislaBoswell; nor of his father, by say

tor, and few systems of church governing that he was not a Johnson. Be.

ment were so well organized at the outset

as his." (Page 488.) sides, as Johnson may be said, for the most part, to have spoken in Would Mr. Drew's friends like to carefully constructed sentences, and have it inferred from these words, as brief dissertations, so his biogra- from the mere words it might very pher allowed as little as possible to logically be inferred, that he, one of memory, but took the earliest op. “the luminaries of Methodism,” was portunity of committing to paper all completely ignorant of its early histhat had transpired. And even after tory? And yet, to assert that Mr. all precautions have been taken, no Wesley set out with an organized fact is better substantiated than the system of church government, discofallaciousness of the recollections of vers, surely, no very accurate accasual conversations. We can sel- quaintance with its facts. And then, dom, in such cases, judge correctly as we have spoken of prejudice and of the sentiment without the ipsissi- misapprehenion, does Mr. Jacob ma verba ; and even with these, we Drew give the following anecdote to

sure that they give the prove that his father was free from habitual or ultimate opinion of the both ?

are

not

were

“ Having been informed of some illi- teemed. As to the insinuation,-“He beral remarks made by a distinguished wishes the people to think; his oppoPreacher in a public company, upon the nents wish them to be of a more tract. Commentary of Dr. Adam Clarke, Mr. able disposition;" if these were indeed Drew observed, 'I really wish that Po

Mr. Drew's words, they only prove pery were the only system whose leading characters would persuade the people tion which the learned Doctor, depart

that he neither understood the posito believe as the church believes. But alas ! Popery is not the only enemy

ing from Mr. Wesley, and the faith of which free inquiry has to encounter. Dr.

the primitive church, chose to occuClarke is a man of gigantic mind, as py, nor the principles on which his well as profound learning, and has too opponents rested their opposition. firm an anchorage in the affections of the And as to the “ eagle in his towering people at large, for unmanly insinuations flight,” and the inability of “birds of to injure. He wishes the people to think ; an inferior order” to overtake him, his opponents wish them to be of a more

we have only to say, that the leadtractable disposition.' On another occasion, alluding to the censures and insi- here referred to,

ing advocates of the primitive faith nuations which had been levelled at his have been conquered by whon had

men, to friend, he observed, · Dr. Clarke is an eagle, that in his towering flight cannot

been no disgrace ; and that their be overtaken by birds of an inferior order, reasonings have not been answered. and must therefore be shot.”” (Page 496.) We take the liberty to add, that it

neither becomes Mr. Drew nor his First, we wish to have a word with

son to speak thus contemptuously of the biographer. It is very easy to such men as Mr. Moore, and the late insinuate, but is it manly? He either Messrs. Hare and Watson. It is knows the “distinguished Preacher,” needless to say any thing on the subor he does not. If the latter, then ject of their abilities; and if they we have his father giving his own were in error in maintaining the diexpressions, but criticising without vine and eternal sonship of Christ, quoting those of his opponent. I they erred with the universal church heard,” says Mr. Drew, "of some illi- of Christ; they erred with the most beral remarks on Dr. Clarke, and I profound scholars and Divines that replied,” &c. But how can we know ever lived; they erred with John the justice of the reply, when we Wesley and John Fletcher. are only told by the person making We had inarked several other pasit, that it was elicited by something sages for quotation and remark ; but illiberal ? But the epithets “illibe- we have no wish to dilate on every ral,” and “ distinguished Preacher,” proof which the volume furnishes are given as by Mr. Jacob Drew. both of Mr. Drew's hostility to all Why, then, did he not give the re- who differed from himself or his marks themselves ? They might be friend, and of his son's adoption of perfectly just ; they might be founded all his prejudices and errors. One in mistake, and yet not have been anecdote, however, is given, which unkind; they might refer solely to imperatively demands our notice :principles, and not to motives and

“ Dining once in company with a Wescharacter. And, as to the reply, leyan Minister, who was a strenuous de(altogether after the Belsham model,) fender of ecclesiastical domination, the about believing as the church be- conversation turned on the general intro. lieves, Popery, and what not, Mr. duction of the Liturgy into the Methodist Drew knew very well that the doc- chapels.” trinal standards of Methodisın had not The Minister advocated, Mr. Drew been left to the discretion of either opposed, the measure, and said, that Dr. Clarke or his opponents. They

“In Cornwall the proposal would be had been fixed long before by Mr.

instantly negatived.' Wesley himself; and Mr. Jacob Drew

66 Cornwall, Sir, it was replied, may be assured that the Method

surely you would not instance the Corists are not going to put aside their nish Methodists as an example? Why, venerable Founder to make room for they are the mob of Methodism ; they any other person, however highly es. have been always rude and refractory.' * But is it right, Sir, to impute to them and, to give point to the reply, to as a crime, that for which they are to be quote some of his remarks in the pitied as a misfortune ?' 'I do not un- discussion that then took place. Of derstand you, Mr. Drew. For what are

this intention he gave notice to Mr. they to be pitied ? ' . It is the misfortune,

Drew, who thus expressed himself Sir, of Cornishmen to be born with little

on the subject :mouths : they cannot take in the drenching-horn of ecclesiastical authority.'”

“I am extremely sorry to find that (Page 491.)

you so far intend to violate the laws of

hospitality, as to publish to the world a It might well be asked by a person private conversation which took place opening the book at this page, and

about two years since. In the name of meeting with the anecdote for the friendship, I beg you to desist from a first time, what end was to be an- deed that you will hereafter blush to own. swered by its publication. It con- I feel sorrow when I see the bonds of tains no argument; and, surely, it is friendship broken, the laws of hospitality not supposed that the vulgar speech violated, confidence betrayed, and public at the close will procure Mr. Drew questions degenerating into low personaliany credit for wit. But, in point of ties.” (Page 371.) fact, it is neither insulated nor ano- We leave Mr. Jacob Drew to digest, nymous. The whole book proves as he may be able, the cutting, but that there were certain Preachers just and honest, rebuke of his father. whom Mr. Drew vehemently dis- The animus which led to the inser. liked; and that his son, inherit- tion of the anecdote is shown by an ing the hostile feelings of his fa- expression, the whole merit of which ther, eagerly embraces every op- belongs to the biographer. The portunity of expressing them. And Wesleyan Minister, whoever he is, then, be the anecdote true or false, is described as “a strenuous defender (a question on which the record gives of ecclesiastical domination.” The deus no opportunity of deciding,) it has scription was intended to be personal. long been circulated in connexion Not only have Mr. Jacob Drew and with the name of the Minister to his friends taken care to fill up the whom it is said to refer; and, since "blanks, both as to person and place, the publication, it has been quoted but, when the whole was publicly, in a newspaper, and the name given. and by name, referred to an indiviNow, thus considering the case, can dual, they entered no protest against any language, however indignant and the appropriation. They have made severe, be too strong in reproof of themselves responsible, therefore, for the practice of thus gathering up and the slander which the anecdote conpublishing anecdotes from the free- tains, and for the effects which it dom, and we may add, the privacy, may produce. The author has done of social life? Is every warm or his best to render a Minister of God's jocose expression, which may occur word odious to a whole community, in the course of conversation in a and to plant a feeling in the minds of friendly dinner-party, to be carefully the younger branches of our families preserved for the future use of some which may not only prevent them book-maker, who may fancy that a from receiving profit from that Mispice or two of scandal may help the nister, but destroy their attachment sale of his work ? But Mr. Drew him to the religion of their fathers, perself shall supply the censure which haps to religion altogether. The such conduct deserves. On one oc- publication was needless. It could casion, he and another gentleman do no good; it might do much harm; met at the house of a common friend, and should it prove hereafter to have and, it seems, a discussion on some been a stumbling-block in the way of political subjects took place. A cou- any one, he who cast it before him ple of years afterwards, that friend only to gratify his own spleen will wrote on the subject of parliamentary have to answer for it. reform, and the gentleman who had It ought not to be forgotten by accompanied Mr. Drew on the visit Christians, that to the moral guilt of in question resolved to reply to him; slander falsehood is not necessary.

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